Patents Assigned to The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Army
  • Patent number: 10693565
    Abstract: Methods and apparatuses are provided that compensate for the polarization dependent loss (PDL) of fiber-optic quantum channels. Compensation is accomplished by inserting a compensating PDL into another quantum channel carrying entangled photons that are entangled with photons in the first channel having losses that are to be compensated for. By selecting the optimum magnitude and orientation for the compensating PDL, compensation for the PDL in the first channel is maximized.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 16, 2019
    Date of Patent: June 23, 2020
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Army
    Inventors: Brian T. Kirby, Daniel E. Jones, Michael Brodsky
  • Publication number: 20200179506
    Abstract: The invention generally relates to a purified inactivated Zika virus (ZIKV), methods for producing the purified inactivated ZIKV, immunogenic compositions and vaccines comprising the purified inactivated ZIKV and methods for the prevention and/or treatment of infection by ZIKV.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 30, 2017
    Publication date: June 11, 2020
    Applicants: The Government of the United States of America as Represented by the Secretary of the Army, The Government of the United States of America as Represented by the Secretary of the Army, The Research Foundation For The State University of New York, The Research Foundation For The State University of New York
    Inventors: Stephen J. THOMAS, Timothy ENDY, Kenneth H. ECKELS, J. Robert PUTNAK, Richard JARMAN, Rafael DE LA BARRERA
  • Publication number: 20200181329
    Abstract: A renewable polyimide or polyamic acid formed from a reaction comprising one or more furfurylamine compounds of Formula (I) or Formula (II) and one or more dianhydride or diacid compounds and heating to a temperature of up to 350° C., as well as methods of forming thereof, and polymers comprising the polyimide or polyamic acid compounds. The renewable furan based polyimides which demonstrate excellent processability, large temperature windows for processing of resin systems, and are less toxic.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 21, 2018
    Publication date: June 11, 2020
    Applicants: Drexel University, The Government of the United States of America, as represented by The Secretary of the Army
    Inventors: Giuseppe R. Palmese, Santosh K. Yadav, John J. LaScala
  • Patent number: 10680152
    Abstract: A passive thermal oscillator combines a thermoelectric device and a passive analog electrical circuit to produce a time-oscillating temperature difference. The oscillator makes use of a temperature difference imposed across a thermoelectric device to produce a Seebeck voltage to periodically trigger electrical current to pass through a switch. The periodic electrical current causes periodic Peltier cooling producing a time-oscillating temperature difference across the thermoelectric device. There is no requirement for additional external energy input because the thermal energy generates a voltage that is used as the driving force. The operation is purely passive. So long as there is a temperature difference across the thermoelectric device, then the passive thermal oscillator oscillates. The passive thermal oscillator can integrate multiple energy conversion device technologies to operate cooperatively.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 17, 2018
    Date of Patent: June 9, 2020
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Army
    Inventors: Patrick J. Taylor, Jay Maddux, Adam A. Wilson
  • Publication number: 20200172658
    Abstract: The present invention relates novel furan based amine cross-linkers with improved thermomechanical and water barrier properties. The novelty of this invention is the use of aromatic, and hydrophobic aliphatic aldehydes to bridge two furfuryl amines, which yields a diamine or tetra amines with a significantly enhanced hydrophobic character. These diamine cross-linkers exhibit enhanced water barrier properties and thermomechanical properties when cured with both commercial and synthetic epoxies.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 21, 2018
    Publication date: June 4, 2020
    Applicants: DREXEL UNIVERSITY, The Government of the United States of America, as represented by The Secretary of the Army
    Inventors: Giuseppe R. Palmese, Santosh K. Yadav, John Vergara, John J. LaScala
  • Patent number: 10670375
