Patents Examined by Abanti B. Singla
  • Patent number: 5167934
    Abstract: The invention relates to a catalyzer installation for spark-ignition engines which are operated with air/fuel ratios of .lambda.1, particularly for boat engines, the catalyzer being subdivided into a reduction part located upstream in the exhaust gas line and an oxidation part located coaxially downstream after it. An intermediate space is located between the reduction and oxidation parts. Both catalyzer parts are surrounded by a preferably cylindrical, water-cooled casing and the casing has a downstream secondary air inlet to which a secondary air blower can be connected, the secondary air separating the very hot catalyzer from the double-walled, water-cooled casing and, in particular, flowing round the oxidation catalyzer part in counterflow for air preheating so that the air preheated in this manner is passed through the intermediate space into the oxidation part. The catalyzer is accommodated in a cartridge which is supported in wire compression rings in the catalyzer casing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 16, 1989
    Date of Patent: December 1, 1992
    Assignee: KST-Motorenversuch GmbH & Co., KG
    Inventors: Rainer Wolf, Juergen Volz, Peter Burghardt, Roland Sand
  • Patent number: 5162238
    Abstract: The present invention provides a test carrier for the analysis of a sample liquid with a test layer which contains a ligand fixed to to carrier particles, which ligand reacts with a component of the sample liquid, the test layer having a three-dimensional open structure which is so porous that the sample liquid with the component can penetrate into it, the carrier particles being arranged in the layer in such a manner that the ligand, upon pentration of the sample liquid, comes into contact with the component of the sample, wherein the carrier particles consist of an inorganic material, on the surface of which reactive organic groups are covalently bound as coupling groups, and the ligand is covalently bound to the coupling groups. The present invention also provides processes for the production of such a test carrier and a method for using it.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 23, 1988
    Date of Patent: November 10, 1992
    Assignee: Boehringer Mannheim GmbH
    Inventors: Henio Eikmeier, Helmut Freitag, Karin Munter, Klaus Pollmann, Hans-Erich Wilk, Johannes Winkle
  • Patent number: 5110565
    Abstract: Uniform, fine ceramic powder is prepared using an apparatus comprising (a) a cooled reactant transport member; (b) a reactor chamber; (c) a heating element; and (d) a cooling chamber. The reactant transport member comprises a wall defining a conduit that communicates with the reactor chamber, with a gas-flow space being defined along the perimeter of the transport member and in communication with the reactor chamber. The reactor chamber comprises a wall defining a reaction zone, and the heating element is associated with the reaction zone, and adapted for heating reactants in the reaction zone. The cooling chamber has a wall defining a cooling zone that communicates with the reactor chamber. In one embodiment, the communication is through a cooling inlet, the diameter of the cooling zone being larger than the diameter of the cooling inlet. The temperatures of the reactant transport member, the reactor chamber, and the cooling chamber are independently controllable.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 5, 1988
    Date of Patent: May 5, 1992
    Assignee: The Dow Chemical Company
    Inventors: Alan W. Weimer, William G. Moore, Raymond P. Roach
  • Patent number: 5108929
    Abstract: Efficient control of the pH of a flowing alkaline wastewater stream is accomplished by monitoring the pH of the flowing stream, generating a signal in response to the pH monitored, and injecting CO.sub.2 as necessary to reduce the pH. High pressure liquid CO.sub.2 is supplied to a proportional control valve which is operated in response to the signal to change the high pressure CO.sub.2 fluid to an intermediate pressure CO.sub.2 fluid in a manner so as to significantly reduce its density by creating a significant gaseous fraction. This lower density CO.sub.2 fluid is supplied to a spring-loaded injector having an orifice in communication with the flowing stream. The intermediate pressure is above the pressure at which the injector opens whereby the lower density CO.sub.2 fluid is injected into the flowing stream, allowing particularly precise control to be achieved.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 14, 1989
    Date of Patent: April 28, 1992
    Assignee: Liquid Carbonic Corporation
    Inventors: John S. Segura, David M. Forstrom
  • Patent number: 5106754
    Abstract: Total organic carbon (TOC) and inorganic carbon (TIC) monitoring of water is useful in determining the water quality. Conventional TOC and TIC monitoring techniques are not zero gravity compatible. The addition of microporous hydrophobic bladders in combination with a non-dispersive infrared analyzer allow for a two phase, liquid and gas, zero gravity compatible TOC monitoring technique. The non-dispersive infrared analyzer determines the quantity of carbon dioxide present in an aqueous sample after addition of acid and post oxidation. The measured carbon dioxide quantities derived from the aqueous sample are related to the TIC and TOC present in the aqueous sample, respectively.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 27, 1990
