Patents Assigned to Hydration Systems, LLC
  • Patent number: 9227856
    Abstract: Described herein is a submerged plate membrane device intended for use in forward osmosis processes, particularly for concentrating various process streams such as those in ponds. Particular examples of feed streams that may be concentrated are for example the following feed solutions: brines, seawater, drilling mud, waste water, bio-digestate, and the like. Thus, the process and device described herein are useful for de-watering, and thus concentrating, the content of solar evaporation ponds and drilling mud ponds.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 2, 2013
    Date of Patent: January 5, 2016
    Assignees: DEAD SEA WORKS LTD, HYDRATION SYSTEMS LLC
    Inventors: Walter L. Schultz, Upen J. Bharwada, John R. Herron, Mark Schutter
  • Publication number: 20140091040
    Abstract: Bicarbonate conversion assisted reverse-osmosis (RO) treatment systems for treatment of contaminated water, particularly natural gas flowback water. The systems and processes provide for simultaneous conversion of the primary salt in gas production flowback waters from sodium bicarbonate to sodium sulfate, and flotation removal of organic contaminants, for the enhanced water recovery by RO of these waters. In the systems and processes, RO processes are enhanced by lowering the osmotic potential of the water being processed, by converting the bicarbonate ions to sulfate ions.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 16, 2012
    Publication date: April 3, 2014
    Applicant: HYDRATION SYSTEMS, LLC
    Inventors: John R. Herron, Edward Beaudry, Keith Lampi, Sherwin Gormly
  • Patent number: 8585806
    Abstract: A method of forming a gas separation membrane including: depositing a first hydrophilic polymer solution; depositing on top of the first hydrophilic polymer solution a second, different hydrophilic polymer solution, thereby forming a two-layer polymer solution; forming the two-layer polymer solution into one of a forward osmosis membrane and a pressure retarded osmosis membrane by bringing the second, different hydrophilic polymer solution into contact with water to form the dense layer; coating one of the forward osmosis membrane and the pressure retarded osmosis membrane with a thin layer of a third, different, hydrophilic polymer more pH tolerant than the first and second hydrophilic polymer solutions to form a dense rejection layer thereon; and exposing one of the coated forward osmosis membrane and the coated pressure retarded osmosis membrane to a high pH solution. A gas separation membrane formed from the foregoing process.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 11, 2012
    Date of Patent: November 19, 2013
    Assignee: Hydration Systems, LLC
    Inventor: John R. Herron
  • Publication number: 20130220581
    Abstract: A system is described in which a cooling tower is operated with a solution of a non-volatile organic molecule osmolyte and water. Makeup water for the tower is provided by forward osmosis using the fluid as the draw solution for the extraction of water from feeds which require dewatering or from low value available water.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 25, 2013
    Publication date: August 29, 2013
    Applicant: HYDRATION SYSTEMS, LLC
    Inventor: HYDRATION SYSTEMS, LLC
  • Publication number: 20130186824
    Abstract: Disclosed is a membrane filtration device and process affording high velocity cross flow membrane purging via cyclonic spiraling flow; hydraulically induced about stacked plate type membrane configurations. No piping, conduits or other flow impediments are enclosed to generate streamline or shadow depositions, and periodic reversals of cyclonic flow for enhanced membrane scouring and flushing may be employed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 20, 2012
    Publication date: July 25, 2013
    Applicant: HYDRATION SYSTEMS, LLC
    Inventors: James Jeffrey Harris, Keith Lampi
  • Publication number: 20130186827
    Abstract: A forward osmosis (FO) membrane structure comprising a support based on an integrated permeate channel (IPC) fabric and a forward osmosis membrane embedded in the support is disclosed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 22, 2013
    Publication date: July 25, 2013
    Applicant: HYDRATION SYSTEMS, LLC
    Inventor: Hydration Systems, LLC
  • Publication number: 20130190539
    Abstract: A system and method for extracting the glycol from used or spent glycol mixtures, particularly aircraft deicing fluid, and simultaneously using the extracted water to hydrate brines, such as pavement deicing brines, are disclosed. The system provides comprehensive fluid handling and no discharge, as it re-concentrates glycol from spent aircraft deicing fluids.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 21, 2013
