Patents Assigned to Kaman Aerospace Corporation
  • Patent number: 6327978
    Abstract: An exploding thin film bridge fracturing fragment detonator comprises a base layer with a bridge layer vapor deposited, e.g., sputtered, thereon. The bridge layer is comprised of an electrically conductive material and includes a bridge portion which interconnects significantly larger portions of this layer. An inorganic insulating layer of rigid fracturing material is vapor deposited, e.g. sputtered, on the bridge layer. A flyer layer is vapor deposited on the insulating layer, whereby the flyer layer is insulated electrically and/or thermally from the bridge layer. The flyer layer is sputtered directly over the bridge portion and is of a mass sufficient for at least a portion of the flyer layer and any associated insulating material that is fractured off therewith to be sufficiently propelled by an explosion of the bridge so as to cause the initiation by shock of a designated acceptor explosive (i.e., a secondary explosive).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 27, 1997
    Date of Patent: December 11, 2001
    Assignee: Kaman Aerospace Corporation
    Inventors: Andrew Turano, Dale L. Spencer
  • Patent number: 5680579
    Abstract: A device employing a redundant array of solid state memory devices is presented, whereby RAID technology architecture is uniquely combined with solid state memory devices. The devices comprises a plurality of circuit boards assemblies mounted within a housing, preferably a housing which fits into a standard 51/4 inch computer drive bay or a rack mount housing. The circuit board assemblies are electrically connected to solid state memory devices, for example, flash memory PCMCIA cards. A data path controller circuit provides the interface between a host system and the flash memory cards.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 25, 1996
    Date of Patent: October 21, 1997
    Assignee: Kaman Aerospace Corporation
    Inventors: Paul R. Young, Peter L. Solari, Gregory J. Shumski, Yin Cheung So
  • Patent number: 5596486
    Abstract: An improved PC Card element, particularly a PC card unit, is presented in which the unit is hermetically sealed. The unit has a metallic frame, a metallic header with glass or ceramic encapsulated through pins, and opposed outer metallic covers, all of the metallic elements being welded together to form a hermetically sealed unit. The metallic frame and header is preferably formed as a single piece, i.e., unitary part, either by casting and machining or by metal injection molding.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 5, 1994
    Date of Patent: January 21, 1997
    Assignee: Kaman Aerospace Corporation
    Inventors: Paul R. Young, David W. Richard, Leonard Bazar
  • Patent number: 5457639
    Abstract: An imaging lidar system for underwater applications is presented which is well suited for imaging and detecting underwater targets suspended above and on the bottom in shallow and coastal water. The present invention provides the capability for rapid and reliable search, detection, classification and localization of objects in the surf zone which may present hazards to navigation and utilization of coastal areas as well as undesirable effluents and biological fouling of underwater objects. The present invention provides an improved bottom tracker, improved ability to deal with brightness variation and surface glint, and computerized real time detection algorithms.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 11, 1991
    Date of Patent: October 10, 1995
    Assignee: Kaman Aerospace Corporation
    Inventors: Bobby L. Ulich, John McLean, R. Norris Keeler, Kirk J. Daniels
  • Patent number: 5450125
    Abstract: An imaging UV/visible fluorosensing and Raman lidar system comprises an optical sensor for simultaneously measuring temporally, spatially and spectrally resolved laser backscatter from on the land, on or beneath the surface of bodies of water and in the atmosphere and utilizes "active" interrogation or "passive" interrogation for remotely and non-destructively probing the spectrally-dependent optical properties of a scene. In the "active" mode, the optical sensor of this invention comprises a transmitter (preferably a tunable solid state laser) which emits pulses of coherent light through a variable or adjustable field-of-view telescope whereupon the light pulses are then propagated towards a scene (e.g., land, sea or atmosphere). Thereafter, laser backscatter is collected by a second variable field-of-view telescope and directed to an imaging system and spectrally dispersive optical subsystem.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 25, 1993
    Date of Patent: September 12, 1995
    Assignee: Kaman Aerospace Corporation
    Inventors: Bobby L. Ulich, Duane Smith, R. Norris Keeler
  • Patent number: 5442358
