Patents Assigned to Rolls-Royce plc
  • Publication number: 20210140346
    Abstract: A bracket for mounting a first component to a second component, the bracket comprising at least one mounting boss defining a through-hole having an opening axis in axial direction for receiving a fixing used to attach the bracket to one of the first and second components; wherein the mounting boss comprises a fixing support face around the through-hole on a surface of the bracket, the fixing support face configured to bear a head of the fixing; the mounting boss is configured to resist compressive forces exerted on the bracket by the head of the fixing; and the mounting boss comprises a cavity in a space projected from the fixing support face in the axial direction of the through-hole.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 6, 2020
    Publication date: May 13, 2021
    Applicant: ROLLS-ROYCE plc
    Inventors: Jaideep Y. THAR, Oliver C. TAYLOR-TIBBOTT, Andrea L. BALL
  • Patent number: 11002149
    Abstract: A gas turbine engine includes a fan mounted to rotate about a main longitudinal axis; an engine core, including a compressor, a combustor, and turbine coupled to the compressor through a shaft; and reduction gearbox; wherein the compressor includes a plurality of stages, each stage including a respective rotor and stator, a first stage of the plurality of stages being arranged at an inlet and including a first rotor with a plurality of blades; each blade extending chordwise from a leading edge to a trailing edge, and from root to tip for a span height, wherein 0% of the span height corresponds to the root and 100% of span height corresponds to tip; wherein the ratio of a maximum leading edge radius of the first rotor blades to a minimum leading edge radius of the first rotor blades is included between 2.2 and 3.5.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 11, 2019
    Date of Patent: May 11, 2021
    Assignee: ROLLS-ROYCE plc
    Inventors: Ian J Bousfield, Duncan A MacDougall
  • Patent number: 11002194
    Abstract: The present disclosure relates to a geared gas turbine engine for an aircraft. Example embodiments include a gas turbine engine for an aircraft including: an engine core having a turbine, a compressor, and a core shaft connecting the turbine to the compressor; a fan located upstream of the engine core, the fan having a plurality of fan blades; and a gearbox that receives an input from the core shaft to drive the fan at a lower rotational speed than the core shaft, the gearbox having a gear ratio of around 3.4 or higher, wherein the gas turbine engine is configured such that a jet velocity ratio between a first jet velocity exiting from a bypass duct of the engine and a second jet velocity exiting from an exhaust nozzle of the engine core is within a range from around 0.75 to around 0.82.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 18, 2019
    Date of Patent: May 11, 2021
    Assignee: ROLLS-ROYCE plc
    Inventor: Craig W Bemment
  • Publication number: 20210131378
    Abstract: There is disclosed an exhaust nozzle for a gas turbine engine, the exhaust nozzle comprising a frame extending along a longitudinal axis. The exhaust nozzle comprises a convergent petal pivotably attached at a convergent pivot point to the frame and extending axially downstream and radially inward from the frame, a follower roller fixed to the convergent petal on a radially outer side of the convergent petal, and a cam defining a working surface configured to engage the follower roller to react a force from the convergent petal. The cam is movable along a travel in an axial direction to actuate radial movement of the follower roller to pivot the convergent petal. The cam defines a concave working surface such that a contact angle between the follower roller and the cam varies along the travel to thereby vary a radial component of the force reacted by the cam.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 16, 2020
    Publication date: May 6, 2021
    Applicant: ROLLS-ROYCE plc
    Inventor: Jack F. COLEBROOKE
  • Publication number: 20210131466
    Abstract: A joint assembly joins first and second components about a common axis. The first component has a first end portion having a radially outwardly facing surface shaped to fit radially inside a second surface of a hollow second end portion of the second component to form an interface between the opposing first and second surfaces. The first and second surfaces have a concavity extending laterally with respect to the axis such that when the first and second surfaces are opposingly arranged the opposing concavities define a cavity at the interface. A retaining member is insertable into the cavity at the interface to prevent axial separation of the first and second components. One of the first and second end portions has a free end protrusion axially spaced from the concavity and the other of the first and second end portions has an axially extending recess arranged to receive the free end.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 7, 2020
