Patents Assigned to The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Army
  • Patent number: 11002848
    Abstract: A subsurface interferometric synthetic aperture radar (InSAR) imaging technique for the detection and localization of underground targets in the presence of a rough ground surface comprises a two-step procedure. First, surface clutter suppression is performed with a polarimetric difference operation that does not alter the propagation phase of the target scattered signal; then a subsurface interferometric algorithm is applied to infer target depth by correlating the clutter-suppressed images obtained along two observation paths.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 15, 2019
    Date of Patent: May 11, 2021
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Army
    Inventors: DaHan Liao, Calvin D. Le, Traian V. Dogaru
  • Patent number: 11000826
    Abstract: The invention is a renewable adsorbent material, amine-functionalized chitin (AFC) that can remove the following munitions compounds from solution while providing a concentration-dependent color change: NTO, DNAN, and TNT. Adsorption of the munitions constituents can be adjusted by pH; neutral pH provides maximum adsorption. NTO can desorb from the AFC at pH levels of 2 and 12; DNAN and TNT remain attached to AFC once adsorbed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 27, 2018
    Date of Patent: May 11, 2021
    Assignee: UNITED STATES OF AMERICA AS REPRESENTED BY THE SECRETARY OF THE ARMY
    Inventors: Luke A Gurtowski, Manoj K Shukla, David P Martin, Christopher S Griggs
  • Patent number: 11001945
    Abstract: A thermoplastic filament comprising multiple polymers of differing flow temperatures in a regular geometric arrangement, and a method for producing such a filament, are described. Because of the difference in flow temperatures, there exists a temperature range at which one polymer is mechanically stable while the other is flowable. This property is extremely useful for creating thermoplastic monofilament feedstock for three-dimensionally printed parts, wherein the mechanically stable polymer enables geometric stability while the flowable polymer can fill gaps and provide strong bonding and homogenization between deposited material lines and layers. These multimaterial filaments can be produced via thermal drawing from a thermoplastic preform, which itself can be three-dimensionally printed. Furthermore, the preform can be printed with precisely controlled and complex geometries, enabling the creation of monofilament and fiber with unique decorative or functional properties.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 25, 2016
    Date of Patent: May 11, 2021
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Army
    Inventors: Eric D. Wetzel, Larry R. Holmes, Jr., Ricardo X. Rodriguez, Patrick M. Toal, Jr.
  • Patent number: 11002759
    Abstract: A scanning probe microscope includes a cantilever structure; and a metallization layer on the cantilever structure. The cantilever structure and the metallization layer expand and contract at equivalent rates upon thermal loading. The cantilever structure and the metallization layer may include matching coefficient of thermal expansion levels. The cantilever structure may include SiN. The metallization layer may include 50 nm of Ti. The metallization layer may include 50 nm of Cr. The metallization layer may include 5 nm of Ti and 45 nm of Ge. The cantilever structure may include no thermally-induced deflections.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 10, 2019
    Date of Patent: May 11, 2021
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Army
    Inventors: Darin J. Sharar, Adam A. Wilson
  • Patent number: 10996037
    Abstract: Embodiments of an obturator are provided herein. In some embodiments, an obturator includes an annular body having an inner surface configured to interface with a projectile, an outer surface configured to interface with a gun bore, and geometric features disposed in the annular body to create regions of localized stress and strain upon discharge from a weapon.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 4, 2018
    Date of Patent: May 4, 2021
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Army
    Inventors: Michael A. Minnicino, John C. Lutz, Robert S. Darcy
  • Patent number: 10996354
    Abstract: The present invention is an electronically collimated gamma radiation detector apparatus including a radiation sensor coupled to a digitizer, which is coupled to a processor. The apparatus receives an analog signal waveform from the sensor and transmits it to the digitizer, for transformation to a digital pulse waveform. This waveform is transmitted to the processor, which calculates at least one pulse shape parameter of the waveform, instantiates a pulse data object, and populates the object with a pulse identifier, a vector parameter, and the pulse shape parameter. The above steps are repeated at a different vector to obtain multiple objects. The processor compares pulse shape parameters from different objects using a comparison method. The comparison method updates each object with a longitudinal, transverse, or angled directional parameter. The processor can output vector parameters associated longitudinal parameters, output objects with a desired vector parameter, or conduct further analysis on objects.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 29, 2016
    Date of Patent: May 4, 2021
    Assignee: UNITED STATES OF AMERICA AS REPRESENTED BY THE SECRETARY OF THE ARMY
    Inventors: John C. Morgan, John Furey, Austin V. Davis
  • Patent number: 10992391
