Patents Assigned to TransVascular, Inc.
  • Publication number: 20060241342
    Abstract: Catheter devices, systems and methods for penetrating from one location within a patient's body to another location. An elongate catheter is insertable into a natural or man-made lumen within the body of a patient. A penetrator is advanceable from the catheter to a target location outside of the lumen in which the catheter is positioned. An optical imaging or tissue characterization apparatus (e.g., an optical coherence tomography apparatus) is useable to image the anatomy and/or sense variables within tissue so as to locate the target location relative to indicia of the trajectory on which the penetrator will advance from the catheter. The operator may then adjust the position and/or rotational orientation of the catheter such that when the penetrator is subsequently advanced, the penetrator will enter the target location.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 12, 2004
    Publication date: October 26, 2006
    Applicant: MEDTRONIC TRANSVASCULAR, INC.
    Inventors: Patrick Macaulay, John Chang, Isaac Kim, Julia Vrany
  • Publication number: 20040158143
    Abstract: A tissue penetrating catheter that is usable to advance a tissue penetrator from within a blood vessel, through the wall of the blood vessel to a target location. The catheter includes at least one stabilizing device thereon for stabilizing catheter prior to advancing the tissue penetrator. The tissue penetrator may extend through a lumen in the body of the catheter and project transversely through an exit port. The stabilizing device may be located closely adjacent to the exit port, or may surround the exit port. The stabilizing device may be one or more balloons, or other mechanical structure that is expandable into contact with the inner luminal wall of the blood vessel. Desirably, the exit port is forced into contact with the blood vessel wall to shorten the distance that the tissue penetrator projects from the catheter body to the target location. The catheter is particular useful for forming blood flow tracts between blood vessels, in particular in coronary revascularization procedures.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 5, 2004
    Publication date: August 12, 2004
    Applicant: Transvascular Inc.
    Inventors: J. Christopher Flaherty, Joshua Makower
  • Publication number: 20040133225
    Abstract: Method and apparatus for utilizing the vascular system as a conduit to reach other vascular and extravascular locations within the body. Included are methods for revascularization wherein the extravascular passageways are formed to permit blood flow between vascular locations. Also included are methods for performing transvascular interstitial surgery (TVIS) wherein extravascular passageways are formed from a blood vessel to another vascular or non-vascular intracorporeal location. Also disclosed are devices usable for forming extravascular passageways in accordance with the invention, or for modifying, valving, maintaining or closing such passageways.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 14, 2003
    Publication date: July 8, 2004
    Applicant: TransVascular, Inc.
    Inventor: Joshua Makower
  • Publication number: 20040122318
    Abstract: A catheter device that is useable to penetrate from a blood vessel in which the catheter device is positioned to a target location comprises a flexible catheter advanceable into the first blood vessel, a tissue penetrator lumen adapted to receive an operative tissue penetrator which is usable to penetrate from the blood vessel to the target location when properly aimed. Further said catheter including an imaging transducer fixedly mounted on or within the catheter body to provide an imaging signal from which an image of the target location can be obtained. The catheter device may include an imageable marker on the catheter to form on the image obtainable from the imaging signal a penetrator path indication that indicates the path that will be followed by the tissue penetrator when the tissue penetrator exits from the catheter. Alternatively, or addition thereto, the imaging transducer may comprise a plurality of imaging elements which are located so that the penetrator path indication can be obtained.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 14, 2003
    Publication date: June 24, 2004
    Applicant: TransVascular, Inc.
    Inventors: J. Christopher Flaherty, Jason B. Whitt, John Y. Chang, David R. Tholfsen, Philip C. Evard, Joshua Makower
  • Patent number: 6746464
    Abstract: Method and apparatus for utilizing the vascular system as a conduit to reach other vascular and extravascular locations within the body. Included are methods for revascularization wherein the extravascular passageways are formed to permit blood flow between vascular locations. Also included are methods for performing transvascular interstitial surgery (TVIS) wherein extravascular passageways are formed from a blood vessel to another vascular or non-vascular intracorporeal location. Also disclosed are devices usable for forming extravascular passageways in accordance with the invention, or for modifying, valving, maintaining or closing such passageways.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 28, 1998
    Date of Patent: June 8, 2004
    Assignee: TransVascular, Inc.
