Patents Assigned to i-O Display Systems LLC
  • Patent number: 6554428
    Abstract: A head-mounted display or other optical device which provides at least a first image to at least one eye of a user can be adjusted for changing the alignment of an image path with respect to a user's eye position. An alignment beam generator is mounted so as to move with the image path device so a user can use characteristics of the alignment beam to achieve a desired alignment of the image path. Preferably, the alignment beam is configured, such as by making it substantially narrow-beam, linear and/or non-dispersive, such that beam is substantially invisible to the user until it is within a preferred alignment range, so as to provide a binary or visible/invisible, indicator of alignment.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 7, 2001
    Date of Patent: April 29, 2003
    Assignee: i-O Display Systems LLC
    Inventors: Jeffrey K. Fergason, John D. Fergason
  • Patent number: 6369952
    Abstract: A visual display device is provided for delivering a generated image, preferably combinable with environment light, to the eye of a user. The device is lightweight and compact but yields a high quality image. In one embodiment, a shroud protects from stray light and holds optical elements in desired alignment. In one embodiment an image generator is masked by at least two masks to provide for a high quality image without waste. In one embodiment, a removably mounted shield or activatable device and convert the apparatus from a see-through device to an immersion device and back again. In one embodiment, the device can be comfortably mounted to the user's head while still allowing for use of conventional eyeglasses. A tracker for outputting an indication of the orientation, attitude and/or position of a head-mounted display (HMD) may be provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 17, 1999
    Date of Patent: April 9, 2002
    Assignee: i-O Display Systems LLC
    Inventors: Richard Dennis Rallison, C. Gregory Amadon, Wolfgang Adam Mack, Jr., Leo Nikora, Eric Tseo, Douglas Donaldson, Robert T. Etter
  • Patent number: 6160666
    Abstract: A visual display device is provided for delivering a generated image, preferably combinable with environment light, to the eye of a user. The device is lightweight and compact but yields a high quality image. In one embodiment, a color shutter provides a high-density color image. In one embodiment, a shroud protects from stray light and holds optical elements in desired alignment. In one embodiment an image generator is masked by at least two masks to provide for a high quality image without waste. In one embodiment, a removably mounted shield or activatable device can convert the apparatus from a see-through device to an immersion device and back again. In one embodiment, the device can be comfortably mounted to the user's head while still allowing for use of conventional eyeglasses. In one embodiment various controls, such as a mute button, volume control and the like can be provided, such as by mounting on the head-mounted display device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 23, 1998
    Date of Patent: December 12, 2000
    Assignee: i-O Display Systems LLC
    Inventors: Richard Dennis Rallison, C. Gregory Amadon, Wolfgang Adam Mack, Jr.
  • Patent number: 6157351
    Abstract: A system which can automatically display either regular two dimensional images or three dimensional images: The system includes, a processor which executes a program, a display, eye glasses which have electronically controllable lenses, and a detector unit connected between the processing unit and the display. Prior to displaying a three dimensional image, the processor sends a signal to the display which represents a particular bar code. The bar code indicates if the following three dimensional images will be displayed in page flip mode or in an interlaced mode. The detector unit detects the bar code and activates the special glasses so that the lenses in the glasses are alternatively opened and closed as frames are displayed. At the end of the three dimensional presentation, the processor sends another bar code to the display. The detector detects this bar code and the systems resumes normal two dimensional operation with both lenses in the glasses being open at all times.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 11, 1997
    Date of Patent: December 5, 2000
    Assignee: I-O Display Systems, LLC
    Inventor: Peter Olson
  • Patent number: 6097543
    Abstract: A visual display device is provided for delivering a generated image, preferably combinable with environment light, to the eye of a user. Light from an image generator such as a CRT, LED or LCD is reflected from a fold mirror away from a user's eye towards a combiner. The image is reflected from the combiner and magnified, optionally combined with light from the environment and passes back through the fold mirror towards the eye of the user. In one embodiment, an optical element such as a meniscus lens or PCX lens is used to present the user with a substantially flat focal field and/or a Fresnel lens or diffractive optical element is used to aim rays from the image to the field curvature corrective lens in order to maintain maximum contrast.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 21, 1995
    Date of Patent: August 1, 2000
    Assignee: i-O Display Systems LLC
    Inventors: Richard Dennis Rallison, C. Gregory Amadon, Wolfgang Adam Mack, Jr., Arlie R. Conner
  • Patent number: 5991085
    Abstract: A visual display device is provided for delivering a generated image, preferably combinable with environment light, to the eye of a user. The device is lightweight and compact but yields a high quality image. In one embodiment, a shroud protects from stray light and holds optical elements in desired alignment. In one embodiment an image generator is masked by at least two masks to provide for a high quality image without waste. In one embodiment, a removably mounted shield or activatable device and convert the apparatus from a see-through device to an immersion device and back again. In one embodiment, the device can be comfortably mounted to the user's head while still allowing for use of conventional eyeglasses. A tracker for outputting an indication of the orientation, attitude and/or position of a head-mounted display (HMD) may be provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 12, 1996
    Date of Patent: November 23, 1999
    Assignee: i-O Display Systems LLC
    Inventors: Richard Dennis Rallison, C. Gregory Amadon, Wolfgang Adam Mack, Jr., Leo Nikora, Eric Tseo, Douglas Donaldson, Robert T. Etter