    Publication date: May 6, 2021
    Applicant: ROLLS-ROYCE PLC
    Inventors: David R COLES, Daniel CLARK
  • Publication number: 20210131379
    Abstract: Disclosed is an exhaust nozzle for a gas turbine engine, the exhaust nozzle comprising an outer frame extending along a longitudinal direction, a convergent petal pivotably attached to the frame and extending axially downstream and radially inward from the pivot, radially within the frame, and a sealing hinge arrangement between an upstream member and a downstream member of the exhaust nozzle. One of the upstream member or the downstream member defines a cylindrical socket having an opening along a cylinder axis which receives a corresponding cylindrical hinge element the other of the downstream member or upstream member, where the upstream member is defined by the frame and the downstream member is the convergent petal; or the exhaust nozzle further comprises a divergent petal downstream of the convergent petal and pivotably attached to the convergent petal, the upstream member being the convergent petal and the downstream member being the divergent petal.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 16, 2020
    Publication date: May 6, 2021
    Applicant: ROLLS-ROYCE plc
    Inventor: Jack F. COLEBROOKE
  • Patent number: 10995677
    Abstract: A gas turbine engine comprises a fan mounted to rotate about a main longitudinal axis; an engine core, comprising in axial flow series a compressor, a combustor, and a turbine coupled to the compressor through a shaft; a reduction gearbox that receives an input from the shaft and outputs drive to the fan so as to drive the fan at a lower rotational speed than the shaft; wherein the compressor comprises a first stage at an inlet and a second stage, downstream of the first stage, comprising respectively a first rotor with a row of first blades and a second rotor with a row of second blades, the first and second blades comprising respective leading edges, trailing edges and tips, and wherein the ratio of a maximum leading edge radius of the first blades to a maximum leading edge radius of the second blades is greater than 2.8.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 10, 2020
    Date of Patent: May 4, 2021
    Assignee: ROLLS-ROYCE PLC
    Inventors: Ian J Bousfield, Duncan A Macdougall
  • Patent number: 10995395
    Abstract: Maraging steel alloys are disclosed. The alloys are produced by microalloying of the maraging steel alloy to form carbides at prior austenite grain boundaries to increase Zener drag. A particular example alloy consists essentially of, by weight, 7.4 to 8.4 percent nickel, 7.6 to 8.6 percent chromium, 8.4 to 9.4 percent cobalt, 1.8 to 2.2 percent molybdenum, 2 to 2.6 percent tungsten, 1.6 to 2 percent aluminium, 0.05 to 0.08 percent carbon, a carbide former selected from the group consisting of: niobium at a concentration of 0.25 to 0.28 percent; titanium, at a concentration of 0.2 to 0.28 percent; and vanadium, at a concentration of 0.21 to 0.4 percent; the balance being iron and incidental impurities.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 8, 2019
    Date of Patent: May 4, 2021
    Assignee: ROLLS-ROYCE plc
    Inventors: Harshad K Bhadeshia, Paul O Hill, Martin J Rawson, Dominik J Dziedzic, Zixin Huang
  • Patent number: 10995678
    Abstract: A gas turbine engine has a core engine including: a compressor, combustion equipment which receives compressed air from the compressor, a circumferential row of nozzle guide vanes, and a turbine. The nozzle guide vanes defines a throat receiving hot working gases from the combustion equipment into the turbine. The gas turbine engine further has an air system which is switchably operable between an on-position which opens a diversion pathway along which a portion of the compressed air exiting the compressor bypasses the combustion equipment to join the hot working gases at re-entry holes located between the nozzle guide vanes and a rotor at the front of the turbine, thereby increasing the semi-dimensional mass flow ?(T30)0.5/(P30) of the core engine at the exit of the compressor, and an off-position which closes the diversion pathway, thereby decreasing the semi-dimensional mass flow of the core engine at the exit of the compressor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 25, 2018
