Patents Assigned to Kolene Corporation
  • Patent number: 10006129
    Abstract: Methods and systems are provided for treating oxide scale on the surface of a metal object. In one embodiment, a system temperature control apparatus controls the temperature of metal object's surface to an application temperature below the Leidenfrost temperature point of an alkali metal hydroxide aqueous conditioning solution. An application apparatus wets the metal object's surface at the controlled temperature with a thin layer of the solution that engages the oxide scale, and a heating apparatus heats the wetted surface to a final conditioning temperature above a melting point of the alkali metal hydroxide by an additional value selected to effect conditioning of the oxide scale at a reasonable but not excessive rate by the melting alkali metal hydroxide reacting with the oxide scale. The system terminates additional conditioning to prevent creation of additional oxide scale beyond the conditioned depth.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 9, 2016
    Date of Patent: June 26, 2018
    Assignee: KOLENE CORPORATION
    Inventors: James C. Malloy, Dennis J. McCardle, Richard M. Kitchen
  • Patent number: 8585833
    Abstract: Ferritic nitrocarburized surface treatment of cast iron brake rotors providing oxidation resistance, good braking performance and absence of distortion. Machined brake rotors are pre-heated, then immersed into a high temperature molten nitrocarburizing salt bath for a first predetermined dwell time. After removing the brake rotors from the nitrocarburizing salt bath, the brake rotors are directly immersed into an oxidizing salt bath at a lower temperature than the nitrocarburizing salt bath so that the brake rotors are thermally quenched. After a predetermined second dwell time in the oxidizing salt bath, the brake rotors are removed therefrom and further cooled to room temperature, either by water application thermal quenching or slow cooling in air. A fixture provides stable holding the brake rotors with a minimum of contact during placement in the salt baths.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 12, 2012
    Date of Patent: November 19, 2013
    Assignees: GM Global Technology Operations LLC, Kolene Corporation
    Inventors: Michael L. Holly, Douglas N. Reed, James R. Easterday
  • Publication number: 20130029054
    Abstract: Methods and systems are provided for treating oxide scale on the surface of a metal object. In one embodiment, a system temperature control apparatus controls the temperature of metal object's surface to an application temperature below the Leidenfrost temperature point of an alkali metal hydroxide aqueous conditioning solution. An application apparatus wets the metal object's surface at the controlled temperature with a thin layer of the solution that engages the oxide scale, and a heating apparatus heats the wetted surface to a final conditioning temperature above a melting point of the alkali metal hydroxide by an additional value selected to effect conditioning of the oxide scale at a reasonable but not excessive rate by the melting alkali metal hydroxide reacting with the oxide scale. The system terminates additional conditioning to prevent creation of additional oxide scale beyond the conditioned depth.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 7, 2011
    Publication date: January 31, 2013
    Applicant: KOLENE CORPORATION
    Inventors: James C. Malloy, Dennis J. McCardle, Richard M. Kitchen
  • Publication number: 20130000787
    Abstract: Ferritic nitrocarburized surface treatment of cast iron brake rotors providing oxidation resistance, good braking performance and absence of distortion. Machined brake rotors are pre-heated, then immersed into a high temperature molten nitrocarburizing salt bath for a first predetermined dwell time. After removing the brake rotors from the nitrocarburizing salt bath, the brake rotors are directly immersed into an oxidizing salt bath at a lower temperature than the nitrocarburizing salt bath so that the brake rotors are thermally quenched. After a predetermined second dwell time in the oxidizing salt bath, the brake rotors are removed therefrom and further cooled to room temperature, either by water application thermal quenching or slow cooling in air. A fixture provides stable holding the brake rotors with a minimum of contact during placement in the salt baths.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 12, 2012
    Publication date: January 3, 2013
    Applicants: KOLENE CORPORATION, GM Global Technology Operations LLC
    Inventors: Michael L. Holly, Douglas N. Reed, James R. Easterday
  • Patent number: 8287667
    Abstract: Ferritic nitrocarburized surface treatment of cast iron brake rotors providing oxidation resistance, good braking performance and absence of distortion. Machined brake rotors are pre-heated, then immersed into a high temperature molten nitrocarburizing salt bath for a first predetermined dwell time. After removing the brake rotors from the nitrocarburizing salt bath, the brake rotors are directly immersed into an oxidizing salt bath at a lower temperature than the nitrocarburizing salt bath so that the brake rotors are thermally quenched. After a predetermined second dwell time in the oxidizing salt bath, the brake rotors are removed therefrom and further cooled to room temperature, either by water application thermal quenching or slow cooling in air. A fixture provides stable holding the brake rotors with a minimum of contact during placement in the salt baths.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 29, 2006
