Abstract: An engine includes a variable compression-ratio mechanism adapted to change a compression ratio of an engine and a supercharger adapted to supply a compressed air to the engine. An engine control device that controls the engine controls the variable compression-ratio mechanism by setting target compression ratio such that the higher responsiveness of a supercharging pressure rise by the supercharger is, the lower the target compression ratio is.
Abstract: Projection row (2) and recess row (3) are alternately and successively formed in a direction (Y-direction) perpendicular to a direction (X-direction) of their rows, thereby forming a corrugated cross-sectional shape of a cross-sectional wave shape. Between projection row (2) and recess row (3), there is provided inclined wall surface (4) having a wave shape in plan view. Each of projection row (2) and recess row (3) has a shape in a cross-section along X-direction that is formed into a corrugated cross-sectional shape of a wave shape. Pitch and height difference between valley portion (5) and crest portion (6) in the corrugated cross-sectional shape along this X-direction are smaller, as compared with a relationship between projection row (2) and recess row (3) in the corrugated cross-sectional shape along Y-direction.
May 24, 2016
January 10, 2019
NISSAN MOTOR CO., LTD., NICHIAS Corporation, APJ CORPORATION
Abstract: A fuel cell in a fuel cell stack is provided with a gas seal projection and a coolant seal projection projecting from at least one of two separators toward a membrane electrode assembly. The gas seal projection and the coolant seal projection are provided with recesses serving as coolant passages on the side opposite to the membrane electrode assembly. At least one of the gas seal projection and the coolant seal projection is provided with a resistance portion for suppressing a flow of a coolant out of a power generation portion cooling portion.
Abstract: A fuel cap detection system includes a charcoal canister, a notification system, and an electronic controller. The charcoal canister is connected to a fuel tank of a vehicle, the charcoal canister includes a vent valve. The notification system is configured to notify a user when a fuel cap is incorrectly positioned. The electronic controller is configured to perform a leak detection test on the fuel tank by activating the vent valve in the charcoal canister to determine whether the fuel cap is positioned incorrectly, and determine an intent of the user to reposition the fuel cap while the notification system notifies the user that the fuel cap is incorrectly positioned.
Abstract: A first sensor measures temperature at a first evaporator that cools a first zone. A second sensor measures temperature at a second evaporator that cools a second zone. A controller operates a compressor in a normal cooling mode or a single zone cooling mode. In the normal cooling mode, both the first zone and the second zone are cooled with the compressor operated by the controller in response to temperature measurements from one or both of the first sensor and the second sensor. In the single zone cooling mode, only the second zone is cooled with the compressor controlled by the controller in response to temperature measurements from the second sensor and the controller determining that the first evaporator has a low probability of accumulating frozen moisture on surfaces thereof, and in response to determining a high probability of accumulating frozen moisture on surfaces thereof the compressor is not operated.
Abstract: A meter cluster includes a meter trim assembly and a combination meter. The meter trim assembly includes a meter cluster lid, a meter ring with a groove, and a seal portion having a connecting portion disposed within the groove to couple the seal portion to the meter ring. The combination meter has a transparent display cover disposed relative to the meter ring so as to form a gap between the meter ring and the transparent display cover. The seal portion is arranged to block transmission of light from a first portion of the meter cluster to a second portion of the meter cluster.
Abstract: In a non-EGR region that is a light load operating region, an EGR control valve (21) is opened at a predetermined infinitesimal opening degree M that corresponds to such infinitesimal EGR ratio as not to affect an ignition timing. With this control, since an EGR passage (20) is basically in a state in which the EGR passage (20) is filled with EGR gas, when an operating condition is changed from the non-EGR region to an EGR region and the EGR control valve (21) is opened so as to gain a target EGR ratio, a desired quantity of the EGR gas is introduced into an intake passage (2) substantially at the same time as the opening of the EGR control valve (21). An actual EGR ratio can thus follow the target EGR ratio with a good response.
Abstract: A vehicle control device disengages a clutch provided between an engine and a driving wheel at a brake-off and an accelerator-off during traveling of the vehicle, and stops the engine and carries out inertia traveling. The vehicle control device starts the engine by the push-start by engaging the clutch and by transmitting the power of the driving wheel to the engine, if it is determined that a brake pedal has been depressed during the inertia traveling.