    Abstract: An underwater maneuverable vehicle is presented which carries an explosive charge and can be used for immediate removal or destruction of various menaces to navigation and other underwater hazards. The battery powered vehicle is air dropped from a platform which carries an imaging lidar system for detection and is operated and navigationally controlled in conjunction with an imaging lidar system. In accordance with an important feature of this invention, an optical lidar downlink is used to control the submerged underwater maneuverable vehicle from an airborne platform. The downlink is pulse spaced modulated. Command signals are secure, and are decoded aboard the vehicle. Control in speed, heading and depth, as well as command detonation are available using this technique.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 13, 1993
    Date of Patent: August 15, 1995
    Assignee: Kaman Aerospace Corporation
    Inventors: R. Norris Keeler, Robert S. Manthy, Troy J. LaMontague, Randall McGee
  • Patent number: 5409183
    Abstract: In a helicopter having a main rotor with blades controlled in pitch by servo flaps the servo flaps are arranged in advance of the leading edges of the blade to provide increased lift efficiency of the rotor system. The signals for controlling the pitches of the blade are generated by a computer implemented means responsive to pilot command signals and flight parameter signals and are transmitted from the stationary structure of the helicopter to the rotating structure through a non-mechanical stationary-to-rotary interface. An active stabilization system is associated with each rotor blade to overcome the instability previously associated with leading edge servo flaps and to reduce the complexity of the control signals needed to be produced by the control signal generating means.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 6, 1993
    Date of Patent: April 25, 1995
    Assignee: Kaman Aerospace Corporation
    Inventor: Clifford T. Gunsallus
  • Patent number: 5384589
    Abstract: An imaging UV/visible fluorosensing and Raman lidar system comprises an optical sensor for simultaneously measuring temporally, spatially and spectrally resolved laser backscatter from on the land, on or beneath the surface of bodies of water and in the atmosphere that utilizes "active" interrogation or "passive" interrogation for remotely and non-destructively probing the spectrally-dependent optical properties of a scene. In the "active" mode, the optical sensor comprises a transmitter (preferably a tunable solid state laser) which emits pulses of coherent light through a variable or adjustable field-of-view telescope whereupon the light pulses are then propagated towards a scene (e.g., land, sea or atmosphere). Thereafter, laser backscatter is collected by a second variable field-of-view telescope and directed to an imaging system and spectrally dispersive optical subsystem.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 25, 1993
    Date of Patent: January 24, 1995
    Assignee: Kaman Aerospace Corporation
    Inventors: Bobby L. Ulich, Duane Smith, R. Norris Keeler
  • Patent number: 5343284
    Abstract: An imaging lidar system is presented which is adapted to decrease the backscattering at the receiver when a target is viewed in reflection and to increase the backscattered reflection when the target is viewed in obscuration by operating the airborne lidar imaging system bistatically in the former case, and monostatically in the latter case. In accordance with a first embodiment of the present invention, a retractible prism and remote reflecting mirror are used to direct the laser transmitter beam downward. The reflecting mirror is offset so that there is a finite angle between the transmitter optical path and the path of the light reflected back into the CCD framing camera. The angle can be varied by moving the reflecting mirror along a track or rail with the appropriate adjustment to the mirror so that the transmitter beam is completely captured and directed downward to illuminate the area viewed by the camera.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 22, 1992
    Date of Patent: August 30, 1994
    Assignee: Kaman Aerospace Corporation
    Inventors: R. Norris Keeler, Bobby L. Ulich
  • Patent number: 5335070
    Abstract: A new and improved laser light beam homogenizer for transforming a laser beam with spatially inhomogeneous intensity into a beam with a more nearly spatially uniform intensity pattern is presented. The light beam is diverged by a lens and presented to an integrator. The integrator transforms the beam into a beam with a more uniform illumination. The uniform illumination beam is then impinged on control optics to limit the divergence of the uniform beam and control higher order distortion in the system. This beam may then be illuminated at a predetermined distance by a projecting optic lens. The laser light beam homogenizer of this invention is particularly well suited for use in an imaging lidar system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 14, 1993