    Date of Patent: April 21, 1992
    Assignee: United Technologies Corporation
    Inventors: John W. Steele, Philip J. Birbara, Timothy A. Nalette
  • Patent number: 5104810
    Abstract: Traditionally, volatile organic compounds are monitored using the purge and trap technique required by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. However, this technique operates in two phases, liquid and gas, requiring gravity to effect the separation of the two phases. The present invention, which can be automated, incorporates a microporous hydrophobic bladder to permit zero gravity monitoring of volatile organic compounds in an aqueous solution.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 27, 1990
    Date of Patent: April 14, 1992
    Assignee: United Technologies Corporation
    Inventors: Philip J. Birbara, Timothy A. Nalette, John W. Steele
  • Patent number: 5102626
    Abstract: A matrix modifier of finely-divided metallic palladium dispersed to contact a metal constituent to improve analysis of the constituent during graphite furnace atomic absorption spectroscopy. The palladium interacts with a variety of metals in a sample to increase the vaporization temperatures of the metals. One way of contacting palladium with the metal analyte is to introduce it as a salt in solution with the sample into the graphite furnace along with a surfactant. A finely-divided metallic palladium having high surface area is produced in the furnace by introduction of hydrogen gas, which acts as a reducing agent, to reduce and maintain palladium in its metallic form at an early point in the temperature program, prior to evaporation of the surfactant.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 17, 1988
    Date of Patent: April 7, 1992
    Assignee: Varian Associates, Inc.
    Inventor: Lucinda M. Beach
  • Patent number: 5098230
    Abstract: A method is disclosed for withdrawing particulate spent catalyst particles from a packed, non-fluidized bed of such particles in contact with a liquid medium within a vessel having a withdrawal conduit or pipe which has an inlet that opens within the bottom of the bed and faces generally downwardly so that a first section extends upwardly from the inlet, and a second section extends downwardly, and the spent catalyst particles exits the packed bed through a uniform and continuous flow path opening into a solids recovery vessel whose pressure is controlled to regulate flow of such spent catalyst from the reaction vessel independent of the rate of flow through the withdrawal conduit.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 16, 1988
    Date of Patent: March 24, 1992
    Assignee: Chevron Research Company
    Inventor: Georgieanna L. Scheuerman
  • Patent number: 5093080
    Abstract: A preservation process and apparatus which serves to preserve respiratory agricultural produces, such as plants, flowers, fruits, vegetables, cereal grain and the like, without necessitating the use of chemical coatings, chemical preservatives, fumigants, or the like. The invention is predicated on the concept of imposing a small positive pressure gradient on the product from the outside to the inside. The selected positive pressure gradient may be of the order of 1-5 psi, which is sufficient to insure positive partial vapor pressure gradients from ambient partial vapor pressure to the internal partial vapor pressure of the product. Such a positive pressure sufficient to ensure a positive partial pressure gradient neutralizes the outward diffusion of moisture and nutrients from the product, and it also retards the respiration rate and thus retards its rated maturity.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 6, 1989
    Date of Patent: March 3, 1992
    Inventor: Elbert G. Keller
  • Patent number: 5089231
    Abstract: An improved sample-holding platform for a stabilized temperature platform furnace in atomic absorption spectroscopy is provided having a recessed base and elevated sidewalls to retain an organic liquid sample and concentrate the atomized elements in a confined area for analysis after vaporization.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 5, 1990
    Date of Patent: February 18, 1992
    Assignee: Olin Corporation
    Inventor: Edmund D. Putnam, III
  • Patent number: 5084245
    Abstract: A disposable, pre-packaged device as particularly suitable for conducting diagnostic procedures based on immunological reactions using specimens gathered up in the absorbent tip of a swab. The device is made up of a base component upon which a sample sensitive element is mounted and a guide member that is normally mounted on the base component in covering relationship to the reactive element. The guide member includes structure which defines an elongated passageway extending therethrough. One end of the passageway is positioned in close proximity to the sensitive element when the member is mounted on the base component. The other end of the passageway opens outwardly of the guide member. In using the device, the swab tip is pushed through the passageway and toward the sensitive element using the stick of the swab. A number of ribs are positioned in the passageway adjacent the sensitive element to squeeze the tip and express fluid therefrom as the tip is pushed toward the sensitive element.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 20, 1990
    Date of Patent: January 28, 1992
    Assignee: Hygeia Sciences, Inc.
