Abstract: An endoscope apparatus includes an image sensor configured to pick up an image of an object, a display configured to display an endoscope image acquired by picking up the image of the object by means of the image sensor, and a controller configured to read, from a memory, measurement positions for measuring the object and display the measurement positions with the endoscope image on the display.
Abstract: An endoscope apparatus includes an image sensor configured to pick up an image of a subject, and a controller configured to recognize a storage region configured to store a comparison image in accordance with a command for causing a display to display the comparison image and an endoscopic image acquired by the image sensor and to perform display control by reading a comparison image from the storage region recognized and displaying an image including the comparison image and the endoscopic image on the display.
Abstract: A surgical instrument includes: a handpiece; a movable member configured to transmit a driving force to a treating member to treat a subject by moving relatively to the handpiece; and a connector arranged inside the handpiece, and including a strip to apply a pressing force to the movable member. The movable member includes a first conductive portion formed therein. The connector includes a second conductive portion formed on the strip. The second conductive portion abutting against the first conductive portion to connect the movable member and the handpiece electrically. The second conductive portion of the connector is a molded interconnect device constituting a three-dimensional circuit.
Abstract: A learning image automatic sorting device for sorting learning images to be stored while identifying and eliminating repeated images by discriminating the geometric deformation, changes in grayscale, the difference in noise level, and the like.
Abstract: A video processor includes an identification section configured to identify a kind of an endoscope, an electronic zoom processing section configured to magnify by a first magnification factor and a second magnification factor larger than the first magnification factor, and a mode setting section configured to set to a first mode of enabling selection of a first processing pattern, and a second processing pattern, when connection of a super-wide angle endoscope is identified, and set to a second mode enabling selection of the second processing pattern when connection of a single visual field endoscope is identified, wherein when the mode setting section performs electronic zoom processing by the second magnification factor in the first mode, the electronic zoom processing section cuts out an image so that only the optical image of the forward visual field is displayed and magnifies the image with the second magnification factor.
Abstract: A solid-state imaging device includes a first layer, a second layer, a plurality of first microlenses, and a plurality of second microlenses. A first light blocking film of the second layer is arranged in a region corresponding to the plurality of photoelectric conversion elements of the first layer. The plurality of first microlenses are arranged in a region, which corresponds to the plurality of photoelectric conversion elements, on the first principal surface of the first layer. The plurality of second microlenses are arranged in a region which is different from a region corresponding to the first light blocking film in a fourth principal surface of the second layer and which corresponds to a first light transmission layer of the first layer.
Abstract: An image processing apparatus includes: an abnormality candidate region detection unit that detects an abnormality candidate region based on a contour edge of a mucosal wall or a surface shape of the mucosal wall in an intraluminal image of a body; and an abnormal region specifying unit that specifies an abnormal region based on texture information of the abnormality candidate region,
Abstract: An endoscope apparatus includes an insertion portion and a body portion. The endoscope apparatus includes: an image sensor configured to pick up an image of a subject/object; and a controller configured to extract one or two or more images as one or two or more comparison images, from among a plurality of recorded images recorded in a storage apparatus, based on system configuration information indicating a configuration of the endoscope apparatus, the system configuration information being information relating to at least one of the insertion portion and the body portion, or measurement information relating to measurement processing on an endoscope image acquired in the image sensor, and perform display control to display on a display an image including the one or two or more comparison images and the endoscope image.
Abstract: A medical manipulator system includes: a first manipulator configured to change a position of an imaging section that images a target portion in a body; a second manipulator configured to change a position of an end effector that treats the target portion; a display section configured to display images from the imaging section; an operation section configured to generate an operation command for operating the first manipulator or the second manipulator; and a control section configured to select one of a plurality of control modes and control the first manipulator or the second manipulator based on the operation command.
Abstract: An endoscope device includes a tip section including an imaging element for outputting a pixel signal of a captured image and configured to be inserted into an object, and a flexible section including a first serial signal transmission path along which a setting related to photographing is transmitted to the imaging element via first serial communication and a second serial signal transmission path along which the pixel signal is transmitted via second serial communication and configured to guide the tip section into the object, wherein the second serial signal transmission path includes an equalizer circuit configured to correct frequency characteristics of a serial signal and a limiting amplifier circuit configured to amplify the serial signal corrected by the equalizer circuit, and wherein the equalizer circuit and the limiting amplifier circuit are connected on the same substrate surface.
Abstract: A medical clip includes: a pair of knob sections constituted by a first knob and a second knob, the first knob and the second knob being formed so as to be separated from each other, the first knob being disposed parallel to a first portion having a flat plate shape, the second knob being disposed parallel to a second portion having a flat plate shape; a connecting section that connects the first portion and the second portion via a first bent section and a second bent section, wherein the first knob is connected to the first portion via a third bent section and the second knob is connected to the second portion via a fourth bent section; and an elastic member installed between the front end portion of the first knob and the front end portion of the second knob and elastically deformable.