    Publication date: July 25, 2013
    Applicant: HYDRATION SYSTEMS, LLC
    Inventor: HYDRATION SYSTEMS, LLC
  • Publication number: 20130186822
    Abstract: Described herein are systems and processes employing a low energy forward osmosis membrane water processing system to simultaneously (1) detoxify reverse osmosis (RO) residual (reject) brines from ground water treatment, and (2) expand available industrial and agricultural ground water supplies.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 21, 2013
    Publication date: July 25, 2013
    Applicant: HYDRATION SYSTEMS, LLC
    Inventor: HYDRATION SYSTEMS, LLC
  • Publication number: 20130134093
    Abstract: A self-regulating FO system is disclosed comprising a container containing a source water supply, a forward osmosis membrane element located within the container comprising an area of osmotic membranes, an osmotic agent inlet and a drink outlet, an osmotic pump element also located within the container comprising an area of osmotic membranes, an osmotic agent inlet and a drink outlet, and an osmotic agent tank located above the container. The osmotic agent tank comprises a feed tube connected to an outlet located on the bottom of the osmotic agent tank. The feed tube communicates with the osmotic agent inlet of the forward osmosis membrane unit and the osmotic agent inlet of the osmotic pump element. A return tube communicates with the drink outlet of the osmotic pump element and a port near the top of the osmotic agent tank.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 14, 2013
    Publication date: May 30, 2013
    Applicant: HYDRATION SYSTEMS, LLC
    Inventor: HYDRATION SYSTEMS, LLC
  • Publication number: 20130026091
    Abstract: Described herein are thin film composite (TFC) membranes, for use in forward osmosis (FO) and pressure reduced osmosis (PRO) processes. The membrane is comprised of two layers: a composite layer combining a backing layer and a porous, polymer-based support into a single layer, and a rejection layer disposed on top of the composite layer. The membrane of the invention exhibits high water flux values for FO processes, is durable, may be readily manufactured using typical membrane manufacturing processes, such as spiral winding and plate and frame processes, and has sufficient mechanical stability to handle the final membrane product.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 26, 2012
    Publication date: January 31, 2013
    Applicant: HYDRATION SYSTEMS, LLC
    Inventors: Isaac V. Farr, Upen J. Bharwada, Tilak Gullinkala
  • Patent number: 8354026
    Abstract: A center tube is disclosed which allows a draw solution to flow through all membrane elements in a membrane system in parallel. The center tube may include a cylindrical wall with two open ends and a barrier element there between separating an upstream chamber and a downstream chamber within the cylindrical wall. At least one non-perforated bypass tube may be located substantially within the cylindrical wall, which extends a length of the downstream chamber and/or the upstream chamber so that the upstream chamber is configured to communicate with a second upstream chamber of a second center tube and/or the downstream chamber is configured to communicate with a second downstream chamber of the second center tube.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 9, 2010
    Date of Patent: January 15, 2013
    Assignee: Hydration Systems, LLC
    Inventor: John R. Herron
  • Patent number: 8354025
    Abstract: A self-regulating FO system is disclosed comprising a container containing a source water supply, a forward osmosis membrane element located within the container comprising an area of osmotic membranes, an osmotic agent inlet and a drink outlet, an osmotic pump element also located within the container comprising an area of osmotic membranes, an osmotic agent inlet and a drink outlet, and an osmotic agent tank located above the container. The osmotic agent tank comprises a feed tube connected to an outlet located on the bottom of the osmotic agent tank. The feed tube communicates with the osmotic agent inlet of the forward osmosis membrane unit and the osmotic agent inlet of the osmotic pump element. A return tube communicates with the drink outlet of the osmotic pump element and a port near the top of the osmotic agent tank.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 7, 2010
    Date of Patent: January 15, 2013
    Assignee: Hydration Systems, LLC
    Inventors: John R. Herron, Edward Beaudry
  • Publication number: 20120231535