Abstract: A tube extends through an attachment section and defines a vapor passageway. A housing is supported to the attachment section for movement between several positions relative to the attachment section. The housing defines a float chamber below the tube. A valve seat portion is located within the float chamber and has an engagement part, a sleeve part and a seat surface. The engagement part is connected to the housing. The sleeve part telescopically engages the tube and is movable along the tube with the housing. The valve seat portion defines a central bore open to the vapor passageway and the seat surface. The float moves within the float chamber. When to fluid enters the float chamber the float floats up against the seat surface closing off the central bore and the vapor passageway. In the absence of fluid the float moves downward exposing the seat surface.
Abstract: A vehicle rear door control system includes a vehicle rear door, a keyfob sensor array, a movement detection sensor, a projector and an electronic controller. The keyfob sensor array is configured to detect proximity of an individual with an authorized keyfob. The movement detection sensor installed to the vehicle below the rear door. The projector installed proximate the rear door and aimed to project images to a ground surface rearward of the vehicle proximate the rear door. The electronic controller controls opening operation of the rear door in response to detection of the authorized keyfob and detection of a conforming gesture detected by the movement detection sensor. The electronic controller is further configured to operate the projector to project a position image to the ground surface alerting the individual to stand rearward of a portion of the positioning image during opening of the rear door.
Abstract: In a fuel cell system, a preceding-stage fuel cell and a following-stage fuel cell are connected via a fuel flow path. The fuel cell system includes a reformer that supplies reformed gas to the preceding-stage fuel cell; an acquisition unit that acquires the amount of heat generation and the amount of heat absorption of the preceding-stage fuel cell; and a control unit that controls at least one of the amount of current of the preceding-stage fuel cell, the flow rate of air to be supplied to the reformer, and the temperature of the preceding-stage fuel cell if the amount of heat absorption acquired by the acquisition unit is larger than the amount of heat generation acquired by the acquisition unit.
Abstract: Disclosed herein are bonded structures and methods of forming the same. One embodiment of a bonded structure comprises first and second metallic layers and a bonding interface between the first and second metallic layers formed by diffusion and comprising a layer of at least one intermetallic compound. The intermetallic compound layer is formed in an area 52% or greater of an area of the bonding interface and has a thickness of 0.5 to 3.2 ?m.
Abstract: A control device of an internal combustion engine includes an estimating means adapted to estimate an amount of a mixture of fuel and oil dispersing according to a movement of a piston within a cylinder; and a limiting means adapted to limit an upper limit torque (UT) of an internal combustion engine according to the estimated amount of the mixture.
Abstract: A rear door control system includes an electronic controller connected to a rear door movement device, a keyfob sensor array, a movement detection sensor, and a projector. The electronic controller determines whether or not a movement gesture made by the individual standing within a prescribed location relative to the rear door is a conforming gesture, and in response to determining that the movement gesture is a conforming gesture, the electronic controller operates the rear door movement device to open the rear door in further response to a determination that the authorized keyfob is present. As well, in response to determining that the movement gesture is not a conforming gesture, the electronic controller operates the projector to project an image indicating that the movement gesture is not a conforming gesture, leaving the rear door in the closed orientation.
Abstract: An actual gear ratio change amount (?Gr) is calculated by subtracting a pre-shift gear ratio (Gb) from an actual gear ratio (Gr). A gear ratio (G) is calculated by multiplying the actual gear ratio change amount (?Gr) by a predetermined coefficient (C) and adding the product value to the pre-shift gear ratio (Gb). When the shift is an upshift, the gear ratio (G) is compared with aa target gear shift ratio (Ga), and the greater value is set as a virtual gear ratio (Gv). When the shift is a downshift, then the gear ratio (G) is compared with the target gear ratio (Ga) and the smaller value is set as the virtual gear ratio (Gv). A virtual input shaft rotational speed (Nv) is calculated by first dividing the actual gear ratio (Gr) by the virtual gear ratio (Gv) to obtain a quotient and by dividing the actual input shift rotational speed (Nr) by that quotient.
