Patents Assigned to Nalco Company
  • Patent number: 9096805
    Abstract: The present invention includes the use of anhydride compositions, including alkyl and aryl anhydrides, for use as a demulsifier in resolving water external emulsions of water and oil and complex emulsions of water and oil. In particular, the anhydride composition can be used alone or in a blend with other demulsifiers. Suitable anhydrides suitable for the present invention include acetic and propionic, with acetic anhydride being preferred. The anhydride composition can be added directly to crude oil emulsions or other compositions to be resolved. As such, the demulsifier composition includes an anhydride, such as acetic anhydride, alone or in combination with other demulsifiers. The anhydride can be used in an amount ranging between trace and 100% by weight of the demulsifier composition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 12, 2008
    Date of Patent: August 4, 2015
    Assignee: NALCO COMPANY
    Inventor: Duncan E. Williams
  • Publication number: 20150212007
    Abstract: Disclosed is a method of monitoring and optimizing the concentration of an additive composition in a fuel ethanol. The method includes adding a known amount of the additive composition to the fuel ethanol to create a treated fuel ethanol. A measured fluorescent signal provides information for determining the concentration of the additive composition in the fuel ethanol. A component in the additive composition is capable of providing the fluorescent signal or capable of being chemically derivatized to provide a fluorescent signal or a colorimetric signal. Based upon the measured fluorescent signal or colorimetric signal, the concentration of the additive composition in the fuel ethanol may be adjusted.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 6, 2015
    Publication date: July 30, 2015
    Applicant: NALCO COMPANY
    Inventors: John E. Hoots, Phillip E. Bureman, Craig W. Myers
  • Patent number: 9090526
    Abstract: The present invention provides a method for inhibiting unwanted polymerization of reactive monomers within a liquid. The method comprises the combined usage of a quinone methide with a quinone diimide to the liquid monomer. This combination has an unexpected synergistic effect. Thus, in some ratios, the combination results in practically 100% inhibition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 13, 2011
    Date of Patent: July 28, 2015
    Assignee: NALCO COMPANY
    Inventor: Jonathan Masere
  • Patent number: 9074289
    Abstract: Disclosed and claimed is a method of inhibiting corrosion of a surface in contact with a corrosive environment encountered in oil and gas operations. The method includes contacting the surface with a composition comprising a quaternary nitrogen-containing corrosion inhibitor having the following general formula. The composition is preferably adherent to standards for environmental friendliness but has equal applicability in formulations that include conventional corrosion inhibitors.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 8, 2011
    Date of Patent: July 7, 2015
    Assignee: NALCO COMPANY
    Inventors: Mark A. Malwitz, Daljinder K. Woloch
  • Patent number: 9068293
    Abstract: The invention is directed towards methods and compositions for processes based on the combination of organic peroxyacids and ammonium salts that preserve and enhance the response to optical brighteners (fluorescent whitening dyes), brightness and improve color of pulp or paper when applied during different stages of the papermaking process are identified. The composition and method improve response to optical brighteners (fluorescent whitening dyes), maintain and/or enhance brightness and enhance the performance of paper products. Used in combination with optical brighteners the described agents produce a synergistic effect not previously identified in the paper process.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 27, 2013
    Date of Patent: June 30, 2015
    Assignee: NALCO COMPANY
    Inventors: Prasad Y. Duggirala, Sergey M. Shevchenko
  • Patent number: 9061926
    Abstract: The present invention provides a composition and method for inhibiting the growth of microorganisms in industrial water systems. Methods employing the composition comprising halogen-based hydantoin or hydantoin-stabilized halogen in combination with peracetic acid demonstrate synergistic control of microbial growth, particularly control of slime deposition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 15, 2005
    Date of Patent: June 23, 2015
    Assignee: NALCO COMPANY
    Inventor: Bert Simons
  • Publication number: 20150160001
    Abstract: The invention embodies methods and apparatuses to monitor and control the characteristics of a creping process. The method involves measuring optical properties of various points along a creped paper sheet and converting those measurements into characteristic defining data. The invention allows for determining the magnitude and distribution of crepe structures and their frequency and distribution. This allows for the generation of information that is accurate and is much more reliable than the coarse guessing that is currently used in the industry. Feeding this information to papermaking process equipment can result in increases in both quality and efficiency in papermaking.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 16, 2015
    Publication date: June 11, 2015
    Applicant: NALCO COMPANY
    Inventors: William A. Von Drasek, Sammy Lee Archer, Gary S. Furman, JR.
