Abstract: A turbine blade has a body enclosing a labyrinth of internal channels for circulation of coolant received through an inlet integrally formed in terminal portion of blade root. The labyrinth includes; inlet arranged on an axially upstream face of terminal portion leading to an upstream duct portion having first section adjacent the inlet and a second section axially downstream of first, second section having reduced cross section compared to first section. Leading edge passage intersects first section and extends through blade body towards the tip. Main blade passage intersects second section. Trailing edge passage intersects downstream duct portion which is in axial alignment with but separate from second section and channel connects second section with the downstream duct portion. Channel has reduced cross section compared to second section and downstream duct portion. The inlet has an inverted keyhole shape with cross section extends through upstream duct portion first section.
Abstract: An oil cooling system for an engine includes an oil input line configured to receive heated oil from a component, an oil cooler configured to cool oil and direct oil to an oil return line and a first bypass line configured to selectively bypass oil from the input line to the return line without passing through the oil cooler. The first bypass line includes a first oil pressure actuated valve urged toward a closed position, and configured to move toward an open position where a pressure differential across the valve exceeds first predetermined pressure. The first bypass line further includes a second oil pressure actuated valve urged toward an open position, and configured to move toward a closed position where pressure differential across the valve exceeds a second predetermined pressure. The second predetermined pressure is greater than first predetermined pressure, and the first and second valves are provided in series.
Abstract: A component including a substrate with dielectric coating on the substrate. The electrical reactance of the dielectric coating configured for the propagation of electromagnetic surface waves. The dielectric coating is arranged as a plurality of discrete pathways. Also a signal transmission system including a component, an electromagnetic surface wave transmitter coupled to the substrate, and an electromagnetic surface wave receiver also coupled to the substrate.
Abstract: A clearance control arrangement (26) for a rotor (28), the arrangement comprising a rotor and a casing (32) radially outside the rotor. An annular array of segment assemblies (33) mounted to the casing and radially spaced from the rotor by a clearance (42). Each segment assembly comprising a heat transfer cavity (48) radially adjacent to the casing. A birdmouth cavity (66) towards the rear of the segment assembly. A bypass hole (68) configured to deliver air to the birdmouth cavity to reduce the amount of air which leaks from the heat transfer cavity to the birdmouth cavity.
Abstract: For forming a shell mould for investment casting, first and second core components are provided. These are formed of ceramic material. The core components are assembled together for manufacturing a wax pattern containing the core component for formation of a shell mould for investment casting. The core components have an arrangement of precursor location features. The method includes machining at least one of the precursor location features to a required shape to provide an arrangement of final location features. The core components are then positioned with respect to each other and/or with respect to a wax pattern die by contacting the arrangement of final location features with corresponding positioning features of a receiving device and/or the wax pattern die.
June 4, 2018
December 6, 2018
Aleksander M. CENDROWICZ, Stewart T. WELCH, Paul J. WILSON
Abstract: A clearance control arrangement (26) for a rotor (28) comprising a segment assembly (33) spaced radially inwards from a casing (32) and defining a radial clearance (42) between the rotor (28) and the segment assembly (33). A front carrier (35a) and a rear carrier (35b) supporting the segment assembly (33). A heat transfer cavity (48) formed between the carriers (35a, 35b), the segment assembly (33) and the casing (32). A settling chamber (60) formed adjacent to the casing (32) and upstream of the heat transfer cavity (48). The clearance control arrangement (26) is configured to receive air into the settling chamber (60) and thence to deliver it to the heat transfer cavity (48).
Abstract: An apparatus for manufacturing an article from powder material including a first table, a second table rotatably mounted on the first table about a first axis and a third table rotatably mounted on the second table about a second axis. A hollow canister is supported by the third table. A vibrator is arranged to vibrate the canister. A first device is arranged to rotate the second table about the first axis and a second device is arranged to rotate the third table about the second axis. A hopper is arranged to supply powder material into the canister and a valve controls the flow of powder material from the hopper into the canister. A processor is arranged to control the valve, the vibrator, the first device and the second device to control the filling and packing density of the canister.
Abstract: A device for chocking and retaining a dovetail root of a blade of a gas turbine engine in a corresponding axially-extending slot in the rim of a disc includes a retention body having a key portion receivable in a keyway formed in the base of the slot, and a mating portion for mating with a complementary mating portion of the root to prevent relative axial movement between the retention body and the root. The retention body has a lowered position in which the key portion is received sufficiently deeply in the keyway to allow the root to be positioned in the slot without interference from the retention body and also has a raised position in which, after the root is positioned in the slot, a part of the key portion is still received in the keyway while the mating portion mates with the complementary mating portion of the root.
Abstract: A rotor for a turbo-machine, the rotor having a rotational axis and circumferentially spaced-apart radially extending blades of aerofoil configuration, each blade having a suction side, an oppositely directed pressure side, and a pair of oppositely directed snubbers each of which extends from a respective side towards a circumferentially adjacent blade and presents an abutment surface for abutment with the abutment surface of a respective adjacent snubber extending from the adjacent blade. Each snubber is configured such that its abutment surface makes an acute snubber angle to the axis of rotation. At least one pair of adjacent snubbers are configured such that their abutment surfaces are at an equal first snubber angle, with all of the other snubbers being configured such that their abutment surfaces are at equal second snubber angles. The first snubber angle is larger than the second snubber angle.
