Abstract: A solid bowl screw centrifuge includes a centrifuging chamber and a rotatable drum having a horizontal axis of rotation. The rotatable drum surrounds the centrifuging chamber. Also included is a rotatable screw arranged in the rotatable drum, at least one solids discharge, at least one liquid discharge duct and a peeling disk via which liquids are discharged through the liquid discharge duct. Further included is a blocking chamber connected to an output side of the peeling disk.
May 27, 2003
Date of Patent:
June 6, 2006
Westfalia Separator AG
Wilhelm Ostkamp, Franz Kramer, Wolf-Dietrich Herberg
Abstract: A skimmer device (100) for discharging liquid from a centrifuge drum (10) comprising a vertically arranged skimmer disk pipe (20) and a skimmer disk (30) which is arranged inside the centrifuge drum and provided with at least one inlet duct. The inlet duct extends from the periphery (31) of the skimmer disk (30) and leads into at least one shaft duct (22) which extends at least partially along the skimmer disk pipe. The inlet duct and the shaft duct (22) form a discharge duct which has at least one throttle point (25, 27) where the cross-sectional area of the discharge is reduced. The inlet duct is divided by at least one duct division element (33.1, 33.2) into at least two partial inlet ducts (32.1 . . . 32.3) which are arranged on top of each other and which lead into the shaft duct (22). Each partial inlet duct (32.1 . . . 32.3) is provided with at least one partial inlet duct throttle element (34.1 . . . 34.3) at said throttle point.
Abstract: The invention relates to a method for controlling machines (20), especially decanters and separators, according to which operational states (30 36), such as current consumption, temperature, conveying speeds, etc. are detected on the machine and are compiled and stored in a computer (5). The data is subsequently transmitted to a second computer (10) in order to be able to analyze this data. The analysis involves the comparison of the actual state with a set state in order to, in the case of a deviation located outside of the tolerance zone, generate an error message that is then automatically output by the second computer (10) to a peripheral unit and/or to additional computers. To this end, an adaptive multi-layer mathematical model of the machine and of the process is generated. According to the invention, an information system for operating a machine (20) is also provided with which the control method can be executed.
Abstract: The present disclosure relates to a rotary-cutting disk for a centrifuge. The rotary-cutting disk includes a disk-shaped base section adjoined by a tube-shaped section. Also included is at least one draining duct for a liquid phase in the base section, the draining duct extending at an acute angle from an inlet at an outer circumference of the base section and in a flow direction of a liquid phase. The at least one draining duct includes walls extending from the inlet to an outlet. At least one of the walls of the draining duct is at least partially or in sections contoured in a wave shape.
Abstract: A centrifuge that includes a centrifugal drum having a solids collecting chamber arranged below a bottom of the centrifugal drum. Also included is an oscillation measuring device for recording oscillations of the centrifugal drum. Further included is a medium situated in the solids collecting chamber. Also included is at least one feeler element that protrudes beyond the bottom of, and is connected to the centrifugal drum. When the medium level rises in the solids collecting chamber, the at least one feeler element is contacted by the medium before the medium contacts the centrifugal drum. The contact results in uncritical oscillations that are analyzed by the oscillation measuring device.
Abstract: A separator comprising a centrifugal drum driven by a centric spindle mounted with at least one axial bearing on a machine frame and a barrier chamber for hydrohermetic sealing an oil layer inside the barrier chamber. The barrier chamber has an immersion plate therein and is disposed in the axial region between the at least one bearing and the centrifugal drum around the spindle.
Abstract: The invention relates to a centrifugal separator (100) comprising a centrifugal frame (40), a rotatable, vertically arranged, drive spindle (100) provided with a drum (12), and a motor (90) having a vertical rotor axis (91). The spindle (10) is rotatably mounted in a bearing pot (20) and is mounted in a manner that permits it to three-dimensionally move about a pivot (G) in relation to the centrifugal frame (40). The housing of the motor (90) is rigidly fixed to the centrifugal frame (40), with the rotor axis (91) of the motor (90) aligned with the longitudinal axis (11) of the drive spindle (10) when at rest. The motor rotor is connected to the spindle (10) at a coupling point (K) via a flexible coupling element (70). The spindle (10) is mounted in the bearing pot (20) at at least two interspaced bearing points (22, 24) by means of antifriction bearings. The bearing pot (20) is joined to the centrifugal frame (40) via elastic bearing elements (50).
Abstract: A method for pretreating crude oils and fats for subsequent alkaline transesterification with primary and/or secondary alcohols. The raw oil or fat loaded with slimy substances is treated with a mixture used at 0.15 wt. % in relation to the oil or fat comprising an alcohol and concentrated acid, and preferably is subsequently rinsed with an alkaline glycerol phase arising from an alkaline transesterification reaction of the above-mentioned type. After the rinsing process, the glycerol phase which is loaded with slimy substances and soaps of free fatty acids is separated as a heavy phase of neutral oil liberated from free fatty acids.
Abstract: A screw for a solid-bowl screw-type centrifuge, comprising: a screw body having a circumference, a cylindrical section and a conical section; at least one screw blade surrounding the screw body several times and forming several screw spirals; a delivery path for conveying material to be centrifuged formed between the screw spirals; blade segments arranged in the delivery path between adjacent screw spirals only in a portion of the cylindrical section; and recesses in the at least one screw blade, the recesses constructed only in a portion of the cylindrical section and constructed such that the material to be centrifuged can flow through between adjacent screw spirals. A method for extracting oil in a two- and three-phase separation process using the screw of the present invention.