    Date of Patent: May 4, 2021
    Assignee: ROLLS-ROYCE plc
    Inventors: Alan R. Maguire, Timothy J. Scanlon, Luis F. Llano, Paul A. Sellers
  • Publication number: 20210123353
    Abstract: A vane assembly includes an aerofoil having a leading edge, a trailing edge, and a pressure surface and a suction surface defined between the leading edge and the trailing edge. The aerofoil includes a blade member forming the trailing edge, at least a portion of the pressure surface and at least a portion of the suction surface. The blade member is formed of a first material. The aerofoil further includes a spar at least partly enclosed by the blade member and forming at least a portion of the leading edge. The spar further forms at least one cooling channel and supports at least a portion of an interior surface of the blade member. The spar is formed of a second material different from the first material. The second material has a greater impact resistance than the first material.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 2, 2020
    Publication date: April 29, 2021
    Applicant: ROLLS-ROYCE plc
    Inventor: Adrian L. HARDING
  • Publication number: 20210123713
    Abstract: A gauge comprising an elongate rod and a head. The rod has an elongate axis. The head has a transverse dimension perpendicular to the elongate axis of the rod. The gauge has an insertion configuration and an inspection configuration, wherein the transverse dimension of the head is greater in the inspection configuration than in the insertion configuration. The head comprises two head portions each with a longitudinally-extending outer surface and a longitudinally-extending inner surface and, in the insertion configuration, the inner surfaces of the head portions are at least partly in abutment with each other. The gauge can be used in a method of measuring an internal dimension of a bore within a component.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 28, 2020
    Publication date: April 29, 2021
    Applicant: ROLLS-ROYCE plc
    Inventors: Jonathan L. BURTON, David HOOK
  • Publication number: 20210126567
    Abstract: A turboelectric generator system includes a gas turbine engine which includes, in fluid flow series, a gas-generator compressor, a combustor, a gas-generator turbine, and a variable-speed free power turbine. The system further comprises a variable-frequency electric machine rotatably connected with the free power turbine and a power converter configured to convert a variable frequency electrical output from the electric machine to a fixed frequency output.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 1, 2020
    Publication date: April 29, 2021
    Applicant: ROLLS-ROYCE plc
    Inventors: Mark SWEET, David F BROOKES
  • Publication number: 20210123387
    Abstract: A turboshaft gas turbine engine comprises, in fluid flow series, a gas-generator compressor, a combustor, a gas-generator turbine, and a free power turbine. The rotational speeds of the turbines are dependent upon an outlet temperature of the combustor, and a speed relationship between the turbines is defined as the ratio of rotational speeds of the turbines over a running range of non-dimensional power outputs of the gas turbine engine. A first derivative of the speed relationship is from 0.9 to 1.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 1, 2020
    Publication date: April 29, 2021
    Applicant: ROLLS-ROYCE plc
    Inventors: Rory D. STIEGER, Mark D. TAYLOR
  • Publication number: 20210125502
    Abstract: A collision avoidance method for a water-based vessel, including: obtaining real time data relating to the path of two or more vessels; identifying a collision risk between the two or more vessels; determining if the collision risk is above a predetermined threshold, wherein when the collision risk is above the predetermined threshold, determining one or more collision avoidance manoeuvres on the basis of historical navigational data which corresponds to the real-time data; providing the one or more collision avoidance manoeuvres to an operator of the one or more vessels.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 12, 2018
    Publication date: April 29, 2021
    Applicant: ROLLS-ROYCE PLC
    Inventors: Maszatul MANSOR, Talib E RAJABALLY, Lily RACHMAWATI
  • Publication number: 20210122465