    Abstract: A novel adaptive armor system includes an array of armor elements, a hinge system, an actuator mechanism, and a tension support. The hinge system permits rotation of the armor elements about respective axes to change their orientation with respect to the vehicle body. The tension support is movably coupled between the actuator mechanism and the array and bears at least some of the weight of the armor elements in tension. The actuator mechanism moves the tension support (e.g., under the control of a controller) to change the angular orientation of at least some armor elements. Each armor element can include a tray that removably receives different ERA cassettes therein. An exemplary method includes detecting an incoming threat projectile, assessing at least one characteristic specific to the projectile, and changing the angular orientation of the array in a manner to defeat the incoming projectile. The invention provides threat adaptability while minimizing added weight and vehicle size.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 14, 2018
    Date of Patent: June 2, 2020
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Army
    Inventor: Joseph P. Cannon
  • Patent number: 10663272
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to a novel, low-toxicity and environmentally-friendly violet smoke generating composition. The composition comprises a mixture of at least one red dye and at least one blue dye, a coolant, an oxidizer, a binder, and a non-sulfur particulate fuel that is also a burn-control agent having two different particle size distributions. Preferably the fuel comprises a mixture of granulated sucrose and sucrose 10×.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 6, 2018
    Date of Patent: May 26, 2020
    Assignee: The United States of America as Represented by the Secretary of the Army
    Inventors: Giancarlo Diviacchi, Joseph A Domanico, Joseph E May, David R Redding
  • Patent number: 10663389
    Abstract: A permeation cell device includes a body component, a wire mesh support structure positioned in the body component, a membrane over the wire mesh support structure, a pair of compressible gaskets sandwiching the membrane, and a flange compressing the membrane. A spectroscopic device contains the permeation cell device. At least one mechanism simultaneously performs an infrared-reflection absorption spectroscopic analysis of a surface of the membrane as a fluid permeates on the membrane and measures a trans-membrane fluid permeation rate across the membrane. The wire mesh support structure may be configured to provide mechanical support to the non-opaque membrane at a pressure of at least 1 atm. The permeation cell device and the spectroscopic device may collectively create a pair of separate isolated compartments. The body component may include a material that is non-permeable to the fluid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 29, 2018
    Date of Patent: May 26, 2020
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Army
    Inventors: Casey P. O'Brien, Ivan C. Lee, Zachary W. Dunbar
  • Patent number: 10655350
    Abstract: The disclosed invention is a housing apparatus comprised of foundation boxes, foundation box lids, in situ ballast material placed within the foundation boxes, floor panels, wall panels, binding strips, stackable trussed roof segments, roof gables, and load transferring batten strips.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 16, 2017
    Date of Patent: May 19, 2020
    Assignee: UNITED STATES OF AMERICA AS REPRESENTED BY THE SECRETARY OF THE ARMY
    Inventors: Dale R Hartmann, Tara C Brady, Michael D. Bluhm
  • Publication number: 20200147196
    Abstract: The disclosure generally provides a WRrNYVAC comprising multiple antigens from different stages of a malaria parasite (Plasmodium) life cycle, methods for producing them, immunogenic vaccine formulations comprising WRrNYVAC, such as P. vivax containing formulations (WRPvrNYVAC) and P. falciparum containing formulations (WRPfrNYVAC) and methods for the prevention and/or treatment of malaria infections and poxvirus infections.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 22, 2018
    Publication date: May 14, 2020
    Applicant: The Government of the United States of America as Represented by the Secretary of the Army
    Inventors: Kevin D. HAUNS, Farheen AHMED, Saba ALEMAYEHU
  • Patent number: 10648064
    Abstract: A process for producing a metal foam includes mechanically working a metallic powder such that oxide particles are finely dispersed within a metallic matrix and annealing the mechanically worked metallic powder in a vacuum the annealed metallic powder such that intraparticle porosity is formed by decomposition of the oxide particles at elevated temperature to reduce the oxide particles to metallic form and liberate the oxygen atoms in gaseous form, thereby creating porosity.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 7, 2019
    Date of Patent: May 12, 2020
    Assignees: Millersville University of Pennsylvania, The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Army
    Inventors: Mark Andrew Atwater, Kris Allen Darling, Mark Allen Tschopp, Jr.