    Abstract: Modulated entangled photon pairs are used to transmit data between a sender and receiver subsystem. The sender subsystem comprises at least one data input, a modulator to modulate the photons, a photon combiner and a transmitter coupler to direct the modulated entangled photon pairs towards a receiver. The receiver subsystem comprises a receiver coupler, a photon de-combiner to direct the photons to polarization analyzers to transmit photons of a specified polarization to detectors, and a processor to record the information transmitted by the detectors. The sender subsystem transmits information to the receiver subsystem through the modulation of the entangled photon state. The present system and method is quantum which provides advantages over classical and optical communications. These advantages include using less power to transmit information, and allowing transmission through and around obstructions and adverse environments.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 25, 2020
    Date of Patent: April 27, 2021
    Assignee: The United States of Americas as represented by the Secretary of the Army
    Inventors: Ronald E. Meyers, Keith S. Deacon
  • Patent number: 10968539
    Abstract: A thermoplastic filament comprising multiple polymers of differing flow temperatures in a geometric arrangement and an interior channel containing a structural or functional thread therein is described. A method for producing such a filament is also described. Because of the difference in flow temperatures, there exists a temperature range at which one polymer is mechanically stable while the other is flowable. This property is extremely useful for creating thermoplastic monofilament feedstock for three-dimensionally printed parts, wherein the mechanically stable polymer enables geometric stability while the flowable polymer can fill gaps and provide strong bonding and homogenization between deposited material lines and layers. These multimaterial filaments can be produced via thermal drawing from a thermoplastic preform, which itself can be three-dimensionally printed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 22, 2017
    Date of Patent: April 6, 2021
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Army
    Inventors: Eric D. Wetzel, Larry R. Holmes, Jr., Ricardo X. Rodriguez, Patrick M. Toal, Jr.
  • Patent number: 10954161
    Abstract: The present invention is a system for repairing asphalt. The system includes a discrete quantity of an asphalt repair composition located within a container and an induction heater. The composition is a combination of an asphalt binder, aggregate particles, and induction particles. The average diameter of the induction particles ranges from approximately 10% above to approximately 10% below an average diameter of the aggregate particles used in the composition. The induction heater heats the composition within the container by generating a magnetic field that penetrates the container. The magnetic field creates eddy currents in the induction particles. These eddy currents in turn heat the composition. Because the induction particles are distributed throughout the composition, the composition heats rapidly.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 14, 2016
    Date of Patent: March 23, 2021
    Assignee: UNITED STATES OF AMERICA AS REPRESENTED BY THE SECRETARY OF THE ARMY
    Inventors: John F. Rushing, Webster C. Floyd, Craig Rutland, Benjamin C Cox
  • Patent number: 10957804
    Abstract: A photodetector comprising a contact layer; an absorbing region positioned such that light admitted passes into the absorbing region; a diffractive region comprising at least one diffractive element operating to diffract light into the absorbing region; the configuration of the photodetector being determined by computer simulation to determine an optimal diffractive region and absorbing region configuration for optimal quantum efficiency for at least one predetermined wavelength range, the diffractive region operating to diffract light entering through the contact layer such that phases of diffracted waves from locations within the photodetector including waves reflected by sidewalls and waves reflected by the diffractive elements form a constructive interference pattern inside the absorbing region.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 2, 2017
    Date of Patent: March 23, 2021
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Army
    Inventor: Kwong-Kit Choi
  • Patent number: 10955314
    Abstract: A sampling apparatus and method for collecting chemical and biological samples is disclosed and claimed. A surface sampling apparatus is designed to simplify taking successive environmental samples using one hand. In addition, the sampling bag used with the apparatus serves as both safety barrier and transport bag and is prepared with multiple sampling surfaces and in wet or dry formats.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 21, 2015
    Date of Patent: March 23, 2021
    Assignee: The United States of America as Represented by the Secretary of The Army
    Inventors: Peter A. Emanuel, Calvin C. Chue, Daniel J. Angelini, Kristy L. Williams, Aleksandr E Miklos, Kyle D. Ford
  • Patent number: 10936282
    Abstract: A method for adjusting a complex index with inherent anomalies due to the presence of multiple quality levels of the same indexed characteristic in a single sample. Select embodiments of the present invention provide for adjusting the complex index where at least two or three quality levels of the same characteristic are present in the inspection sample. Various embodiments of the present invention provide an adjustment for a pavement condition index (PCI) established with ranges of severity estimated as low, medium and high for each distress type.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 1, 2018
    Date of Patent: March 2, 2021
    Assignee: UNITED STATES OF AMERICA AS REPRESENTED BY THE SECRETARY OF THE ARMY
    Inventor: Mohamed Y. Shahin
  • Patent number: 10928171
    Abstract: Embodiments of a projectile are provided herein. In some embodiments, a projectile includes a body made of a cast polymer composite material comprising a thermoset resin and a powdered steel. In some embodiments, a projectile includes: a body made of a cast polymer composite material comprising a thermoset resin and a powdered metal; a metal core embedded in the body having a front portion that tapers radially inward to define a front end of the projectile; and a casing assembly coupled to the body.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 16, 2019
