Abstract: A steering apparatus includes: a column shaft; a column tube supporting the column shaft; a housing movably supporting the column tube; a fastener configured to fix the position of the column tube by pressing on radial ends of the housing; a first impact absorber configured to generate a first dynamic friction force with the column tube; and a second impact absorber configured to generate a second dynamic friction force with the housing during a secondary collision by being moved by the first impact absorber. The first impact absorber is structured such that a distal static friction coefficient in a distal region located further from a squeezing portion of the fastener is less than a proximal static friction coefficient in a proximal region closer to the squeezing portion.
Abstract: A vehicle differential device includes a plurality of pinion gear sets. Each of the pinion gear sets includes a first pinion gear configured to mesh with a first outer helical gear and a plurality of second pinion gears configured to mesh with a second outer helical gear. The first pinion gear integrally includes an axially one end side gear portion configured to mesh with the first outer helical gear and an axially other end side gear portion configured to mesh with the second pinion gears. The second pinion gears are configured to mesh with the second outer helical gear at positions separated from each other in a circumferential direction of the second outer helical gear, and the axially other end side gear portion of the first pinion gear is configured to mesh with the second pinion gears at positions radially outward of the second outer helical gear.
November 21, 2019
Date of Patent:
June 8, 2021
He Jin, Tomoki Yoshihama, Kenji Asami, Songjie Li
Abstract: A motor controller is configured to control a motor including a plurality of winding groups. The motor controller includes a plurality of processors. Each of the processors is configured to independently control supply of driving electric power to each of the winding groups. When an abnormality occurs in which a torque to be generated in one of the winding groups is smaller than an individual rated torque and when a target overall torque is larger than a total of the individual rated torque for the winding group in which the abnormality does not occur, the processor, controlling supply of driving electric power to the winding group in which the abnormality does not occur, out of the plurality of processors controls supply of the driving electric power such that the winding group generate a torque larger than the individual rated torque.
Abstract: A steering system includes a rack shaft, a housing, an electric motor, a control device, and a speed reduction mechanism that applies a moving force in the axial direction to the rack shaft with the speed of rotation of the electric motor reduced. The housing has a rack shaft housing portion and a speed reduction mechanism housing portion. The electric motor has: a motor case fixed to the housing; a plurality of stator cores disposed annularly in the motor case; coil windings wound around the plurality of stator cores; and a rotor. The motor case is formed with a water introduction hole that introduces water that has entered the speed reduction mechanism housing portion into the motor case. The control device has a detector that detects entry of water into the motor case.
Abstract: A driving force transmission device includes an input rotation member and output rotation member, a multiple-disc clutch, a pressing mechanism, and a control device that includes a current supply circuit. The control device is configured to compute a torque command value based on a state of a vehicle, the torque command value being a driving force that needs to be transmitted by the multiple-disc clutch, to compute a current command value, to correct the current command value, and to control the current supply circuit such that an electric current depending on the current command value is supplied to the pressing mechanism. The control device is configured to perform the correction so as to increase or decrease the current command value by a correction amount depending on a change rate of the torque command value.
November 23, 2020
June 3, 2021
Ichiro ODA, Go NAGAYAMA, Tomonori ONO, Takashi KOUZAI
Abstract: A driving force transmission device includes an input rotation member, an output rotation member, a multiple-disc clutch, a pressing mechanism, and a control device including a current supply circuit. The control device is configured to compute a torque command value, to compute a current command value, to correct the current command value, and to control the current supply circuit such that an electric current depending on the current command value is supplied to the pressing mechanism. The control device is configure to correct the current command value by a correction amount in a constant-torque state after the torque command value changes, the constant-torque state being a state where a change rate of the torque command value is in a predetermined range, the correction amount depending on a duration of the constant-torque state.
