Abstract: Methods and compositions are provided herein for non-invasive administration of an adenoviral vector (Ad-vector) vaccine with an adjuvant, such as a TLR3 agonist. These methods provide, for example, an increase in the immune response to the vaccine, an increase in the immunogenicity of the Ad-vector vaccine, an antigen sparing effect and improved safety with an effective protective immune response to the vaccine.
Abstract: The present invention shows that intranasal administration of E1/E3-defective adenovirus particles may confer rapid and broad protection against viral and bacterial pathogens in a variety of disease settings. Protective responses lasted for many weeks in a single-dose regimen in animal models. When a pathogen-derived antigen gene was inserted into the E1/E3-defective adenovirus genome, the antigen-induced protective immunity against the specific pathogen was elicited before the adenovirus-mediated protective response declined away, thus conferring rapid, prolonged, and seamless protection against pathogens. In addition to E1/E3-defective adenovirus, other bioengineered non-replicating vectors encoding pathogen-derived antigens may also be developed into a new generation of rapid and prolonged immunologic-therapeutic (RAPIT).