Abstract: The present invention relates to a pharmaceutical composition for preventing or treating rheumatoid arthritis, comprising snake venom derived from Agkistrodon piscivorus piscivorus or Naja melanoleuca, which are types of snakes, an extract thereof, or a fraction thereof; a quasi-drug composition; a food composition; a cosmetic composition; and a method of treating rheumatoid arthritis by using the composition. The snake venom derived from Agkistrodon piscivorus piscivorus or Naja melanoleuca of the present invention can improve, alleviate, or treat symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis, which is a kind of autoimmune diseases, and thus will be able to be widely used in the development of therapeutic agents for various autoimmune diseases including rheumatoid arthritis.
Abstract: A pharmaceutical composition for preventing or treating inflammatory disease comprising snake venom is disclosed. More specifically, the pharmaceutical composition or quasi-drug includes venom of Agkistrodon piscivorus piscivorus or Naja melanoleuca as an active ingredient. A method for preventing or treating inflammatory disease includes administering the venom of Agkistrodon piscivorus piscivorus or Naja melanoleuca to a subject. The composition can increase the expression of C-C chemokine receptor type 1 (CCR1) in a mouse where skin ulcer is induced and thus has an excellent effect of treating skin ulcers, and thus can be effectively used for the treatment of skin ulcers, in particular Behcet's disease or Buerger's disease.