Abstract: A first lamp assembly has a first attachment surface, a first transparent surface, a first side surface extending from the first transparent surface to the first attachment surface, and a first lighting member positioned to emit light through a portion of the first side surface. A second lamp assembly has a second attachment surface, a second transparent surface opposite the second attachment surface and a second side surface extending from the second transparent surface to the second attachment surface. The second side surface has a first projection extending therefrom that defines a first light deflecting surface such that when the second side surface and the first side surface are adjacent to one another with the light deflecting surface and first lighting member being aligned, the first light deflecting surface reflects and disperses light in a first area between the first lamp assembly and the second lamp assembly.
Abstract: Electrodes having at least one current correcting layer between the current collector and the separator drive electron flow in a direction perpendicular to the X-Y plane. Such an electrode includes a current collector, a first active material layer coated on the current collector, a first current correcting layer on the first active material layer opposite the current collector and a second active material layer on the first current correcting layer opposite the first active material layer. The first current correcting layer is a highly conductive, porous material that is not electrochemically active, the first current correcting layer being uniformly formed along an X-Y plane of the electrode.
Abstract: Provided is a bipolar battery current collector that includes a conductive resin layer formed in such a manner as to, when at least part of the conductive resin layer reaches a predetermined temperature, interrupts a flow of electric current through the at least part of the conductive resin layer in a vertical direction thereof. Also provided is a bipolar battery using the current collector. It is possible by the use of the current collector to suppress local heat generation in the bipolar battery and improve the durability of the bipolar battery.
Abstract: A fuel cell system including a fuel cell that receives a supply of an anode gas and a cathode gas and generates power is provided. The fuel cell system includes a water content calculation unit configured to calculate a water content of the fuel cell, an internal impedance calculation unit configured to calculate an internal impedance of the fuel cell, and a starting temperature calculation unit configured to calculate a fuel cell temperature at a start of the system, based on the water content of the fuel cell as of a last time the system was stopped, and the internal impedance of the fuel cell at the start of the system.
Abstract: A drying method includes a step of heating an object to be dried provided in a drying chamber to a predetermined temperature, a step of maintaining the predetermined temperature, a step of increasing an air pressure inside the drying chamber to a predetermined air pressure that is higher than an atmospheric pressure, and a step of decreasing the air pressure inside the drying chamber to be lower than the predetermined air pressure.
Abstract: An electricity converter for controlling an output of the fuel cell, a battery for storing electricity of the fuel cell, and a load device that operates by electricity of at least one of the fuel cell or the battery are included. Further provided is a controller that calculates current chargeable electricity of the battery, load device electricity currently consumed by the load device and current generable electricity of the fuel cell, and decreases the output of the fuel cell by the electricity converter when the generable electricity is equal-to or more-than a combined value of the chargeable electricity and the load device electricity.
Abstract: A control method for a fuel cell system with a gas supplying device configured to supply fuel gas and oxidant gas to a fuel cell, includes a power generating operation step of performing a power generating operation for causing the fuel cell to generate power by controlling the fuel gas and the oxidant gas to be supplied to the fuel cell on the basis of a load required of the fuel cell. Further, the control method includes an autonomous operation step of performing an autonomous operation of the fuel cell when the load drops to or below a predetermined value. In the autonomous operation, power supply from the fuel cell system to the load is stopped and the fuel gas is passed to an anode of the fuel cell.
Abstract: A drain valve including: a support portion having a first end and a second end, the first end having a width that is narrower than a width of the second end; a connecting portion extending from the support portion proximate the first end, the connecting portion comprising a tip disposed at a proximal end of the connecting portion, the tip being configured to engage a drain defined by a panel; and a contoured flap extending from a hinge disposed proximate the first end from a flat lateral surface of the support portion, the contoured flap having a profile corresponding to profile of the portion of the panel and having a durometer value that: allows the contoured flap to pivot on the hinge to allow flow from the drain; and in response to a negative pressure within the drain, allows the contoured flap to prevent flow through the drain.
Abstract: Improved methods are disclosed for shutting down and storing a fuel cell system, particularly for below freezing temperature conditions. The methods comprise stopping power production from the fuel cell stack, monitoring the amount of energy remaining in an energy supply, monitoring the stack temperature, and repeatedly performing a predetermined warming operation if the stack temperature falls to a normal threshold temperature and if the amount of energy remaining exceeds a certain minimum amount. In the improved methods, when the amount of remaining energy is less than or equal to the minimum amount, a final warming operation is performed that differs from the predetermined warming operation.