  • Publication number: 20150144570
    Abstract: The invention provides methods and compositions for green compositions and technologies. In an embodiment, the present invention provides a method of separating a first material from a second material. For example, the method can comprise mixing the first material and the second material in a slurry with a beneficiation composition. The beneficiation composition can comprise one or more glyceride and fatty acid mixtures extracted from a fuel ethanol process. Air bubbles can be provided in the slurry to form bubble-particle aggregates with the first material and the bubble-particle aggregates can be allowed to be separated from the second material.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 30, 2015
    Publication date: May 28, 2015
    Applicant: NALCO COMPANY
    Inventors: Bo L. Tran, Kerem Eraydin, Jianjun Liu, Royce D. Mullins, Jinming Zhang, James A. Counter
  • Patent number: 9032792
    Abstract: A device and method for reducing and/or preventing fouling of a sensor is disclosed. The method comprises operating ultrasound technology that is submerged or partially submerged into a liquid medium that is responsible for the fouling. The device comprises the ultrasound technology itself. The ultrasound technology may be operated intermittently at high intensity to advantageously provide cavitation of the liquid medium, while avoiding the disadvantages typical of continuously operating ultrasound technology at high intensity. Additionally, the method may be carried out by taking advantage of the piezoelectric property of quartz.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 19, 2012
    Date of Patent: May 19, 2015
    Assignee: Nalco Company
    Inventors: Michael E. Bradley, Michael J. Murcia, Daniel E. Schwarz, Mita Chattoraj
  • Patent number: 9016110
    Abstract: The invention is directed towards methods and apparatus for accurately detecting the presence and concentration of an oxidant in a turbid water sample. This method is very helpful in allowing accurate and efficient (not too much nor too little) amounts of microbe killing oxidants to be introduced to water supplies that require oxidants but which at present cannot be measured properly. The method comprises the steps of: passing the water through at least one filter array, passing the filtered water to an analyzer, and then returning from the analyzer a measurement of the concentration. The filter array comprises at least one filter constructed and arranged to remove turbidity inducing material but not oxidant from the water sample. The analyzer can be a commonly commercially available analyzer that currently cannot accurately measure the oxidant concentration if the water had not been so filtered.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 22, 2010
    Date of Patent: April 28, 2015
    Assignee: Nalco Company
    Inventors: Martin Seifert, Peter Enskat, Bernd Schreiner, Stephen B. Ashton
  • Patent number: 9017649
    Abstract: A method of stabilizing silica-containing anionic microparticles upon mixing of the silica-containing anionic microparticles with hard water comprising adding one or more hardness-abating additives to the hard water prior to mixing of the hard water and the silica-containing anionic microparticles; or adding an effective stabilizing amount of one or more hardness-abating agents to the silica-containing anionic microparticles prior to mixing of the hard water with the silica-containing anionic microparticles and a stabilized composition comprising silica-containing anionic microparticles and an effective stabilizing amount of one or more hardness-abating additives.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 27, 2006
    Date of Patent: April 28, 2015
    Assignee: Nalco Company
    Inventors: Bruce A. Keiser, Raymond D. Miller, Jr., Linda S. Strysik, David A. Grattan
  • Patent number: 8999315
