Abstract: A technique that enables easily determining an attitude of a laser scanning apparatus is provided. A surveying device includes a sunlight incident direction measurement unit, a Sun direction acquisition unit, and an attitude calculator. The sunlight incident direction measurement unit measures an incident direction of sunlight that enters a laser scanning apparatus, based on a detected waveform of incident light entering the laser scanning apparatus. The Sun direction acquisition unit acquires a direction of the Sun as seen from the laser scanning apparatus, from astronomical data, based on a position of the laser scanning apparatus. The attitude calculator calculates an attitude of the laser scanning apparatus in an absolute coordinate system, based on the incident direction of sunlight and the direction of the Sun as seen from the laser scanning apparatus, which is acquired from the astronomical data.
Abstract: A surveying assistance system includes an information display terminal and a surveying device configured to measure a point cloud in a three-dimensional space. The surveying assistance system includes a terminal display unit configured to show a first image of a measurement site captured from a position of the information display terminal and a second image produced from information related to the measurement site, and a surveying assistance unit configured to assist measurement performed by the surveying device, by using the terminal display unit.
Abstract: A fundus observation apparatus includes an illumination optical system, a two-dimensional image sensor, and a deflecting member. The illumination optical system is configured to illuminate a fundus of a subject's eye with line-shaped illumination light. The two-dimensional image sensor is configured to receive returning light of the illumination light from the fundus on a movable focal plane at a position substantially conjugate optically to the fundus. The deflecting member is configured to couple an optical path of the illumination light and an optical path of the returning light and to scan the fundus with the illumination light by deflecting the illumination light in synchronization with a movement of the focal plane. The deflecting member has a configuration that allows the returning light to be transmitted through a first region and to reflect the illumination light in a second region different from the first region.
Abstract: A method using a surveying device 200 and a survey target device 300 includes: performing benchmark measurement including measuring an altitude of a benchmark that serves as a reference height of a batter board; performing stake top measurement including measuring an altitude of a stake top of a batter board stake installed; and performing beam top position display including calculating a difference in height from the stake top of the batter board stake to a beam top based on the reference height of a foundation stored in advance, the altitude of the benchmark, the altitude of the stake top of the batter board stake, and displaying the difference on a terminal device 100.
Abstract: A method uses a surveying system 1 including a surveying device 200 and a terminal device 100 communicative with the surveying device 200, and includes: acquiring an altitude of a benchmark serving as a reference height on a batter board; acquiring a first altitude difference between the benchmark and a current ground line; acquiring a second altitude difference between the current ground line and a beam top position on the batter board stake; acquiring an altitude of a stake top of a batter board stake installed, by measuring the altitude of the stake top; calculating a third altitude difference between the stake top of the batter board stake and the beam top position based on the altitude of the benchmark, the first and second altitude differences, and the altitude of the stake top; and displaying the third altitude difference on a screen unit of the terminal device.
Abstract: An ophthalmic information processing apparatus includes an acquisition unit and a disease estimation unit. The acquisition unit is configured to acquire a plurality of images with different cross-sectional orientations from each other of a subject’s eye. The disease estimation unit is configured to output estimation information for estimating whether or not the subject’s eye is a glaucoma eye from the images, using a plurality of learned models obtained by performing machine learning for each type of the images.
Abstract: An ophthalmic information processing apparatus includes a determiner and a detector. The determiner is configured to determine a presence or absence of a disc hemorrhage for a front image of a fundus of a subject's eye, using a disc hemorrhage determination model obtained by performing machine learning using a plurality of fundus images labeled with labels indicating the presence or absence of a disc hemorrhage as first teaching data. The detector is configured to detect a disc hemorrhage region depicted in the front image that is determined to have the disc hemorrhage, using a disc hemorrhage region detection model obtained by performing machine learning using a plurality of pairs of image groups as second teaching data, each pair having a front image of a fundus and a disc hemorrhage region image representing a disc hemorrhage region depicted in the front image.
Abstract: A technique for solving problems in laser scanning related to intense light that is reflected back from a reflector target is provided. A laser scanning control device for controlling laser scanning performed by a laser scanning apparatus includes a controller, a distance acquisition unit, and a light controller. The controller executes first laser scanning and second laser scanning. The first laser scanning is performed under conditions in which a detector of the laser scanning apparatus is saturated by light reflected back from each of reflection prisms. The second laser scanning is performed under conditions in which saturation of the detector of the laser scanning apparatus does not occur. The distance acquisition unit acquires distances to the reflection prisms based on the first laser scanning. The light controller adjusts intensity of light to be detected in the second laser scanning, based on the distances to the reflection prisms.
Abstract: Efficiency of a technique for performing laser scanning and photography simultaneously is improved. A laser scanning apparatus includes a horizontally rotatable horizontal rotation unit, a rotation controller, and a processor or circuitry. The horizontal rotation unit includes cameras and a vertical rotation unit that performs laser scanning in an upper-lower direction. The rotation controller controls rotation of the horizontal rotation unit. The processor or circuitry performs a process of not selecting some pieces of laser scanning data that is obtained by laser scanning in the upper-lower direction. Laser scanning and photography that uses the cameras are performed while the horizontal rotation unit is horizontally rotated. The rotation of the horizontal rotation unit is decelerated in performing photography. The processor or circuitry does not select some pieces of laser scanning data that are obtained by laser scanning in the upper-lower direction during the deceleration.
Abstract: An ophthalmologic apparatus includes: a head unit having an optical system capable of receiving light reflected from a subject's eye; a drive mechanism that movably holds the head unit; an alignment detection unit that detects a position of the subject's eye relative to the head unit; and a control unit that controls the drive mechanism. The drive mechanism includes at least two arms rotatably connected together, at least two first rotation support mechanisms and at least three second rotation support mechanisms which allow the head unit to move, and at least five driving units for driving the rotation support mechanisms. The control unit is capable of controlling the driving units using a measurement result of the alignment measuring unit to align the head unit and the subject's eye with each other.
