Abstract: A golf ball has a plurality of dimples 12 and a land 14 on a surface thereof. The golf ball further has a large number of minute projections 18 formed on surfaces of the dimples 12 and the land 14. The surface of the golf ball has an arithmetic average height Sa of not less than 0.5 ?m and not greater than 30 ?m. An average value Hav of heights H of the minute projections 18 is not less than 0.5 ?m and not greater than 50 ?m. A ratio Pp of a sum of areas of all the minute projections 18 to a surface area of a phantom sphere of the golf ball is not less than 7%. An average value Dav of diameters D of the minute projections 18 is not less than 5 ?m and not greater than 50 ?m.
Abstract: A tire 22 includes a pair of bead portions 66 to be fitted to a rim R. Each bead portion 66 includes a bead 30 having a core 52 and an apex 54. An outer surface 68 of the bead portion 66 includes a seat face 70 and a flange face 72 disposed radially inward and axially outward, respectively, of the bead 30, a heel face 74 disposed between the seat face 70 and the flange face 72, and a plurality of vent lines 78 projecting from the heel face 74 and extending in the circumferential direction. A contour of the heel face 74 is represented by an arc on a cross-section, of the tire 22, taken along a plane including a rotation axis of the tire 22, and a radius Rh of the arc is not less than 8 mm and not greater than 15 mm.
Abstract: An iron-type golf club head includes a heel, a toe, a top portion, a sole portion, a top portion, a rear portion, and a striking wall. The striking wall includes a striking face having a plurality of scorelines and a face center and a rear surface. A minimum striking wall thickness Tmin is no greater than 2.5 min. A thickened central region of the striking wall has a maximum thickness, Tmax, greater than Tmin but no greater than 2.75. A first thickness T1 of the striking wall corresponds with a first location spaced toe-ward from the face center by a first distance D1 of between 20 mm and 30 mm. A second thickness T2 of the striking wall corresponds with a second location spaced heel-ward from the face center by the first distance D1 such that T1 is greater than T2 by no less than 0.05 mm.
December 5, 2019
February 25, 2021
SUMITOMO RUBBER INDUSTRIES, LTD.
Dustin BREKKE, Anthony MUNSON, Farbod GHARAEI
Abstract: An object of the present invention is to provide a golf ball having excellent resilience. The present invention provides a golf ball comprising a spherical core and at least one cover covering the spherical core, wherein the spherical core is formed from a rubber composition containing (a) a base rubber, and (b) a co-crosslinking agent containing (b1) a carboxylic acid represented by a structural formula (1) and/or a metal salt thereof. [In the formula (1), A1 to A4 each independently represents a nitrogen atom or a carbon atom. X1 represents a single bond or a divalent organic group. R1 represents a hydrogen atom or a monovalent organic group. It is noted that at least one of A1 to A4 is the carbon atom, and X1 and R1 bond to the carbon atom. n represents an integer of 0 to 3. When n is 2 or more, a plurality of R1 may be identical to or different from each other, and a plurality of R1 may bond to each other to form a ring structure.
Abstract: A tire comprises a tread portion provided with a first middle main groove, a second middle main groove, a crown longitudinal groove disposed between the first middle main groove and the second middle main groove, first crown lateral grooves connecting between the crown longitudinal groove and second middle main groove, and second crown lateral grooves connecting between the crown longitudinal groove and the second middle main groove. The first crown lateral grooves and the second crown lateral grooves are arranged so as to be misaligned with each other in the tire circumferential direction. The crown longitudinal groove is provided with at least one crown tie bar formed by raising a groove bottom of the crown longitudinal groove.
Abstract: Provided is a method that can efficiently produce a transgenic Taraxacum plant in a short period. A method of producing a transgenic Taraxacum plant, including: an infection step of infecting a tissue fragment from a Taraxacum plant with an Agrobacterium tumefaciens containing a plasmid containing a target gene or fragment thereof and hygromycin-resistance gene; a selective culture step of selecting the tissue fragment that has acquired the target gene from the tissue fragment obtained in the infection step by using hygromycin; a callus-inducing step of culturing the tissue fragment obtained in the selective culture step in a callus-inducing medium to form callus; a regeneration-inducing step of culturing the callus obtained in the callus-inducing step in a regeneration-inducing medium to form an adventitious embryo, an adventitious bud, and a shoot; and a rooting step of culturing the shoot obtained in the regeneration-inducing step in a rooting medium to root the shoot.