September 7, 2016
Date of Patent:
January 1, 2019
Daimler AG, Ford Motor Company, Nissan Motor Co., Ltd.
Michael Procter, Yosuke Fukuyama, Richard Fellows, Takeshi Shiomi
Abstract: A power conditioning system that includes a fuel cell to be connected to a load, a fuel cell converter connected between the fuel cell and the load, the fuel cell converter converting an output voltage of the fuel cell at a predetermined required voltage ratio, a battery connected in parallel with the fuel cell with respect to the load, the battery serving as a power supply source different from the fuel cell, a battery converter connected between the battery and the load, the battery converter converting an output voltage of the battery at a predetermined required voltage ratio. The power conditioning system includes a converter direct coupling unit configured to directly couple an input side and an output side of the fuel cell converter during startup of the power conditioning system and a fuel cell output voltage increasing unit configured to increase the output voltage of the fuel cell to a predetermined voltage by supplying oxidant gas during startup of the fuel cell.
Abstract: A system for announcing a predicted remaining amount of energy includes: an obtaining unit configured to obtain traveling state information which contains current vehicle position information; a searching unit configured to search a predicted passage point through which the vehicle is predicted to pass in a future on a basis of the traveling state information; an predicting unit configured to predict a predicted remaining amount of energy, the predicted remaining amount of energy being a predicted amount of traveling energy remaining at the time when the vehicle passes the predicted passage point; and an announcing unit configured to announce information about the predicted remaining amount of energy and the predicted passage point corresponding to the predicted remaining amount of energy to a user.
Abstract: A fuel cell system comprising: a fuel cell; a combustor configured to combust a fuel and an oxidizing gas to supply a combustion gas to a cathode inlet of the fuel cell; a combustion fuel supply device configured to supply a fuel to the combustor; a combustion oxidizing gas supply device configured to supply an oxidizing gas to the combustor; an anode-discharged-gas discharge passage configured to discharge an anode discharged gas from an anode outlet of the fuel cell; a cathode-discharged-gas discharge passage configured to discharge a cathode discharged gas from a cathode outlet of the fuel cell; and a controller configured to control a supply of the fuel to the combustor by the combustion fuel supply device and a supply of the oxidizing gas to the combustor by the combustion oxidizing gas supply device, wherein the controller includes a post-stop-request combustor-supply control unit configured to execute the supply of the fuel and the supply of the oxidizing gas to the combustor after a request for sto
Abstract: A control method for a fuel cell system including a solid oxide fuel cell, an anode gas and a cathode gas being supplied to the fuel cell, the fuel cell performing electric generation corresponding to a load, the fuel cell system controlling gas supply to the fuel cell and the electric generation. The control method including: an electric generating operation step of controlling flow rates of the anode gas and the cathode gas that flow into the fuel cell depending on a magnitude of the load; and a self-sustained operation step of causing the fuel cell to perform self-sustained operation when the load is equal to or less than a predetermined value. The self-sustained operation step includes a gas supply step of supplying the anode gas with a predetermined flow rate and the cathode gas with a predetermined flow rate to the fuel cell.
Abstract: A self-position estimation device includes: a target position detection unit mounted in a vehicle and configured to detect a relative position of a target present around the vehicle and the vehicle; a target position accumulation unit configured to move the detected relative position by a movement amount of the vehicle and to accumulate it as target position data; a curve start position estimation unit configured to estimate a curve start position of a travel path on which the vehicle travels; and a self-position estimation unit configured to perform comparison in which at least the target position data present around the vehicle and the target position data present between a current position of the vehicle and the estimated curve start position, of the accumulated target position data, is compared with the target position information included in the map information to estimate a self-position which is the current position of the vehicle.