November 19, 2020
June 3, 2021
Ichiro ODA, Go NAGAYAMA, Tomonori ONO, Takashi KOUZAI
Abstract: A sealing device includes a seal member and a slinger. The slinger has a slinger fixing part, a first radial part, a first axial part, a second radial part, and a second axial part facing a seal fixing part of the seal member in a radial direction across a first clearance. The seal member has a large-diameter part facing, in an axial direction, an end of the second axial part on the other side in an axial direction across a second clearance. An outer circumferential surface of the large-diameter part and an outer circumferential surface of the second axial part are included in a flow passage surface of a continuous outside flow passage that extends in a straight line along the axial direction. The first clearance and the second clearance communicate with each other, and the sealing device has a labyrinth clearance including the first clearance and the second clearance.
Abstract: A method of manufacturing a universal joint includes: temporarily assembling a bearing, which supports a shaft portion of a joint spider such that the shaft portion is rotatable, with respect to a through-hole and the shaft portion by press-fitting the bearing to a first position in the through-hole of a yoke; and clinching, after the bearing is temporarily assembled, a portion of the yoke around the through-hole, and pressing the bearing deeper into the through-hole with a clinched portion formed by the clinching to press-fit the bearing to a second position located deeper than the first position in the through-hole.
Abstract: A rolling bearing device includes a rotary shaft; a housing; a pair of rolling bearings; an outer ring spacer; an elastic member provided in a bottom side of the housing, the bottom side of the housing being a second axial side of the housing, and the elastic member being configured to urge the rolling bearings, the outer ring spacer, and the rotary shaft toward a first axial side; and a retaining ring that is fitted into a circumferential groove provided on an inner periphery in the first axial side of the housing, the retaining ring being in axial contact with the outer ring of the rolling bearing located on the first axial side, and the retaining ring including at least three arc members arranged in a circumferential direction.
Abstract: A steering control device includes an electronic control unit configured to calculate a d-axis current command value and a q-axis current command value for a motor having three phases configured to generate drive power applied to a shaft interlocked with turning wheels, to convert detected current values in the phases of the motor to a d-axis current value and a q-axis current value, and to perform feedback control. The electronic control unit is configured to perform field weakening control for setting the d-axis current command value to a negative value based on a rotation speed of the motor, to determine whether the motor is in a regenerative state, and to calculate the d-axis current command value according to the regenerative state of the motor when the electronic control unit determines that the motor is in the regenerative state.
Abstract: A thrust roller bearing includes a plurality of radially arranged rollers, and a pair of annular washers having raceway surfaces on which the rollers roll, the raceway surfaces being arranged to face each other. The roller is made of high-carbon chromium bearing steel, and contains 1.1 mass % to 1.6 mass % of carbon and 0.1 mass % to 0.6 mass % of nitrogen in a range of 0.1 mm from a surface. A surface compressive residual stress is smaller than ?900 MPa, a surface roughness is 0.01 to 0.10 in terms of Rvk and 0.01 to 0.08 in terms of Rk, and a Vickers hardness of the surface is 860 to 980. At least one of the washers is made of carbon steel, and surface roughnesses of the raceway surfaces are 0.05 to 0.20 in terms of Rvk and 0.08 to 0.15 in terms of Rk.
Abstract: A thrust roller bearing includes a plurality of radially arranged rollers, and a pair of annular washers having raceway surfaces on which the rollers roll. The raceway surfaces are arranged to face each other. The roller is made of high-carbon chromium bearing steel and has a surface roughness of 0.01 to 0.10 in terms of Rvk and 0.01 to 0.08 in terms of Rk. At least one of the washers is made of carbon steel, surface compressive residual stress of the raceway surface is ?1400 MPa to ?1000 MPa, and Vickers hardness of surface of the raceway surface is 850 to 900.
Abstract: An ECU of a vehicle controls a motor on the vehicle. The ECU includes a microcomputer and a monitoring circuit. The monitoring circuit includes a rotation detection circuit that detects the number of rotations of the motor at a preset sampling interval, a control circuit including a logic circuit that controls an operation of the rotation detection circuit, and an inspection circuit that inspects of the control circuit. The microcomputer is started upon start of vehicle power supply and performs a specific process using the number of rotations of the motor detected by the rotation detection circuit. The inspection circuit performs the inspection of the control circuit in the monitoring circuit in a period in which the microcomputer is kept in a reset state after the vehicle power supply is turned on and which is within a sampling interval of the rotation detection circuit in the monitoring circuit.
