Abstract: An interference fringe pattern (ILR) between an inline spherical wave light (L) and an off-axis reference light (R) is recorded with a photo detector (4), and on which spatial-frequency filtering is applied to obtain a complex amplitude in-line hologram (JLR). A complex amplitude off-axis hologram (JOR) is derived by performing a spatial frequency filtering on a hologram (IOR) in which an object light (O) emitted from a microscopic subject illuminated with a spherical wave light (L) is recorded with a reference light (R), and the derived data is divided with data of the hologram (JLR) so that a complex amplitude in-line hologram (JOL) from which a component of the reference light (R) is eliminated is generated and recorded.
Abstract: A method for generating a complex amplitude in-line hologram and an image recording device using said method makes it possible to realize high-speed processing and high-speed recording from a single off-axis hologram without limiting the spatial frequency band and without creating errors from interpolation. The complex amplitude in-line hologram is generated by performing the following in order: the acquisition of data for one off-axis hologram obtained by way of off-axis holography, and for an off-axis reference light used for obtaining the hologram; the setting of a reconstruction in-line reference light; a modulation process for performing spatial heterodyne modulation on the hologram on the basis of the phases of the reference lights; and a filtering process for performing spatial frequency filtering on the hologram modulated by the modulation process. Because spatial sampling is not performed, the limits on the viewing angle are relaxed.
Abstract: A method for producing an ester of a protein by an esterification reaction of an aqueous solution, fine powder or suspension of a protein having free carboxyl groups with an excess amount of polyfunctional alcohol to esterify the protein; a method for producing a protein-synthetic polymer conjugate from said ester by utilizing a hydroxyl or unsaturated group of a polyfunctional alcohol present in the esterified portion of the protein; and a protein-synthetic polymer conjugate produced thereby.
Abstract: This disclosure deals with ettringite whiskers, methods of synthesizing such whiskers and ettringite whisker composites. The ettringite whiskers, having a new crystal form, are 1-2 .mu.m in diameter, 50-100 .mu.m in length and approximately 30-50 of aspect ratio. The ettringite whiskers are especially useful in industry as a high tensile strength reinforcement, they increase self-extinguishability and the productive capacity of making sheets, boards of the like.
Abstract: A method of electroplating of tin-lead alloys, which comprises using a solution containing hydroxyalkyl sulfonic acid and its divalent tin salts and lead salts, said solution being mixed with reaction products of acetaldehyde with O-toluidine as additives for brightening.