    Inventors: Carl M. Berke, Donald J. Lennon, Paul B. Foster, Gary W. Boys
  • Patent number: 5082516
    Abstract: A process for producing a chemical analytical slide including an upper slide frame, a lower slide frame and a chemical analytical film therebetween. The process comprises passing a strip sheet in a longitudinal direction. printing a bar code on the strop sheet by intaglio printing so that lines of the bar code extend in the longitudinal direction, forming the upper slide frame or lower slide frame from the printed strip sheet and forming the chemical analytical slide from the printed upper slide frame or lower slide frame. In a further aspect, a chemical analytical slide is provided which has a code which extends from one edge of the slide frame to the opposite edge.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 20, 1991
    Date of Patent: January 21, 1992
    Assignee: Fuji Photo Film Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Mutsuo Akao, Takuichi Komatsu
  • Patent number: 5081047
    Abstract: Total carbon and organic carbon monitoring of water is useful in determining water quality. Conventional TOC monitoring techniques are not zero gravity compatible. Ion chromatography allows for a single phase zero gravity compatible TOC monitoring technique. The ion chromatograph determines the amounts of organic acids and carbonate present in an aqueous sample before and after oxidation. The quantities determined by this technique can be related to the total carbon and the total organic carbon present in the aqueous sample.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 27, 1990
    Date of Patent: January 14, 1992
    Assignee: United Technologies Corporation
    Inventors: John W. Steele, Philip J. Birbara, Timothy A. Nalette
  • Patent number: 5081039
    Abstract: The inventive procedure more accurately maintains an inventory of a catalyst in an ebullated bed of a reactor in an oil refinery, especially a resid hydrotreating unit. The ebullated catalyst bed has therein three phases (catalyst, oil, gas). A first density measurement is made of the two-phase mixture in a freeboard zone i.e. in a catalyst free area above the ebullated catalyst. A second density measurement is made in the catalyst bed where all three phases are present. Density measurements are used, along with values for vapor, liquid, and soaked particle densities and corrections for gamma-ray absorption coefficients, to calculate the catalyst particle holdup in the vessel. From this, the amount of catalyst actually in the reactor can be calculated. Once this amount is known, fresh catalyst may be added to or spent catalyst may be removed from the reactor in order to maintain a fixed catalyst inventory within the catalyst bed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 16, 1989
    Date of Patent: January 14, 1992
    Assignee: Amoco Corporation
    Inventors: Robert D. Buttke, Norman K. McDaniel
  • Patent number: 5078974
    Abstract: Apparatus for the manufacture and recovery of alkali-metal tetraorganylborates. A mixed solvent and liquid/liquid contactor configuration is used in the system which aids in the recovery of the product.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 29, 1990
    Date of Patent: January 7, 1992
    Assignee: AFF, Inc.
