Abstract: A super heat-resisting molybdenum-based alloy is disclosed. The alloy includes two or more alloying elements, the type and amount of the alloying elements being determined such that their average d-orbital energy level (average Md) and average bond order (average Bo) satisfy the following formula (3) and such that Tm is in the range of 2250-2700° C. in the following formula (4), the average Md and Bo being calculated by the formulas (1) and (2), and the bond order (Bo) with molybdenum and a d-orbital energy level being determined by the DV−X&agr; cluster method:
Average Bo=&Sgr;Boi×C1 (1)
Average Md=&Sgr;Mdi×Ci (2)
1.718≦average Md≦1.881 (3)
Tm(°C.)=(average Bo−0.165×average Md−4.899)/9.279×10−5 (4)
wherein, Boi is a bond order of element “i”, Mdi is a d-orbital energy level of element “i”, and C1 is an atomic percent of element “i”.
February 1, 1999
Date of Patent:
April 3, 2001
Doryokuro Kakunenryo Kaihatsu Jigyodan, Toyohashi University of Technology
Abstract: In a search method and system for reducing the number of memory page-in/page-out operations to display, three dimensional objects are extracted through space search. The system comprises a parameter accepting module (22) which accepts parameters from a user to set up a view volume, a space searching module 24 which searches for an object which is included in the view volume, a tree holding module (28) which holds a multi-dimensional tree describing the three-dimensional coordinates of the object, and a file reading module (29) which loads the object data into memory in file units.
Abstract: A multiple-sheathed sodium leakage detection apparatus capable of detecting a small amount of leakage of sodium due to a breakage of a well for temperature measurement at an early stage of the leakage. The apparatus is a combination of a multiple-sheathed sodium leakage detector having a sheathed thermocouple and sodium leakage detection element wires, which are disposed in an insulating material filled in a multiple sheath; a sodium leakage judgment device which judges whether or not there is a leakage of sodium by a signal from the multiple-sheathed sodium leakage detector; an alarm device which gives an alarm when it is judged that there is a leakage of sodium; and signal lines which connect these devices. The multiple-sheathed sodium leakage detector is designed in conformity to the sheath outer diameter so that it can be inserted into a well which has already been installed on an existing piping without changing the well.
Abstract: The present invention intends to provide a radioactive rays detection semiconductor device comprises a substrate, an insulating layer formed on the substrate, p-type Si films formed on the insulating layer and equal in resistance value change rates due to temperature change and different in thickness so as to differ in the changes of the resistance values corresponding to the change of the total dose of the radioactive rays, an insulating film covering the p-type Si films, electrodes deposited in contact holes which are formed in the insulating film to reach both end of the p-type Si films, and Al wiring connecting the electrodes close to each other.
May 13, 1998
Date of Patent:
February 1, 2000
Doryokuro Kakunenryo Kaihatsu Jigyodan, Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd.
Abstract: CMPO is safely, reliably and rapidly decomposed under mild conditions. A CMPO-containing substance is emulsified in an electrolyte comprising an oxidation promoter (silver ion) by an emulsifier in an emulsifying tank, this electrolyte comprising the CMPO-containing substance is supplied to an anode chamber, and an electrolytic oxidation reaction is performed by passing an electric current. By emulsifying the CMPO-containing substance, the surface area of CMPO in contact with electrolyte is increased, and electrolytic decomposition is thereby promoted. As sufficient CMPO decomposition is not obtained by passing the emulsion only once through an electrolysis tank 1, a batch oxidation method is employed wherein an anolyte is recirculated by a recirculating pump 3a through the anode chamber, a constant temperature bath 7a and an emulsifying tank 6, so that electrolysis is performed with the CMPO-containing substance permanently emulsified in the electrolyte.
Abstract: The present invention provides a system and a method for sampling groundwater under in-situ condition state in reliable, efficient and economic manner without disturbing environment of formation water present in under-ground layer. There are provided a continuous water sampling process and a batch style water sampling process for sampling formation water by confirming the same environment as that of the groundwater in the under-ground layer. After drilling water has been removed by the continuous water sampling process, formation water is repeatedly sampled by the batch style water sampling process, and a downhole system equipped with the continuous water sampling process and the batch style water sampling process is designed in such structure that it is moved up and down in a casing pipe and inserted into or removed from a packer system in the hole.
