Abstract: Borehole NMR logging apparatus and methods, and methods for the interpretation thereof. A logging tool is provided which produces a strong, static and homogeneous magnetic field B.sub.0 in a Volume of an adjacent formation on one side of the tool to measure nuclear magnetic resonance characteristics thereof. In the preferred embodiment, the tool has an RF antenna mounted on the outside of the metal body of the tool, directing focussed oscillating magnetic fields B.sub.1 at said Volume to polarize or tip the magnetic moments of hydrogen nuclei of fluids within rock pores. The same antenna can be used to receive signals of proton precession in the Volume of interest immediately after transmission of the RF polarizing field B.sub.1. Extremely rapid damping of the antenna between the transmitting and receiving modes of operation is accomplished by a Q-switch disclosed herein. The invention provides for the direct measurement of NMR decay having transverse relaxation time T.sub.
June 19, 1989
Date of Patent:
June 12, 1990
Schlumber Technology Corp.
Robert L. Kleinberg, Douglas D. Griffin, Masafumi Fukuhara, Abdurranhman Sezginer, Weng C. Chew, William E. Kenyon, Peter I. Day, Max Lipsicas
Abstract: A method and apparatus are disclosed for determining hydraulic properties of formations surrounding a borehole. In one embodiment, trial values of hydraulic properties such as vertical and horizontal permeability are selected and used to obtain computed formation pressure responses that are compared to measured pressure responses taken at a source and two observation probe positions. Trial values can then be modified to bring the computed pressure responses closer to the measured ones. An improved technique is also disclosed for obtaining the computed pressure responses.