Abstract: The invention relates to an architecture making it possible to store and transfer still or moving video images, the said architecture comprising at least one input circuit (E1, E2, . . . , En) allowing access for data intended to make up video images, a memory area (M) making it possible to store video images, at least one video image output circuit (S1, S2, . . . , Sj) and a video bus (B) intended to provide for the transfer of information between the memory area (M), the input circuit and the output circuit, characterized in that the memory area (M) is a general-purpose memory and in that the video bus (B) has a width L greater than or equal to the width of the memory area (M).The general-purpose memory is operated in a centralized manner by a control circuit (CTRL).The invention applies to computer platforms dedicated to the transfer of Broadcast quality images or alternatively to video devices for built-up image animation.
April 21, 1997
Date of Patent:
October 17, 2000
Thomson Broadcast Systems
Thierry Bourre, Patrick Labranche, Mohamed Rebiai, Patrice Bruhat
Abstract: The process is characterized in that the pilot signals (10) generated upstream of the device (11) whose non-linearity it is desired to measure pass through a known non-linear device (15) delivering intermodulation products of known characteristics and in that at least one of the known intermodulation products is harnessed in order to modulate, with the aid of synchronous detection circuits (17), at least one of the signals relating to the components of the intermodulation products of the device to be measured.The applications pertain to the analog transmission of television signals over optical fibers.
Abstract: An amplification circuit comprising a device for compensating for its input current. The amplification circuit includes an amplifier and a capacitor located on the input side of the amplifier. The input-current compensation device consists of a current generator, generating a current Ig, a switch and a device for measuring the average current charging or discharging the capacitor during the time that the switch is open. The current Ig is such that: Average current=Ia-Ig, where Ia is the input current of the amplifier. The value of the average current is close to zero. The value of the current Ig which the current generator must output, so as to make the average current close to zero, is calculated using the device for measuring the average current. The invention particularly applies to a circuit for restoring the DC component of a video signal.
November 12, 1997
Date of Patent:
December 7, 1999
Thomson Broadcast Systems
Claude Claverie, Patrick Hardy, Stephane Hergault
Abstract: A device and method that overlays, onto a new colored background a subject clipped from a source video image having a subject moving against a first colored background. A clipping key KD is calculated which makes it possible to separate the color space representing the image into three regions, a first region defining a volume representing the first colored background, a second region defining a volume representing the subject, and a third region representing a region of transition between the first colored background and the subject. A video image VD representing the subject moving against the new colored background formed according to the formula:VD=KD.times.subject video+(1-KD).times.background video,where "subject video" and background video respectively represent a video image containing the subject and the video image of the new colored background.
Abstract: Frequency modulated signals are demodulated through a limiter circuit that chops the signal to give pulses whose occurrence frequency is proportional to the instant frequency of the received signal. The invention is devoted to a new processing of those pulses. The leading edges of the pulses are time integrated. The obtained signal is then as usual, low pass filtered to give the demodulated signal. The main advantage of this new processing is that the circuit that makes this processing does not implement delay lines and can then be made as a single chips.
Abstract: The invention relates to a method for determining a key KD for clipping a subject moving against a colored background, the said key making it possible to separate the color space into three regions, a first region defining a volume representing the colored background, a second region defining a volume representing the subject and a third region defining a transition region between the colored background and the subject, where the device and method defines the volume representing the colored background in the form of a cone of aperture angle .alpha. whose axis of symmetry (W) passes through the achromic and zero-luminance point of the color space and a point representing the color of the colored background. The invention also relates to any type of electronic apparatus implementing the abovementioned device and method, such as video mixers or autonomous devices for clipping and overlaying video images.
Abstract: A device for processing color data (R, G, B) of a signal representing an image. The processing device has a mechanism which, for each color data item, consist of an analog/digital converter (12, 13, 14) and a buffer memory (MT1, MT2, MT3), a circuit (PT) for processing the digital data output by each buffer memory, and serializer circuits (SE1, SE2, SE3) which collect the signals output by the processing circuit (PT) and make it possible to generate signals (D1, D2, D3) intended to reproduce the image with a slow-motion effect. According to an improvement of the invention, the control unit includes a mechanism (MO, SE4) for generating a signal (I) making it possible to reproduce the image at normal speed. The device applies particularly to television studio cameras in the professional sector.