Abstract: Laser scanning is performed along a transverse section of a tunnel while the amount of scanning is reduced as much as possible. A laser scanning apparatus includes a horizontal rotation unit, a vertical rotation unit disposed on the horizontal rotation unit, and an optical unit disposed on the vertical rotation unit and configured to emit and receive laser scanning light. A method includes obtaining laser scanning data of right and left wall surfaces of a tunnel, calculating a straight line that connects the right and left wall surfaces and that crosses a perpendicular line passing a position at which the laser scanning apparatus is set up, and calculating a direction orthogonal to the straight line in a horizontal plane, and performing laser scanning of a transverse section of the tunnel while the vertical rotation unit is rotated around a rotation axis in the calculated direction.
Abstract: An ophthalmic apparatus includes an objective lens, and an OCT optical system optical system is configured to project a measurement light onto a subject's left or right eye via an objective lens, and to detect interference light between returning light of the measurement light a reference light having traveled through a reference optical path. An optical axis switching member switches an optical axis of the OCT optical system to approximately coincide with a first or second measurement optical axis. A controller is configured to control the optical axis switching member. An intraocular parameter calculator calculates an intraocular parameter of the subject's left or right eye based on a detection result of the interference light acquired in a state where the optical axis of the OCT optical system is switched so that the optical axis of the OCT optical system approximately coincides with the first or second measurement optical axis.
Abstract: An ophthalmic apparatus includes an objective lens arranged to be passed through by first and second measurement optical axes that are positioned at a distance from each other. An OCT optical system performs OCT on a subject's left eye arranged on the first measurement optical axis or a subject's right eye arranged on the second measurement optical axis. An optical axis adjusting unit adjusts an optical axis of the OCT optical system under control of a controller so that the optical axis approximately coincides with any one of the first measurement optical axis and the second measurement optical axis. An intraocular parameter calculator calculates an intraocular parameter of the subject's left or right eye based on a detection result of interference light acquired in a state where the optical axis of the OCT optical system approximately coincides with the first or second measurement optical axis.
Abstract: A medical system of an aspect example includes a data acquiring unit and a data processor. The data acquiring unit is configured to acquire data from an eye fundus of a patient using at least one optical method. The data processor is configured to process the data acquired by the data acquiring unit in order to generate information on the circulatory system of the patient.
September 21, 2021
July 13, 2023
Topcon Corporation, National University Corporation Asahikawa Medical University
Kana MINAMIDE, Masahiro AKIBA, Jun SAKAI, Akitoshi YOSHIDA
Abstract: A medical system according to an aspect example includes a data acquiring unit and a data processor. The data acquiring unit is configured to acquire from a patient two or more types of data among blood oxygen saturation data, auscultatory sound data, ocular image data, and ocular blood flow data. The data processor is configured to process the two or more types of data acquired by the data acquiring unit to detect a conditional change in a circulatory system associated with an infectious disease.
Abstract: A method for determining thickness of layers of the tear film includes reconstructing a full- or hyper-spectral interference pattern from an imaged multi-spectral pattern. Tear film thickness can then be estimated from the full- or hyper-spectral interference pattern. Using a full- or hyper-spectral interference pattern provides a greater number of frequency sampling points for increased tear film thickness estimation accuracy, without traditional time consuming techniques.
April 22, 2020
Date of Patent:
June 27, 2023
Zaixing Mao, Zhenguo Wang, Bin Cao, Kinpui Chan
Abstract: An ophthalmologic apparatus includes an optical scanner, an interference optical system, an intraocular distance calculator, an image correcting unit, and a controller. The optical scanner is disposed at an optically substantially conjugate position with a first site of a subject's eye. The interference optical system is configured to split light from a light source into reference light and measurement light, to project the measurement light onto the subject's eye via the optical scanner, and to detect interference light between returning light of the light from the subject's eye and the reference light via the optical scanner. The image forming unit is configured to form a tomographic image of the subject's eye corresponding a first traveling direction of the measurement light deflected by the optical scanner, based on a detection result of the interference light.
Abstract: An inclination sensor that can accurately detect an inclination angle with respect to a horizontal direction while suppressing drift in output values from an acceleration sensor and a data acquisition device including the inclination sensor are described. The inclination sensor includes a gimbal mechanism that is rotatably supported around a first shaft and a second shaft, a first motor that rotates the first shaft, a second motor that rotates the second shaft, a first encoder that detects a rotation angle of the first shaft, a second encoder that detects a rotation angle of the second shaft, an acceleration sensor that is disposed in the gimbal mechanism, and a control unit that arithmetically determines the inclination angle with respect to the horizontal direction.
Abstract: A surveying instrument includes a distance measuring unit which irradiates an object with the distance measuring light and measures a distance to the object based on the reflected distance measuring light from the object, wherein the distance measuring unit includes a distance measuring light projecting module configured to project the distance measuring light and a distance measuring light receiving module configured to receive the reflected distance measuring light, the distance measuring light receiving module includes a dichroic prism and a light receiving module, and the dichroic prism is configured in such a manner that the reflected distance measuring light is internally reflected in the dichroic prism at least three times and then received by the light receiving module.
Abstract: An apparatus and method are provided that can identify an array direction of a measurement object formed in a linear shape and efficiently perform a localized measurement of the measurement object. A measurement apparatus includes a distance measuring unit, a deflecting unit which deflects a direction of emission of measurement light with respect to a reference optical axis and which is capable of performing scanning with the measurement light with respect to a prescribed center in a circumferential direction, and a calculation control unit which controls the distance measuring unit and the deflecting unit.