Patents Assigned to WesternGeco L.L.C.
  • Patent number: 10502850
    Abstract: Processing measurements to create “reflectivity” data at a datum for a target using Joint Point-Spread Functions. The “reflectivity” data can be an image or an extended image. The methods can create single reflectivity data from measurements from multiple experiments, or multiple processed datasets via different processing routes from measurements from a single experiment, or measurements from a single experiment with multiple simultaneous sources.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 26, 2013
    Date of Patent: December 10, 2019
    Assignee: WESTERNGECO L.L.C.
    Inventors: Ivan Pires De Vasconcelos, James E. Rickett
  • Patent number: 10481297
    Abstract: A method of determining a migration pathway of a subterranean fluid through a geological volume is provided. The starting object is located within the geological volume. The starting object defines an initial fluid boundary. Data points are distributed through the geological volume. The data points are associated with values of one or more geological attributes. The method includes the steps of: defining an expression which determines a change in position of the fluid boundary at the data points over an iteration based on the values of the one or more attributes; and applying the expression at the data points for successive iterations to evolve the fluid boundary over the successive iterations. The migration pathway of the subterranean fluid through the geological volume can then be determined from the evolution of the fluid boundary.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 28, 2013
    Date of Patent: November 19, 2019
    Assignee: WESTERNGECO L.L.C.
    Inventors: Oda Roaldsdotter Ravndal, Jarle Haukås, Bjørn Harald Fotland, Lars Sønneland
  • Patent number: 10451753
    Abstract: The present disclosure is directed to a MEMS-based rotation sensor for use in seismic data acquisition and sensor units having same. The MEMS-based rotation sensor includes a substrate, an anchor disposed on the substrate and a proof mass coupled to the anchor via a plurality of flexural springs. The proof mass has a first electrode coupled to and extending therefrom. A second electrode is fixed to the substrate, and one of the first and second electrodes is configured to receive an actuation signal, and another of the first and second electrodes is configured to generate an electrical signal having an amplitude corresponding with a degree of angular movement of the first electrode relative to the second electrode. The MEMS-based rotation sensor further includes closed loop circuitry configured to receive the electrical signal and provide the actuation signal. Related methods for using the MEMS-based rotation sensor in seismic data acquisition are also described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 16, 2017
    Date of Patent: October 22, 2019
    Assignee: WESTERNGECO L.L.C.
    Inventors: Maxime Projetti, Olivier Vancauwenberghe, Nicolas Goujon, Hans Paulson
  • Patent number: 10451755
    Abstract: Processing data representing a wavefield propagating through a medium by defining, based on one or more properties of a region of the medium and of the wavefield therein, a desired timestep and a desired spatial step for a discrete operator. Discrete seed operators having an initial timestep and an initial spatial step less than the desired timestep and the desired spatial step are then defined, and these seed operators are compounded to obtain an operator having a greater timestep and upscaled to obtain an operator having a greater spatial step. The compounding and upscaling are repeated until an operator having the desired timestep and the desired spatial step is obtained. The operator having the desired timestep and the desired spatial step may be applied to the data representing the wavefield propagating through a medium to propagate the data backwards in time to recreate the wavefield at earlier times.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 31, 2013
    Date of Patent: October 22, 2019
    Assignee: WESTERNGECO L.L.C.
    Inventor: Colin Thomson
  • Patent number: 10429530
    Abstract: Methods and apparatuses for processing marine seismic data with a process of combined deghosting and sparse ?-p transformation. The process is formulated as an optimization problem. The optimization problem has an objective function that is a weighted sum of two norms: one norm is an Lp norm of the differences between the modeled data and acquired survey wherein the modeled data are derived from a model and a set of adaptive filters; the other norm is an Lq norm of the model; and the optimization variables and solutions are the coefficients of the model and coefficients of the adaptive filters.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 29, 2014
    Date of Patent: October 1, 2019
    Assignee: WESTERNGECO L.L.C.
    Inventors: James E. Rickett, Dirk-Jan van Manen
  • Patent number: 10422898
    Abstract: Described herein are implementations of various technologies for a method for seismic data processing. The method may receive seismic data for a region of interest. The seismic data may be acquired in a seismic survey. The method may receive a summation that is based on a particle motion velocity component of a seismic wavefield in the vertical direction and the pressure component of the seismic wavefield. The method may predict an upgoing pressure component of the seismic wavefield for the region of interest. The method may compare the predicted upgoing pressure component to the received seismic data that corresponds to the received summation. The method may update the predicted upgoing pressure component based on the comparison. The method may use the updated upgoing pressure component in hydrocarbon exploration or production for the region of interest.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 26, 2015
    Date of Patent: September 24, 2019
    Assignee: WESTERNGECO L.L.C.
