Abstract: A method and apparatus for producing coil springs formed of wire and with elets formed at the ends thereof are disclosed. The apparatus includes a machine for winding spring bodies detachably affixed to apparatus for transferring them from the winding machine to first and second successive eyelet forming stations wherein, at the first forming station, an eyelet is formed at one end of the spring body and, at the second forming station, an eyelet is formed at the other end of the spring body. The spring bodies are divided into transport groups and supply groups arranged side-by-side on upwardly and downwardly inclined ramps, respectively, with their longitudinal axes parallel and at right angles to the transfer direction. Delivery devices are provided between the downwardly inclined, gravity feed supply ramps and the upwardly inclined transport ramps for the stepwise delivery of spring bodies to the eyelet forming stations.
Abstract: A chain welding machine has a first cam-operated linkage for rapidly moving psetting dies into and away from the ends of a link to be welded and a second hydromechanical linkage for applying upsetting force to the ends of the link. The upsetting force is controlled by hydraulic pressure which is regulated as a function of time by a cam-controlled pressure-limiting valve.
Abstract: A device for positioning the individual links of a length of chain having nks to be welded is disclosed. The device is used in connection with a chain welding machine wherein a length of chain is advanced step-by-step upwardly over a vertex defined by a saddle at which a welding station is located and then downwardly. The saddle is advantageously formed of a generally cylindrical, horizontally extending bolt affixed to the machine and which has a flattened top portion to which each chain link to be welded is advanced then erected for welding. Alternate links arrive at the flattened top of the bolt with the planes of successive links arranged at inclinations of 45.degree. to either side of a vertical plane containing the axis of the length of chain under the influence of the shape of the saddle and gravity.
Abstract: This disclosure relates to a chain welding machine for the electric resisce pressure butt welding of a length of chain having interlinked chain links pre-bent into a C-shape. The machine comprises a pair of oppositely movable upsetting tools for engaging the opposite rounded ends of a chain link to be welded. A drive train is provided for each upsetting tool and one of the drive trains includes as an element thereof a single acting hydraulic cylinder. A hydraulic system for activating the cylinder includes a hydraulic pump connected via a feed line with the cylinder through a control valve, pressure regulating valve and check valve. The check valve is arranged to block flow of hydraulic fluid from the cylinder during a portion of the upsetting stroke of the machine and is unblocked by the control valve after termination of a welding cycle.
Abstract: A chain welding machine for the electrical resistance butt-welding of subntially C-shaped chain links is disclosed wherein two pair of electrodes are arranged symmetrically in relation to a median plane of the machine frame. Each pair of electrodes is supported on a pair of double-armed levers arranged for opposite rotation about a horizontal axis. Each electrode pair is adapted to grip, in plier-like fashion, one of the two ends of the chain link to be welded. Each lever pair is rotatably mounted to a trunnion which is, in turn, resiliently mounted in a bushing in the machine frame for absorbing any radial and/or axial loads imposed on the electrodes by misaligned or oversized chain links to be welded.
Abstract: Method of and apparatus for electrically butt-welding high-strength chains. Previously bent and interengaged chain links are passed through a chain welding machine, each chain link in succession being alternately rotated about its axis and erected to a vertical position for engagement by upsetting members and welding electrodes.