Abstract: A three dimensional (3D) micro-electro-mechanical system (MEMS) device is provided. The device comprises a central MEMS wafer, and top and bottom cap wafers. The MEMS wafer includes a MEMS structure, such as an inertial sensor. The 5 top cap wafer, the bottom cap wafer and the MEMS wafers are stacked along a stacking axis and together form at least one hermetic cavity enclosing the MEMS structure. At least one of the top cap wafer and the bottom cap wafer is a silicon-on- insulator (SOI) cap wafer comprising a cap device layer, a cap handle layer and a cap insulating layer interposed between the cap device layer and the cap handle layer. At 10 least one electrically conductive path extends through the SOI cap wafer, establishing an electrical convection between an outer electrical contact provided on the SOI cap wafer and the MEMS structure.
Abstract: A MEMS and a method of manufacturing MEMS components are provided. The method includes providing a MEMS wafer stack including a top cap wafer, a MEMS wafer and optionally a bottom cap wafer. The MEMS wafer has MEMS structures patterned therein. The MEMS wafer and the cap wafers include insulated conducting channels forming insulated conducting pathways extending within the wafer stack. The wafer stack is bonded to an integrated circuit wafer having electrical contacts on its top side, such that the insulated conducting pathways extend from the integrated circuit wafer to the outer side of the top cap wafer. Electrical contacts on the outer side of the top cap wafer are formed and are electrically connected to the respective insulated conducting channels of the top cap wafer. The MEMS wafer stack and the integrated circuit wafer are then diced into components having respective sealed chambers and MEMS structures housed therein.
Abstract: An integrated MEMS system having a MEMS chip, including a MEMS transducer, and at least one IC chip, including MEMS processing circuitry, and additional circuitry to process electrical signals. The MEMS chip can include first and second insulated conducting pathways. The first pathways conduct the MEMS-signals between the transducer and the IC chip, for processing; and the second conducting pathways can extend through the entire thickness of the MEMS chip, to conduct electrical signals to the IC chip, to be processed by additional circuitry.
Abstract: A micro-electro-mechanical system (MEMS) motion sensor is provided that includes a MEMS wafer having a frame structure, a plurality of proof masses suspended to the frame structure, movable in three dimensions, and enclosed in one or more cavities. The MEMS sensor includes top and bottom cap wafers bonded to the MEMS wafer and top and bottom electrodes provided in the top and bottom cap wafers, forming capacitors with the plurality of proof masses, and being together configured to detect motions of the plurality of proof masses. The MEMS sensor further includes first electrical contacts provided on the top cap wafer and electrically connected to the top electrodes, and a second electrical contacts provided on the top cap wafer and electrically connected to the bottom electrodes by way of vertically extending insulated conducting pathways. A method for measuring acceleration and angular rate along three mutually orthogonal axes is also provided.
Abstract: A MEMS device is provided. The device includes a MEMS wafer, a top cap wafer and a bottom cap wafer. The top and bottom cap wafers are respectively bonded to first and second sides of the MEMS wafer, the MEMS and cap wafers being electrically conductive. The outer side of the top cap wafer is provided with electrical contacts. The MEMS wafer, the top cap wafer and the bottom cap wafer define a cavity for housing a MEMS structure. The device includes insulated conducting pathways extending from within the bottom cap wafer, through the MEMS wafer and through the top cap wafer. The pathways are connected to the respective electrical contacts on the top cap wafer, for routing electrical signals from the bottom cap wafer to the electrical contacts on the top cap wafer. A method of manufacturing the MEMS device is also provided.