Abstract: A control device for an automatic transmission includes: a transmission gear ratio control section configured to control the transmission gear ratio so that a rotation speed of the output element rapidly becomes closer to a rotation speed of the internal combustion engine, a first engagement control section configured to perform a first engagement control to be brought to the full engagement state after the rotation of the internal combustion engine is increased in the slip engagement state while a torque transmission capacity of the lockup clutch is increased when the lockup clutch is switched through the slip engagement state to the full engagement state by an ON operation of an accelerator of the vehicle, the transmission gear ratio control being prohibited during the first engagement control by the first engagement control section.
Abstract: A fuel cell system supplies a fuel and an oxidant and outputs a generated power from the fuel cell to a secondary battery. In a method for controlling the fuel cell system, a charged amount of the secondary battery is acquired, when the charged amount of the secondary battery becomes equal to or less than a prescribed value, the fuel cell is started up from a state that the fuel cell stops power generation, or the generated power of the fuel cell is increased. In the method for controlling, a remaining amount of the fuel which can be supplied to the fuel cell is acquired and when the remaining amount of the fuel becomes small, the prescribed value is set to a smaller value as compared with when the remaining amount of the fuel is large.
Abstract: A fuel cell equipped vehicle system in which an external power supply is coupled to an electric power supply line, the electric power supply line being coupled to a fuel cell, an electric power being input/output to/from a vehicular battery through the electric power supply line, the fuel cell equipped vehicle system performing an insulation test of the electric power supply line before charging the vehicular battery, the fuel cell equipped vehicle system including an insulation test unit configured to perform the insulation test of the electric power supply line; a switch that couples and cuts off between the fuel cell and the electric power supply line; and a control unit configured to control a coupling and a cutoff to/from the electric power supply line of the vehicular battery and control the switch, wherein the control unit is configured to cut off the vehicular battery from the electric power supply line and control the switch to cut off the fuel cell from the electric power supply line, and then drive
Abstract: A solid oxide fuel cell system includes a solid oxide fuel cell, a combustor disposed in a cathode gas supply line of the fuel cell, a fuel supply unit configured to supply a fuel to the combustor, and a cathode gas supply unit configured to supply a cathode gas to the cathode gas supply line. The system further includes a stop control unit configured to perform a stop control of the fuel cell, which includes a control that sets a cathode gas supply amount from the cathode gas supply unit to a predetermined amount and a control that supplies the fuel from the fuel supply unit in a supply amount corresponding to the cathode gas supply amount.
Abstract: A diagnosis method for diagnosing a state of a motor includes an application step in which a voltage is applied to the motor on the basis of a non-rotating voltage signal that causes a rotation speed of the motor to become 0, and a measurement step in which a current supplied to the motor, to which the voltage has been applied, is measured. The diagnosis method includes a calculation step in which an electrical characteristic of the motor is calculated on the basis of the current of the motor measured by the measurement step, and a determination step in which an abnormality of the motor is determined on the basis of the electrical characteristic of the motor calculated by the calculation step and a parameter related to the non-rotating voltage signal.
Abstract: The integrated controller determines whether or not, regardless of execution of the WSC control, a rotation speed of the motor generator falls to less than an idle rotation speed and also whether or not differential rotation of the second clutch becomes less than a predetermined value, and determines that, if the determination is positive, a continuous MAX pressure failure has occurred in the second clutch.
Abstract: A driving assistance system has a driving information acquisition unit that acquires any of an amount of operations by a driver, a vehicle behavior, a state of the driver, and information regarding the environment surrounding a vehicle as driving information, a vehicle location information acquisition unit that acquires vehicle location information, a statistical information generation unit that generates statistical information by statistically processing the driving information as a time-series pattern, an information associating unit that associates the statistical information with the vehicle location information at the time of the acquisition of the driving information, an information reference unit that references and reads the statistical information based on the location information acquired by the vehicle location information acquisition unit, a driving assistance unit that performs driving assistance based on the statistical information read by the information reference unit, and a communication uni
July 16, 2013
Date of Patent:
December 25, 2018
NISSAN MOTOR CO., LTD., The University of Tokyo
Akihiro Matsushita, Takashi Sunda, Yoshihiko Nakamura, Wataru Takano, Jun Hashimoto
Abstract: A hybrid vehicle control device for controlling a hybrid vehicle with an engine and an electric motor as drive sources of the vehicle includes a high-load road travel determination unit configured to determine whether or not the vehicle is traveling on a high running resistance road surface on which a predetermined vehicle acceleration is unobtainable only by an output of the engine, and a motor output setting unit configured to set an output of the electric motor. If the vehicle is determined to be traveling on the high running resistance road surface by the high-load road travel determination unit, the motor output setting unit limits the output of the electric motor when a vehicle speed reaches a predetermined vehicle speed.
