Abstract: A wear resistant dual layer papermaking fabric, of stable construction, having a fiber support surface and a machine contact surface. The fabric comprises first picks of weft yarn woven with warp yarns to form weft yarn floats of equal length arranged diagonally over the support surface in a twill pattern. Second picks of weft yarn are woven with the warp yarns to form weft yarns floats of equal length arranged diagonally across the contact surface in a twill pattern. The weave pattern provides that the warp yarns inter-engage with the first and second picks in a balanced weave pattern which maintains the floats parallel.
Abstract: An endless dryer fabric having a paper fiber support surface and a machine contact surface arranged about drying drums within a drying machine. The support surface is adopted to allow air to pass there through while carrying paper forming fibers through the drying machine during drying. The fabric consists of a plurality of elliptically shaped coil monofilaments arranged side by side in intermeshing relationship with elongated pintles extending through the intermeshed portions of the coils forming the fabric continuous. An elongated stuffer filament having a cross-section selected from a rhomboid parallelogram, a rhombus parallelogram and a pointed ellipse is positioned to extend diagonally through central portions of each of said coils leaving diagonally opposed equal sized open areas within each coil.
Abstract: A forming fabric for use in papermaking machines having a paper support surface and a machine contact surface. The support surface comprises first weft yarns interwoven in a weaving pattern with warp yarns to form a weft dominated surface having alternating weft floats of first and second lengths. These floats are formed by the first weft yarns passing over different numbers of adjacent warp yarns in each pick of the weft across the weave pattern. The contact surface is woven with the second weft yarns weaving with the warp yarns in a weave pattern which also forms a weft dominated surface. The second weft yarns are passed under a greater number of adjacent warp yarns in each pick across the weave pattern than the first weft yarns are passed over forming the contact surface with very long weft floats.
Abstract: A multi-layer papermaking fabric for use in a papermaking machine. The multi-layer fabric includes an upper fabric layer having a paper fiber support surface which is formed of first warp yarns interlaced with first weft yarns with at least one of these being knit yarns. Also, the lower fabric layer is formed of second warp yarns interlaced with second weft yarns. The construction of the knit yarns forms a series of loops which extend longitudinally and transversely of their longitudinal axis. These loops form the support surface with increased cover and provide for more uniform drainage of the paper forming fibers.
Abstract: A papermaking fabric for use with papermaker machines having a system of shaped monofilament machine direction, yarns hereinafter MD yarns, which are woven in stacked, vertical alignment throughout the body of the fabric. Preferably, each upper MD yarn defines floats on the upper surface of the fabric and is vertically stacked with respect to the lower MD yarns. The upper and lower MD yarns may be of the same type and size or they may differ in size, shape, and composition.
Abstract: A wet-laid paper having an outer surface configured to be pleasing to the eye and further having improved bulk, softness, and width wise stretch ratio without loss of tensile strength. The paper is characterized spaced diagonally arranged continuous zones or rows of compressed fibers extending across the width of the paper. These compressed zones or rows are separated with diagonally arranged arrays of uncompressed pillow like zones of uncompressed fibers which are at least partially encircled with picket like lineaments of compressed fibers. The invention includes the process of making the paper.
Abstract: A method of controlling a web of paper forming slurry stationary on a dryer fabric during drying in the drying section of a papermaking machine comprising:forming the dryer fabric of synthetic yarns to be continuous;positioning the dryer fabric about drying drums of the paper drying machine;providing the dryer fabric with an adhesive or tacky support surface and delivering the web onto the adhesive support surface for passage through the dryer section;gripping or securing the web with the adhesive support surface into a relatively fixed and stationary position on the dryer fabric as it is passed about the drums and through the drying section of the paper making machine; andremoving the web from the dryer section.