Abstract: Provided are a cap tread rubber composition for cold weather tires providing a balanced improvement in fuel economy, abrasion resistance, chipping resistance, performance on ice and snow during high-speed running, and high-speed performance (handling stability, grip performance) on snow/ice-free cold roads, and a cold weather tire formed therefrom. The rubber composition contains: a rubber component including an isoprene-based rubber, BR, and SBR; silica; and a plasticizer, the isoprene-based rubber and the BR being present in a combined amount of 80% by mass or more, the BR being present in an amount of 30% by mass or more, the SBR being present in an amount of 0.3-10% by mass, each based on 100% by mass of the rubber component, the rubber composition containing, per 100 parts by mass of the rubber component, 120 parts by mass or more of the silica and 50 parts by mass or more of the plasticizer.
Abstract: A head includes a hitting face. The hitting face has a face center and a sweet spot. The hitting face has a face height that is denoted by Hf (mm), the face height being measured at a toe-heel direction position of the face center. The sweet spot has a vertical height that is denoted by Hs (mm). The face center has a vertical height that is denoted by Hc (mm). The vertical height Hc is greater than or equal to 20 mm and less than or equal to 26 mm. The face height Hf is greater than or equal to 40 mm and less than or equal to 52 mm. The head satisfies an expression 1 as follows: Hs<0.06*Hf+16 (expression 1). The head is an iron type golf club head.
Abstract: A tire comprises a tread portion whose shoulder land part is provided with a narrow circumferential groove having an axially inner wall surface, an axially outer wall surface and a groove bottom including a deepest point. The axially inner wall surface has a radially inner curved portion concaved toward the axially inside, and the axially outer wall surface has a radially inner curved portion concaved toward the axially outside. the radially outer end of the radially inner curved portion of the axially inner wall surface is positioned radially inside the radially outer end of the radially inner curved portion of the axially outer wall surface.
Abstract: A method of manufacturing a golf club head enables increased moment-of-inertia and improved durability. The golf club head's crown portion has a first region having a first thickness and multiple second regions having a second thickness that is smaller than the first thickness. The second regions are distributed in a radiating fashion so as to extend from an origin toward a peripheral portion of the crown portion excluding the face side, the origin being located within 15 mm of the center of gravity of the golf club head in the toe-heel direction and also being located in the vicinity of the face side in the face-back direction in a plan view.
Abstract: A golf club head includes a striking face, a crown and a sole. The crown and/or the sole includes an FRP member formed by a fiber reinforced plastic that contains a fiber and a matrix resin. The FRP member has an average flexural modulus of greater than or equal to 25 GPa. The fiber may contain a carbon fiber. The carbon fiber may have a tensile elastic modulus of greater than or equal to 300 GPa. The fiber may contain a metallic fiber. The FRP member may have a resin content of less than or equal to 40% by weight. The matrix resin may have a glass transition temperature of higher than or equal to 150° C.
Abstract: A head includes a head body including a sole and a face plate fixed to the head body. The face plate includes a plate front surface that forms a part of a hitting face, a plate rear surface, and a plate side surface. The head body includes an opening at which the face plate is disposed, and a back support portion that supports the face plate from a back side. The back support portion includes a back receiving surface forming an abutting region by abutting on an outer peripheral edge portion of the place rear surface, and a rear surface that is a surface opposite to the back receiving surface. A face-peripheral-side end of the rear surface is located on a face peripheral side relative to a face-center-side end of the abutting region.
Abstract: A rubber composition comprises 5 to 30 parts by mass of a terpene resin having a softening point of 100 to 120° C. and a molecular weight of 500 to 10,000, and 2 to 10 parts by mass of a liquid rubber or a liquid resin having a molecular weight of 100 to 3,500, based on 100 parts by mass of a rubber component comprising 72 to 95% by mass of an aromatic olefin rubber and 5 to 28% by mass of a diene olefin rubber, wherein a ratio of a content of the terpene resin to a content of the liquid rubber or the liquid resin (a content of the terpene resin/a content of the liquid rubber or the liquid resin) is from 0.5 to 5, and the tire is one having a tire member composed of the rubber composition.
March 14, 2018
Date of Patent:
February 9, 2021
SUMITOMO RUBBER INDUSTRIES, LTD.
Kenya Watanabe, Takahiro Kawachi, Keiji Ikeda
Abstract: The present invention aims to provide a rubber composition which provides a balanced improvement in tensile properties, fuel economy, and abrasion resistance. The present invention relates to a rubber composition including a rubber component containing a diene rubber; silica and/or carbon black; and a masterbatch containing sulfur and a resin having an acid value of 5 or higher.
Abstract: A tire includes a tread portion including a first land region defined by main grooves. The first land region includes a first longitudinal edge and a second longitudinal edge, and a ground contacting surface defined between the first longitudinal edge and the second longitudinal edge. The first land region is provided with two first grooves and a second groove. Each of the first grooves extends so as to connect the first longitudinal edge and the second longitudinal edge. The second groove extends so as to connect the first longitudinal edge and the second longitudinal edge while intersecting with each of the two first grooves. The second groove is not connected with other grooves than the first grooves in the ground contacting surface.