    Abstract: A VTOL aircraft has fixed wings and a rotor blade system for providing lift in active and passive modes thereof. Operation of the rotor blade system may be switched between the active mode in which the rotor blade system is driven by a power system of the aircraft and the passive mode in which the rotor blade system is not driven by the power system, the rotor blade system being configurable to provide lift in the passive mode during forward flight of the aircraft. The rotor blade system provides lift in the passive mode, allowing the fixed wings to be shorter than in the case where the rotor system provides lift during vertical take-off and landing but otherwise has no function, thus providing aircraft which is lighter, more compact and more efficient than similar aircraft of the prior art.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 26, 2020
    Publication date: April 29, 2021
    Applicant: ROLLS-ROYCE plc
    Inventors: Chana A. SAIAS, Vasileios PACHIDIS
  • Publication number: 20210122488
    Abstract: An auxiliary power unit (10) for an aircraft (1) comprises a gas turbine engine comprising an engine core (12). The engine core comprises a core compressor (14) and core turbine (18) coupled by a core shaft (24). The auxiliary power unit further comprises a load spool comprising a load compressor (30), a load turbine (20) and a permanent magnet electric machine (28), each being coupled by a load shaft (26). The load shaft (26) and core shaft (24) are configured to rotate independently of one another.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 1, 2020
    Publication date: April 29, 2021
    Applicants: ROLLS-ROYCE PLC, ROLLS-ROYCE CORPORATION
    Inventors: Daniel SWAIN, Rory D. STIEGER, Mark D. TAYLOR
  • Patent number: 10989112
    Abstract: A highly efficient gas turbine engine is provided. The fan of the gas turbine engine is driven from a turbine via a gearbox, such that the fan has a lower rotational speed than the driving turbine, thereby providing efficiency gains. The efficient fan system is mated to a core that has low cooling flow requirements and/or high temperature capability, and which may have particularly low mass for a given power.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 14, 2019
    Date of Patent: April 27, 2021
    Assignee: ROLLS-ROYCE PLC
    Inventors: Pascal Dunning, Roderick M Townes, Michael J Whittle
  • Patent number: 10989145
    Abstract: A method of replacing a module in a modular gas turbine engine having a first fan module; a first propulsor module including an engine core and a gearbox; and a first fan case module having a fan case; includes the steps of: disassembling the gas turbine engine, replacing one of the fan module, propulsor module or fan case module with a replacement fan module, a replacement propulsor module or a replacement fan case module, the replacement module, having the same configuration as the first module; and reassembling the gas turbine engine using the replacement module.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 2, 2019
    Date of Patent: April 27, 2021
    Assignee: ROLLS-ROYCE plc
    Inventors: Joseph B Cooper, Lawrence M T Bigg
  • Patent number: 10989227
    Abstract: The blades for a rotor of a gas turbine engine are all manufactured to the same design. However, manufacturing tolerances mean that in practice each individual blade is different to the others. It is proposed to arrange the blades around the circumference of the rotor in a manner that limits excessive stress being induced in the blades due to differences in the vibration response between a given blade and its two neighbouring blades.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 10, 2019
    Date of Patent: April 27, 2021
    Assignee: ROLLS-ROYCE plc
    Inventor: Bharat M. Lad
  • Patent number: 10988035
    Abstract: An alternating current type electric propulsion system is described that includes an AC generator and a plurality of propulsors electrically coupled to the AC generator. A first propulsor from the plurality of propulsors includes a first motor that drives a first fan of the first propulsor at a first speed. A second propulsor from the plurality of propulsors comprises a second motor that drives a second fan of the second propulsor at a second speed that is different than the first speed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 11, 2019
    Date of Patent: April 27, 2021
    Assignees: Rolls-Royce Corporation, Rolls-Royce North American Technologies, Inc., Rolls-Royce PLC
    Inventors: Michael James Armstrong, Mark Jon Blackwelder, David John Howard Eames, Ellis Fui Hen Chong