    Inventor: Ralf Ferber
  • Patent number: 10422906
    Abstract: Systems, methods, and media for modeling and filtering noise in seismic surveys are disclosed. Methods, systems, and computer program products in accordance with the present disclosure perform operations including obtaining seismic information of a region resulting from a source waveform applied to the region. The operations also include obtaining an estimate of visco-elastic properties of a near-surface of the region. The operations further include determining an estimate of propagation of guided waves in the region based on the estimate of visco-elastic properties of a near-surface of the region. Additionally, the operations include determining a model of the guided waves in the near-surface of the region using the estimate of propagation of the guided waves and an estimate of the source waveform. Moreover the operations include determining a filtered output of the seismic information by removing the model of the guided waves from the seismic information.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 2, 2015
    Date of Patent: September 24, 2019
    Assignee: WESTERNGECO L.L.C.
    Inventor: Daniele Boiero
  • Patent number: 10408954
    Abstract: The present application relates to a seismic sensor coupling device and method. Translational data in a first direction is measured by particle motion sensors contained in an elongated housing of a sensor device provided at an earth surface. The particle motion sensors are spaced apart along a second, different direction along a longitudinal axis of the elongated housing. Rotation data around a third direction is computed based at least in part on computing a gradient of the translational data with respect to the second direction. Coupling of the sensor to the earth and features related thereto are addressed in the present application.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 16, 2015
    Date of Patent: September 10, 2019
    Assignee: WESTERNGECO L.L.C.
    Inventor: Pascal Edme
  • Patent number: 10401516
    Abstract: Computing systems, computer-readable media, and methods for seismic processing. The method includes receiving seismic data including acquired seismic waveforms that were acquired from a seismic receiver and represent a subterranean area, generating synthetic waveforms based on an initial model of the subterranean area, determining a model error by minimizing a local travel time shift error between one or more of the acquired seismic waveforms and one or more of the synthetic waveforms, and adjusting the initial model based on the model error to generate an adjusted model.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 23, 2015
    Date of Patent: September 3, 2019
    Assignee: WESTERNGECO L.L.C.
    Inventors: Kun Jiao, Dong Sun, Xin Cheng, Denes Vigh
  • Patent number: 10353100
    Abstract: A technique includes receiving first data acquired by at least a particle motion gradient sensor or a rotation sensor of a streamer that is subject to vibration due to towing of the streamer; and receiving second data acquired by at least one particle motion sensor of the streamer and being indicative of particle motion and vibration noise. The technique includes processing the second data in a processor-based machine to, based at least in part on the first data, attenuate the vibration noise indicated by the second data to generate third data indicative of the particle motion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 21, 2013
    Date of Patent: July 16, 2019
    Assignee: WESTERNGECO L.L.C.
    Inventors: Nicolas Goujon, Johan O. A. Robertsson, Ahmet Kemal Ozdemir
  • Patent number: 10353098
    Abstract: A technique includes spatially filtering a signal that is derived from a seismic acquisition. The filtering is associated with a filter length, and the filtering includes varying the filter length with frequency. The filtering may be used in connection with adaptive noise attenuation, which is applied to decomposed subbands. Furthermore, the filtering may be applied during the reconstruction of the signal from the subbands.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 19, 2014
    Date of Patent: July 16, 2019
    Assignee: WESTERNGECO L.L.C.
    Inventors: James Edward Martin, Ahmet Kemal Özdemir, Bent Andreas Kjellesvig, Ali Ozbek
  • Patent number: 10343844
    Abstract: To store sensor devices in a sensor storage system, the sensor devices are hanged on hangers in the sensor storage system. The sensor devices are transported through stations of the sensor storage system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 25, 2015
    Date of Patent: July 9, 2019
    Assignee: WESTERNGECO L.L.C.
    Inventor: Pascal Guillaume Edme
  • Patent number: 10345473
    Abstract: A system having an unmanned marine vessel and a multi-dimensional seismic sensor array coupled to the unmanned marine vessel. The multi-dimensional seismic sensor array is configured to acquire seismic survey data and calculate pressure gradients in multiple directions. The frame includes members that are configured to rotatably pivot with respect to each other in moveable x-shaped crossing configurations.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 7, 2015
    Date of Patent: July 9, 2019
    Assignee: WESTERNGECO L.L.C.
