Abstract: A method of measuring a state of concrete includes emitting an irradiation light to the concrete, the irradiation light including a wavelength range of near infrared light related to concrete measurement; and receiving a reflection light of the irradiation light P reflected on the concrete. At least five wavelengths ?1 to ?5, ?6 to ?10, different from each other by PLS regression analysis within a wavelength range of 900 nm to 2500 nm of absorption spectrum, are determined, and a degree of neutralization of the concrete caused by calcium hydroxide and a concentration of chloride ion is estimated.
Abstract: A survey system includes a camera provided on a UAV and taking a plurality of images for photogrammetry. A surveying portion tracking the camera and continuously determining a position of the camera and a relative photographing position calculation portion calculates a relative photographing position of each image based on the plurality of images taken by the camera, and a traveling path calculation portion calculates a traveling path of the UAV from a survey result obtained by the surveying portion. A photogrammetry analysis portion associating a point group of the relative photographing positions calculated by the relative photographing position calculation portion with a flight path calculated by the flight path calculation portion, and generating data for photogrammetry.
Abstract: The invention provides a measuring instrument, which comprises a measuring instrument main unit and an installment base unit for rotatably supporting the measuring instrument main unit in an up-to-bottom direction and in a left-to-right direction, wherein the measuring instrument main unit has a measuring unit for projecting a distance measuring light toward an object to be measured and for performing a distance measurement by receiving a reflected light from the object to be measured, and an attitude detecting device integrally provided with the measuring unit, wherein the attitude detecting device has tilt sensors for detecting a horizontality and relative tilt angle detectors for tilting the tilt sensors and for detecting a tilt angle of the measuring unit with respect to the horizontality under such condition that the tilt sensors detect the horizontality so that the horizontality is detected by the tilt sensors, and wherein the installment base unit has an up-to-bottom motor for rotating the measuring in
Abstract: The invention provides a tilt angle measuring device, which comprises a discoid container for including a liquid forming a free liquid surface, a light emitting source for allowing a detection light to enter the free liquid surface, a photodetector for receiving the detection light reflected on the free liquid surface and a signal processing unit for detecting a tilt of the free liquid surface based on a detection signal from the photodetector, wherein the signal processing unit sets a detection light storage time of the photodetector so that an error incidence rate of the detection signal is a predetermined value.
Abstract: The invention provides a UAV measuring apparatus, which comprises a flying vehicle, a laser scanner mounted on the flying vehicle and for performing two-dimensional scanning with a reference optical axis extending in an approximately vertically downward direction as the center, an image pickup unit having an image pickup optical axis parallel to the reference optical axis and a control arithmetic component, wherein the control arithmetic component is configured to synchronize the two-dimensional scanning performed by the laser scanner with an image pickup performed by the image pickup unit, and to correspond a scanning locus obtained by the two-dimensional scanning with an acquired image.
Abstract: A technique is provided to facilitate visual recognition of deviations and misalignments in a superposed image. The superposed image is generated by superposing laser scanning point clouds on a panoramic image, which is obtained by stitching base images that are taken from different points of view. The panoramic image can include deviations between the base images. The superposed image can include misalignments between the point cloud image and the panoramic image. A display controlling device for a survey image includes a panoramic image generating unit that generates a panoramic image by stitching multiple still images, an image and point-cloud-image superposing unit that superposes laser scanning point clouds on the panoramic image, and a point-cloud-image transparency adjuster that adjusts a transparency of the image of the laser scanning point clouds to cause the laser scanning point clouds to be visually recognized while the underlying panoramic image is also visually recognized.
Abstract: A technique is provided to enable check of calibrated condition of a total station (TS) having a laser scanner at a surveying site. The TS includes an optical system, a laser positioning part, a plane equation calculator, a laser scanner, a separation amount calculator, and an exterior orientation parameter calculator. The laser positioning part emits laser light on an object via the optical system to position the object. The plane equation calculator calculates an equation of a specific plane on the basis of result from the laser positioning part. The laser scanner scans the specific plane with laser light to obtain scanning points. The separation amount calculator calculates a separation amount of the respective scanning points from the specific plane. The exterior orientation parameter calculator calculates exterior orientation parameters of one or both of the laser positioning part and the laser scanner so that the separation amount will be small.
Abstract: According to one embodiment, an ophthalmologic apparatus includes an optical system, a support, a drive unit, an alignment optical system, two or more imaging units, an analyzer, and a controller. The optical system acquires data of an eye. The support is configured to support the face of a subject. The drive unit moves the optical system and the support relative to each other. The alignment optical system projects an indicator for performing alignment of the optical system with respect to the eye onto the anterior segment of the eye. The imaging units photograph the anterior segment of the eye, onto which the indicator is being projected, substantially simultaneously from different directions. The analyzer analyzes two or more photography images captured substantially simultaneously by the imaging units to specify the position of the eye. The controller controls the drive unit based on the position specified by the analyzer.
Abstract: The invention provides a laser scanner, which comprises a light source unit, a light receiving unit, a distance measuring unit, an angle measuring unit, a telescope unit capable of rotating in a horizontal direction and a vertical direction, a rotation driving unit, a directional angle detector, and a control arithmetic unit, wherein the light source unit is an MOPA type and has an oscillator control circuit, a main oscillator, and an optical amplifier, wherein the oscillator control circuit has a repetition frequency setting component, a pulse peak output setting component, a pulse width setting component and an amplification factor calculating component and oscillates the main oscillator corresponding to a measured distance, and wherein the amplification factor calculating component calculates an amplification factor based on a repetition frequency, a pulse peak output, and a pulse width and amplifies the optical amplifier based on a calculated amplification factor.