  • Patent number: 10649080
    Abstract: A radar assembly for receiving signals at spaced frequencies from an unknown transmitting source comprising a receiver operative to receive signals; the receiver comprising a series of channels, each channel comprising a low pass filter configured to allow passage of a signal from an unknown transmitting source, an analog to digital converter configured to transform the signal from the unknown transmitting source to a digital signal, a Hilbert transform configured to transform the digital signal from the unknown transmitting source into a single sideband signal, a Fourier transform configured to transform the single sideband signal into a plurality of regularly spaced frequency samples, and an inverse Fourier transform for extracting regularly spaced frequency samples; whereby extracted pulses form a train of pulses that are inputted into an imager which utilizes synthetic aperture radar to form an image of the area of interest containing the unknown transmitting device and method thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 8, 2017
    Date of Patent: May 12, 2020
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Army
    Inventors: Kenneth Irving Ranney, Gregory James Mazzaro, Kyle Alexander Gallagher, Stephen Freeman
  • Patent number: 10639592
    Abstract: This invention relates generally to a chitosan-graphene oxide membrane and process of making the same. The nanocomposite membrane can filter water and remove contaminants without fouling like other commercially-available polymer-based water filters. The membrane can be used as a flat sheet filter or can be engineered in a spiral filtration module. The membrane is scalable and tunable for many water contaminants including pharmaceuticals, pesticides, herbicides, and other organic chemicals. The membrane uses chitosan, which is low-cost, renewable biopolymer typically considered to be a waste product and the second most abundant biopolymer on Earth, thus making the membrane an environmentally-friendly product choice.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 31, 2018
    Date of Patent: May 5, 2020
    Assignees: Board of Trustees of the University of Arkansas, The United States of America, as Represented by the Secretary of the Army
    Inventors: Christopher S. Griggs, Jose A. Mattei-Sosa, Luke A. Gurtowski, Lauren F. Greenlee, Mojtaba Abolhassani
  • Patent number: 10640848
    Abstract: A process for producing a metal foam. The process includes mechanically working a metallic powder such that oxide particles and/or dissolved oxygen are finely dispersed within a metallic matrix of the metallic particles that make up the metallic powder. The mechanically worked metallic powder is then annealed in a reducing atmosphere, where the reducing atmosphere is an atmosphere that results in the reduction of oxide and/or dissolved oxygen into vapor or gas molecules such that intraparticle porosity is formed within the metallic matrix by conversion of the oxide particles and/or dissolved oxygen to create vapor or gas molecules.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 7, 2019
    Date of Patent: May 5, 2020
    Assignees: Millersville University of Pennsylvania, The United States of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Army
    Inventors: Mark Andrew Atwater, Kris Allen Darling, Mark Allen Tschopp, Jr.
