Abstract: An apparatus for cleaning layers of earth that contain noxious material via a cleaning medium that takes up the noxious material and is introduced into the layers of earth via a drilling tube. The cleaning medium is extracted by suction from the layers of earth and is subsequently processed. To achieve a precise cleaning on the spot in a continuous manner without the necessity for excavating the earth, the apparatus comprises a chamber that surrounds the drilling tube. The chamber can be lowered into the ground either together with or separately from the drilling tube. After termination of the cleaning process, at least parts of chambers used therefor are removed from the ground and shifted to a region that has not yet been cleaned, resulting in an advancement of the cleaning process in a horizontal direction. A sludge mixture can also be pumped from the chamber into a cleaning unit, with the clean, recovered earth again being introduced into the chamber.
Abstract: A narrow wall or slotted wall which is introduced into a geological substratum or foundation, including a sealing wall composition contained therein, and at least one sealing wall plate which, for example, is constituted of glass. The sealing wall plate which is fixed in the sealing wall composition or, the sealing wall plates, possesses or possess devices for the detection and recognition of leakages. These devices can be constituted from hollow profile members which are connected with the sealing wall plates; in essence, can be integrated therein.
Abstract: A method for the remediation of contaminated soils, in which, without transport of the soil to the surface, a loosening of the soil structure is achieved by progressively injecting a liquid under high pressure into at least one cylindrically shaped soil body. Besides loosening the soil the liquid also serves as a carrier and transport medium for at least one effective substance, which decomposes and/or converts the respective contaminant on site. By this method, the effective substances are uniformly distributed in the soil treatment zones and reach the contaminants even in heterogeneous soil structures.
Abstract: Proposed is a method for the erection of structures, such as bridges, that display pre-fabricated concrete beams, according to which the individual pre-fabricated beams are produced, on the spot, on a feed rigging within the corresponding work area of the structure, in a heated and laterally tiltable form. After removal from the form, the thusly produced pre-fabricated beams are transferred sidewardly into their final position by means of gantry cranes. During concretizing of the individual pre-fabricated beams, flexure of the feed rigging carrying the form is equalized in continuous fashion, in correspondence with the progressing, concretizing process, by transfer pumping of ballast liquid.
Abstract: By means of a molding device for the fabrication of sub-soil curtain wall sections in the construction of the walls of sub-soil structures, measures are provided, even as the sub-soil curtain walls are being constructed, such that it is possible to introduce an injection of sealing compound into possible leakage points simply and optimumly after the building work has been completed. This arises according to the invention in that the molding device is a precast concrete structural part which remains in the sub-soil structure wall and which has at least one injection pipe which passes vertically therethrough and which is provided with injection valves for injecting leakage points with sealing compound.
Abstract: A method of constructing a poured concrete structure protected from corrosive agents includes applying large-surface sealing elements to one surface of the structure before pouring the concrete. The sealing elements are attached to anchoring elements extending into a region into which concrete is to be poured. When the concrete is poured inside the sealing elements, the sealing elements are anchored in place by the anchoring elements which become set in the concrete. The sealing elements may have a high modulus of elasticity and be relatively rigidly affixed to the structure of may have a low modulus of elasticity and thus require overlapping perimeter areas for sealing of adjacent sealing elements.
Abstract: A shield arrangement used for tunneling and mining in which a work chamber has an open front side located at the work face from which material is to be removed in tunneling and mining operations. Pressure is admitted into the work chamber for supporting the work face against crumbling and collapse. The work chamber also has supporting elements for the work face, which are selectively movable into and out of an operative position in which they support the work face. These selectively movable supports serve to replace at least partially, the support provided by the pressure medium admitted into the work chamber. The chamber has a longitudinal axis normal to the open side of the supporting elements which may be in the form of plates.
Abstract: A tunnelling apparatus has an annular tunnelling element subdivided into a leading and a trailing chamber. The front end of the leading chamber is open to the material-removing face. A material-removing cutting device is lodged in an opening formed in the transverse wall to remove material from the working face. It can be axially withdrawn from the opening into and if necessary rearwardly beyond the trailing chamber, so as to expose the opening and permit access of an operator to the working face through the opening.
Abstract: A method is disclosed of providing a grouted anchorage in a base formation. A tube having a drill member at its forward end is driven into the base formation through an opening in a wall. An anchor rod is introduced once the desired depth has been reached, liquid mortar is forced through the tube to the forward end of the tube and the tube is withdrawn from the hole. The forward end of the tube is continuously kept closed, sealed from penetration by water. During the initial withdrawal of the tube a corresponding amount of liquid mortar is forced therethrough, the anchor rod being pressed against the drill tip which remains in the base formation.
March 8, 1979
Date of Patent:
March 3, 1981
Philipp Holzmann Aktiengesellschaft
Joachim Fischer, Siegfried Brandl, Rudolf Bartoszek
Abstract: A reinforcement arrangement of high-tension resistant steel for prestressed concrete members or buildings, in which rigidly attached projecting portions protrude substantially from the periphery of the reinforcement. Passages between the projecting portions and the periphery of the reinforcement permit embedding of the reinforcement in the form of a bundle or packet consisting of one or several reinforcements, in a predetermined material which is subsequently introduced. Such material may be in the form of a corrosion inhibitor, or compact substance such as cement mortar. The reinforcement may be in the form of a multistrand wire or cable in which the projecting portions are annular and located at predetermined intervals along the length of the reinforcement. The projecting portions may be of iron or steel, as well as plastic material.
June 19, 1975
Date of Patent:
October 19, 1976
Philipp Holzmann Aktiengesellschaft
Ludwig Muhe, Wolfram Illgner, Andreas Krieg