Abstract: The efficiency of the work for measuring electromagnetic waves is increased. A measuring device includes a position information obtaining unit, an electromagnetic wave information obtaining unit, a data storage unit, and a selecting unit. The position information obtaining unit obtains position information of a reflective prism 202, which is measured by a position measuring device 400. The electromagnetic wave information obtaining unit obtains illuminance information measured by an illuminometer 203, which is in the proximity of the reflective prism 202. The data storage unit stores the position information of the reflective prism 202 and the illuminance information in association with each other. The selecting unit compares information of predetermined measurement planned positions with the position information of the reflective prism 202 and selects the illuminance information at a position that has a specific relationship relative to one of the measurement planned positions.
Abstract: A technique is provided to enable check of a calibrated condition of a total station (TS) having a laser scanner in a surveying site. The TS includes an optical system for sighting an object, a laser positioning part that irradiates the object with laser light via the optical system to position the object, and a plane crossing location identifying part that identifies a crossing location of multiple planes constituting a three-dimensional structure as a first location, on the basis of the positioning result from the laser positioning part. The TS also includes a laser scanner that performs laser scanning in an area containing the crossing location, a plane crossing location calculator that calculates the crossing location as a second location on the basis of laser scanning data from the laser scanner, and a comparing part that compares the first location and the second location with each other.
October 24, 2018
May 16, 2019
You SASAKI, Yasushi TANAKA, Nobuyuki NISHITA
Abstract: The invention provides a surveying system, which comprises a surveying instrument, wherein the surveying instrument comprises a measuring unit for performing a distance measurement by projecting a distance measuring light toward an object to be measured and by receiving a reflected distance measuring light from the object to be measured, an image pickup unit having an image pickup optical axis running in parallel to a projection optical axis of the distance measuring light and for picking up an image including the object to be measured, an attitude detecting unit provided integrally with the measuring unit and for detecting a tilt angle with respect to the horizontal of the measuring unit, a coordinates acquiring unit for detecting a position of the surveying instrument and an arithmetic processing unit, wherein a first image of the object to be measured is acquired by the image pickup unit from a first position where coordinates of the first position are acquired by the coordinates acquiring unit, a second i
Abstract: The invention provides a surveying instrument, which comprises a frame unit provided capable of rotating horizontally via a horizontal rotation shaft, a telescope unit provided capable of rotating vertically via a vertical rotation shaft in a recessed portion formed in the frame unit, a vertical rotation driving unit in which a vertical output shaft is connected to the vertical rotation shaft, and a whirl-stop unit provided on an outer side of a side plate of the frame unit along the side plate and connecting the vertical rotation driving unit and the frame unit to each other.
Abstract: In measurement with a surveying device having a surveying function and a laser scanner function, three-dimensional coordinates of a reflecting prism acquired with the surveying function and three-dimensional coordinates of a vertex of a polyhedron generated by processing point group data acquired with the laser scanner function are made to coincide with each other. The reflecting prism is used together with the surveying device having the surveying function and the laser scanner function, is provided to a measurement target object, and is disposed in such a position that the vertex position of the measurement target object coincides with or is considered to coincide with the optical center position of the prism.
Abstract: Provided is a technology for suppressing variations in the waveform of a light emission pulse caused by various factors in a light-emitting device. A light-emitting device is provided with: a light source 101 in which relaxation oscillation occurs immediately after energization; a light source drive circuit 104 which includes a differentiation circuit 102 having a resistor and a capacitor connected in parallel, and in which a switching element 103 for voltage application is connected in series with the differentiation circuit; a power supply circuit 105; a light-reception element 107 which detects pulsed light emitted from the light source 101; and a voltage control unit 109 which controls an output voltage from the power supply circuit 105 in correspondence with the waveform of the detected pulsed light.
Abstract: A technique enables intuitive understanding of a directional relationship between a photographed image and a wide area image, such as an electronic map. An image processing device includes a display controlling unit that displays a quadrangular-shaped photographic image, which is photographed from an aerial vehicle, displays a mark indicating a photographing position of the quadrangular-shaped photographic image, on a wide area image, and performs highlight display in accordance with a corresponding relationship between a direction of the quadrangular-shaped photographic image and a direction of the mark.
Abstract: A fertilization map creating system includes a growth sensor, a GPS device, and a growth information accumulating part that stores data, a fertilization map being created based on growth data and position data stored in the growth information accumulating part, and the growth information accumulating part storing the position data and the growth data while a tractor drives in a field. The system further includes a growth condition calculation part that obtains a growth condition of previously set each area in the field based on the data stored in the memory; a fertilization amount calculation part that obtains an amount of fertilization of each area based on the growth condition of each area; and a map creating part that creates the fertilization map showing the amount of fertilization of each area obtained by the fertilization calculation part.
Abstract: The invention provides an angle detecting device, which comprises absolute encoders provided on a rotation member which rotates at a constant speed, a clock signal generating component, a counter circuit, an angle calculating component, and a trigger signal generating component, wherein an angle trigger signal is inputted to the absolute encoders and the counter circuit at a predetermined time interval, the absolute encoders input rotation angles for each angle trigger signal to the angle calculating component, the counter circuit outputs the number of clock counts to the angle calculating component from the moment when a rotation angle measuring trigger signal is inputted by inputting the rotation angle measuring trigger signal for detecting the rotation angle of the rotation member to the counter circuit, and wherein the angle calculating component detects the rotation angle of the rotation member based on the rotation angles from the absolute encoders and on the number of the clock counts.