    Date of Patent: February 23, 2021
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Army
    Inventor: Daniel M. De Bonis
  • Patent number: 10922880
    Abstract: Methods, apparatuses, and systems may provide for the detection of an object at a rotating intersecting plane of light created by synchronously rotating a first plane of light and a second plane of light. A first laser beam of a first color may be projected with a first laser line projector and a second laser beam of a second laser beam of a second color may be projected with a second line projector. Laser planes of the first and second laser beams may be adjusted to create a beam intersection line plane of a third color on an object located at a predetermined intersection range from the first and second laser line projectors. The first and second laser line projectors may be rotated to create a rotating plane of light of the third color on the object.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 7, 2018
    Date of Patent: February 16, 2021
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Army
    Inventor: Michael V. Scanlon
  • Patent number: 10920442
    Abstract: A configuration, all components of which are man portable in some embodiments, for holding panels to protect assets against external force and impacts from airborne projectiles. An open box-like stackable frame module holds panels along a side of the frame. Multiple frames are connected to construct a protective barrier, such as a wall. Frames include provisions for connection in a vertical configuration so as to allow stacking of the frames to increase the height of the barrier. A method of installing is also provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 7, 2019
    Date of Patent: February 16, 2021
    Assignee: UNITED STATES of AMERICA AS REPRESENTED BY THE SECRETARY OF THE ARMY
    Inventors: Genevieve L Pezzola, Catherine S Stephens, Omar Esquilin-Mangual, Andrew B Edwards
  • Patent number: 10921784
    Abstract: The present disclosure addresses limitations with methods, systems and processes for integrating multiple advanced technologies into a single automated manufacturing and repair cell. The methods, systems and processes of the present disclosure leverage unique software and hardware to configure a manufacturing cell that is capable of conducting process development and planning, dimensional analysis, pre-machining, surface preparation, cold spray (supersonic particle deposition), dust collection, helium recovery, and post machining in a single integrated manufacturing and repair cell.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 21, 2017
    Date of Patent: February 16, 2021
    Assignees: SOUTH DAKOTA BOARD OF REGENTS, GOVERNMENT OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, AS REPRESENTED BY THE SECRETARY OF THE ARMY
    Inventors: Christian Widener, Victor Champagne, Robert Hrabe
  • Patent number: 10915737
    Abstract: Object/facial recognition systems, methods, architectures, mechanisms and/or apparatus for 3D face or object recognition using a 3D surface reconstructed from polarimetric thermal facial/object imager to form a 2D or 3D image which is rotated to conform with a pose of a reference image to allow comparison thereto.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 4, 2019
    Date of Patent: February 9, 2021
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Army
    Inventors: Shuowen Hu, Nathaniel J. Short, Alex J. Yuffa, Gorden Videen, Kristan P. Gurton
  • Patent number: 10913902
    Abstract: Methods to convert an oxygen containing organic compound(s) to one or more water-free liquid hydrocarbons products. They make use of a catalytic process in a two-stage reactor system having a first reactor and a second reactor in series. Process design is described for effective conversion of aqueous low energy-dense aqueous solutions containing oxygen containing organic compound(s) to liquid hydrocarbons; the process design preferably employs the solid acid catalysts comprised of microporous aluminosilicates denoted as zeolites mixed with silicon carbide binder in series of two reactor system with capability of complete water removal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 4, 2019
    Date of Patent: February 9, 2021
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Army
    Inventors: Dat T. Tran, Ivan C. Lee, Luther J. Mahoney, Laleh Emdadi, Chi K. Nguyen
  • Patent number: 10906848
    Abstract: A method of manufacturing and optimizing energetic propellant grains includes generating an optimal surface area to mass fraction burned ratio profile for a predetermined solid structure including propellant grains; using the profile as a target function of a topological optimization process to generate a 3D form of a propellant grain; developing a negative of the 3D form of the propellant grain; mixing and densifying the negative with an energetic material in an uncured form in a mixer to create a structure including the energetic material and embedded negative; and solvating the negative from the structure, wherein the negative comprises a 3D propellant grain. The developing of the negative of the 3D form of the propellant grain may occur using a predetermined material in an additive manufacturing process. The negative may be soluble in the predetermined material, and the energetic material may be insoluble in the predetermined material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 23, 2017
    Date of Patent: February 2, 2021
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Army
    Inventors: Paul J. Conroy, Raymond A. Wildman, Eric J. Robinette, John R. Schmidt, Andrew T. Gaynor
  • Patent number: D914293
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 23, 2020
    Date of Patent: March 23, 2021
    Assignee: United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Army
    Inventor: Marc L. Roth