Abstract: For generating ultrasonic projection images in which various kind of ultrasonic projection images have been appropriately combined, the invention is provided with: a storage unit that stores tomographic image volume data and elastic image volume data; a volume rendering unit that generates tomographic projection images by volume rendering on the basis of the tomographic image volume data; a display device that displays the ultrasonic projection images generated by the volume rendering unit; and an operation unit for inputting commands to control the volume rendering unit. For one of the rendering spaces partitioned by a cutting plane set in the rendering space by a command input from the operation unit, the volume rendering unit renders voxels of tomographic image volume data corresponding to the voxels of elastic image volume data that have elasticity values satisfying a set threshold value, and generates and displays the tomographic projection image on the display device.
Abstract: An X-ray detector (320), configured to have X-ray detecting elements (322) arranged in array, detects the intensity of X-rays that are radiated from the X-ray tube (311) and have passed through a subject (500). A data processing device (420) executes steps of: arranging scan data, which is based on the intensity of X-rays, in an array sequence of the X-ray detecting elements (322) or in a time sequence, to detect an anomalous scan data; associating a weight greater than “1” with scan data adjacent to the anomalous scan data, and associating a weight of “1” with other imaging data; calculating an update amount of a pixel vector that reflects these weights; and performing an iterative operation using the update amount to generate an X-ray CT image of the subject (500).
Abstract: An inventive ultrasound diagnostic device is provided, which can display information on the temperature rise in a biological object under ultrasound radiation for measurement of a shear elasticity of a biological tissue of interest, thereby drawing attention of an examiner of the device and enabling him to retain the temperature rise within a predetermined safe range while performing the shear elasticity measurement. The device is adapted to measure the shear elasticity of a tissue by ultrasonic waves emitted from a probe. The device has a calculation unit configured to calculate a rise in temperature of the biological tissue irradiated with a focused ultrasonic (US) beam, and a display unit configured to display the temperature information obtained.
Abstract: An ultrasound image is displayed while clarifying a positional relationship with an ultrasound probe. An ultrasound diagnostic device is provided with an ultrasound probe, a first position detecting means for detecting a position of the ultrasound probe, an ultrasound image generating means for generating an ultrasound image by using a reflected echo signal, an ultrasound volume data generating means for generating three-dimensional ultrasound volume data by accumulating the ultrasound images, a reference image generating means for generating a ultrasound reference image of an arbitrary cross section by using the ultrasound volume data and displaying an ultrasound probe mark indicating the position of the ultrasound probe in a superimposed manner on a position in the ultrasound reference image, the position corresponding to the ultrasound probe position detected by the first position detecting means, and a display means for displaying the ultrasound image and the ultrasound reference image.
Abstract: An ultrasonic image is captured by an ultrasonic probe. A reference image is obtained by extracting a tomographic image corresponding to the scan plane of the ultrasonic image from volume image data that is pre-obtained by a diagnostic imaging apparatus and that is stored in a volume-data storing unit. The ultrasonic image and the reference image are displayed on the same screen. In this case, of the reference image, a portion corresponding to the view area of the ultrasonic image is extracted and the resulting reference image having the same region as the ultrasonic image is displayed as a fan-shaped image.
Abstract: In order to provide an X-ray CT apparatus or the like capable of improving the image quality even with low-exposure scanning by reducing artifacts generated around high absorbers on an image while reducing the amount of image noise, a reconstruction arithmetic device 221 sets the number of iterations of iterative processing for correcting projection data, and calculates, as calibration coefficients, a correction coefficient ? and an adjustment coefficient a? for adjusting the application ratio of noise reduction processing f1 and signal strength maintenance processing f2 included in the iterative processing. By performing the iterative processing including the noise reduction processing f1 and signal strength maintenance processing f2 on the projection data based on the number of iterations and the calibration coefficients ? and ?, corrected projection data is created, and a CT image is reconstructed.
