Abstract: A tin, lead or tin-lead alloy plating bath, which comprises(A) a principal plating bath containing an alkanesulfonic or alkanolsulfonic acid, and either a divalent tin salt or a divalent lead salt thereof or both;(B) at least one of surfactants comprising(a) a cationic surfactant selected from the group consisting of quarternary ammonium salts, alkyl pyridinium salts, alkyl imidazolinium salts and higher alkyl amine salts,(b) an amphoteric surfactant selected from betaines, or(c) a nonionic surfactant selected from the group consisting of condensation products of ethylene oxide and/or propylene oxide with a styrenated phenol, a higher alcohol, an alkylphenol, an alkylnaphthol, a fatty acid amide, a sorbitan or a phosphate; and(C) at least one of levelling agents selected from the group consisting of alkylidene sulfamic acids, quinolinol derivatives, benzotriazole derivatives, dialkylidene o-phenylene diamines, benzaldehyde derivatives, triazine derivatives, salicylic acid derivatives and nitriles.
September 16, 1983
Date of Patent:
July 10, 1984
Obata, Doni, Daiwa, Fine Chemicals Co., Ltd., Ishibara Chemical Co., Ltd.