Patents Assigned to Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft zur Foerderung der Angewandten
  • Publication number: 20220149389
    Abstract: A gas diffusion electrode may be provided comprising an electron conducting layer with a first side and an opposite second side, wherein the first side is provided with a microstructuring, wherein the gas diffusion electrode additionally has a hydrophobic membrane with a first side and an opposite second side, wherein the second side of the membrane is arranged on the first side of the electron conducting layer. A battery or an accumulator or an electrolyser or a galvanic cell may be provided with a gas diffusion electrode of this type.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 21, 2022
    Publication date: May 12, 2022
    Applicant: FRAUNHOFER-GESELLSCHAFT ZUR FÖRDERUNG DER ANGEWANDTEN FORSCHUNG E.V.
    Inventors: Wolfgang Schade, Andreas Gabler
  • Patent number: 11328987
    Abstract: A wafer-level packaging based module includes an antenna board and a chip board. The antenna board includes at least one antenna layer with introduced antenna element and a shielding layer with introduced shielding element in the area of the at least one antenna element opposite to the antenna layer. The chip board includes a contacting layer, a rewiring layer opposite to the contacting layer and the shielding layer having at least one shielding element arranged on the rewiring layer. A chip layer having at least one chip is arranged between the contacting layer and the rewiring layer. Further, the chip layer includes at least one via connecting the contacting layer to the rewiring layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 26, 2019
    Date of Patent: May 10, 2022
    Assignee: Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft zur Foerderung der angewandten Forschung e.V.
    Inventors: Ivan Ndip, Tanja Braun, Klaus-Dieter Lang
  • Patent number: 11330386
    Abstract: An apparatus for generating one or more audio output channels is provided. The apparatus includes a parameter processor for calculating output channel mixing information and a downmix processor for generating the one or more audio output channels. The downmix processor is configured to receive an audio transport signal including one or more audio transport channels, wherein two or more audio object signals are mixed within the audio transport signal, and wherein the number of the one or more audio transport channels is smaller than the number of the two or more audio object signals. The audio transport signal depends on a first mixing rule and on a second mixing rule. The first mixing rule indicates how to mix the two or more audio object signals to obtain a plurality of premixed channels. Moreover, the second mixing rule indicates how to mix the plurality of premixed channels.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 21, 2020
    Date of Patent: May 10, 2022
    Assignee: Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft zur Foerderung der angewandten Forschung e.V.
    Inventors: Sascha Disch, Harald Fuchs, Oliver Hellmuth, Juergen Herre, Adrian Murtaza, Jouni Paulus, Falko Ridderbusch, Leon Terentiv
  • Patent number: 11327325
    Abstract: Optical beam former for generating an emerging light beam from an incident light beam, the optical beam former including: a condenser lens array including several condenser lenses; and a projection lens array arranged in parallel to the condenser lens array and including several projection lenses; wherein exactly one of the projection lenses is assigned to each of the condenser lenses so that several optical channels are formed and so that each of the several optical channels generates a partial light beam of the emerging light beam, said partial light beam emerging in an angle-of-emergence range with a partial intensity distribution that is homogenous with respect to an angle of emergence, from an incident partial light beam, wherein the admissible angle-of-incidence ranges of the optical channels have the same size as to the magnitude in a plane extending in parallel to the optical axes of the condenser lenses; and wherein the angle-of-emergence ranges of at least two of the optical channels are different s
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 20, 2020
    Date of Patent: May 10, 2022
    Assignee: FRAUNHOFER-GESELLSCHAFT ZUR FÖRDERUNG DER ANGEWANDTEN FORSCHUNG E.V.
    Inventors: Chen Li, Peter Schreiber, Dirk Michaelis, Christoph Wächter, Stephanie Fischer
  • Patent number: 11329777
    Abstract: A data communication apparatus, for transmitting one or more blocks of data within a frame including a two-dimensional grid of transmission symbol positions is configured to select a group of transmission symbol positions, which is a subset of the two-dimensional grid of transmission symbol positions, for a transmission of a data portion. The data communication apparatus is configured to select one or more reference symbol positions associated to the selected group of transmission symbol positions, out of a plurality of possibilities, based on an information describing a desired relative position of the reference symbol position with respect to the selected group of transmission symbol positions. Other apparatuses also use a flexible selection of transmission symbol positions and a flexible selection of reference symbol positions. A system, methods and computer programs are also described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 11, 2019
    Date of Patent: May 10, 2022
    Assignee: Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft zur Foerderung der angewandten Forschung e.V.