Abstract: In order to provide an image processing device and the like making it possible to generate a target image in which edges of a structure are upheld and from which streaking artifacts are removed, a computation device determines a shape of a non-linear function on the basis of feature amounts of an original image and a smoothed image (S101). Next, the computation device calculates a condition coefficient of the original image and the smoothed image by using the non-linear function for which the shape was determined in S101 (S102). Next, the computation device uses the condition coefficients calculated in S102 to calculate a weighting coefficient for each of the pixels of the original image and the smoothed image (S103). Next, the computation device adds weighting to the original image and the smoothed image to generate the target image (S104).
Abstract: Regardless of the measurement conditions, the degradation of the image quality due to a vibrational error magnetic field, which is generated by the vibration of the mechanical structure of an MRI apparatus, is reduced. In order to do so, error magnetic field image data indicating an error magnetic field distribution is acquired on the basis of an echo signal measured using a pulse sequence having a test gradient magnetic field, a parameter value of a damped vibration function showing a vibrational error magnetic field is calculated using the error magnetic field image data, and a correction magnetic field is calculated on the basis of the calculated parameter value of the damped vibration function showing the vibrational error magnetic field.
Abstract: In order to acquire an image with enhanced contrast between a fluid portion and a stationary portion without extending the imaging time even when an IR pulse is used as an RF pre-pulse, the RF pre-pulse is applied to a region upstream of an imaging region so as to excite longitudinal magnetization of the fluid portion in a negative direction, an echo signal is measured from the imaging region, and an image with enhanced contrast of the fluid portion with respect to the stationary portion is acquired on the basis of phase information of an image reconstructed by using the echo signal.
Abstract: In the present invention, when a 3D medical image is displayed on a 3D display, the position of accompanying information displayed at the same time is appropriately controlled. The position of the accompanying information in the coordinate system of a 3D signal value that is an item to be drawn is computed, and said position is saved in a storage unit.
April 12, 2013
Date of Patent:
September 6, 2016
HITACHI MEDICAL CORPORATION
Miho Isokawa, Michio Oikawa, Hiroki Taniguchi, Hanae Yoshida
Abstract: In order to provide an X-ray CT apparatus and the like that can specify an optimal cardiac phase in a wide variety of cases, an X-ray CT apparatus collects X-ray information and electrocardiographic waveform data 5 by performing cardiac scanning using an scanning unit 1 (step S11). Then, reconstructed images of a plurality of cardiac phases are created (step S12), and a region-of-interest image is generated by extracting a region of interest for each of the reconstructed images of the plurality of cardiac phases (step S13). Then, a variation distribution image is generated by calculating a variation for each region-of-interest image (step S14). Then, the degree of harmony of each cardiac phase is calculated using the variation distribution image (step S15). Then, an optimal cardiac phase is determined on the basis of at least the degree of harmony (step S16).
Abstract: In order to provide an MRI apparatus that can efficiently approximate a specific absorption rate or a magnetic field variation rate per unit time of a magnetic flux density to a target value, the present invention is characterized in that suggestions of imaging parameters related to a control subject and change directions of the imaging parameters when the control subject is input based on an input operation and that the control unit further calculates values of the selected control subjects based on the changed imaging parameter values.
Abstract: In order to acquire high resolution ultrasound images while maintaining an appropriate frame rate in ultrasound diagnostic devices, the disclosed method generates high resolution ultrasound images by performing image reconstruction on the basis of multiple ultrasound frame images captured along a time series and the magnitudes of positional shifts, or forms high resolution ultrasound images by performing image reconstruction on the basis of multiple ultrasound frame images acquired by controlling the ultrasound probe and varying scan orientation or scan focal length frame by frame.
June 15, 2015
Date of Patent:
August 9, 2016
HITACHI MEDICAL CORPORATION
Go Kotaki, Atsushi Miyamoto, Kenji Nakahira
Abstract: In order to improve the continuity of the image qualities in the minor-axis direction of plural sets of elastic frame data that constitute elastic volume data and generate a high-quality 3-dimensional elastic image, regarding each elastic frame data constituting elastic volume data, a noise frame interpolation unit subjects plural sets of elastic frame data including said elastic frame data and adjacent in a swing direction to synthesis processing, generates the elastic volume data from the synthesized plural sets of elastic frame data, and volume renders the elastic volume data to generate a 3-dimensional elastic image. The noise frame interpolation unit stores plural sets of elastic volume data, subjects plural sets of elastic frame data at corresponding swing angle positions among the stored plural sets of elastic volume data to synthesis processing to generate synthetic elastic frame data and elastic volume data from the synthesized plural sets of elastic frame data.