    Inventor: Joshua Makower
  • Publication number: 20040088042
    Abstract: Implantable connector devices which are useable to maintain fluidic connection between, or approximation of, openings formed in adjacent natural or prosthetic anatomical conduits (or adjacent openings formed in a single anatomical conduits). These connector devices generally comprise a plurality of radially expandable annular members having one or more elongate strut members extending therebetween. Initially, the device is mountable on or within a delivery catheter while in a radially compact configuration. After the delivery catheter has been inserted into the body, the device is caused to transition to a radially expanded configuration whereby it becomed implanted within the body so as to maintain the desired fluidic connection between, or the desired approximation of, the anatomical conduit(s).
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 27, 2003
    Publication date: May 6, 2004
    Applicant: TransVascular, Inc.
    Inventors: Steven Kim, J. Christopher Flaherty, Jason Brian Whitt, Theodore C. Lamson, Joshua Makower
  • Patent number: 6726677
    Abstract: A tissue penetrating catheter that is usable to advance a tissue penetrator from within a blood vessel, through the wall of the blood vessel to a target location. The catheter includes at least one stabilizing device thereon for stabilizing catheter prior to advancing the tissue penetrator. The tissue penetrator may extend through a lumen in the body of the catheter and project transversely through an exit port. The stabilizing device may be located closely adjacent to the exit port, or may surround the exit port. The stabilizing device may be one or more balloons, or other mechanical structure that is expandable into contact with the inner luminal wall of the blood vessel. Desirably, the exit port is forced into contact with the blood vessel wall to shorten the distance that the tissue penetrator projects from the catheter body to the target location. The catheter is particular useful for forming blood flow tracts between blood vessels, in particular in coronary revascularization procedures.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 29, 2000
    Date of Patent: April 27, 2004
    Assignee: TransVascular, Inc.
    Inventors: J. Christopher Flaherty, Joshua Makower
  • Publication number: 20040073238
    Abstract: Devices, systems and methods for transvascular interstitial interventions, including transvascular, catheter based vascular bypass, transmyocardial revascularization, bypass grafting of blood vessels, and interstitial surgical/interventional procedures wherein a catheter is advanced translumenally through the vasculature to a desired location and an operative instrument is passed through the wall of a blood vessel and to a target location (e.g. another blood vessel, an organ, a tumor, another anatomical structure) such that one or more operative devices may be advanced to the target location to perform the desired operative or interventional procedure.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 29, 2003
    Publication date: April 15, 2004
    Applicant: TransVascular, Inc.
    Inventor: Joshua Makower
  • Patent number: 6709444
    Abstract: Methods for bypassing total or near-total obstructions in arteries or other anatomical conduits. A guidewire is advanced through the lumen of the artery or anatomical conduit upstream of the obstruction and past the obstruction. In navigating past the obstruction, this guidewire may advance through tissue that is located within the wall of the artery or anatomical conduit and/or through tissue that is located outside of the wall of the artery or anatomical conduit. After this guidewire has been advanced past the obstruction, a penetrating catheter that is equipped with an orientation element is advanced over that guidewire. The orientation element is then used to aim a penetrator back into the lumen of the obstructed artery or conduit, downstream of the obstruction. The penetrator is then advanced into the lumen of the obstructed artery or conduit, downstream of the obstruction, and a final guidewire is advanced through the penetrator and into the lumen of the artery or conduit downstream of the obstruction.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 17, 2001
    Date of Patent: March 23, 2004
    Assignee: TransVascular, Inc.
    Inventor: Joshua Makower
  • Patent number: 6685648
    Abstract: A method is provided for delivering a drug to a selected tissue region within a patient's body with a catheter having a deployable puncturing element, a drug delivery element and an orientation element on a distal portion thereof. The distal portion of the catheter is percutaneously introduced into a blood vessel, and directed endovascularly to a vessel location adjacent to the selected tissue region. The puncturing element is oriented towards the selected tissue region, and deployed to access the selected tissue region. A drug is delivered with the drug delivery element to the selected tissue region.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 3, 2001
    Date of Patent: February 3, 2004
    Assignee: Transvascular, Inc.