    Inventors: Thomas Fehrenbach, Thomas Wirth, Baris Goektepe, Dennis Wieruch
  • Patent number: 11330699
    Abstract: Embodiments described herein are directed to methods and apparatus for power distribution. The apparatus can include a power distribution network for a plurality of integrated circuits (IC). According to embodiments, the power distribution network includes a plurality of overlapping power/ground (PG) plane segments and one or more non-overlapping PG (no-PG) plane segments. Each overlapping-PG plane segment is separated from another overlapping-PG plane segment by at least one no-PG plane segment. The no-PG plane segments can include at least one of a multilayered power (P) plane segment with no ground reference of any PG plane and a multilayered ground (G) plane segment with no power reference of any PG plane.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 14, 2017
    Date of Patent: May 10, 2022
    Assignees: San Diego State University Research Foundation, Kyocera International, Inc., Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft zur Foerderung der angewandten Forschung e.V.
    Inventors: Arif Ege Engin, Gerardo Aguirre, Klaus-Dieter Lang, Ivan Ndip
  • Patent number: 11330161
    Abstract: A device includes a multi-aperture imaging device having an image sensor; an array of adjacently arranged optical channels, and a beam deflector for deflecting a beam path of the optical channels, wherein a relative position of the beam deflector is switchable between first and second positions so that in the first and second positions, the beam path is deflected towards first and second total fields of view, respectively. The device further includes controller adapted to control the beam deflector to move to the first and second positions to obtain imaging information of the first and second total fields of view, respectively, from the image sensor; and to insert a portion of the first imaging information into the second imaging information so as to obtain accumulated image information that in parts represents the first total field of view and in parts represents the second total field of view.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 18, 2021
    Date of Patent: May 10, 2022
    Assignee: Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft zur Förderung der angewandten Forschung e.V.
    Inventors: Frank Wippermann, Andreas Brückner, Jacques Duparré
  • Patent number: 11329292
    Abstract: A method to produce a composite semi-finished product, having a continuous phase including at least one thermoplastic plastic and a dispersed phase made from at least one electrically conductive filler. The at least one thermoplastic plastic in form of fine particles is mixed with the at least one filler in the form of fine particles. In each case, at least 90% by weight of the particles of the at least one thermoplastic plastic and of the at least one filler are smaller than 1 mm. The mixture of the at least one thermoplastic plastic and the at least one filler is heated to a temperature greater than the melting temperature of the at least one thermoplastic plastic. The heated material is cooled to a temperature below the solidification temperature of the at least one thermoplastic plastic.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 4, 2014
    Date of Patent: May 10, 2022
    Assignee: Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft zur Förderung der angewandten Forschung e.V.
    Inventors: Lukas Kopietz, Thorsten Seipp, Sascha Berthold, Jens Burfeind, Damian Hintemann, Holger Wack
  • Publication number: 20220137044
    Abstract: A method functionalizes a surface, wherein a polyphenol layer is formed on the surface by applying a polyphenol compound, and the surface is subsequently functionalized by binding a functional molecule to the polyphenol layer. In addition, the polyphenol layer is treated with an oxidizing agent before, during, or after binding of the functional molecule. An associated article can be prepared and used. A kit can be used for performing the method or producing the article.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 27, 2020
    Publication date: May 5, 2022
    Applicant: Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft zur Förderung der angewandten Forschung e.V.
    Inventors: Nenad Gajovic-Eichelmann, Marina Neumann, Frank Bier
  • Publication number: 20220135475
    Abstract: Methods for increasing the strength of a planar or strip-shaped glass substrate are provided. Electromagnetic radiation in the wavelength range from 180 nm to 1100 nm is applied to the glass substrate by means of at least one pulse, wherein the at least one pulse has a radiation bandwidth of at least 100 nm and the glass substrate has a temperature of at most 200° C. prior to the at least one pulse acting thereon, and wherein the pulse energy density of the at least one pulse of electromagnetic radiation is set in the range from 0.1 Jcm-2 to 100 Jcm-2.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 13, 2020
    Publication date: May 5, 2022
    Applicant: FRAUNHOFER-GESELLSCHAFT ZUR FÖRDERUNG DER ANGEWANDTEN FORSCHUNG E.V.
