Abstract: A method and apparatus for controlling doors of an elevator includes a passenger sensor and load sensor. The passenger sensor detects the presence of passengers in a lobby, and the load sensor generates a load signal indicating only a load of the elevator. A processor then determines passenger movements between the lobby and the elevator, and passenger movements within the elevator based on the load signal. Next, an elevator door controller controls the elevator doors based on output from the processor and the passenger sensor.
Abstract: A system and method for controlling an elevator group including several elevators and related call devices which controls each elevator in a manner determined by the calls entered and the existing control instructions. When the control system has to decide between two or more control alternatives, a systematic decision analysis is performed by studying the effects resulting from each alternative decision, the effects resulting from each alternative decision, the effects being estimated by simulating by a Monte-Carlo type method the future behavior of the elevator system in the case of each alternative decision. To carry out the simulation, realizations are generated at random for the unknown quantities associated with the current state of the elevator system and for new external future events, and a control decision is made on the basis of the results of the decision analysis.
Abstract: A procedure is disclosed for determining the message identifiers in a control area network CAN data transmission network of an elevator system where message identifiers are used in the transmission of messages. Each node in the network monitors the data transmissions in the network and stores the other message identifiers in use by the other nodes. When selecting a message identifier, the node makes use of a random number to select an unused identifier from an identifier table.
Abstract: A wall, ceiling or floor for an elevator car and to an elevator car in which these items are used has a specific structure. The structure includes sheets having on one side, at opposite edges, edge parts oriented in a direction differing from that of a sheet surface, adjacent sheets being attached to each other by attachment surfaces formed in the edge parts (3,4). The other sides of the sheets i. e. the sides opposite to the edge parts, are arranged to form a continuous exterior surface of the elevator car, an interior wall element forms an interior surface of the elevator car and is attached to the edge parts of the sheets (1).
Abstract: A method for reducing the starting current of a squirrel-cage motor and a squirrel-cage motor unit designed for implementing the method for reducing the starting current. The squirrel-cage motor stator winding of each phase comprises at least two insulated conductor elements connected in parallel and placed in the same slots. The conductor elements are divided into at least two parallel branches. During starting one or more branches are disconnected from the supply voltage while one or more branches are connected to the supply voltage. With this arrangement, the stator resistance increases during starting, so that the starting current decreases accordingly.
Abstract: Procedure for determining the number of passenger transfers in an elevator car on the basis of car load data. The procedure of the invention includes continuous measurement of the car load during stoppage, filtering of the measurement data, recording of the load changes taking place during stoppage, and determination of the number of persons having entered or left the elevator car, based on said changes. The device contains an A/D converter for converting the load data into digital form, and a recording and calculation unit placed in the elevator control system and connected to the output of the A/D converter to detect and count the changes in the load.
Abstract: A system for adapting the deceleration/stoppage command to the varying momentary speeds of the cage which are due to varying load conditions of the cage itself. The system aso verifies the deceleration/stoppage distance of the cage at certain known speeds, determines the average value of these distances and which, directly or after further processing, compares, this value with a range of known values, outside of which reference data relating to the oblique curve for deceleration/stoppage of the cage is automatically corrected in a proportional manner, the data being known to the electronic processor which governs operation of the system.
Abstract: A safety device arrangement for stopping the downward drift of an elevator car (1) has a controllable arrester (10) mounted on the supporting frame (7) of an elevator car. The arrangement is provided with latches (20), and for each latch a stop block (26) is immovably mounted in the elevator shaft (3). The arrangement comprises buffer elements (13) placed between the arrester (10) and the supporting frame (7) of the elevator car. When the elevator car rests on latches (20) engaged by stop blocks (26), the resulting supporting forces are passed between the car frame (7) and the arrester (10) substantially only through the buffer elements (13).
Abstract: Fire door for an elevator, especially for use in the landing doorways of an elevator shaft. The fire door is mounted abreast of an elevator landing door. The fire protection characteristics of the fire door are so chosen that the elevator door and the fire door together fulfil the requirements imposed on a fire door.
Abstract: Guide seat for an elevator car, which supports a guide moving along a guide rail (6). The guide seat comprises a fixing part by which the guide seat is attached to the car structure (2), and a base plate (12,26,33) on which a guide structure is mounted. To pass the forces between the guide rail (6) and the elevator car (1), the guide seat is provided with at least one insulator (17,30,32) made of an elastic material, such as rubber. The insulator is placed between the fixing part and the base plate.
