Abstract: A forward osmosis system is disclosed which use a polymer switchable between a neutral form and an ionized form. The switchable polymer has a higher osmotic pressure at the ionized form than the neutral form, the ratio between the former and the latter is ?2. There is also disclosed a method for treating the polymer such that the ratio is improved. Use of polymers for forward osmosis is also disclosed.
August 23, 2019
October 21, 2021
Queen's University at Kingston, Forward Water Technologies
Philip G. Jessop, Michael Cunningham, Pascale Champagne, Sarah Ellis, Ryan Dykeman, Charles Honeyman, Amy Holland, Tobias Robert, Bhanu Mudraboyina
Abstract: The present application provides a switchable forward osmosis system, and processes thereof. In particular, this application provides a process for treating an aqueous feed stream, comprising: forward osmosis using an aqueous draw solution having a draw solute concentration of ?20 wt %, the draw solute comprising ionized trimethylamine and a counter ion; wherein, the feed stream: (i) comprises ?5 wt % total dissolved solids; (ii) is at a temperature of ?20° C.; (iii) is at a temperature between ?30° C.-?60° C.; (iv) has an acidic pH or a basic pH; (v) comprises organic content; (vi) comprises suspended solids; (vii) or any combination of two or more of i)-v). Also provided herein are the related system and draw solution for performing the process, and various uses thereof for treating typically difficult to dewater feed streams.
September 17, 2015
August 16, 2018
FORWARD WATER TECHNOLOGIES
Rui RESENDES, Amy Marie HOLLAND, Timothy James CLARK, Brian Ernest MARIAMPILLAI, Robert Harold Jean DUMONT