    Abstract: Bis-quaternary ammonium salts of formula wherein Y is a group of formula NR11R12+X? or NR7; n is 0 or 1; p is 1 or 2; r and q are independently 2, 3 or 4; X is an anionic counterion and R1R2R3N— and R4R5R6N— are independently selected from groups of formula —N(R13)2R8, —N(R14)3, —N(R13)3, —N(R13)2(CH2)qOC(O)R9, and wherein R7, R11 and R12 are independently selected from C1-C18 alkyl; R8, R9, R10 and R15 are independently selected from C8-C18 alkyl and C8-C18 alkenyl; R13 is C1-C4 alkyl; R14 is C2-C4 hydroxyalkyl; and R11 is selected from C2-C4 hydroxyalkyl, C2-C4 aminoalkyl and groups of formula —CH2)rNHC(O)R15 are effective inhibitors of corrosion and biofouling of metallic surfaces in contact with gas- and oil-field fluids.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 15, 2004
    Date of Patent: April 7, 2015
    Assignee: Nalco Company
    Inventors: Kevin M. Henry, Keith D. Hicks
  • Patent number: 8980101
    Abstract: A method of inhibiting scale formation and deposition from a feed stream passing through a membrane system is disclosed. The method comprises: (a) controlling the pH of said feed stream within the range between about 7.0 and about 8.2; (b) optionally controlling the temperature of said feed stream within the range between about 5° C. to about 40° C. when the membrane system is an RO system, a NF system, an ED system, an EDI system or a combination thereof; (c) optionally controlling the temperature of said feed stream within the range between about 40° C. and about 80° C. when the membrane system is an MD system; and (d) adding an effective amount of a scale inhibitor to said feed stream, said scale inhibitor comprises an AA-AMPS copolymer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 4, 2008
    Date of Patent: March 17, 2015
    Assignee: Nalco Company
    Inventor: Deepak A. Musale
  • Patent number: 8980173
    Abstract: Disclosed are systems and methods for monitoring and controlling a real-time oxidation-reduction potential in a hot water system to inhibit corrosion in the hot water system. The method includes defining one or more operational protective zones in the hot water system. One or more of the operational protective zones includes an oxidation-reduction potential probe that is operable to measure a real-time oxidation-reduction potential in the hot water system at operating temperature and pressure. The probe transmits the measured real-time potential to the controller, which assesses and interprets the transmitted potential to determine whether it conforms to an oxidation-reduction potential setting. If the measured potential does not conform the oxidation-reduction potential setting, the controller is operable to feed or remove one or more active chemical species into or from the hot water system and further operable to change at least one system parameter.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 21, 2013
    Date of Patent: March 17, 2015
    Assignee: Nalco Company
    Inventors: Jeffrey V. Fox, George T. Totura, Peter Hicks, David A. Grattan, Martin Godfrey
  • Publication number: 20150068921
    Abstract: An apparatus and method for measuring and monitoring the corrosion potential of engineering alloys used in aqueous systems is disclosed and claimed. The method is applicable for a variety of alloys including, but not limited to, copper-based, iron-based, nickel-based, other metallic-based alloys, and their combinations. The corrosion potential is typically determined by measuring a voltage between a specific material in the described oxidation-reduction potential measuring device and a reference electrode. Corrosion potentials for specific materials of construction may be used for diagnostic or control purposes.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 17, 2014
    Publication date: March 12, 2015
    Applicant: NALCO COMPANY
    Inventor: Peter D. Hicks
  • Publication number: 20150068748
    Abstract: The present disclosure is directed to compositions and methods that may be used for enhanced oil recovery, for modifying the permeability of subterranean formations and for increasing the mobilization and/or recovery rate of hydrocarbon fluids present in the formations. The compositions may include, for example, expandable cross linked polymeric microparticles having an unexpanded volume average particle size diameter of from about 0.05 to about 5,000 microns and a cross linking agent content of from about 100 to about 200,000 ppm of hydrolytically labile silyl ester or silyl ether crosslinkers and from 0 to about 300 ppm of non-labile crosslinkers.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 17, 2014
    Publication date: March 12, 2015
    Applicant: NALCO COMPANY