    Date of Patent: October 16, 2012
    Assignees: GM Global Technology Operations LLC, Kolene Corporation
    Inventors: Michael L. Holly, Douglas N. Reed, James R. Easterday
  • Publication number: 20080000550
    Abstract: Ferritic nitrocarburized surface treatment of cast iron brake rotors providing oxidation resistance, good braking performance and absence of distortion. Machined brake rotors are pre-heated, then immersed into a high temperature molten nitrocarburizing salt bath for a first predetermined dwell time. After removing the brake rotors from the nitrocarburizing salt bath, the brake rotors are directly immersed into an oxidizing salt bath at a lower temperature than the nitrocarburizing salt bath so that the brake rotors are thermally quenched. After a predetermined second dwell time in the oxidizing salt bath, the brake rotors are removed therefrom and further cooled to room temperature, either by water application thermal quenching or slow cooling in air. A fixture provides stable holding the brake rotors with a minimum of contact during placement in the salt baths.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 29, 2006
    Publication date: January 3, 2008
    Applicants: GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPERATIONS, INC., KOLENE CORPORATION
    Inventors: Michael L. Holly, Douglas N. Reed, James R. Easterday
  • Patent number: 7151080
    Abstract: A composition for stripping and cleaning organic coatings from substrates, comprising a solution of high-boiling alcohols, preferably polyglycols, a surfactant, preferably a nonylphenol ethoxylate, and an alkali metal hydroxide, said composition being essentially free of any amines. The composition aggressively and effectively strips paints and other organic coatings without harming underlying substrates damaged by prior art strippers, over conventional or lower time periods, and at conventional or lower temperatures. One embodiment of the invention comprises from about 40% to about 98.9% by weight of a high-boiling alcohol; from about 1% to about 60% of a non-ionic surfactant; and from about 0.1% to about 10% of an alkali hydroxide or mixture of alkali hydroxide.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 14, 2005
    Date of Patent: December 19, 2006
    Assignee: Kolene Corporation
    Inventors: Rick Anthony Dostie, James Christopher Malloy
  • Publication number: 20050233936
    Abstract: A composition for stripping and cleaning organic coatings from substrates, comprising a solution of high-boiling alcohols, preferably polyglycols, a surfactant, preferably a nonylphenol ethoxylate, and an alkali metal hydroxide, said composition being essentially free of any amines. The composition aggressively and effectively strips paints and other organic coatings without harming underlying substrates damaged by prior art strippers, over conventional or lower time periods, and at conventional or lower temperatures. One embodiment of the invention comprises from about 40% to about 98.9% by weight of a high-boiling alcohol; from about 1% to about 60% of a non-ionic surfactant; and from about 0.1% to about 10% of an alkali hydroxide or mixture of alkali hydroxide.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 14, 2005
    Publication date: October 20, 2005
    Applicant: Kolene Corporation
    Inventors: Rick Dostie, James Malloy
  • Patent number: 6855210
    Abstract: A composition and method for stripping and cleaning organic coatings from substrates, comprising a solution of high-boiling alcohols, preferably polyglycols, a surfactant, preferably a nonylphenol ethoxylate, and an alkali metal hydroxide, said composition being essentially free of any amines. The composition aggressively and effectively strips paints and other organic coatings without harming underlying substrates damaged by prior art strippers, over conventional or lower time periods, and at conventional or lower temperatures. One embodiment of the invention comprises from about 40% to about 98.9% by weight of a high-boiling alcohol; from about 1% to about 60% of a non-ionic surfactant; and from about 0.1% to about 10% of an alkali hydroxide or mixture of alkali hydroxide.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 5, 2004
    Date of Patent: February 15, 2005
    Assignee: Kolene Corporation
    Inventors: Rick Anthony Dostie, James Christopher Malloy
  • Patent number: 6830700