Abstract: A structure for arranging a heat-generating electric component in an automobile has a heat-generating electric component, and a duct extending from an air conditioning unit. The heat-generating electric component and the duct are disposed between a seat and a floor surface of the automobile. An air outlet hole is formed in the heat-generating electric component, through which air on an inside of the heat-generating electric component is discharged to cool the inside. An exit of the duct is disposed near the air outlet hole of the heat-generating electric component.
Abstract: A parking space detection method detects a parking space in an empty state from a captured image acquired by a camera configured to capture an image of a parking lot. The method includes detecting a parked vehicle existing in a parking space on the far side from the subject vehicle and adjacent to a determination target parking space for which the empty state is determined and measuring a lateral length of the parked vehicle on a surface located at the side of the determination target parking space. When the lateral length is a predetermined value or more, the determination target parking space is detected as a parking space in the empty state.
Abstract: A fuel cell system includes: a wetness target value calculating unit configured to calculate a target value of a wet state of the fuel cell; a gas required flow rate calculating unit configured to calculate a cathode gas required flow rate on the basis of a power generation request to the fuel cell; a wetness-control anode gas flow rate calculating unit configured to calculate a wetness-control anode gas circulation flow rate at least on the basis of the wetness target value and the cathode gas required flow rate during a dry control; an anode gas flow rate control unit configured to control an anode gas circulation flow rate on the basis of the wetness-control anode gas circulation flow rate; a wetness-control cathode gas flow rate calculating unit configured to calculate a wetness-control cathode gas flow rate at least on the basis of the wetness target value and a measured value or estimated value of the anode gas circulation flow rate during the dry control; and a cathode gas flow rate control unit config
Abstract: An air battery includes: a cell frame of an insulating material having a bottomed frame shape in which an electrolytic solution and an anode are stored; a cathode that is disposed opposite the anode across the electrolytic solution stored in the cell frame; and a current collecting member that is electrically connected to the anode, wherein the anode and the current collecting member are electrically connected to each other via a plurality of electrically conducting members that penetrate a bottom of the cell frame.
Abstract: A starting control device is provided for an electrically driven vehicle having an electric motor and an internal combustion engine as drive sources and a transmission shifts and transmits an output of the electric motor to a drive wheel. The starting control device is configured to suppress an abrupt increase in the rotation of the electric motor at the time of an EV start of the vehicle from a released state of a starting dog clutch. In the electrically driven vehicle, an EV start is carried out by transmitting the output of the first motor/generator (MG1) to the drive wheel via a starting dog clutch that is meshingly engaged. The output of the first motor/generator is limited until the starting dog clutch comes into a meshed state in which the transmission transmits drive power at the time of start from a released state of the starting dog clutch.
June 1, 2015
Date of Patent:
December 25, 2018
Nissan Motor Co., Ltd.
Atsushi Tsukizaki, Masato Koga, Hiroyuki Fukuda, Ryohey Toyota
Abstract: A traffic light recognition device includes: an imaging attitude setting unit configured to set an imaging direction of the camera on the basis of a position on the image of the traffic light and of a moving direction in the future on the image of the traffic light; a camera attitude controller configured to change the imaging direction of the camera to an imaging direction set by an imaging direction setting unit; and a traffic light recognition unit configured to recognize the traffic light from an image captured in the imaging direction by the camera. The traffic light recognition device is capable of accurately detecting the lighting state of a traffic light without being affected by the attitude of a camera.
Abstract: A method for controlling a fuel cell system is a method for controlling a fuel cell system including a solid oxide fuel cell which generates a power upon receiving supplies of an anode gas and a cathode gas. The method for controlling the fuel cell system includes; as a stop control of the fuel cell, stopping a supply of the anode gas while continuing a supply of the cathode gas to the fuel cell, and shutting off a discharge side of an anode of the fuel cell; and carrying out an additional control to supply the anode gas to the fuel cell during the stop control and/or an additional control to decrease the flow rate of the cathode gas during the stop control.