    Date of Patent: August 2, 1994
    Assignee: Kaman Aerospace Corporation
    Inventors: Kent P. Pflibsen, Albert N. Stuppi
  • Patent number: 5311272
    Abstract: Deployed, air dropped buoys are presented which can be used as calibrated targets for imaging lidar systems. In this way, oceanographic optical measurements can be made to determine in advance how an imaging lidar system will perform at the time of its deployment. This calibrated optical buoy is deployable from an airborne platform. The target is illuminated by an imaging lidar system and the target reflection is compared with the backscattering from the ocean volume illuminated. At the same time, measurements of light intensity are carried out to provide a direct measurement of the attenuation in the ocean. These data are taken at all depths and the results telemetered to the airborne lidar platform. In addition, a simplified embodiment is presented which uses the imaging lidar system to obtain both backscatter and attenuation. This simplified embodiment requires no telemetry.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 30, 1991
    Date of Patent: May 10, 1994
    Assignee: Kaman Aerospace Corporation
    Inventors: Kirk Daniels, R. Norris Keeler, Michael A. Cantor
  • Patent number: 5303084
    Abstract: A new and improved laser light beam homogenizer for transforming a laser beam with spatially inhomogeneous intensity into a beam with a more nearly spatially uniform intensity pattern is presented. The light beam is diverged by a lens and presented to an integrator. The integrator transforms the beam into a beam with a more uniform illumination. The uniform illumination beam is then impinged on control optics to limit the divergence of the uniform beam and control higher order distortion in the system. This beam may then be illuminated at a predetermined distance by a projecting optic lens. The laser light beam homogenizer of this invention is particularly well suited for use in an imaging lidar system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 27, 1991
    Date of Patent: April 12, 1994
    Assignee: Kaman Aerospace Corporation
    Inventors: Kent P. Pflibsen, Albert N. Stuppi
  • Patent number: 5287165
    Abstract: A new and improved adaptive optics wavefront tilt sensor having both very high sensitivity and wide dynamic range is presented. In accordance with this invention, distortion is induced in each subaperture beam by passing a high f-number beam through a field lens having large amounts of spherical aberration. The distortion provides transition from a wide dynamic range, low sensitivity wavefront tilt measurement to a narrow dynamic range, high sensitivity wavefront tilt measurement. This beam is then impinged on a single photodector which provides at least one electrical signal indicative of centroid position.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 30, 1991
    Date of Patent: February 15, 1994
    Assignee: Kaman Aerospace Corporation
    Inventors: Bobby L. Ulich, Rudolph E. Radau, Jr.
  • Patent number: 5276632
    Abstract: A novel data processing technique is provided for employing a physical model as an element in a process for automatic target detection of a target viewed by an imaging lidar system. The present invention obtains estimates for the mean and variance of the probability distributions for random video levels which are output from a camera. These estimates are obtained under various assumptions about the state of the target.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 10, 1990
    Date of Patent: January 4, 1994
    Assignee: Kaman Aerospace Corporation
    Inventors: Thomas L. Corwin, Henry R. Richardson, Stanley D. Kuo, Tom A. Stefanick, R. Norris Keeler, Kent Pflibsen, Lonnie K. Calmes
  • Patent number: 5267329
    Abstract: A novel data processing technique is provided for detecting and locating a target from a plurality of two-dimensional images generated by an imaging sensor such as an imaging lidar system. The present invention processes this series of two dimensional images (made with one or more imaging detectors) in an optimal statistical fashion to reliably detect and locate targets. This invention is a process by which the images are mathematically modified to reduce the deleterious effects of noise and thereby provide the highest possible probability of detection while simultaneously maintaining a very low probability of false alarm. The data processing technique described herein also provides an estimate of the reliability of the detection, the target location and an output image to be displayed for visual confirmation and perhaps classification by the operator.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 10, 1990
    Date of Patent: November 30, 1993
    Assignee: Kaman Aerospace Corporation
    Inventors: Bobby L. Ulich, John W. Montgomery
  • Patent number: 5257085