Abstract: A dryer fabric for use with drying drums in a dryer section of a paper forming machine wherein a plurality of transversely extending filament yarns interconnect a plurality of transversely extending filament yarns to form the dryer fabric as a continuous loop. The dryer fabric is formed with a plurality of silicone strips along its edge portions to prevent wear due to abrasion and heat, the silicone rubber encapsulates end portions and edge ones of the yarns forming beads along the outer surfaces of the dryer fabric which separate the yarns from direct contact with the drums. The dryer fabric is capable of operating at temperatures of between 350.degree. to 500.degree. F. in a paper forming machine without accelerated degradation.
Abstract: An imprinting through air multi-layer drying fabric for use with a papermaking machine comprising a plurality of MD (machine direction) yarns forming a continuous loop and a plurality of CMD (cross machine direction yarns) interlacing with said MD yarns and extending in the width direction. The fabric is formed to have a support surface and a machine surface with the machine surface comprising a plurality of load bearing MD yarns arranged side-by-side across the width of the fabric, and interlaced in a first pattern with the CMD yarns to provide an even knuckle distribution over the first layer. The support surface is formed of second plurality of non-load bearing MD yarns arranged side-by-side interlaced with the CMD yarns in s second pattern producing raised MD yarn floats arranged in a staggered arrangement in the MD direction to produce a desired pattern.
Abstract: A thin dual layer papermaking fabric having an upper layer of weft yarns and a lower layer of weft yarns weaving with a single layer of warp yarns. The upper weft yarns and warp yarns form a paper fiber support surface while the lower weft yarns and the warp yarns form a machine contact surface. The support surface is comprised of a plurality of equal length weft yarn floats arranged in a zig-zag pattern along the length of the fabric and no warp yarn floats. This construction provides a smooth substantially monoplane support surface.
Abstract: A wear resistant dual layer papermaking fabric having an upper paper fiber support surface and a lower machine contact surface. The support surface comprises a first plurality of weft yarns interwoven with warp yarns in a balanced twill weave pattern. The machine surface comprises a second plurality of weft yarns interwoven with the warp yarns in a second balanced twill weave pattern. The machine surface includes weft floats which pass beneath at least twelve consecutive of the warp yarns and are bound at opposite ends by binding points in which the weft yarn passes above at least two and below one consecutive of the warp yarns throughout the weave pattern. The weave pattern produces a weft yarn dominated paper support surface having a balanced twill weave pattern of weft floats which provide uniform drainage and minimal paper marking and a weft yarn dominated machine contact surface having a different balanced twill weave pattern of extended weft yarn floats which provides extended wear resistance.
Abstract: A dryer fabric for use with a dryer section of a paper forming machine wherein a plurality of transversely extending pintles interconnect a plurality of transversely extending coils to form the dryer fabric as a continuous loop. The dryer fabric is stabilized and its edge portions are protected from wear by a U.V. silicone rubber which encapsulates end portions of the pintles and coils and forms a bead along outer surfaces of the dryer fabric. The dryer fabric is capable of operating at temperatures of between 350.degree. to 500.degree. F. in a paper forming machine without accelerated degradation.
Abstract: An apparatus and method for measuring the de-watering performance of a forming section of a papermaking machine is disclosed which includes a laser instrument assembly having first and second laser displacement meters laterally spaced and supported above an upper run of a paper forming fabric. A head box deposits paper stock consisting of a water/fiber mixture on top of the upper run. An adjustable carrier stand supports the laser instrument assembly above the upper run of the forming fabric. The first laser displacement meter is disposed in a first position above the forming fabric so that a laser beam of the first laser meter is reflected off of the paper stock which is deposited on top of the forming fabric. The second laser displacement meter is disposed in a second position above said forming fabric so that a laser beam of the second laser displacement meter is reflected off of a bare edge of the forming fabric.
July 29, 1994
Date of Patent:
February 20, 1996
Wangner Systems Corporation
Volker Ostermayer, Thomas B. Fleischer, Gilles F. Duquette
Abstract: A papermaking fabric woven to have a support surface which is defined by co-planar support surface crossovers of filaments in both the machine direction and cross machine direction and also to have sub-top surface crossovers of filaments which are distributed in a predetermined pattern throughout the support surface of the fabric. The specific weave pattern along with the use of different sized and specifically arranged yarns create staggered arrays of continuous trough like cavities and arrays of sequentially arranged individual cavities or pockets. The arrays of troughs and pockets extend diagonally of the fabric in alternating fashion across its width. The fabric is particularly useful for producing soft absorbent paper having low density, good strength, and reduced rigidity.