Abstract: A method for observing the branch portion of the hole include: a step of pushing an obstacle in the hole aside with an elbow portion; a step of rotating a guide member around an axial direction so that a distal portion faces the branch portion extending laterally to an extending direction of the hole; a step of rotating an image to match an up-and-down direction of the image with an up-and-down of a vertical direction, at about the same timing as a timing to rotate the guide member around the axial direction; and a step of projecting an endoscope from the distal portion and inserting into the branch portion while confirming the image.
Abstract: A medical manipulator system includes: an endoscope; a first manipulator equipped with a first treatment tool at a distal end thereof; a second manipulator equipped with a second treatment tool at a distal end thereof; a display for a user to view; and a controller configured to generate an image to be displayed on the display. The controller is configured to: acquire a first image taken by the endoscope, the first image contains the first treatment tool; and in response to determining that the second treatment tool does not exist in the first image: calculate a relative distance and a relative direction between the first treatment tool and the second treatment tool; generate a second image showing the relative distance and the relative direction between the first treatment tool and the second treatment tool; and send the first image and the second image to the display.
Abstract: A control device controls a surgical instrument including a heater. The control device includes a first power supply, a second power supply, a resistance value calculation section, and an output control circuit. The first power supply outputs a first current having a first frequency and supplied to the heater. The second power supply outputs a second current combined with the first current, supplied to the heater and having a second frequency different from the first frequency. The resistance value calculation section separates a signal component related to the second current from the first and second currents having passed through the heater, and calculates a heater resistance value based on the signal component. The output control circuit controls a temperature of the heater based on the heater resistance value.
Abstract: An image pickup system includes a light source unit configured to perform illumination; an image pickup unit configured to output an image pickup signal; a pre-processing unit configured to generate a first image signal, a second image signal, and a third image signal, each corresponding to one field, and sequentially output the image signals; and a synchronization processing unit configured to selectively assign the image signals sequentially outputted to a first color channel, a second color channel, and a third color channel. The synchronization processing unit switches first assignment processing for assigning the first image signal to the first color channel and further assigning the second image signal to the second and third color channels and second assignment processing for assigning the first image signal to the first color channel and further assigning the third image signal to the second and third color channels.
Abstract: An imaging apparatus includes: a lens unit in which a plurality of optical elements including one or more wafer-level lenses and a spacer are laminated; an imaging element configured to receive light incident from the lens unit, perform photoelectric conversion on the light, and generate an image signal; and a moisture-proof member that is bent and arranged so as to come in contact with at least a part of side surfaces of the lens unit to prevent moisture from entering a gap between the optical element and the spacer and/or a gap between the optical elements.
Abstract: A method for observing the branch portion of the hole comprising, a step of pushing an obstacle in the hole with an elbow portion; a step of rotating a guide member around an axial direction so that a distal portion of the guide member faces the branch portion extending laterally to an extending direction of the hole; a step of projecting an endoscope from the distal portion and inserting into the branch portion, while confirming an image; and a step of rotating the image to match an up-and-down direction of the image recognized by a user with an up-and-down of a vertical direction, after the endoscope is inserted into the branch portion.
Abstract: An ultrasound transducer includes a plurality of piezoelectric elements that are layered in the thickness direction and that generate a longitudinal vibration in the thickness direction. The plurality of piezoelectric elements are arranged so that the thicknesses thereof are sequentially larger from the antinode side of the longitudinal vibration towards the node side of the longitudinal vibration.
Abstract: The eyeball-projection display apparatus 1 includes an image display device 5 for showing an image, and a virtual image projection optical system 10 in which an image shown by the image display device is optically guided into the eyeball of a viewer for projection of a virtual image, wherein the virtual image projection optical system 10 includes an eyepiece optical system 2 having an eyepiece optical element 20 including an eyepiece transmitting surface 21 and an eyepiece reflecting surface 22 for reflecting off a light ray incident from the eyepiece transmitting surface 21 and again guiding the light ray back into the same eyepiece transmitting surface 21, having a medium filled in between the eyepiece transmitting surface 21 and the eyepiece reflecting surface 22, the medium having a refractive index of greater than 1, and further including a back-surface reflecting mirror capable of only one reflection in an effective optical path and having a positive power; a relay optical system 4 having a positive pow
Abstract: An arthroscopical surgical method using an ultrasonic treatment device for a joint includes: transmitting ultrasonic vibration to a treatment portion of the ultrasonic treatment device, removing an injured region of an articular cartilage so that a subchondral bone is exposed, and forming a cartilage edge which is nearly angled at 90° with the exposed surface of the subchondral bone to form a pool-shaped depression; forming a hole which pierces up to a cancellous bone of the subchondral bone through the depression, and scratching blood vessels in the cancellous bone; causing bleeding from the blood vessels so that blood is retained in the depression via the hole.