Abstract: In order to obtain a high-resolution ultrasound diagnostic image while reducing the back side reflection of a ultrasound irradiated to the side opposite to the ultrasound transmission direction of an ultrasound transmission/reception device, disclosed is an ultrasound probe, wherein a substrate is provided thereon with a cavity, insulation layers having the cavity therebetween, and an upper layer electrode and a lower layer electrode having the cavity and the insulation layers therebetween, so as to form an ultrasound vibration element, the substrate is held by a backing with a low-modulus member therebetween, and a direct voltage and a alternating voltage are applied between the electrodes to vibrate the ultrasound vibration element, and wherein a mechanical impedance by the substrate and the low-modulus member has a substantially equal value as an acoustic impedance of the backing.
Abstract: To generate a reconstructed image suitable to characteristics of a bilaterally symmetric site and possible to an appropriate image diagnosis, a computation device: computes a back projection phase width at a rotational center and distance between the rotational center location which is a reference location and a pixel to be reconstructed; according to the distance between the rotational center location and the pixel to be reconstructed, sets a function (f1) changing the back projection phase width; computes a back projection phase width in the pixel to be reconstructed, substituting a value of the distance between the rotational center location and a pixel to be reconstructed in the function (f1); computes a view weighting, on the basis of the back projection phase width in the post-correction pixel to be reconstructed and a slope width of a view weighting function; and reconstructs a CT image, using the view weighting.
Abstract: There is provided an MRI apparatus capable of measuring the B1 distribution of an RF transmission coil in a short time with high accuracy. In order to realize this, imaging means of the MRI apparatus includes a B1 distribution measurement sequence that includes an application of a pre-pulse by RF radiation means and a plurality of signal acquisition sequences with different elapsed time (TI) from the pre-pulse. The signal acquisition sequence uses a pulse having a small flip angle as an RF pulse and is executed before the longitudinal relaxation after the pre-pulse ends. Calculation means calculates the B1 distribution of the RF radiation means using image data with different TI acquired in the respective signal acquisition sequences.
Abstract: In order to provide an image processing apparatus etc. that can precisely recognize multiple regions with density value fluctuation in an image with a simple operation in a process of recognizing a specific region from the image, a CPU performs threshold determination for a target pixel and the multiple pixels surrounding the target pixel (determination range) included in a three-dimensional original image by applying predetermined threshold conditions and specifies the target pixel as a recognized pixel when the threshold conditions are satisfied. The threshold conditions preferably apply different thresholds between a pixel on the same flat surface with the target pixel and a pixel on the other flat surface. By successively moving the target pixel (determination range) and repeating the above-mentioned threshold determination, it is performed also for the entire three-dimensional original image.
Abstract: Images of two or more kinds of substances showing different chemical shifts, such as water image and metabolite image, are obtained without extending measurement time. For example, images of two or more kinds of desired substances showing different chemical shifts, such as water image and metabolite image, are obtained by one time of execution of an imaging sequence. In this execution, a pre-pulse is applied so that signals of the substances to be separated shift on the image, and magnetic resonance signals are received with receiver RF coils in a number not smaller than the number of types of the substances to be separated. An image reconstructed from the magnetic resonance signals is separated into images of the individual substances using sensitivity maps of the receiver RF coils. Then, correction is performed for returning the shifted image to the original position.
Abstract: A method for designing a coil pattern, whereby the production of an error magnetic field and further an eddy current can be suppressed to improve the quality of a cross-sectional image irrespective of cylindrical cross-sectional shape of the main coil and the shield coil. The difference between the initial values of the target magnetic field and the magnetic field vector is set as a difference target magnetic field. An approximate value of the current potential vector that produces the difference target magnetic field is represented by a polynomial of an eigenvector group of the current potential. The coefficient of each of the terms of the polynomial is determined on the basis of the singular value and the eigenvector group of the magnetic field distribution.