Abstract: A fuel cell system including a fuel cell; a first combustor coupled to a discharged air side of the fuel cell; a heating device that heats the first combustor; and a warming-up control unit that performs a warming-up control of the fuel cell after warming up the first combustor by the heating device.
Abstract: A transition metal oxide containing solid-solution lithium that realizes high initial discharge capacity and capacity retention is represented by the compositional formula: Li1.5[NiaMbMnc[Li]d]O3, wherein M represents at least one kind of element selected from the group consisting of silicon, phosphorus and metal elements (excluding Ni, Mn and Li), a, b, c and d satisfy specific relationships, and n is the valence of M. The oxide has a layered structure site and a site which changes to a spinel structure by performing a charge or a charge-discharge in a predetermined electric potential range, and a spinel structure change ratio k in a range of 0.25?k<1.0 when the spinel structure change ratio is assumed to be 1 in a case where Li2MnO3 of the layered structure in the transition metal oxide containing solid-solution lithium completely changes to LiMn2O4 of the spinel structure.
Abstract: A cutting edge configuration of a cutting tool for performing a cutting process on a surface (21) of a workpiece (19), the cutting tool including a rake face (3) provided with first and second cutting edges (11, 13), the cutting tool being moved relative to the surface-to-be-cut (21) with the first and second cutting edges (11, 13) cutting thereinto to thereby perform the cutting process, wherein the first cutting edge (11) is positioned ahead of the second cutting edge (13) in a cutting direction (z-direction) of the cutting tool to provide the rake face (3) with a feed-direction (y-direction) rake-angle, and the cutting tool is fed in a direction from a side of the second cutting edge (13) to a side of the first cutting edge (11).
Abstract: A control device that controls an automatic transmission is provided, in which device the automatic transmission includes a variator disposed in a power transmission path between a driving source and a driving wheel of a vehicle, and a friction engaging element disposed between the variator and the driving wheel, in a manner capable of transmitting a power disconnectably via the power transmission path. The control device increases a speed ratio of the variator toward a predetermined target speed ratio with disengaging the friction engaging element during a vehicle stop of the vehicle, and executes a learning regarding a hydraulic control of the friction engaging element when the friction engaging element is disengaged during the vehicle stop. The control device decreases the target speed ratio at a time of learning when the learning is executed during the vehicle stop, compared to a time of vehicle stop other than the time of learning.
September 7, 2016
December 13, 2018
JATCO Ltd, NISSAN MOTOR CO., LTD.
Yoshinobu KAWAMOTO, Seiji KASAHARA, Haibin MA
Abstract: A fuel cell stack seal structure of a fuel cell stack, the fuel cell stack including a plurality of fuel cell single cells that are stacked, each of the fuel cell single cells including a membrane electrode assembly and a pair of separators holding the membrane electrode assembly between the pair of separators, includes inner peripheral sealing members and an outer peripheral sealing member at peripheral edges of a pair of separators, in which the inner peripheral sealing members close a gap between inner peripheral ribs that protrude at least towards a mutually facing sides of the pair of separators, and the outer peripheral sealing member that closes a gap between outer peripheral ribs that protrude at least towards the mutually facing sides of the pair of separators. The inner peripheral sealing members and the outer peripheral sealing member form a first closed space between the inner peripheral sealing members and the outer peripheral sealing member.
Abstract: A hybrid vehicle start control device is provided for a hybrid vehicle that ensures an EV reverse starting intended by a driver, even when an engagement command is issued to an engagement clutch that selects an ICE gear shift stage, when carrying out EV reverse starting. In this hybrid vehicle, a multistage gear transmission includes an EV shift actuator that selects an EV gear shift stage, and ICE shift actuators that select an ICE gear shift stage. A starting controller operates the EV electric actuator to select EV 1st of the multistage gear transmission at a time of starting, and that carries out an EV starting using the first motor/generator. At a time of an EV reverse starting, the starting controller carries out a control to the operating positions of the ICE shift actuators that prevent the selection of the ICE gear shift stage by the ICE shift actuators.