Abstract: The invention relates to a safety apparatus mounted in the doorway of an elevator shaft to prevent people, animals and objects from falling down into the shaft. The safety apparatus comprises a collapsible safety wall composed of laminae (1) and supported by telescopic bars (2). The bars (2) are inserted through holes provided in the laminae and attached by their ends to separate supporting structures (3) either with or without hinges (4).
Abstract: Traction sheave elevator comprising a drive machine (10), a traction sheave (7) connected to the drive machine, two diverting pulleys (5,6), an elevator car (1), a counterweight (2) and a hoisting rope rigging (3) on which rigging the elevator car and its counterweight are suspended. Each deflection of a hoisting rope in the rigging (3) takes place along a circular path determined by a rope groove on the traction sheave (7) or a diverting pulley (5 and 6), occurs in essentially the same direction with respect to the direction of the shafts of the traction sheave and diverting pulleys.
Abstract: A safety gear e.g. for an elevator car or counterweight, comprises at least one wedge chamber (8) and at least one working wedge (9) acting on an elevator guide rail (30) and activated by a transmission element. For each working wedge (9), the safety gear has at least one counter wedge (10) moving along guide surfaces (14 and 39) provided in the wedge chamber (8). The counter wedge (10) of a working wedge (9) is on the same side of the guide rail as the working wedge (9) in question.
Abstract: Traction sheave elevator has a drive machine (1) and, coupled with it, a traction sheave (3) provided with a rope groove (2), the hoisting rope (4) running over the traction sheave, an elevator car (6) and its counterweight (7) suspended on the hoisting rope and moving in an elevator shaft (6). The elevator uses at least two diverting pulleys (8,9) which causes the hoisting rope going to the traction sheave (3) and the hoisting rope coming from the traction sheave (3) to run crosswise with respect to each other. The diverting pulleys and the traction sheave are placed so that the planes of rotation of the diverting pulleys (8,9) lie on different sides of the plane of rotation of the traction sheave (3).
Abstract: Rope arrangement for an elevator car. There is a hoisting machine and hoisting ropes moving the elevator car, in which a rope arrangement of the hoisting ropes of the elevator run over rope pulleys placed under the elevator car. The hoisting ropes run over the rope pulleys so that the transmission ratio between the speed of the elevator car and the rotational speed of the hoisting machine is at least 1:4.
Abstract: A procedure is disclosed for filtering the speed feedback signal in an elevator motor drive which is provided with a speed controller and in which the speed of rotation of the motor is measured. The procedure of the invention involves sampling the speed feedback signal, producing a prediction of the next sample by a predicting procedure that filters the noise in the speed feedback signal, and forming an estimate of the latest sample by delaying the prediction by a time corresponding to one sample.
Abstract: A toe guard for an elevator is disclosed, at least part of which consists of a structure penetrable to air flow, thus diminishing the tendency of the toe guard to increase the air flow in the space between the front wall of the elevator car and the shaft wall.
Abstract: A system for selecting an elevator in a group consisting of elevators serving the floors of a building, each floor being provided with call input devices for the input of the passengers' calls, the elevator group having a group control unit controlling the group and provided with at least one computer. On the basis of the call sent by a call input device, the group control unit finds out which call input device has issued the call and selects one of the elevators for serving the floor in question on the basis of the passengers' location on the landing according to the information thus obtained.
Abstract: A method and an apparatus for the control of an elevator a.c. or d.c. hoisting motor driven by a frequency converter unit, or by a rectifier unit, supplied by a three phase power source is disclosed. The voltage of the mains power source is monitored using a voltage measuring unit. The frequency converter or rectifier is supervised by a control unit which selects a speed reference curve, best suited for a run. The controller unit allows the elevator speed to be varied continuously with the mains voltage so that the elevator always travels at the highest possible speed. When an undervoltage condition is detected in the mains power source, the rotational speed of the hoisting motor is reduced without modifying the acceleration so as to avoid an overcurrent if the rectifier or inverter switches. If, in addition, the acceleration is decreased before the maximum speed is obtained, a higher maximum speed may be obtained for a given low level of supply voltage.