    Abstract: An imaging UV/visible fluorosensing and Raman lidar system comprises an optical sensor for simultaneously measuring temporally, spatially and spectrally resolved laser backscatter from on the land, on or beneath the surface of bodies of water and in the atmosphere. The present invention utilizes "active" interrogation or "passive" interrogation for remotely and non destructively probing the spectrally-dependent optical properties of a scene. In the "active" mode, the optical sensor of this invention comprises a transmitter (preferably a tunable solid state laser) which emits pulses of coherent light through a variable or adjustable field-of-view telescope whereupon the light pulses are then propagated towards a scene (e.g., land, sea or atmosphere). Thereafter, laser backscatter is collected by a second variable field-of-view telescope and directed to an imaging system and spectrally dispersive optical subsystem.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 24, 1991
    Date of Patent: October 26, 1993
    Assignee: Kaman Aerospace Corporation
    Inventors: Bobby L. Ulich, Duane Smith, R. Norris Keeler
  • Patent number: 5249046
    Abstract: A three dimensional range resolving imaging sensor is presented. The sensor comprises a transmitter for generating a light pulse which passes through beam homogenizer and a pair of Fresnel-Risley prisms. This pulse is then directed through an environmental window towards an object enveloped in a backscattering medium. A portion of the light pulse is reflected back towards the sensor. However, prior to detecting the return light pulse, a detector array is internally calibrated by exposure to a calibration pulse. This detector array preferably comprises a two-dimensional photo multiplier tube (PMT) array. A corresponding array of light tapers is disposed before the PMT array to increase the fill factor of the PMTs. Gain and offset corrections are made for each PMT from this exposure. The return pulse passes through the environmental window and impinges a pair of Fresnel-Risley scanner plates. These plates introduce a fixed angular deviation which is dependent on the orientation of the plates.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 30, 1992
    Date of Patent: September 28, 1993
    Assignee: Kaman Aerospace Corporation
    Inventors: Bobby L. Ulich, Kent Pflibsen
  • Patent number: 5248978
    Abstract: An underwater maneuverable vehicle is presented which carries an explosive charge and can be used for immediate removal or destruction of various menaces to navigation and other underwater hazards. The battery powered vehicle is air dropped from a platform which carries an imaging lidar system for detection and is operated and navigationally controlled in conjunction with an imaging lidar system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 16, 1991
    Date of Patent: September 28, 1993
    Assignee: Kaman Aerospace Corporation
    Inventors: Robert S. Manthy, R. Norris Keeler, Kirk Daniels, Patrick L. Renehan, Anthony R. Wells
  • Patent number: 5243541
    Abstract: An imaging lidar system for underwater applications is Presented which is well suited for imaging and detecting underwater targets suspended above and on the bottom in shallow and coastal water. The present invention provides the capability for rapid and reliable search, detection, classification and localization of objects in the surf zone which may present hazards to navigation and utilization of coastal areas as well as undesirable effluents and biological fouling of underwater objects. The present invention employs an improved bottom tracker for accurately measuring the distance between the imaging lidar system and the bottom.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 23, 1992
    Date of Patent: September 7, 1993
    Assignee: Kaman Aerospace Corporation
    Inventor: Bobby L. Ulich
  • Patent number: 5241314
    Abstract: An underwater maneuverable vehicle is presented which carries an explosive charge and can be used for immediate removal or destruction of various menaces to navigation and other underwater hazards. The battery powered vehicle is air dropped from a platform which carries an imaging lidar system for detection and is operated and navigationally controlled in conjunction with an imaging lidar system. In accordance with an important feature of this invention, an optical lidar downlink is used to control the submerged underwater maneuverable vehicle from an airborne platform. The downlink is pulse spaced modulated. Command signals are secure, and are decoded aboard the vehicle. Control in speed, heading and depth, as well as command detonation are available using this technique.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 6, 1991
    Date of Patent: August 31, 1993
    Assignee: Kaman Aerospace Corporation
    Inventors: R. Norris Keeler, Charles H. Kaman, Bobby L. Ulich, Silvio A. Cardero, Robert S. Manthy