    Inventor: Roger G. Hine
  • Patent number: 10345461
    Abstract: A technique includes towing at least one seismic source in connection with a survey of a structure; and operating the seismic source(s) to fire shots, where each shot is associated with a frequency sweep. The technique includes varying phases of the frequency sweeps from shot to shot according to a predetermined phase sequence to allow noise in an energy sensed by seismic sensors to be attenuated.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 28, 2017
    Date of Patent: July 9, 2019
    Assignee: WESTERNGECO L.L.C.
    Inventors: David Fraser Halliday, Robert Montgomery Laws
  • Patent number: 10295688
    Abstract: A method for removing internal multiples from collected data, such as seismic data. The method includes predicting internal multiples for each horizon in a plurality of horizons that created the internal multiples. The internal multiples may be predicted from the seismic data in one pass. After predicting the internal multiples, the method includes creating a separate model of internal multiples for each horizon based on the predicted internal multiples for each horizon. The method then iteratively subtracts each separate model of internal multiples for each horizon from the seismic data.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 23, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 21, 2019
    Assignee: WESTERNGECO L.L.C.
    Inventors: Adriana Citlali Ramirez-Perez, Alan G. Teague, Milton A. Walz, Zhiming Wu
  • Patent number: 10288754
    Abstract: A method for removing seismic noise from an input seismic trace. The method may receive the input seismic trace. The method may receive one or more noise references for the input seismic trace. The method may receive one or more filters corresponding to the noise references. The method may apply a nonlinear function to the input seismic trace and to the one or more noise references to produce respective output signals for the input seismic trace and for the one or more noise references. The nonlinear function may be capable of determining higher-order statistics. The method may update the filters based on increasing one or more information attributes of the output signals to a predetermined threshold. The method may then filter noise corresponding to the noise references.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 29, 2013
    Date of Patent: May 14, 2019
    Assignee: WESTERNGECO L.L.C.
    Inventors: Kuang-Hung Liu, William H. Dragoset, Jr.
  • Patent number: 10288751
    Abstract: A technique includes receiving seismic data acquired by an array of seismic sensors during a towed marine survey of a subsurface and performing migration velocity analysis to determine a background velocity model of the subsurface based at least in part on particle motion derived from the seismic data.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 8, 2009
    Date of Patent: May 14, 2019
    Assignee: WESTERNGECO L.L.C.
    Inventors: Phil Kitchenside, Dave Nichols, Susanne Rentsch, Gabriele Busanello
  • Patent number: 10281602
    Abstract: A system and method for acquiring seismic streamer data is provided. Embodiments may include performing a marine seismic survey using an unmanned marine vessel having a power source configured to drive and provide propulsion to the unmanned marine vessel. Embodiments may further include acquiring one or more of long and ultra-long seismic survey data using a multi-dimensional seismic sensor array coupled with the unmanned marine vessel and providing the seismic survey data as a reduced data set that includes long and ultra long offsets.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 18, 2015
    Date of Patent: May 7, 2019
    Assignee: WESTERNGECO L.L.C.
    Inventors: Nicolae Moldoveanu, Denes Vigh, Surrinder Kapoor, Sudhir Pai
  • Patent number: 10281605
    Abstract: Various technologies described herein are directed to a method that includes deploying a plurality of wave gliders in a seismic survey area, where the plurality of wave gliders has one or more seismic sensors coupled thereto for acquiring seismic data. The method may also include deploying at least one source vessel in the seismic survey area, where the at least one source vessel has one or more sources coupled thereto and a central communication unit disposed thereon. The method may then include positioning the plurality of wave gliders according to an initial navigation plan. The method may further include monitoring a relative position of a respective wave glider in the plurality of wave gliders with respect to other wave gliders in the plurality of wave gliders and with respect to the at least one source vessel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 22, 2016
    Date of Patent: May 7, 2019
    Assignee: WESTERNGECO L.L.C.
    Inventors: Everhard Muyzert, Kenneth E. Welker
  • Patent number: 10274621
    Abstract: Seismic surveying techniques are described in which seismic receivers in a seismic array are used as seismic sources. These receiver-sources may be used to determine the near-surface structures of the Earth, geometric properties of the survey array, receiver locations and operations of the survey array. The receiver-sources may be driven by drive sequences to produce amplified receiver-source signals, plane waves, surface waves converging towards a point inside the seismic array, surface waves sweeping through the seismic array and/or the like. The receiver-sources may comprise geophones, hydrophones, accelerometers and/or the like. A driver may be used to drive the receiver-sources and the driver may be controlled by a processor. By encoding drive sequences, seismic data generated by the receiver-sources may be separated from seismic data generated by another seismic source in the seismic array.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 26, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 30, 2019
    Assignee: WESTERNGECO L.L.C.
    Inventors: David Fraser Halliday, Julian Edward Kragh, Pascal Edme, David Neser, Martin Howlid