Abstract: A surgical smoke evacuator synchronizing system includes a smoke evacuator system; a smoke or debris generating surgical device having a power cord with a plug for connection to a power source; and a monitoring system including a first receptacle for receiving the plug of the power cord; a cable connected to the first receptacle having a number of lines and having a second plug for connection to a power source receptacle; a current sensing loop for receiving at least one line of the cable; a detector circuit for sensing the current level in the cable; and a control device, responsive to a level of current in the cable, representing that the surgical device is operating, for enabling the smoke evacuator system and responsive to a level of current in the cable representing that the surgical device has completed operating for disabling the smoke evacuator system.
Abstract: A self-aligning coupler for a laser endoscope having a body and a lumen extending from the body includes a coupler housing; an input port adapted for connection to a laser beam source; and an output port adapted for connection to the endoscope body; a tilt assembly; an alignment sleeve fixed to the tilt assembly for extending through the output port and the body into the lumen; lens means mounted with the tilt assembly for projecting the laser beam down the alignment sleeve and fixing the focus of the beam generally on the axis of the alignment sleeve; means for centering the sleeve with respect to the lumen and generally aligning the lumen and sleeve axes; and gap means between the tilt assembly and the coupler housing for enabling the tilt assembly to float in the coupler housing laterally relative to the axes of the sleeve and lumen for accommodating misalignment between the body and lumen while maintaining alignment of the lens means, sleeve and lumen.
Abstract: A decoupled dual-beam control system for a compact micromanipulator unit for a surgical laser system includes a focusing mechanism for focusing a first laser beam of a first wavelength at a predetermined focal point; and a control mechanism for directing a second laser beam of a second wavelength onto the focusing mechanism; the control mechanism includes a device for varying the diameter and wavefront of the second laser beam at the focusing mechanism for enabling the focusing mechanism to focus the second beam in the same focal plane as the first beam. The control mechanism further includes a device for translating the second beam relative to the focusing mechanism for enabling the focusing mechanism to coincidentally position the foci of the surgical and aiming beams in the focal plane.
Abstract: A proximity detector for the probe of a beam delivery apparatus of a laser system includes a probe having a face for confronting a target surface to be struck by the laser beam; means for directing a gauging light to the target surface; means for sensing the gauging light returning from the target surface to the probe; and means responsive to the means for sensing for generating a control signal representative of the position of the probe relative to the surface to enable the laser system to fire.
Abstract: A heart-synchronized pulsed laser system includes a laser; a device for sensing the contraction and expansion of a beating heart to be synchronized with the laser; a device, responsive to the device for sensing, for generating a trigger pulse; a control for positioning the leading edge of the trigger pulse during the contraction and expansion cycle of the heartbeat; a control for defining the width of the trigger pulse to occur during the heartbeat cycle; and a circuit responsive to the trigger pulse for firing the laser to strike the beating heart at the time indicated by the trigger pulse position and for the period indicated by the width of the trigger pulse.
Abstract: A heart-synchronized vacuum-assisted pulsed laser technique generates a valve control signal in response to the ECG of a beating heart which is to be synchronized with the laser; the valve control signal is applied to a valve to open it and permit laser gas to be delivered to the gas inlet of the laser assisted by the draw from a vacuum source at the gas outlet of the laser, to produce a predetermined range of laser gas pressure in the laser; the valve control signal is ceased after the predetermined range of laser gas pressure has been reached to end the gas flow through the laser and enable the rebuilding of the vacuum in the vacuum source; and a laser firing signal is generated to fire the laser when the laser gas pressure is in the predetermined range.
Abstract: A long pulse, fast flow laser system and method in which a laser having a gas inlet and a gas outlet and electrical discharge electrodes has its inlet connected through a valve to a source of laser gas and its outlet connected to a vacuum. A control circuit opens the valve upon a request for laser firing. The valve permits the laser gas to flow through the laser to the vacuum at high speed. A high-voltage power supply is triggered, creating an electrical discharge across the electrodes. After the end of the laser pulse, the valve is shut to cut off the flow of laser gas and the vacuum is reconstituted.