    Abstract: An organic forward osmosis system includes an acid treatment stage comprising an acid treatment operation configured to produce an acid treated, digester centrate stream in a forward osmosis reject loop and a fertilizer stream. A forward osmosis stage is coupled to the acid treatment stage and includes a forward osmosis operation configured to remove water from the acid treated, digester centrate stream by: diverting the acid treated, digester centrate stream to one side of at least one forward osmosis membrane; and contacting an opposite side of the at least one forward osmosis membrane with a salt brine stream in a forward osmosis draw loop and osmotically pulling water across the at least one forward osmosis membrane from the acid treated, digester centrate stream to the salt brine stream using only a concentration gradient; thereby producing a concentrated, acid treated, digester centrate stream and a diluted salt brine stream.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 21, 2012
    Publication date: September 13, 2012
    Applicant: HYDRATION SYSTEMS LLC
    Inventors: John R. Herron, Keith A. Lampi
  • Publication number: 20110168381
    Abstract: A forward osmosis water transfer system is disclosed which recycles water from an incoming wastewater stream into an outgoing dilute process brine stream. The system includes a saturated brine stream, a first portion of which is diverted to form a saturated process brine stream and a second portion of which is diverted to at least one forward osmosis membrane. The at least one forward osmosis membrane moves water from the incoming wastewater stream into the incoming diverted saturated brine stream thereby creating an outgoing concentrated wastewater stream and the outgoing dilute process brine stream.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 11, 2010
    Publication date: July 14, 2011
    Applicant: Hydration Systems, LLC
    Inventors: John R. Herron, Edward Beaudry
  • Publication number: 20110081469
    Abstract: A self-regulating FO system is disclosed comprising a container containing a source water supply, a forward osmosis membrane element located within the container comprising an area of osmotic membranes, an osmotic agent inlet and a drink outlet, an osmotic pump element also located within the container comprising an area of osmotic membranes, an osmotic agent inlet and a drink outlet, and an osmotic agent tank located above the container. The osmotic agent tank comprises a feed tube connected to an outlet located on the bottom of the osmotic agent tank. The feed tube communicates with the osmotic agent inlet of the forward osmosis membrane unit and the osmotic agent inlet of the osmotic pump element. A return tube communicates with the drink outlet of the osmotic pump element and a port near the top of the osmotic agent tank.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 7, 2010
    Publication date: April 7, 2011
    Applicant: Hydration Systems, LLC
    Inventors: John R. Herron, Edward Beaudry
  • Publication number: 20100224550
    Abstract: A center tube is disclosed which allows a draw solution to flow through all membrane elements in a membrane system in parallel. The center tube may include a cylindrical wall with two open ends and a barrier element there between separating an upstream chamber and a downstream chamber within the cylindrical wall. At least one non-perforated bypass tube may be located substantially within the cylindrical wall, which extends a length of the downstream chamber and/or the upstream chamber so that the upstream chamber is configured to communicate with a second upstream chamber of a second center tube and/or the downstream chamber is configured to communicate with a second downstream chamber of the second center tube.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 9, 2010
    Publication date: September 9, 2010
    Applicant: Hydration Systems, LLC
    Inventor: John R. Herron
  • Publication number: 20100123019
    Abstract: A bottle adaptor to which one or more bottles of one or more standard threaded-tops may be screwed and sealed to allow sipping of the fluid in the bottles through a flexible drinking tube. The adaptor and bottles may be carried in a backpack. One or two bottle receivers include plural standard threads spaced along an axis and a socket for a straw to project to the bottom of the bottle. A fluid passageway from the drinking tube extends to the straw sockets. Each bottle receiver includes a selectively openable pressure relief from the ambient to the space adjacent the bottle threads. A separate tube coupler having barbs for the drinking tube may be inserted into and locked to the adaptor. For a two-bottle adaptor, a three-way valve adjacent the barb or other tube connection may select either bottle or the shut condition.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 11, 2009
    Publication date: May 20, 2010
    Applicant: HYDROBACK HYDRATION SYSTEMS, LLC
    Inventor: Raanan Zehavi