    Inventors: J. Christopher Flaherty, Joshua Makower, Philip C. Evard, Patrick E. MacAulay, Jason B. Whitt, Robert C. Colloton, K. Angela Macfarlane
  • Patent number: 6685716
    Abstract: The invention provides a wire guided aperture creating apparatus, an over-the-wire kit, and a method for creating a hole in adjacent portions of first and second anatomical conduits during a surgical procedure. The apparatus includes an elongated element having a guidewire lumen and an aperture creating assembly disposed near the distal end of the elongated element. In a further embodiment the device may include first and second elongated elements coupled via a coupler and an aperture creating assembly disposed between the elements. At least one of the elements includes a passage-defining element permitting passage therethrough of a first guidewire. In addition to the devices identified above, the kit includes a first guidewire for insertion into a lumen of the first vessel to an initial cutpoint and then through adjacent portions of sidewalls of the first and second vessels into a lumen of the second vessel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 4, 2000
    Date of Patent: February 3, 2004
    Assignee: Transvascular, Inc.
    Inventors: J. Christopher Flaherty, Philip C. Evard
  • Publication number: 20040015193
    Abstract: Methods and devices for implanting pacing electrodes or other apparatus, or for delivering substances, to the heart of other tissues within the body. A guided tissue penetrating catheter is inserted into a body lumen (e.g., blood vessel) or into a body cavity or space (e.g., the pericardial space) and a penetrator is advanced from the catheter to a target location. In some embodiments, a substance or an apparatus (such as an electrode) may be delivered through a lumen in the penetrator. In other embodiments, a guidewire may be advanced through the penetrator, the penetrating catheter may then be removed and an apparatus (e.g., electrode) may then be advanced over that guidewire. Also disclosed are various implantable electrodes and electrode anchoring apparatus.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 11, 2003
    Publication date: January 22, 2004
    Applicant: Transvascular, Inc.
    Inventors: Theodore C. Lamson, Joshua Makower, J. Christopher Flaherty
  • Patent number: 6669709
    Abstract: The present invention provides catheter apparatus and catheterization methodology for generating an arteriovenous fistula or a veno-venous fistula on-demand between closely associated blood vessels and at a chosen anatomic site in-vivo. The catheter apparatus is preferably employed in pairs, each catheter of the pair being suitable for percutaneous introduction into extension through a blood vessel. The catheterization methodology employs the catheter apparatus preferably in conjunction with conventional radiological techniques in order to place, verify, and confirm a proper alignment, orientation, and positioning for the catheters in-vivo prior to activating the perforation means for generating a fistula.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 21, 2001
    Date of Patent: December 30, 2003
    Assignee: TransVascular, Inc.
    Inventors: William E. Cohn, Ducksoo Kim
  • Publication number: 20030236542
    Abstract: Methods for bypassing total or near-total obstructions in arteries or other anatomical conduits. A guidewire is advanced through the lumen of the artery or anatomical conduit upstream of the obstruction and past the obstruction. In navigating past the obstruction, this guidewire may advance through tissue that is located within the wall of the artery or anatomical conduit and/or through tissue that is located outside of the wall of the artery or anatomical conduit. After this guidewire has been advanced past the obstruction, a penetrating catheter that is equipped with an orientation element is advanced over that guidewire. The orientation element is then used to aim a penetrator back into the lumen of the obstructed artery or conduit, downstream of the obstruction. The penetrator is then advanced into the lumen of the obstructed artery or conduit, downstream of the obstruction, and a final guidewire is advanced through the penetrator and into the lumen of the artery or conduit downstream of the obstruction.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 19, 2003
    Publication date: December 25, 2003
    Applicant: TransVascular, Inc.
    Inventor: Joshua Makower
  • Publication number: 20030229366
    Abstract: Implantable embolic devices for occluding the lumens of blood vessels and other anatomical conduits comprising a generally tubular, radially expandable frame and a flexible occluder member attached to the frame. The flexible occluder member may be of generally tubular form having a closed end and an open end. The open end is attached to the frame and the closed end serves to substantially block the flow of blood through the lumen of the anatomical conduit. In some embodiments a small or self-sealing opening is formed in the closed end of the flexible occluder member such that a guidewire, catheter or other device may pass through such opening during delivery of the device and/or at some later time following implantation of the device.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 17, 2003
    Publication date: December 11, 2003
    Applicant: TransVascular, Inc.
    Inventors: John A. Reggie, Joshua Makower, J. Christopher Flaherty
  • Patent number: 6660024
    Abstract: A catheter device that is useable to penetrate from a blood vessel in which the catheter device is positioned to a target location comprises a flexible catheter advanceable into the first blood vessel, a tissue penetrator lumen adapted to receive an operative tissue penetrator which is usable to penetrate from the blood vessel to the target location when properly aimed. Further said catheter including an imaging transducer fixedly mounted on or within the catheter body to provide an imaging signal from which an image of the target location can be obtained. The catheter device may include an imageable marker on the catheter to form on the image obtainable from the imaging signal a penetrator path indication that indicates the path that will be followed by the tissue penetrator when the tissue penetrator exits from the catheter. Alternatively, or addition thereto, the imaging transducer may comprise a plurality of imaging elements which are located so that the penetrator path indication can be obtained.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 26, 2001
    Date of Patent: December 9, 2003
    Assignee: TransVascular, Inc.