    Inventors: Pious V. Kurian, Kin-Tai Chang, Manian Ramesh, Olga E. Shmakova-Lindeman
  • Patent number: 8974762
    Abstract: Methods of forming a silica-containing products are disclosed. One method comprises: (a) providing a silica containing precursor (SCP) contained in solution that has a pH less than or equal to a pH of 7; (b) optionally doping the SCP with one or more metal species; (d) adding an effective amount of salt to the solution so that the conductivity of the solution is greater than or equal to 4 mS; (e) optionally filtering and drying the SCP; and (f) optionally reacting the dried product from step e with a functional group. Another method comprises: (a) providing a silica containing precursor (SCP) contained in solution that has a pH greater than 7; (b) adjusting the pH of the solution to less than or equal to 7; (c) optionally doping the SCP with one or more metal species; (d) adjusting the pH of the solution to greater than 7; and (e) adding an effective amount of salt to the solution so that the conductivity of the solution is greater than or equal to 4 mS; (f) optionally filtering and drying the SCP.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 7, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 10, 2015
    Assignee: Nalco Company
    Inventors: Nicholas S. Ergang, Bruce A. Keiser, Richard Mimna, Brett Showalter, Ian Saratovsky, Hung-Ting Chen
  • Publication number: 20150060727
    Abstract: The invention provides a method for synthesizing 7-Acetyleno quinone methide compounds that is safe and inexpensive. The method avoids the need for extremely cold reaction temperatures and unlike the prior art does not require any highly explosive materials. The method comprises the steps of: a) performing a condensation reaction between 3,5-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxybenzaldehyde and a secondary amine thereby forming a secondary amine quinone methide intermediate; b) removing water from the secondary amine quinone methide intermediate by azeotropic distillation; c) adding the dehydrated secondary amine quinone methide intermediate to an organic medium containing a metal acetylide to form a Mannich base intermediate; and d) adding a release agent to the Mannich base intermediate to yield a 7-Acetyleno quinone methide.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 29, 2014
    Publication date: March 5, 2015
    Applicant: NALCO COMPANY
    Inventor: Jonathan Masere
  • Publication number: 20150059998
    Abstract: The invention is directed towards methods, compositions, and apparatus for increasing the strength of paper made out of a furnish having a large proportion of OCC. The method involves the following steps: 1) Providing a paper furnish having a large amount of OCC in it, 2) adding strength promoter to the furnish prior to adding a strength agent to the furnish, 3) adding a strength agent to the furnish, and 4) making a paper product from the furnish. This method allows cheap OCC material to be used in a papermaking process without the quality problems that the anionic trash in OCC typically causes. Thus paper products having low costs and high quality can be produced.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 10, 2014
    Publication date: March 5, 2015
    Applicant: NALCO COMPANY
    Inventors: Yulin Zhao, Jun Li, Qing Long Rao, Weiguo Cheng
  • Patent number: 8969262
    Abstract: The present invention includes the use of anhydride compositions, including alkyl and aryl anhydrides, for use as a demulsifier in resolving emulsions of water and oil. In particular, the anhydride composition can be used alone or in a blend with other demulsifiers. Suitable anhydrides suitable for the present invention include acetic and propionic, with acetic anhydride being preferred. The anhydride composition can be added directly to crude oil or other compositions to be resolved. As such, the demulsifier composition includes an anhydride, such as acetic anhydride, alone or in combination with other demulsifiers. The anhydride can be used in an amount ranging between trace and 100% by weight of the demulsifier composition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 4, 2008
    Date of Patent: March 3, 2015
    Assignee: Nalco Company
    Inventors: Duncan E. Williams, Richard Mgla