    Inventors: Manuela A. JUNGHÄHNEL, Jasper WESTPHALEN, Thomas PREUSSNER, Wiebke Langgemach
  • Patent number: 11322672
    Abstract: Described is an integrated vertical structure for infrared sensors, Peltier cooling, and thermoelectric generator applications consisting of a thermally insulating layer which is kept at a distance to a substrate by at least two spacers. In addition, the spacers have conductor structures which serve as thermoelectric elements. A method realizes manufacturing the integrated thermoelectric structure, a method realizes the operation of the integrated thermoelectric structure as a detector, a further method realizes the operation of the integrated thermoelectric structure as a thermoelectric generator, and a method realizes the operation of the integrated thermoelectric structure as a thermoelectric Peltier element.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 1, 2017
    Date of Patent: May 3, 2022
    Assignees: Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft zur Foerderung der angewandten Forschung e.V., Universitaet Duisburg-Essen
    Inventors: Erik Verheyen, Tobias Kleinfeld, Dirk Weiler, Holger Vogt
  • Patent number: 11317623
    Abstract: The technology provided herein relates to novel methods and systems for cell-free protein synthesis, in particular to cell-free protein synthesis systems suitable for protein synthesis before and after freezing for a short- or long-term storage, wherein said system comprises a cryoprotectant.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 25, 2018
    Date of Patent: May 3, 2022
    Assignee: FRAUNHOFER-GESELLSCHAFT ZUR FOERDERUNG DER ANGEWANDTEN FORSCHUNG E.V.
    Inventors: Matthias Buntru, Simon Vogel, Stefan Schillberg
  • Patent number: 11317618
    Abstract: A device for subjecting a flying insect to lethal radiation. The device has a measurement beam source for producing a measurement beam, a deflection unit for deflecting the measurement beam, a lethal radiation source for producing a lethal beam and a measurement beam detector. The measurement detector has a photodetector element, the deflection unit and the measurement beam detector are arranged and cooperate such that the measurement beam sweeps the detector surface of the measurement beam detector. The device includes an evaluation unit connected to the measurement detector and the lethal light source to determine an attenuation time period of an attenuation of the measurement beam between the deflection unit and the detector surface and to control the lethal light source depending on said attenuation time to emit a lethal beam impulse. A method for subjecting a flying insect to lethal radiation is also provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 26, 2019
    Date of Patent: May 3, 2022
    Assignee: Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft zur Förderung der angewandten Forschung e.V.
    Inventors: Andreas Hinsch, Lukas Wagner
  • Patent number: 11324038
    Abstract: Techniques (e.g., method, apparatuses, etc.) for permitting communications, e.g., optical communications are described. In one example, a first communication apparatus for the communication with a second communication device may obtain a channel state information from the reception of one or more reference signals and/or beacon signals from one or more frontends of the second apparatus. The first communication apparatus may transform the channel state information from a frequency domain to a time domain, to obtain a time domain channel state information. The first communication apparatus may encode the time domain channel state information. The first communication apparatus may transmit the time domain channel state information to one or more frontends. The first communication apparatus may transmit channel information for association and updated channel information for network coordination in a contention access period and collision-free period, CFP, respectively.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 10, 2021
    Date of Patent: May 3, 2022
    Assignee: Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft zur Foerderung der angewandten Forschung e.V.
    Inventors: Volker Jungnickel, Kai Lennert Bober
  • Patent number: 11323064
    Abstract: A processing device for forming connection conductors for semiconductor components, in particular for producing a periodic structure, which device includes a forming unit for forming at least one connection conductor. The processing device has an advancing unit which is designed to move the connection conductors and the forming unit relative to one another in a direction of advance, and the forming unit has at least one step element, at least one forming element which can be moved relative to the step element, and a forming-element moving unit for moving the forming element relative to the stop element, the forming element, stop element and forming-element moving unit being designed to cooperate such that the connection conductor can be bent by moving the forming element between the stop element and the forming element by the forming-element moving unit. A method for forming connection conductors for semiconductor components is also provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 29, 2018
    Date of Patent: May 3, 2022
    Assignee: Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft zur Förderung der Angewandten Forschung E.V.