Abstract: An indirect cooling system suitable for a plasma jet cutting method is established to prevent the leakage of cooling water and to enable a stable plasma jet to be obtained. A tip having a nozzle for emitting a plasma jet is fitted to a nozzle sleeve through which cooling water circulates, and electric discharge is induced between the tip and an electrode extending through the nozzle sleeve to the neighborhood of the tip, thereby ionizing a neutral gas and emitting a plasma jet through the nozzle. In the indirectly-cooled plasma jet torch, the tip is brought into surface contact with the nozzle sleeve to fit them to each other, and contact portions of the tip and the nozzle sleeve are tapered.
Abstract: A novel metal-encapsulated fullerene compound wherein a side chain is introduced in a metal-encapsulated fullerene is provided.A metal-encapsulated fullerene compound represented by the following structural formula (1) is synthesized by causing a disilirane derivative or digermirane derivative having the following structural formula (2) to react with a metal-encapsulation fullerene so as to add functional groups to the fullerene. ##STR1## Herein, M is an encapsulated metal atom, m is an integer from 1 to 3, n is an even number from 28 to 200, and R is a t-butyl group or an aromatic group having alkyl groups in the 2,6-positions, such as mesityl, 2,6-diethylphenyl or 2,6-dimethylphenyl groups.
Abstract: A multipurpose optical sensor including an even number of optical fiber bundles, and optical systems for converting light guided through optical fiber bundles and leaving leading ends of optical fiber bundles into a substantially parallel light beam in a direction at right angles with the axes thereof, and converging substantially parallel light beam incident on axes from a direction at right angles therewith and guiding the thus converged light beam from leading ends into optical fiber bundles in the form of guide light.
Abstract: An apparatus for electromagnetically and rotationally vibrating a rotary body that is supported by bearings. The apparatus comprises a ring-shaped magnet bipolarly magnetized and mounted coaxially on a shaft of the rotary body, a ring-shaped stator having a coil and adapted to generate a rotating magnetic field by controlling an electric current supplied to the coil, and a frequency variable vibration power source adapted to supply alternating electric power to the coil in the stator. The distance between a location of a magnetic pole in the stator and an axis of the shaft is different than the distance between a location of a magnetic pole in the magnet and the axis of the shaft. The magnet and the stator are disposed so as to be adjacent to each other. Thus a rotational exciting force is applied to the rotary body by an interaction of the rotating magnet field generated by the stator with the magnet.
Abstract: A method for solidifying a radioactive iodine-containing waste, in which volatilization of radioactive iodine outward can be suppressed during solidification, and a solidified waste having a high level of confinement of radioactive iodine and a long term stability can be obtained. The method comprised mixing a granular waste containing radioactive iodine, e.g. a granular iodine adsorbent having radioactive iodine adsorbed and collected thereon, with a metal powder, e.g. a copper powder, having a corrosion resistance in an environment of solidified waste disposal, filling the resulting mixture in a metal capsule, and subjecting the whole to hot isostatic pressing to effect solidification. In the resulting solidified waste, particles of the radioactive iodine-containing adsorbents are dispersed and retained in the sintered matrix of the metal powder formed through the isostatic pressing.
Abstract: The present invention provides a hydraulic test system, by which it is possible to select a proper position and to select a reliable measurement interval corresponding to said position, to obtain information for preventing retention or leaving of the equipment in the borehole, and to observe the conditions in front and lateral directions by a single BTV at the same time and at wide angle of view without adjusting focal point. On the tip of a measurement pipe to be inserted into a borehole, a waterproofing cylinder with a transparent window oriented for simultaneously observing in both the front and lateral directions is mounted, and there are provided illumination units for illuminating in front direction and side walls and a borehole television set equipped with a ball lens, spherical mirror lens or matched convex pair of lens system in said cylinder, which forms a virtual image of an object in front direction and a reflected virtual image of an object in lateral direction on almost the same plane.
Abstract: A high-Ni austenitic stainless steel having swelling resistance, high-temperature creep strength, and phase stability under irradiation. The irradiation resistance and high-temperature strength of the high-Ni austenitic stainless steel are enhanced when it is composed of the following percentages by weight: Si, not exceeding 0.5 wt. %; Mn, not exceeding 1.0 wt. %; Cr, 13-18 wt. %; Ni, 30-50 wt. %; Mo+W=2.0-6.0 wt. %; Nb+V=0.1-0.8 wt. % (Nb/(Nb+V) ?weight ratio!=0.20-0.85 ?weight ratio!; N, 0.01-0.2 wt. %; and the residual consisting of Fe and unavoidable impurities.