    Abstract: A method and device for removing particulate matter from a liquid medium, especially a molten salt bath. The structure includes a device for capturing and removing particulate matter from a liquid medium. In operation, the device is inserted into the liquid having the particulate matter, with a particulate matter collector in the particle collecting position. An agitator circulates the liquid having the particulate matter therein. A portion of the particulate matter is collected in the particulate matter collector during the circulation. Thereafter, the circulation is ceased and the device is removed from the liquid with the particulate matter in the particulate matter collector. The device is moved to a discharge position, and the particulate matter collector is moved to a particle discharge position to discharge the particulate matter.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 8, 2003
    Date of Patent: December 14, 2004
    Assignee: Kolene Corporation
    Inventor: Richard Michael Kitchen
  • Publication number: 20040159372
    Abstract: A composition for nitrocarburizing stainless steel parts and a method for producing a nitride or hard case on such parts using the composition, are provided. The composition includes alkali metal cyanate and alkali metal carbonate, wherein the cyanate ion is present in a weight percentage of greater than 45% and less than 55.2%. The composition is fused and maintained between about 750° F. and about 950° F. depending upon the type of stainless steel to be treated. The workpiece is immersed in the fused bath and left in until a satisfactory compound layer or case is formed. With austenitic stainless steel, the piece is immersed from about four hours to about six hours at temperatures between about 750° F. and about 950° F., preferably between 750° F. and 850° F. to maintain corrosion resistance.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 18, 2004
    Publication date: August 19, 2004
    Applicant: Kolene Corporation
    Inventors: James R. Easterday, John F. Pilznienski
  • Patent number: 6776359
    Abstract: A method and system for spraying scale conditioning aqueous solutions onto opposite sides of a metal strip for scale conditioning is provided. The system includes a housing which defines a chamber through which the moving strip passes on the strip pass line. A nozzle maintenance station is provided which is disposed off the strip pass line. Sets of spray nozzles are provided and the sets are independently movable between the maintenance station and spraying portion on opposite sides of the strip. Thus, each set can be utilized independently to spray a strip or be worked on in the maintenance station without shutting down the line.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 6, 2001
    Date of Patent: August 17, 2004
    Assignee: Kolene Corporation
    Inventors: John M. Cole, James C. Malloy
  • Patent number: 6746546
    Abstract: A composition for nitrocarburizing stainless steel parts and a method for producing a nitride or hard case on such parts using the composition, are provided. The composition includes alkali metal cyanate and alkali metal carbonate, wherein the cyanate ion is present in a weight percentage of greater than 45% and less than 55.2%. The composition is fused and maintained between about 750° F. and about 950° F. depending upon the type of stainless steel to be treated. The workpiece is immersed in the fused bath and left in until a satisfactory compound layer or case is formed. With austenitic stainless steel, the piece is immersed from about four hours to about six hours at temperatures between about 750° F. and about 950° F., preferably between 750° F. and 850° F. to maintain corrosion resistance. With 400 series stainless steel, increased corrosion resistance is achieved by immersion for between four and six hours at 950° F.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 2, 2001
    Date of Patent: June 8, 2004
    Assignee: Kolene Corporation
    Inventors: James R. Easterday, John F. Pilznienski
  • Publication number: 20030144164
    Abstract: A method and composition for removing organic coatings or residues from a substrate is provided, which composition includes an organic carrier of ethanolamines and non-ionic alkylphenol ethoxylate surfactants and mixtures thereof and potassium hydroxide and being free of water.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 29, 2002
    Publication date: July 31, 2003
    Applicant: Kolene Corporation
    Inventors: John F. Pilznienski, James C. Malloy
  • Publication number: 20030084963
    Abstract: A composition for nitrocarburizing stainless steel parts and a method for producing a nitride or hard case on such parts using the composition, are provided. The composition includes alkali metal cyanate and alkali metal carbonate, wherein the cyanate ion is present in a weight percentage of greater than 45% and less than 55.2%. The composition is fused and maintained between about 750° F. and about 950° F. depending upon the type of stainless steel to be treated. The workpiece is immersed in the fused bath and left in until a satisfactory compound layer or case is formed. With austenitic stainless steel, the piece is immersed from about four hours to about six hours at temperatures between about 750° F. and about 950° F., preferably between 750° F. and 850° F. to maintain corrosion resistance.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 2, 2001
    Publication date: May 8, 2003
    Applicant: Kolene Corporation