  • Patent number: 10633726
    Abstract: A low alloy high nitrogen steel includes iron and, by weight 0.14-0.60% nitrogen (N); 0.08-0.28% carbon (C); 0.10-2.20% nickel (Ni); 0.25-2.00% manganese (Mn); 1.20-2.70% chromium (Cr); 0.45-1.50% tungsten (W); not more than 0.05% molybdenum (Mo); not more than 0.02% vanadium (V); not more than 0.60% silicon (Si); not more than 0.10% copper (Cu); not more than 0.02% titanium (Ti); not more than 0.02% niobium (Nb); not more than 0.008% aluminum (Al); and not more than 0.02% of any other element with not more than 0.10% total other elements, wherein cobalt (Co) is substitutable for any part of the nickel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 16, 2017
    Date of Patent: April 28, 2020
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Army
    Inventor: John F. Chinella
  • Patent number: 10627200
    Abstract: An ammunition cartridge for a gun is optically initiated by a mechanism wholly within the cartridge case itself. The case has as optical primer initiation means producing light fluence to ignite an optical sensitive mix, which ignited optical sensitive mix may in turn ignite into a flashtube, and which ignited flashtube may in turn ignite a bed of propellant in said cartridge. The optical primer initiation means may be an LED, a laser diode, a VCSEL, or some other light emitting device in general. The cartridge optically initiated primer package is so sized and made electrically and mechanically seamlessly physically compatible with current ammunition cartridges such that these new cartridges are completely interchangeable.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 18, 2019
    Date of Patent: April 21, 2020
    Assignee: The United States of America as Represented by the Secretary of the Army
    Inventors: John Hirlinger, Robert Tani, Christopher Csernica, Gregory Burke
  • Patent number: 10627179
    Abstract: An M4A1 helically fluted gun barrel is provided which increases sustained peak temperature levels for the barrel. This M4A1 helically fluted gun barrel incorporates multi-start variable pitch helical openings into the exterior profile of a standard M4A1 heavy barrel. The helical openings increase the outer surface area for heat dissipation, and also reduce weight as a further advantage.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 19, 2019
    Date of Patent: April 21, 2020
    Assignee: The United States of America as Represented by the Secretary of the Army
    Inventors: Thomas C. Grego, Adam Foltz
  • Patent number: 10625239
    Abstract: Provided are mixed metal oxy-hydroxides that serve as reactive media to bind, sequester, or alter one or more toxic chemicals such as sulfur dioxide (SO2), hydrogen cyanide (HCN), and others. A reactive media includes: a porous metal oxy-hydroxide including at least one first transition metal that is optionally one or more of copper, zinc, or iron; a second transition metal linked to the first transition metal by a bond that includes an oxygen, the second transition metal selected optionally being one or more of magnesium, calcium, cobalt, titanium, zirconium, aluminum, and silicon; and the metal oxy-hydroxide terminated by at least one hydroxyl group. The resulting media provides for excellent porosity and reactivity for removal of toxic chemicals from the environment or a sample.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 16, 2016
    Date of Patent: April 21, 2020
    Assignees: THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA AS REPRESENTED BY THE SECRETARY OF THE ARMY, GUILD ASSOCIATES INC.
    Inventors: Joseph A. Rossin, Gregory W. Peterson, William F. Buechter
  • Patent number: 10631413
    Abstract: A polymer layering process that encapsulates and protects electronics components with complex and imprecise geometries. The protective layering process provides a combination of a flexible mold and/or a rigid mold that apply close-forming, encapsulating the polymer layers to the electronic components and precision assemblies. Polymer layer protective jackets are shaped to as-populated circuit boards and assemblies, providing tightly fit barriers with fine resolution accommodating imprecise geometries. The protective jackets can be formed in rigid, semi-rigid, or highly flexible polymer films, to protect the circuitry from the elements, CTE mismatches, shock and vibration loads and extreme g-forces, and external electromagnetic emissions. By altering the protect layer configuration, the protective layer can accommodate populated circuit board assembly with high heat generation component(s).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 19, 2018
    Date of Patent: April 21, 2020
    Assignee: The United States of America as Represented by the Secretary of the Army
    Inventors: Nien-Hua Chao, Carl Foehner
  • Patent number: 10621506
    Abstract: A system for detection of human or vehicle activity comprising at least one sensor adapted to generate a signal and at least one processor operating to denoise the signal; generate an autocorrelation of the signal; partition the signal into a predetermined number of overlapping segments to form a time series of data; generate symbols for the overlapping segments; compare the pattern of generated symbols with known predetermined patterns of symbols representing human or vehicular activity; determine whether a threshold probability is exceeded which attributes the data signal to human or vehicular activity; analyze the patterns presented in the data signal by transforming the patterns of symbols into states; determine the transitions between states; and classify the signal as to being attributable to human or vehicular activity based upon the transitions between states. A method of detection and classification of sensor data signals via detecting patterns using time series analysis.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 30, 2015
    Date of Patent: April 14, 2020
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Army
    Inventors: Soumalya Sarkar, Thyagaraju Damarla, Asok Ray