Abstract: The present invention relates to a centrifuge that includes an inlet tube, a distributor, a centrifugal drum, a centrifugal chamber, a sieve and a solids collecting space. The present invention also relates to a method for cleaning the centrifuge including the step sieve opening the solids collecting space so that liquid from a liquid discharge space return flows through the sieve back into the solids discharge space, detaching one or more of solids and contaminants from the sieve and, discharging one or more of the solids and contaminants from the solids discharge space.
Abstract: A centrifuge that includes a centrifugal drum having a drum part, a centrifuge chamber bottom, a drum cover, solid matter discharge openings in a jacket area of a drum bottom part, and a piston valve axially movably disposed in the drum bottom part. The piston valve is held in a closed position by springs supported at the drum bottom part. The piston valve is movable by a control medium introduced into an opening chamber between the piston valve and the centrifuge chamber bottom. The control medium can overcome the springs and open the solid matter discharge openings. The springs are made from an unalloyed spring steel and are substantially encapsulated by sleeves made of corrosion resistant material. The sleeves project on one side into the piston valve and, on the other side, into bores of a bottom area of the drum bottom part.
Abstract: A driving system for a separator having a centrifugal drum with a vertical axis of rotation. The driving system includes a vertically aligned driving spindle-configured to accommodate a centrifugal drum. The driving spindle is arranged by a neck bearing and a footstep bearing in an opening of a drive housing. The neck bearing is supported in an axially rigid and radially resilient manner on the machine housing. The neck bearing is constructed as an angular ball bearing and supports the centrifugal-drum on a spherical-shaped supporting surface of the machine housing.
Abstract: A centrifugal drum for a separator having a vertical axis of rotation, including a drum bottom part and a drum cover fastened to the drum bottom part by a locking ring. Also included is a centering ring arranged between the drum bottom part and the drum cover such that while the centering ring is being pretensioned, it sealingly and centeringly braces the drum bottom part and the drum cover relative to one another.
Abstract: The present invention relates to a centrifuge including a centrifugal drum, a supply pipe, a distributor, a displacement sleeve valve having an opening chamber and a closing chamber, a supply duct, a control gas feed in the distributor and a closing spring biasing the sleeve valve towards a closed condition during a pressure buildup in the opening chamber. The present invention also relates to a method of operating the centrifuge using a control gas to operate the sleeve valve and cleaning of control fluid paths by guiding a flushing fluid or flushing gas through the control fluid paths.
November 5, 2001
Date of Patent:
November 18, 2003
Westfalia Separator AG
Wilfried Mackel, Willi Niemerg, Thomas Kleimann
Abstract: The invention relates to a centrifuge comprising the following: a centrifugal drum, and at least one, preferably two, stripping disc(s) for conducting liquid out of the centrifugal drum. The at least one stripping disc comprises at least one conducting channel which opens into a conducting chamber, whereby at least one restriction point is preferably provided between the conducting channel and the conducting chamber allocated thereto. A rotatable flow restrictor is assigned to said restriction point and, according to the respective position of rotation thereof, opens a more or less large cross-section of the at least one restriction point.
Abstract: A centrifuge, comprising: a centrifuge basket for separating a fed substance to be centrifuged into different constituents; a receptacle surrounding a portion of the basket; a bag insertable into the receptacle, the bag having an exterior wall and an interior for catching at least a portion of the constituents delivered by the centrifuge basket; a space surrounding the bag; and wherein the interior of the bag near an axis of rotation of the centrifuge basket is connected by a hose with the space surrounding the bag. A method of operating the centrifuge including the steps of mounting the receptacle, feeding the substance to be centrifuged, rotating the centrifuge basket and catching solids in the bag while separating the solids and liquid.
April 5, 2001
Date of Patent:
March 11, 2003
Westfalia Separator AG
Wilfried Mackel, Werner Kohlstette, Thomas Kleimann, Willi Niemerg
Abstract: The aim of the invention is to provide a method for the skimming of whey, resulting in better whey cream fat quality and allowing for automatic regulation of the concentration of whey cream. Raw whey is fed into a skimming separator and broken down into a skimmed whey phase and a whey cream phase. Whey cream is discharged through a discharge line and a part thereof corresponding to 0.5-2% of the volumetric flow of the raw whey that is fed into the skimming separator is returned to the feed line of the skimming separator by means of a recirculating device. A density transmitter can be arranged in the recirculating device so that density measurements can be carried out. The density values are transmitted to an evaluation device, enabling regulation of a control valve which is placed in the whey cream discharge line.
Abstract: The invention is a method and apparatus for adjusting a liquid content of a liquid and solid mixture withdrawn from a self-discharging centrifugal drum of a separator. The method includes the steps of: feeding a solid and liquid mixture into the separator; rotating the drum; separating the liquid and solid mixture during the rotation; bringing the separator to a halt; aspirating the liquid remaining in the interior of the centrifugal drum until a quantity remains which corresponds to a required consistency of a solid; and emptying the centrifugal drum of the solid with the required consistency from the centrifugal drum at a suitable rotational speed. The apparatus is a separator including: a self-discharging centrifugal drum; withdrawal openings; a solid space and a separating space; a feeding tube; a shutoff element; and a piston-type slide valve. A connection piece for the connection of a suction device is arranged below the shut-off element.
Abstract: The invention relates to a centrifuge and to a method for operating the centrifuge. The centrifuge comprises a centrifugal drum, an inflow tube leading into the centrifugal drum for feeding a centrifugal material into the centrifugal drum, and a valve mechanism, which can be acted upon by control fluid, for cooling the centrifugal drum. The control fluid is cooled such that it acts as a cooling medium.