Abstract: In a detector for detecting a frequency-modulated light wave including a PIN photodiode (2), biasing means (11, 12, 15) are introduced which are capable of automatically forward biasing or reverse biasing the PIN photodiode (2) depending on the received light power. The output voltage of a transimpedance preamplifier stage (6) receiving the signal from the PIN photodiode (2) is thus automatically limited to a value below the saturation threshold of this transimpedance preamplifier stage (6).
Abstract: The shifting system comprises a local scrambler (13) on a production site giving the necessary digital data elements to a scrambler (15) shifted to a transmission site. These data elements are inserted, at the image rate, into the compressed television signal transmitted on a low bit rate link to the transmission site. The application relates to systems for the transmission of encrypted television systems.
Abstract: The disclosure is a procedure for generation of textured images and special video effects. The procedure including a stage for generation of a microscopic texture determined by user-defined parameters and based on a fractal interpolation function generating a fractional Brownian motion-type signal. It also includes a stage for generation of motifs and for re-sampling. The invention is applicable to the generation of textured television images and special effects in standard television or HDTV.
Abstract: A data compression device having a decorrelation circuit (10), a circuit (12) for quantizing the decorrelated data and a control circuit (13) acting on the quantization step. The device includes is a circuit for calculating a histogram of the decorrelated data and for calculating the quantization step on the basis of this histogram (11) in order to force, in accordance with the coherence of the histogram, this quantization step. The latter is calculated on the basis of the distances between the local maximum values of the histogram.
Abstract: The disclosure relates to a synchronization device that includes two parallel memory areas, a unit for determination of write states that depends on the phase deviation between the input video signal and the synchronization signal, a write management unit that determines, when it receives a write image pulse, the memory (or memories) to be used for the next write depending on the write state and the memory that is currently being read. The two memories are read sequentially and alternately, whereas the memory(ies) used for each write is variable and determined automatically. The invention enables video signals to be synchronized with respect to a synchronization signal with a frequency deviation tolerance of up to 33%.
February 12, 1996
Date of Patent:
April 28, 1998
Isabelle Portron, Alain DeMay, Philippe Le Queau
Abstract: A device for locking any apparatus on any support, notably a device enabling simple locking of a camera on a support such as a tripod. The device includes two attachment fittings that engage two hooking parts attached to the apparatus, wherein the attachment fittings are locked in their engaged position when two push-buttons fitted in the top plate of the support are both depressed under the weight of the apparatus. The two attachment fittings, linked together and spring-loaded, slide simultaneously to engage the two hooking parts.
Abstract: A method and an apparatus is disclosed for extracting from a single shot, two pictures of an illuminated scene having a foreground zone and a background zone respectively. The first picture has a depth of field which is greater than the second picture. Subsequently the high frequency components are extracted from each of the pictures in order to reflect characteristics of each of the pictures which have the greatest amount of contrast or sharpness. The two high frequency signals are compared in order to obtain a depth of field signal based upon the differences between the two signals.
Abstract: A correction system for transmission lines includes a structure adapted to automatically correct the attenuation of the DC component of any signal traveling on the line and a device adapted to correct the attenuation of the various frequency components of said signal, wherein the structure for correcting the attenuation of frequency components includes an automatic correction circuit.
Abstract: A device for assistance in the optical focusing of the objective of a camera comprises a contour extraction circuit coupled to a marker generator, the output of which is connected to a combination circuit furthermore receiving the video signal from the camera. The resultant composite signal is applied to the viewfinder. Thus a marker, the position of which in the image is a function of the focusing, appears in the viewfinder, the focusing being obtained when the marker is in an extreme position on its axis of shift. The device can be applied notably to the focusing of high-definition television cameras.
Abstract: For every point of an image in a special effects digital optical image formation method and apparatus the value of a border key signal is obtained by conducting a search for the maximum value of the subject's key signal in an analysis window centered on this point. The subject's key signals of the points in the window are delayed so as to make them simultaneous and are supplied to the same comparator which may be controlled in order to inhibit some of its inputs so as to define, for example, a circular analysis window; such a process makes it possible to obtain a regular border.
Abstract: The optical connection system comprises at least one optical connection element composed of three separate portions A, B, C; the portion A comprises an optical contact of the pump-action optical contact type whose calibrated end-piece is intended for the cabling of an optical fibre, the portion B comprises at one end a calibrated end-piece identical to the end-piece of the portion A and comprises at the other end an optical contact, of the lensed optical contact type, which contact is intended for the optical connection with a complementary optical connection element, the portion C comprises a calibrated guiding system in order to receive the calibrated end-pieces of the portions A and B, to place their respective ends in contact and to ensure a very accurate coaxial alignment of the two end-pieces.