  • Patent number: 5991087
    Abstract: The present invention eliminates the relay lens systems found in conventional helmet mounted displays (HMDs) by removing field distortions and aberrations with a contoured fiber optic faceplate placed in close proximity to a liquid crystal display (LCD) or cathode ray tube. The optical system typically consists of a spherical dielectric or holographically made collimator-combiner, a dielectric or holographically made fold mirror, and a contoured fiber optic faceplate. The fold mirror is flat, and the collimator-combiner is made by coating a spherical eye glass blank. The system is configured as a folded and tilted catadioptric projector with the novel feature being the contoured faceplate. There are no dispersive elements in the imaging assembly which means it can be completely polychromatic (full color) without the need for additional color correction optics as found in all refractive color systems.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 6, 1995
    Date of Patent: November 23, 1999
    Assignee: i-o Display System LLC
    Inventor: Richard Dennis Rallison
  • Patent number: 5949583
    Abstract: A visual display device is provided for delivering a generated image, preferably combinable with environment light, to the eye of a user. Light from an image generator such as a CRT, LED or LCD is reflected from a fold mirror away from a user's eye towards a combiner. The image is reflected from the combiner and magnified, optionally combined with light from the environment and passes back through the fold mirror towards the eye of the user. In one embodiment, an optical element such as a meniscus lens or PCX lens is used to present the user with a substantially flat focal field and/or a Fresnel lens or diffractive optical element is used to aim rays from the image to the field curvature corrective lens in order to maintain maximum contrast.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 7, 1995
    Date of Patent: September 7, 1999
    Assignee: i-O Display Systems LLC
    Inventors: Richard Dennis Rallison, C. Gregory Amadon, Wolfgang Adam Mack, Jr., Arlie R. Conner
  • Patent number: 5945967
    Abstract: A depixelator for improving the image generated by a pixelated image generator, using a non-periodic optic element, is provided. By providing a non-periodic optic element, artifacts such as moire patterns generated by periodic devices such as crossed-gratings, can be reduced or eliminated. The optic device preferably includes a plurality of randomly spaced and/or sized dimples or specks for diffracting a substantial portion of light from pixels into interpixel regions, with the depth of the specks preferably smoothly varying across the surface.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 21, 1995
    Date of Patent: August 31, 1999
    Assignee: i-O Display Systems, LLC
    Inventors: Richard Dennis Rallison, Robert N. McRuer
  • Patent number: 5903396
    Abstract: The intensified visual display relates to visual displays which combine generated images with the view of the environment surrounding a user and transmit such combined visual information to the eye position of the user. A fold mirror (1) frequently utilized in such displays reflects only a fraction of the light striking it and, similarly, transmits only a different fraction of the light reaching it. The fold mirror (1) will reflect a maximum amount of light when such light is S polarized and transmit a maximum amount of light when the light is P polarized. If the image generator produces S polarized light, one quarter-wave plate (3) is used to assure that image light to be reflected by the fold mirror (1) is S polarized while image light to be transmitted through the fold mirror (1) is P polarized. If the image generator produces P polarized light, a first quarter-wave plate (31) and a second quarter-wave plate (32) are employed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 17, 1997
    Date of Patent: May 11, 1999
    Assignee: i/O Display Systems, LLC
    Inventor: Richard Dennis Rallison
  • Patent number: 5903395
    Abstract: A visual display device is provided for delivering a generated image, preferably combinable with environment light, to the eye of a user. The device is lightweight and compact but yields a high quality image. In one embodiment, a color shutter provides a high-density color image. In one embodiment, a shroud protects from stray light and holds optical elements in desired alignment. In one embodiment an image generator is masked by at least two masks to provide for a high quality image without waste. In one embodiment, a removably mounted shield or activatable device can convert the apparatus from a see-through device to an immersion device and back again. In one embodiment, the device can be comfortably mounted to the user's head while still allowing for use of conventional eyeglasses. In one embodiment various controls, such as a mute button, volume control and the like can be provided, such as by mounting on the head-mounted display device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 21, 1995
    Date of Patent: May 11, 1999
    Assignee: i-O Display Systems LLC
    Inventors: Richard Dennis Rallison, C. Gregory Amadon, Wolfgang Adam Mack, Jr., Leo Nikora
  • Patent number: 5864326
    Abstract: The depixelated visual display relates to visual displays which combine generated images with the view of the environment surrounding a user and transmit such combined visual information to the eye position of the user. Image generators, such as a cathode ray tube and a liquid crystal display, produce an image composed of a multiplicity of pixels in a plane. The dark area between pixels becomes more prominent in a visual display. To eliminate this dark area while conserving photons, the depixelated visual display has a crossed diffraction grating (1) placed parallel to the pixel plane of the image generator on the side from which light exits the pixels. Prior techniques for depixelation had not controlled the direction into which image light is diffracted, as does the crossed diffraction grating (1), and, unlike the crossed diffraction grating (1), required sources of light which create heat that can be detrimental to a liquid crystal display.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 21, 1995
    Date of Patent: January 26, 1999
    Assignee: i-O Display Systems LLC
    Inventor: Richard Dennis Rallison
  • Patent number: D432508
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 25, 1997
    Date of Patent: October 24, 2000
    Assignee: i-O Display systems LLC
    Inventors: Joe Park, Josh Kornfeld, Bill Schlicht, Kevin Shimasaki, Parviz (Perry) Rahmany