Abstract: A process for producing ethanol or fermented beverages such as beer or wine wherein a suitable fermentable substrate (e.g., brewers wort, must) is contacted in a batch process with particles comprised of yeast cells encapsulated or immobilized within an insoluble, porous, semi-permeable matrix material at conditions effective for fermentation and maturation. The process employs means for maintaining efficient contact of substrate and yeast-containing particles.
Abstract: Ethanol and fermented beverages such as beer or wine are produced in a batch process by contacting a fermentable substrate with yeast cells encapsulated within a porous, semi-permeable material. Contacting is carrier out in a vessel containing the substrate and a semi-permeable retaining means submerged in the substrate. Encapsulated yeast cells are maintained below the retaining means and in contact with the substrate during fermentation while being freely movable in a portion of the substrate. The retaining means is permeable to the substrate and is substantially impermeable to the encapsulated yeast cells. Preferably, the matrix encapsulating the yeast cells is an alginate gel.
Abstract: A combination of two distinct amorphous silicas, one having a moisture content of 30% or greater and one having a moisture content of below 30%, and each further characterized by particular properties of surface area, pore volume, pore size and particle size, is used to chillproof beer (as well as other fermented or unfermented beverages) by removing chill haze precursors therefrom.
April 16, 1984
Date of Patent:
January 13, 1987
J. E. Siebel Sons' Company, Inc., PQ Corporation