Patents Assigned to Ecovative Design, LLC
  • Patent number: 11359074
    Abstract: A mycological biopolymer material is subjected to treatment in one or more solutions that work to enhance and/or retain the inherent material properties of the material. In one embodiment, the solution is an organic solution; in another embodiment, the solution is an organic solvent with a salt; in another embodiment, the solution is an organic solvent phenol and/or polyphenol; and in another embodiment, a series of such solutions is used.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 29, 2018
    Date of Patent: June 14, 2022
    Assignee: ECOVATIVE DESIGN LLC
    Inventors: Jessica Kaplan-Bie, Gavin R. McIntyre, Lucy Greetham, Ian Bonesteel, Alex Carlton, Eben Bayer
  • Patent number: 11359174
    Abstract: The invention describes a methodology for production of a secondary extra-particle fungal matrix for application as a mycological material, manufactured via a Type II actively aerated static packed-bed bioreactor. A pre-conditioned air stream is passed through a substrate of discrete elements inoculated with a filamentous fungus to form an isotropic inter-particle hyphal matrix between the discrete elements. Continued feeding of the air through the substrate of discrete elements and isotropic inter-particle hyphal matrixes develops an extra-particle hyphal matrix that extends from an isotropic inter-particle hyphal matrix in the direction of airflow into a void space within the vessel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 23, 2019
    Date of Patent: June 14, 2022
    Assignee: Ecovative Design LLC
    Inventors: Jacob Michael Winiski, Peter James Mueller
  • Patent number: 11343979
    Abstract: The process for producing mycelium biomaterial provides fresh oxygen to the growing mycelium biomaterial while removing waste heat and waste carbon dioxide by forced aeration through large volumes of material. In a first phase of fungal expansion, humidified air at a programmed temperature is passed upwardly and through a fungal inoculated substrate of discrete particles to allow the fungal inoculum to expand and dominate the substrate. Nutrient is added to the inoculated mixture and a second phase of fungal expansion is performed wherein humidified air at a programmed temperature is passed upwardly and through the nutrient enriched fungal inoculated substrate to allow the fungal inoculum to bond the discrete particles into a self-supporting biocomposite. The process and apparatus of the invention allows for the processing of grown materials bound by mycelium at depths of greater than 6? and particularly in the range of from 24? to 28?.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 22, 2019
    Date of Patent: May 31, 2022
    Assignee: Ecovative Design LLC
    Inventors: Peter James Mueller, Jacob Michael Winiski, Meghan Anne O'Brien
  • Patent number: 11293005
    Abstract: The process of making a mineralized mycelium scaffolding requires obtaining a scaffold of fungal biopolymer having a network of interconnected mycelia cells, functionalizing the biopolymer to create precursor sites and thereafter mineralizing the scaffold with one of silicates, apatites and carbonates. The mineralized mycelium scaffolding may be used for medical applications in place of mineralized collagen membranes and collagen/hydroxyapatite composite scaffolds.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 29, 2019
    Date of Patent: April 5, 2022
    Assignee: Ecovative Design LLC
    Inventors: Alex Carlton, Gavin McIntyre
  • Patent number: 11277979
    Abstract: A mycological biopolymer product consisting entirely of fungal mycelium is made by inoculating a nutritive substrate with a selected fungus in a sealed environment except for a void space, which space is subsequently filled with a network of undifferentiated fungal mycelium. The environmental conditions for producing the mycological biopolymer product, i.e. a high carbon dioxide (CO2) content (from 5% to 7% by volume) and an elevated temperature (from 85° F. to 95° F.), prevent full differentiation of the fungus into a mushroom. There are no stipe, cap, or spores produced. The biopolymer product grows into the void space of the tool, filling the space with an undifferentiated mycelium chitin-polymer, which is subsequently extracted from the substrate and dried.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 21, 2014
    Date of Patent: March 22, 2022
    Assignee: Ecovative Design LLC
    Inventors: Lucy Greetham, Gavin R. McIntyre, Eben Bayer, Jacob Winiski, Sarah Araldi
  • Patent number: 11266085
    Abstract: The method of growing a biopolymer material employs incubation of a growth media comprised of nutritive substrate and a fungus in containers that are placed in a closed incubation chamber with air flows passed over each container while the chamber is maintained with a predetermined environment of humidity, temperature, carbon dioxide and oxygen. The air flows may be directed parallel or perpendicularly to the surfaces of the growth media.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 14, 2018
    Date of Patent: March 8, 2022
    Assignee: ECOVATIVE DESIGN LLC
