Abstract: Patient connection apparatus is disclosed for connecting a patient to a respirator or anesthesia machine. The patient connection apparatus includes a nipple for providing an inhalation-exhalation stream, a Y-piece for dividing the inhalation-exhalation stream into an inhalation conduit and an exhalation conduit, a patient conduit for connecting the nipple to the Y-piece, a heat and moisture exchanger disposed in the patient conduit for exchanging heat and moisture with the inhalation-exhalation stream, and a nebulizer connector located between the nipple and the heat and moisture exchanger for connecting the inhalation-exhalation stream to the nebulizer. In another embodiment, the patient connection apparatus includes an inhalation connector arranged downstream of the heat and moisture exchanger for connecting the patient conduit to the nebulizer. In another embodiment, a powder inhalator is provided in connection with the nipple so that powder can be supplied to the patient.
Abstract: Anesthesia masks for infants are disclosed including a bowl-shaped elastic mask body which is designed to seal around the infant's face and which includes a peripheral edge for such sealing purposes and includes a central opening for connection to an anesthesia tube. The body portion of the mask includes a suction teat as part of the mask itself extending towards the infant's face, so that it can be inserted into the infant's mouth to facilitate sealing of the peripheral edge of the mask against the infant's face while the anesthesia is being administered.
Abstract: For the purpose of carrying out an MMV-treatment (Mandatory Minute Volume) by means of a lung ventilator which includes a breathing-gas source from which a patient connected to the ventilator is able to breath spontaneously through an inspiratory line, and a ventilator unit which can be activated by means of a control signal so as to deliver to the patient through the inspiratory line a mandatory breath of determinable tidal volume from the breathing-gas source, the flow of breathing gas through the inspiratory line is continuously sensed by means of a flow meter. In a control unit there is generated a signal which is representative of the continuous integral of the difference between a reference signal and the flow signal from the flow meter. The value of the integrated difference signal is compared with a given limit value. Each time the value of the integrated difference signal reaches the limit value, the ventilator unit is activated to deliver to the patient a mandatory breath of given tidal volume.