Abstract: A wireless communication system comprises a network element (315) operably coupled to an antenna array for communicating with a remote wireless communication unit (305). The antenna array comprises a plurality of radiating elements where at least one first radiating element of the plurality of radiating elements is arranged to create a radiation pattern that comprises a sector beam (405). The plurality of radiating elements comprises at least one second radiating element arranged to create a major portion of at least one sub-sector beam (420, 425, 430) within the sector beam (405).
Abstract: A network element for a wireless communication system is locatable to couple at least one base station to an antenna array. The network element comprises at least one receiver arranged to receive a radio frequency signal from the at least one base station or the antenna array and modem logic operably coupled to the at least one receiver. The modem logic comprises radio frequency conversion circuitry arranged to down-convert a received radio frequency signal to a baseband signal; analogue-to-digital conversion logic arranged to convert the baseband signal to digitized signals; and beam-form processing logic arranged to perform active beam-forming adjustment on the digitized signals.
Abstract: A multiple input multiple output (MIMO) calibration device (360) for calibrating a phase relationship between at least two signals present on at least two radio frequency (RF) paths coupling a wireless communication unit and the MIMO calibration device (360) is described. The MIMO calibration device (360) is operably coupleable via at least two RF paths between a wireless communication unit and an antenna arrangement (219).
Abstract: A polarization control device (360) for compensating phase mismatch, wherein the polarization control device (360) is operably coupleable via at least two radio frequency (RF) feed paths to an antenna arrangement (219) that comprises at least two orthogonally polarized antenna elements. The polarization control device (360) comprises or is operably coupleable to at least one variable phase shifter (420) located on at least one RF feed path. The polarization control device (360) further comprises a processing module (490) configured to: receive and process at least one first RF signal; determine a relative phase mismatch between the at least two RF feed paths to the antenna arrangement (219) of the processed at least one first RF signal; and adjust a phase shift to be applied by the at least one variable phase shifter (420) for phase shifting at least one second RF signal applied to the at least one feed path.