    Inventors: Jessie Hannah Kaplan-Bie, Lucy Elaine Greetham, Ian Thomas Bonesteel, Gavin Reim McIntyre
  • Publication number: 20210348117
    Abstract: The composite biomaterial employs a binding organism (a filamentous fungi that produce mycelium) based on the material physical properties required for the composite biomaterial and a modulating organism (bacteria, fungus or yeast) based on a desired effect of the modulating organism on the binding organism. The modulating organism is selected based on the desired effect on the binding organism.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 29, 2018
    Publication date: November 11, 2021
    Applicant: Ecovative Design, LLC
    Inventor: Jacob Winiski
  • Publication number: 20210317433
    Abstract: The process of making a biocomposite material utilize a bacterial species and a fungal species in an agricultural feedstock composed of a substrate of non-nutrient discrete particles and a nutrient material wherein the bacterial species imparts mechanical properties to the biocomposite material and the fungal species binds the biocomposite material. Both bacterium and fungus can be genetically engineered to produce desired properties within the microbial communities.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 25, 2019
    Publication date: October 14, 2021
    Applicant: Ecovative Design LLC
    Inventor: Damen Schaak
  • Publication number: 20210127601
    Abstract: The method of growing a biopolymer material employs incubation of a growth media comprised of nutritive substrate and a fungus in containers that are placed in a closed incubation chamber with air flows passed over each container while the chamber is maintained with a predetermined environment of humidity, temperature, carbon dioxide and oxygen. The air flows may be directed parallel or perpendicularly to the surfaces of the growth media.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 14, 2018
    Publication date: May 6, 2021
    Applicant: Ecovative Design LLC
    Inventors: Jessie Hannah Kaplan-Bie, Lucy Elaine Greetham, Ian Thomas Bonesteel, Gavin Reim McIntyre
  • Publication number: 20200239830
    Abstract: Several types of non-agricultural lignocellulosic waste media are disclosed for the growth of mycological biopolymers. The growth medium is comprised of a substrate with a composition of appropriate Carbon, Nitrogen and mineral components including but not limited to lipids, proteins, and other inherent nutrition requisite for mycelial growth. Specific examples are (1) a lignocellulosic material, (2) a mineral based material, (3) a non-toxic, organic or inorganic, non-lignocellulosic material, (4) a synthetically sourced and produced material, (5) a whole tree (flourized), and (6) an agar media.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 27, 2020
    Publication date: July 30, 2020
    Applicant: Ecovative Design LLC
    Inventors: Megan A. O'Brien, Alex Carlton, Peter Mueller
  • Publication number: 20200208097
    Abstract: The composite biomaterial employs a binding organism (a filamentous fungi that produce mycelium) based on the material physical properties required for the composite biomaterial and a modulating organism (bacteria, fungus or yeast) based on a desired effect of the modulating organism on the binding organism. The modulating organism is selected based on the desired effect on the binding organism.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 29, 2018
    Publication date: July 2, 2020
    Applicant: Ecovative Design, LLC
    Inventor: Jacob Winiski
  • Publication number: 20200157506
    Abstract: Several methods are described for generating mycelial scaffolds for use several technologies. In one embodiment, a mycelial scaffold is generated using a perfusion bioreactor system for cell-based meat technologies. In another embodiment, a mycelial scaffold is prepared for biomedical applications. The mycelial scaffolds may be generated from a liquid medium or from a solid substrate.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 19, 2019
    Publication date: May 21, 2020
    Applicant: Ecovative Design LLC
    Inventors: Eben Bayer, Gavin McIntyre, Peter Mueller, Meghan O'Brien, Damen Schaak, Jacob Winiski, Alex Carlton
  • Publication number: 20200146224
    Abstract: The method of growing a biopolymer material employs incubation of a growth media comprised of nutritive substrate and a fungus in containers that are placed in a closed incubation chamber with air flows passed over each container while the chamber is maintained with a predetermined environment of humidity, temperature, carbon dioxide and oxygen. The air flows may be directed parallel or perpendicularly to the surfaces of the growth media.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 14, 2018
    Publication date: May 14, 2020
    Applicant: Ecovative Design LLC
    Inventors: Jessie Hannah Kaplan-Bie, Lucy Elaine Greetham, Ian Thomas Bonesteel, Gavin Reim McIntyre
  • Publication number: 20200102530