    Inventors: Eugene C. Ashby, Laurence L. Earnhart, Daniel W. Tedder, Jagvir Singh
  • Patent number: 5073502
    Abstract: The present invention is a single phase analysis process and apparatus which is zero gravity compatible and capable of detecting trace levels of organic halogens. The process utilizes a sorbent bed, oxidation chamber, and an ion chromatograph. Current technology does not allow determination of which organic halogens are present at trace levels. Additionally, the commonly utilized technique for monitoring organic halogens is a two phase analysis which is not zero gravity compatible.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 27, 1990
    Date of Patent: December 17, 1991
    Assignee: United Technologies Corporation
    Inventor: John W. Steele
  • Patent number: 5068091
    Abstract: A device for dyeing tissues of living bodies for immune response observation comprises dyeing block on which are formed a plurality of adjoining base portion each having a flat upper surface. On one side of the base portion is formed a ridge, and on the other side of the base portion is formed a supporting surface which is slightly higher than the ridge. A slide glass having a tissue attached to one surface is placed above each of the base portion with the surface thereof facing the upper surface of the base portion, so as to bridge the ridge and the supporting surface in such a manner that a thin wedge-shaped gap is defined between the upper surface of the base and the undersurface of the slide glass. Dyeing liquid is dripped from above onto the upper surface of the base portion which is not covered by the slide glass. The dripped dyeing liquid spreads into the wedge-shaped gap by capillary action, whereby the tissue on the undersurface of the slide glass is dipped in the liquid and dyed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 22, 1989
    Date of Patent: November 26, 1991
    Assignees: Kabushiki Kaisha Tiyoda Seisakusho, Sakura Finetechnical Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Matsumi Toya
  • Patent number: 5066465
    Abstract: A reaction apparatus with sample inlet channel of suitable cross-sectional area for aspirating a sample into the interior of the apparatus by capillarity, a recess provided on the inner wall of the sample inlet channel, and a transparent plate with a flat surface arranged opposite the recess. The recess has sloping walls, and may for example, have a conical or hemispherical form. The recess may moreover be a V-shaped or U-shaped groove. Further, the inner wall of the recess may be coated with antibodies or antigens.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 27, 1989
    Date of Patent: November 19, 1991
    Assignee: Olympus Optical Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Tokio Kano, Toshinobu Niimura, Hiroyuki Yonekawa
  • Patent number: 5066464
    Abstract: A Bowie and Dick type prevacuum steam sterilization test pack for insertion into a sterilization chamber for indicating the presence of unacceptable levels of uncondensable gas comprises a housing, a heat sink and an indicator. The housing defines a single chamber having a large open end, a relatively small closed end opposite the open end, and a sidewall smoothly tapering from the open end to the closed end. The heat sink is disposed in the chamber and extends substantially from the open end to the closed end to define a path through which the steam travels from the open end toward the closed end, the path being adapted to provide sufficient exposure of the steam to the heat sink so that the steam condenses within the path, releasing any noncondensable gas associated with the steam, forcing the noncondensable gas so released toward and concentrating such noncondensable gas within the closed end.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 17, 1990
    Date of Patent: November 19, 1991
    Assignee: Propper Manufacturing Company, Inc.
    Inventor: Thomas A. Augurt
  • Patent number: 5064617
    Abstract: A combustion chamber includes an inner cylindrical member concentrically mounted within an outer cylindrical member with a cylindrical space therebetween. The outer cylindrical member is enclosed at one end and both cylindrical members are open at an opposite end for access to the combustion area. The by-products of combustion are withdrawn from the inner cylindrical member at the closed end of the outer cylindrical member such that they reverse direction and circulate through the hot zone of the furnace in the cylindrical space. In a preferred embodiment of the invention, a porous ceramic plug which supports and spaces the tubes in concentric relationship at the one end and captures particulate by-products of the combustion holding them in the hot zone for complete combustion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 16, 1990
    Date of Patent: November 12, 1991
    Assignee: Leco Corporation
    Inventors: Larry S. O'Brien, Robert G. Warren, Keith J. Adani