    Inventors: James R. Easterday, John F. Pilznienski
  • Publication number: 20030085306
    Abstract: A method and system for spraying scale conditioning aqueous solutions onto opposite sides of a metal strip for scale conditioning is provided. The system includes a housing which defines a chamber through which the moving strip passes on the strip pass line. A nozzle maintenance station is provided which is disposed off the strip pass line. Sets of spray nozzles are provided and the sets are independently movable between the maintenance station and spraying portion on opposite sides of the strip. Thus, each set can be utilized independently to spray a strip or be worked on in the maintenance station without shutting down the line.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 6, 2001
    Publication date: May 8, 2003
    Applicant: Kolene Corporation
    Inventors: Cole M. John, Malloy C. James
  • Publication number: 20020148484
    Abstract: A composition and apparatus and method of using the composition for aqueous spray descaling or conditioning of scale or oxide on metal surfaces, especially stainless steel strip or the like, in one embodiment, although it can be used to descale or condition oxide or scale on other work pieces such as metal bar, or even discrete objects. An aqueous solution having a base composition of an alkali metal hydroxide, such as sodium hydroxide, potassium hydroxide, or a mixture of alkali metal hydroxides such as sodium hydroxide and potassium hydroxide is used. The aqueous solution may contain certain additives to improve the descaling performance of the salt. In one embodiment, the solution is used to condition the scale or surface oxide on a strip of stainless steel. The strip of steel is at a temperature between the melting point of the alkali metal hydroxide in anhydrous form and a temperature at which the Leidenfrost effect appears.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 26, 2002
    Publication date: October 17, 2002
    Applicant: Kolene Corporation
    Inventors: John M. Cole, James G. Malloy, John F. Pilznienski, William G. Wood
  • Patent number: 6450183
    Abstract: A composition and apparatus and method of using the composition for aqueous spray descaling or conditioning of scale or oxide on metal surfaces, especially stainless steel strip or the like, in one embodiment, although it can be used to descale or condition oxide or scale on other work pieces such as metal bar, or even discrete objects. An aqueous solution having a base composition of an alkali metal hydroxide, such as sodium hydroxide, potassium hydroxide, or a mixture of alkali metal hydroxides such as sodium hydroxide and potassium hydroxide is used. The aqueous solution may contain certain additives to improve the descaling performance of the salt. In one embodiment, the solution is used to condition the scale or surface oxide on a strip of stainless steel. The strip of steel is at a temperature between the melting point of the alkali metal hydroxide in anhydrous form and a temperature at which the Leidenfrost effect appears.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 22, 1999
    Date of Patent: September 17, 2002
    Assignee: Kolene Corporation
    Inventors: John M. Cole, James C. Malloy, John F. Pilznienski, William G. Wood
  • Patent number: 5505786
    Abstract: A system for descaling a strip of metal includes a nozzle assembly mounted within a spray box for spraying descaling product on the strip. The nozzle assembly includes a spray chamber; nozzles mounted directly to the spray chamber; and a heater for heating the chamber, the descaling product in the chamber, and the nozzles by conduction through the chamber. The nozzles are oriented to direct the descaling product in a spray against the upper and lower surfaces of the metal strip for an amount and a time sufficient to descale the metal strip. The nozzle assembly is attached to the spray box and can be easily removed therefrom for inspection.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 31, 1994
    Date of Patent: April 9, 1996
    Assignee: Kolene Corporation
    Inventors: John M. Cole, Charles M. Bessey
  • Patent number: 5377398
    Abstract: An improved salt and method of using such salt for conditioning scale on strip or sheet metal surfaces is provided. In more particular aspects, the invention provides an improved salt of alkali metal hydroxides and alkali metal nitrates which are used in their fused anhydrous form to condition scale on metal strip or sheet. The salt preferably contains from about 40% to about 70% potassium hydroxide, from about 20% to about 55% sodium hydroxide, and from about 2% to about 30% of an alkali metal nitrate. The salt is especially adapted to be sprayed onto a moving strip or sheet of metal as it passes a spray station, although it can also be used in conventional salt bath applications in which the salt is maintained in a fused condition in a tank, and the sheet, strip, bar, tubing or other form to be treated is immersed in the fused salt bath.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 8, 1993
    Date of Patent: January 3, 1995
    Assignee: Kolene Corporation
    Inventor: Charles M. Bessey