    Abstract: The invention describes a methodology for production of a secondary extra-particle fungal matrix for application as a mycological material, manufactured via a Type II actively aerated static packed-bed bioreactor. A pre-conditioned air stream is passed through a substrate of discrete elements inoculated with a filamentous fungus to form an isotropic inter-particle hyphal matrix between the discrete elements. Continued feeding of the air through the substrate of discrete elements and isotropic inter-particle hyphal matrixes develops an extra-particle hyphal matrix that extends from an isotropic inter-particle hyphal matrix in the direction of airflow into a void space within the vessel.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 23, 2019
    Publication date: April 2, 2020
    Applicant: Ecovative Design LLC
    Inventors: Jacob Michael Winiski, I, Peter James Mueller
  • Patent number: 10589489
    Abstract: The composite material is comprised of a substrate of discrete particles and a network of interconnected mycelia cells bonding the discrete particles together. The composite material is made by inoculating a substrate of discrete particles and a nutrient material with a preselected fungus. The fungus digests the nutrient material over a period of time sufficient to grow hyphae and to allow the hyphae to form a network of interconnected mycelia cells through and around the discrete particles thereby bonding the discrete particles together to form a self-supporting composite material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 15, 2016
    Date of Patent: March 17, 2020
    Assignee: ECOVATIVE DESIGN LLC
    Inventors: Eben Bayer, Gavin R. McIntyre
  • Patent number: 10583626
    Abstract: The composite material is comprised of a substrate of discrete particles and a network of interconnected mycelia cells bonding the discrete particles together. The composite material is a made by inoculating a substrate of discrete particles and a nutrient material with a preselected fungus. The fungus digests the nutrient material over a period of time sufficient to grow hyphae and to allow the hyphae to form a network of interconnected mycelia cells through and around the discrete particles thereby bonding the discrete particles together to form a self-supporting composite material. In another embodiment, the fungus is allowed to grow as a fruiting body out of the substrate and within an enclosure to completely fill the enclosure to form a self-supporting structure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 15, 2016
    Date of Patent: March 10, 2020
    Assignee: Ecovative Design LLC
    Inventors: Eben Bayer, Gavin McIntyre
  • Publication number: 20200055274
    Abstract: The method grows a mycelial mass over a three-dimensional lattice such that a dense network of oriented hyphae is formed on the lattice. Growth along the lattice results in mycelium composite with highly organized hyphae strands and allows the design and production of composites with greater strength in chosen directions due to the organized nature of the supporting mycelia structure.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 23, 2019
    Publication date: February 20, 2020
    Applicant: Ecovative Design LLC
    Inventors: Eben Bayer, Gavin McIntyre
  • Publication number: 20200024577
    Abstract: A panel of mycological polymer consisting entirely of fungal mycelium as described in U.S. patent application Ser. No. 16/190,585 is post-processed to impart desired characteristics thereto, such as, texture, flavor and nutritional profile for use as a foodstuff or a tissue scaffold. Alternatively, the growth conditions of the growth media may be tailored to obtain a desired density, morphology, and/or composition of the undifferentiated fungal material with or without the use of post-processes.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 23, 2019
    Publication date: January 23, 2020
    Applicant: Ecovative Design LLC
    Inventors: Alex Carlton, Eben Bayer, Gavin Mcintyre, Jessie Kaplan-Bie
  • Patent number: 10537070
    Abstract: A method of producing a mycological composite material comprises inoculating a substrate of fibrous material with an inoculum of mycelial tissue; rolling the inoculated substrate into a roll; and thereafter incubating the rolled inoculated substrate for a time sufficient for the mycelial tissue to grow hyphae that enmesh with the substrate to form a cohesive unified filamentous network with the rolled inoculated substrate being characterized in being flexible. The rolled inoculated substrate may be subsequently processed by subjecting lengths of the roll to heat and pressure in molds to form rigid products.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 15, 2016
    Date of Patent: January 21, 2020
    Assignee: Ecovative Design LLC
    Inventors: Jeffrey Daniel Betts, Gregory John Tudryn, Courtney Elizabeth Hart
  • Patent number: 10525662
    Abstract: The product is made, in part, of a network of interconnected mycelia cells forming a mass. In one embodiment, the mass includes one or more embedded elements, such as a panel. In another embodiment, the mass is formed over a three-dimensional lattice. The mycelia cells form hyphae that bond directly to panels made of cellulosic materials.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 3, 2013
    Date of Patent: January 7, 2020
    Assignee: ECOVATIVE DESIGN LLC
    Inventors: Eben Bayer, Gavin McIntyre