Abstract: A gas turbine engine comprising a compressor, a compressor case surrounding the compressor and a compressor tip injector system is disclosed. The compressor tip injector system comprises a cabin blower system comprising a cabin blower compressor arranged in use to compress air used in a cabin of an aircraft and by the compressor tip injector system. The compressor case comprises one or more injectors of the compressor tip injector system through which in use air from the cabin blower compressor is injected towards blade tip ends of blades of the compressor as they rotate.
April 22, 2016
Date of Patent:
December 4, 2018
Glenn A Knight, Alan R Maguire, Daniel Robinson, George Bostock, Mark J Wilson
Abstract: A propulsor (101) for an aircraft is shown. The propulsor comprises a propulsive fan (106), and an electric machine (108) configured to drive the propulsive fan. The electric machine has a casing containing electrical and electromechanical components, a shaft which extends outside of the casing and which is connected to the propulsive fan, and a seal to seal the casing around the shaft. A depressurisation system depressurises the casing below an external pressure to prevent electrical breakdown within gas in the casing of the electric machine.
Abstract: An electric machine (101) for use in an aircraft is shown. The electric machine comprises a casing (104) containing electromechanical components, a shaft (106) which extends outside of the casing, a seal (107) to seal the casing around the shaft, and a pressurisation system (102) configured to pressurise the casing above an external pressure to prevent electrical breakdown within gas in the casing.
Abstract: An arrangement for a gas turbine engine that includes a turbine blade configured to rotate about an axis, a casing radially outside of the turbine blade, and a carrier segment mounted to the casing so as to define a first impingement space therebetween. The carrier segment is positioned radially outside the turbine blade and includes a first impingement carrier wall, a main carrier wall, and a cooling chamber. The first impingement carrier wall is adjacent to and radially inside of the first impingement space, and the first impingement carrier wall includes a first aperture. The main carrier wall is radially inside of the first impingement carrier wall. The cooling chamber is radially inside of the main carrier wall. Additionally, an intermediate chamber is disposed radially between the cooling chamber and the first impingement space. A second aperture is configured to allow ingress of air into the intermediate chamber.
Abstract: A propulsor (101) for an aircraft is shown. The propulsor comprises a propulsive fan (106), and an electric machine (108) configured to drive the propulsive fan. The electric machine has a casing containing electrical and electromechanical components, a shaft which extends outside of the casing and which is connected to the propulsive fan, and a seal to seal the casing around the shaft. A pressurisation system pressurises the casing above an external pressure to prevent electrical breakdown within gas in the casing of the electric machine.
Abstract: An electric machine (101) for use in an aircraft is shown. The electric machine comprises a casing (104) containing electromechanical components, a shaft (106) which extends outside of the casing, a seal (107) to seal the casing around the shaft, and a depressurisation system (102) configured to depressurise the casing below an external pressure to prevent electrical breakdown within gas in the casing.
Abstract: A centrifugal debris separator for removing debris from a gas turbine engine fuel system comprises a debris separator inlet, a debris separator outlet and a separating chamber with a centerline extending in an axial direction and defined by an outer wall formed around the centerline. The separating chamber comprises a separating chamber inlet for receiving fluid, a first separator outlet to the separating chamber, a second separator outlet to the separating chamber provided to the outer wall of the separating chamber and a third separator outlet to the separating chamber defined by a third separator outlet wall formed around the centerline of the separating chamber. The debris separator inlet is fluidly connected to the separating chamber inlet. The debris separator outlet is fluidly connected to the first separator outlet.
Abstract: A method of manufacturing a component using electron beam melting includes providing a powder layer; selectively melting at least a part of the powder layer so as to generate a solid layer of the component using a first electron beam; identifying any defects in the solid layer by scanning the solid layer using a second electron beam; and then repeating these steps at least once so as to build up a shape corresponding to the component. The second electron beam has a lower power than the first electron beam. The method may also include steps of removing any identified defects in the solid layer by using the first electron beam to re-melt at least a part of the solid layer, and adjusting one or more parameters of the selective melting step so as to avoid future recurring defects based on stored data relating to the scanned solid layer.
Abstract: A system for applying a tensile load to a component includes a failsafe structure, a principal part of which is configured to act in compression during application of the load to the component, but which includes a mechanical fuse configured to act in tension during application of the load to the component. The mechanical fuse being configured to fracture upon the application of a predetermined tensile force thereto.
Abstract: A fuel pumping unit has a low pressure centrifugal pump and a high pressure centrifugal pump. In use, the low pressure pump supplies fuel at a boosted pressure to the high pressure pump for onward supply to a fuel metering unit. The pumping unit further has a drive input which drives the low and high pressure pumps. A gear arrangement is operatively located between the drive input and the low and high pressure pumps such that the low and high pressure pumps are driven at different speeds by the drive input.
Abstract: There is proposed a bladed rotor for a turbo-machine, the rotor having a rotational axis and including a hub defining a plurality of circumferentially spaced-apart slots around its periphery. Each slot slideably receives a root portion of a respective rotor blade, the root portion of each blade defining a radially inwardly open retaining groove within which a respective region of a retaining ring locates to retain the blades in said slots. The retaining ring also engages within a plurality of radially inwardly open hub grooves formed around the hub. The retaining ring engages each said hub groove such that a radial gap is defined between the retaining ring and a radially outermost region of each hub groove.
February 25, 2015
Date of Patent:
November 27, 2018
Graham Robert Littler, Geoffrey Alan Bye