Abstract: A sliding member includes a first sliding member having a resin portion on its outer surface and a second sliding member having a metal portion that slides relative to the resin portion, wherein the resin portion of the first sliding member includes a resin containing a reinforcing filler and having a viscosity number VN of 180 ml/g or more, and the reinforcing filler has a hardness higher than that of the metal portion of the second sliding member. In the sliding component, preferably, the reinforcing filler has a Vickers hardness of 300 HV to 800 HV, and the metal portion has a Vickers hardness of 250 HV to 600 HV.
Abstract: An auxiliary power supply device includes a parasitic diode forming a parallel circuit together with a second switching element and connected in a forward direction to a main power supply, and a parasitic diode forming a parallel circuit together with a fourth switching element and connected in a reverse direction to an auxiliary power supply. When a state parameter indicates that a reaction force that interferes with operation of an assist motor is applied, an electronic control unit turns ON a first switching element, turns OFF the second switching element, turns ON a third switching element, and turns OFF the fourth switching element. A regenerative current from the assist motor flows to the auxiliary power supply via an inverter, the third switching element, and the parasitic diode.
Abstract: A vehicle steering assist system, including an engine pump, a flow-rate restricting mechanism, a motor pump, a motor-pump controller, and a steering-force assist device, wherein the steering assist system is configured to restrict an engine-pump ejection flow rate to be lower than a required receiving flow rate to be received by the assist device when the engine pump is operated by being driven by an engine rotating at an idling speed, the engine-pump ejection flow rate being a flow rate of a working fluid ejected from the engine pump to the assist device via the restricting mechanism, and wherein the motor-pump controller is configured to control a motor-pump ejection flow rate such that an insufficient flow rate of the working fluid is covered by the motor-pump ejection flow rate, the insufficient flow rate being a shortage in the required receiving flow rate not covered by the engine-pump ejection flow rate.
February 11, 2019
Date of Patent:
May 18, 2021
Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha, JTEKT Corporation
Abstract: A rolling bearing includes an inner ring, an outer ring, a plurality of rolling elements, and a cage. The cage includes an annular body placed closer to the first side in the axial direction than the rolling elements, and a plurality of cage prongs provided to extend to the second side in the axial direction from the annular body. The cage prong includes a lack portion provided from the first side to the second side in the axial direction such that the lack portion is opened to the second side in the axial direction and along the radial direction. The cage prong includes a pair of cage prong bodies such that the cage prong bodies are provided on both sides of the lack portion in the circumferential direction and make contact with a corresponding one of the rolling elements, and a stiffening rib is provided between the cage prong bodies.
Abstract: An assist device includes a first harness, a second harness, and a grip portion. The first harness is configured to be fitted to at least one of a shoulder region and a breast region of a user. The second harness is configured to be fitted to a leg region or a waist region of the user. The grip portion is to be held by a person other than the user, the grip portion being attached to at least one of the first harness and the second harness.
Abstract: A rolling bearing includes an inner ring, an outer ring, a plurality of rolling elements, and a cage. The cage includes an annular body, a plurality of cage prongs, and guide portions placed inward of the cage prongs in the radial direction of the cage such that the guide portions extend from a radially inner part of the annular body toward a second side in the axial direction of the cage, the guide portions being configured to position the cage by making contact with an inner ring raceway. The cage has a groove so as to connect pockets adjacent to each other in the circumferential direction, the groove being configured such that lubricant is present in the groove and a groove width of the groove is increased in the radial direction in the center of the groove in the circumferential direction.
Abstract: A factory management system has a database for managing a factory in which a production line is provided. The factory management system includes a communication unit, a collection and storage unit and a compilation and display unit. The communication unit connects production facilities of the production line with host systems such that the production facilities and the host systems communicate with each other. The collection and storage unit is one of the host systems and collects production status data on a production status from the production facilities via the communication unit and stores the production status data in the database. The compilation and display unit is provided separately from the collection and storage unit via a communication interface. The compilation and display unit compiles a predetermined data out of the production status data stored in the database and display the first predetermined data.