Abstract: A microwave lens of the type described in the French patent No. 2,469,808 is adapted to operate with two crossed polarizations. To this end, each of the phase-shifting channels of the lens is subdivided into two subchannels, each of them being assigned to one of said polarizations. Each subchannel includes, in addition to phase-shifting panels, means for rotating by 90.degree. the polarization of the incident wave and impedance matching means.
Abstract: This invention concerns a system to protect active or passive electronic equipment from radar detection. In other words equipment which transmits or receives microwave radiation, for example a radar or telecommunications transmitter or receiver.For this purpose, the transmitting surface of the equipment is covered by a device which can be controlled to apply a phase shift of approximately .pi./2 to the incident wave; this enables a microwave incident on the equipment to be modulated in phase. The frequency spectrum of the wave reflected by the equipment is modified and spread thus making it more difficult to detect the equipment. To avoid any perturbation of the operation of the equipment, an inverse modulation is applied to signals transmitted and/or received by the equipment itself.
Abstract: Disclosed is a source of microwave radiation, namely a source enabling the absorption of multiple reflections for the illuminating of a lens in order to form an electronic sweeping antenna. The source includes a layered arrangement of elementary illuminators in a direction substantially parallel to the electrical field of the microwave energy transmitted. In one embodiment, each elementary illuminator has the following successively, in the direction of propagation of the energy: a plane forming a short circuit; a plane forming an incidence filter, parallel to the above plane, located at a distance from the above plane of the order of half of a wavelength, including two tracks parallel to each other and perpendicular to the electrical field between which resistive elements are connected; and, a plane bearing a rdiating element of the snake line type, extending in a direction substantially normal to the electrical field.
Abstract: Disclosed is a device designed to selectively absorb the electromagnetic waves coming from multiple reflections in a microwave lens. In an antenna of the type including an energy source and a lens, where the lens is formed by a plurality of parallel channels separated by conductive planes, the device has a slot made in each of the conductive planes, arranged on the input face side of the lens, and also has localized or distributed resistors connecting the two edges of the slot. The geometry of the entire unit, and the values of the resistors are such that the waves coming from multiple reflections are absorbed by the resistors.
Abstract: The invention pertains to a modulation method at pick-up of the amplitude of the secondary lobes of the radiation pattern for a hyperfrequency antenna and the method application for sensing and eliminating the jamming effects of jammers.According to the invention, we place as a filter (4) close to the reflector (1) which reflects the transmission-pick-up beam of the antenna, the filter having at least one network of conductive wires loaded with variable controllable resistors, such as diodes. During transmission, we make the filter (4) transparent by having strong equal currents travel through the wires, while at pick-up we modulate the amplitude of the currents traveling through the wires in order to obtain the desired distortions of the pattern.The invention especially applies to the sensing and elimination of the jamming effects produced by jammers.