    Inventors: J. Christopher Flaherty, Jason B. Whitt, John Y. Chang, David R. Tholfsen, Philip C. Evard, Joshua Makower
  • Patent number: 6655386
    Abstract: Methods, devices, and systems for a) revascularization and/or b) performing other medical procedures at vascular or non-vascular intracorporeal locations within a mammalian body. The methods generally comprise the formation of at least one extravascular passageway from a blood vessel to a vascular or non-vascular target location. In the revascularization methods the extravascular passageway is utilized for blood flow. In the medical procedure methods the extravascular passageway is utilized as a conduit for accessing or performing procedures at the vascular or non-vascular target location. Also disclosed are catheter devices and systems which are useable to form the extravascular passageways of the invention, as well as apparatus for modifying, maintaining and/or closing such extravascular passageways.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 16, 2000
    Date of Patent: December 2, 2003
    Assignee: TransVascular, Inc.
    Inventors: Joshua Makower, J. Christopher Flaherty, Timothy R. Machold, Jason Brian Whitt, Philip Christopher Evard, Patrick Edward Macaulay, John Thomas Garibotto, Claude A. Vidal, Russell J. Redmond, Thomas Banks
  • Patent number: 6638293
    Abstract: This invention is methods and apparatus for occluding blood flow within a blood vessel (22). In a first series of embodiments, the present invention comprises a plurality of embolic devices (16) deployable through the lumen (12) of a conventional catheter (10) such that when deployed, said embolic devices (16) remain resident and occlude blood flow at a specific site within the lumen of the blood vessel (22). Such embolic devices (16) comprise either mechanical embolic devices that become embedded within or compress against the lumen of the vessel or chemical vaso occlusive agents that seal off blood flow at a given site. A second embodiment of the present invention comprises utilization of a vacuum/cauterizing device capable of sucking in the lumen of the vessel about the device to maintain the vessel in a closed condition where there is then applied a sufficient amount of energy to cause the tissue collapsed about the device to denature into a closure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 21, 1999
    Date of Patent: October 28, 2003
    Assignee: TransVascular, Inc.
    Inventors: Joshua Makower, J. Christopher Flaherty, Timothy R. Machold, Jason B. Whitt, Philip C. Evard, Patrick E. Macaulay, John T. Garibotto, Marc Jensen
  • Patent number: 6616675
    Abstract: Anastomotic connectors and apparatus for forming and/or maintaining connections between openings formed in anatomical structures, such as blood vessels. The apparatus is initially deployed in a first configuration which is sufficiently compact to be delivered through the lumen of a catheter or cannula. Thereafter, the device is expanded to a second configuration whereby it engages the anatomical structures and forms or maintains the desired connection between openings in the anatomical structures.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 17, 1999
    Date of Patent: September 9, 2003
    Assignee: Transvascular, Inc.
    Inventors: Philip C. Evard, Joshua Makower, J. C. Flaherty, Timothy R. Machold, Jason B. Whitt, Patrick E. Macaulay, John T. Garibotto, Alex T. Roth
  • Patent number: 6613081
    Abstract: A plastically deformable stent for implantation within a body passage includes a plurality of cylindrical segments, and a plurality of connectors extending between adjacent segments. Each segment has an alternating pattern of curvilinear elements extending about its circumference, including first and second sets of curvilinear elements having different resistances to expansion, and preferably defining “U” shapes with alternating lengths that are connected to one another to define a substantially sinusoidal pattern. The connectors define a sinusoidal shape adapted to extend and compress axially substantially evenly when the adjacent segments are subjected to bending. The stent may be delivered on a device including an elongate member with a nose cone, an expandable member, and a proximal shoulder thereon, and an outer sheath for slidably receiving the elongate member therein. The outer sheath and/or nose cone may have perfusion holes for allowing continued perfusion of fluid during stent delivery.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 20, 2001
    Date of Patent: September 2, 2003
    Assignee: Transvascular, Inc.
    Inventors: Steven W. Kim, Joshua Makower, J. Christopher Flaherty