    Inventor: Li Carlos Rendler
  • Patent number: 11323806
    Abstract: Apparatus configured to predict a diaphragm deflection signal, block-by-block, in overlapping time blocks based on the loudspeaker signal to obtain one diaphragm deflection signal block per time block. The apparatus is configured to determine a temporal position of a maximum deflection of a current diaphragm deflection signal block of a current time block within an overlap area with a subsequent time block and to calculate a level up to which the current diaphragm deflection signal block can be controlled without diaphragm over-deflection for the current time block by considering a comparison of the current diaphragm deflection signal block with a subsequent diaphragm deflection signal block or an estimation of the subsequent diaphragm deflection signal block from the current diaphragm deflection signal block at the temporal position. The apparatus is configured to attenuate the current diaphragm deflection signal block and to synthesize a modified loudspeaker signal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 29, 2020
    Date of Patent: May 3, 2022
    Assignee: Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft zur Foerderung der angewandten Forschung e.V.
    Inventors: Robin Ritter, Andreas Maennchen
  • Publication number: 20220126250
    Abstract: A reaction device is provided with a first wall that defines an interior in which a stirring mechanism is located. A heat exchanger is at least partly provided on the first outer wall surface facing away from the interior and/or on the stirring mechanism, wherein the heat exchanger has a grate structure, and at least two layers are provided which have a grate structure. Thus, it is possible to transfer heat in a precise and efficient manner primarily by means of thermal radiation in endothermic processes at different temperature levels, in particular pyrolysis, gassing, and reforming processes, and thereby use the exhaust heat for other processes.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 7, 2022
    Publication date: April 28, 2022
    Applicant: Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft zur Förderung der angewandten Forschung e.V.
    Inventors: Andreas Hornung, Jonathan Aigner, Peter Hense, Alberto Pedrazzini, Thorsten Hornung
  • Patent number: 11317383
    Abstract: A transceiver for a wireless communication system for serving a plurality of user equipments is provided. A coverage area of the transceiver includes one zone or a plurality of zones, each zone having mapped thereto a resource pool. The transceiver is configured to signal to less than all user equipments assigned to a certain zone to return to the transceiver a zone occupancy report for the certain zone. The zone occupancy report indicates an occupancy status of the resource pool mapped to the certain zone.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 25, 2020
    Date of Patent: April 26, 2022
    Assignee: Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft zur Foerderung der angewandten Forschung e.V.
    Inventors: Robin Thomas, Thomas Wirth, Cornelius Hellge, Thomas Fehrenbach, Baris Göktepe, Sarun Selvanesan
  • Patent number: 11315004
    Abstract: Among other things, the invention concerns an apparatus for securing a product against forgery, the apparatus including a microchip with an integrated circuit that may be read out in a contactless manner, a first metallization layer arranged on a first chip side of the microchip, and a second metallization layer arranged on a second chip side opposite to the first chip side. The first and second metallization layers are each electrically coupled to the integrated circuit and function as electrodes for a capacitive readout of the integrated circuit. The microchip is fixable to the product or integrable into the product. The invention further concerns the use of a microchip as a security feature in a product as well as a method for securing a product against forgery.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 3, 2020
    Date of Patent: April 26, 2022
    Assignee: Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft zur Foerderung der angewandten Forschung e.V.
    Inventors: Christoph Kutter, Indranil Bose
  • Patent number: 11315580
    Abstract: An assignment of one of phase set of different loss concealment tools of an audio decoder to a portion of the audio signal to be decoded from a data stream, which portion is affected by loss, that is the selection out of the set of different loss concealment tools, may be made in a manner leading to a more pleasant loss concealment if the assignment/selection is done based on two measures: A first measure which is determined measures a spectral position of a spectral centroid of a spectrum of the audio signal and a second measure which is determined measures a temporal predictability of the audio signal. The assigned or selected loss concealment tool may then be used to recover the portion of the audio signal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 6, 2020
    Date of Patent: April 26, 2022
    Assignee: Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft zur Förderung der angewandten Forschung e.V.
    Inventors: Adrian Tomasek, Emmanuel Ravelli, Markus Schnell, Alexander Tschekalinskij, Michael Schnabel, Ralph Sperschneider