September 1, 1995
Date of Patent:
May 19, 1998
Doryokuro Kakunenryo Kaihatsu Jigyodan, Toyohashi University of Technology
Abstract: A vertical seismic isolation structure is capable of achieving vertical seismic isolation of nuclear reactor components connected to each other by primary pipings, while suppressing the relative displacement with respect to the primary pipings. A nuclear reactor vessel, circulating pumps and heat exchangers, all of which are connected to each other by primary pipings in which a coolant is circulated, are mounted on a common deck. Vertical seismic isolators each of which has laminated large coned disc springs and is capable of expanding and contracting in only the vertical direction are installed on the top of a concrete wall surrounding the respective nuclear reactor components. The common deck is placed on all the vertical seismic isolators so as to support the entire seismic isolation structure (the common deck, the nuclear reactor components, etc.).
Abstract: A thermal expansion-absorbing structure for piping, which is attached to a pipe end, is provided. A semicircular form of torus shell is joined to a cylindrical form of short double pipe to define together a U-shaped longitudinal section, which is deformed due to the expansion or contraction displacement of the pipe, thereby absorbing thermal expansion. This achieves a piping reduction, compactness of a reactor building and a reduction in the construction cost of a fast reactor plant, and ensures great safety.
Abstract: A method and apparatus for evaluating the vibration of a rotary body in a static or non-rotational state to determine a profile of critical speeds including profiles of critical speeds which exist beyond a rated revolution velocity of the rotary body. This invention comprises: a plurality of bearings for maintaining the rotary body in a non-rotating or static condition; a rotary vibrator for applying an exciting force which is rotated about a shaft to the rotary body; a vibration sensor for detecting the vibration of the rotary body; a vibration meter for measuring an output from the vibration sensor; and a vibration power source for supplying AC power to the rotary vibrator and for sweeping a frequency of the exciting force applied from the rotary vibrator to the rotary body from a low-frequency region to a high-frequency region.
Abstract: There are provided a derivative of a metal-encapsulated fullerene having application as a functional material, superconducting material, electronics material or pharmaceutical material, and a method of synthesizing this derivative. The derivative of a metal-encapsulated fullerene having the following structure is synthesized by adding a substituted diazomethane to a metal-encapsulated fullerene and denitrifying in a solvent.
Abstract: A method is provided for separating trivalent actinides and rare earth elements in the TRUEX method using a CMPO-TBP mixed solvent. The method of separating trivalent actinides and rare earth elements comprises a trivalent actinide/rare earth extraction step wherein trivalent actinides and rare earth elements are extracted by a solvent from highly acid waste generated by reprocessing of spent nuclear fuel, a nitric acid removal step wherein the nitric acid concentration of the solvent used to extract the trivalent actinides and rare earth elements is reduced, and a separation step wherein the trivalent actinides and rare earth elements contained in the solvent of low nitric acid concentration, are separated from each other.
Abstract: A design method for structures is invented, taking into account the effects of fluid temperature fluctuations, comprising: numerical calculations of time-averaged solutions for the motion equation and energy equation for fluids; a Process 1 in which the low-cycle components of the temperature fluctuations occurring on the surface of a tentatively designed structure are analyzed; a Process 2 in which an artificial high-cycle component is superimposed on the low-cycle component of the temperature fluctuations; numerical calculations of accurate solutions for the motion equation and the energy equation for fluids, with the new temperature fluctuations obtained from Process 2 serving as boundary conditions; and a Process 3 in which the high-cycle components of temperature fluctuations occurring at structure surfaces are analyzed. Process 1 and Process 3 are performed by a numerical calculation apparatus equipped with a control section to control time step sizes.
Abstract: The powdered form of nuclear fuels such as uranium dioxide and plutonium dioxide are dispersed in an about 3N aqueous nitric acid solution, and irradiated by UV rays at a wavelength of approximately 300 nm in order to improve a dissolving rate of the nuclear fuels. This enables easy and efficient dissolution of the nuclear fuels.