Abstract: A method of weaving on a loom a multilayer paper forming fabric in an eight warp repeating pattern. The weaving is controlled to produce uniform drainage channels throughout the forming fabric. The paper forming fabric is formed to have a weft yarn dominant paper support surface and a weft yarn dominant running surface. The loom includes a reed which has a plurality of reed teeth which form dents. A single layer of side-by-side warp yarns are arranged through the dents of the reed so that each warp yarn engages with at least one reed tooth. A weft yarn of a first layer of weft yarns is woven with the warp yarn to form the weft dominant paper support and a weft yarn of a second layer of weft yarns is woven with the warp yarn to form the weft dominant running surface.
Abstract: A forming fabric woven of synthetic continuous warp and weft filaments which is adopted for use with a papermaking machine. The forming fabric is formed with a support surface and a running surface with the running surface having abrasion resistant areas arranged along its length adjacent each of its edges. The abrasion resistant areas comprise abrasion resistant polyurethane impregnated to penetrate and bond with and about the warp and weft filament throughout the thickness of the forming fabric. The polyurethane forms protrusions on at least the running surface of the forming fabric.
Abstract: The invention is directed to a multi-layer papermaking fabric, preferably a forming fabric having superior stability characteristics along with uniform drainage characteristics. The fabric is formed with a single system of warp yarns evenly distributed over its width and interwoven with weft yarns arranged in a multi-layer stacked pattern. The weft yarns are arranged to consist of support surface layer weft yarns, running layer weft yarns and intermediate layer weft yarns.
Abstract: A fabric for use with a paper forming machine comprising a set of MD blended synthetic monofilaments having a first diameter and which are in a five shed Atlas weave pattern with the MD monofilaments passing over four and under one of the CD monofilaments to form a MD monofilament dominant first surface and a CM monofilament dominant second surface. The upper surface of the MD monofilaments are arranged on the first surface to extend along a common plan which is above a plane formed by the uppermost surfaces of the CM monofilaments by an amount equal to at least 5 percent of the diameter of the MD monofilaments. Also, a lower surface of the CM monofilaments is arranged on the second surface to extend along a common plane which is below a plane formed by the lower most surfaces of the MD monofilaments by an amount equal to at least 5 percent of the diameter of the MD monofilaments.
Abstract: A papermaking fabric and method therefor is disclosed which may be used as a support fabric or a carrier fabric for paper material on a papermaking machine. The fabric, designated generally as (A) includes a first layer (B) of warp yarns (32, 34, 36, and 38) extending in a machine direction. A second layer (C) of warp yarns (42, 44, 46 and 48) is included in the fabric vertically spaced from the first layer. The warp yarns of the first and second layer form stacked pairs (52, 54, 56, and 58) which reinforce the fabric in a machine direction to enhance its stability. At the same time, the stacked pairs may be spaced apart in a cross-machine direction sufficiently to provide a desired degree of openness and fabric permeability. Fabric openness in the range of thirty percent or more of the total fabric area can be had in accordance with the fabric of the present invention without sacrificing the structural stability.
Abstract: A woven fabric for use on paper machines having a support surface and a running surface. The fabric comprises a first set of filaments disposed in generally parallel relationship and in a machine direction, a second set of filaments disposed generally in parallel relationship in a cross machine direction and transversely of said first set of filaments. These sets of filaments are interwoven with each other so as to be serpentinely configurated to provide a first grouping of machine direction filaments having coplanar support surface crossovers and a second grouping of sub-support surface crossovers. The cross machine direction filaments are arranged to have coplanar support surface crossovers which are also recessed below said machine direction first crossover grouping by an equal depth which is between 5% and 50% of the diameter of the machine direction filaments.