Patents Examined by Angelo Trivisonno
  • Patent number: 10890571
    Abstract: A control apparatus mounted on a diesel vehicle including an oxidation catalyst, a selective reduction catalyst, and a gas sensor includes an activation determination section, a concentration computation section, and a deterioration determination section. The concentration computation section computes the concentration of flammable gas from a sensor output in a period during which the activation determination section determines that the oxidation catalyst is not in the activated state and computes the concentration of ammonia gas from the sensor output in a period during which the activation determination section determines that the oxidation catalyst is in the activated state. The deterioration determination section determines whether or not the oxidation catalyst has deteriorated, on the basis of the concentration of the flammable gas computed by the concentration computation section.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 29, 2018
    Date of Patent: January 12, 2021
    Assignee: NGK Spark Plug Co., LTD.
    Inventor: Yoshihiro Nakano
  • Patent number: 10892396
    Abstract: A thermoelectric composition is provided that includes a nanocomposite comprising a copper selenide (Cu2Se) matrix having a plurality of nanoinclusions comprising copper metal selenide (CuMSe2) distributed therein. M may be selected from the group consisting of: indium (In), aluminum (Al), gallium (Ga), antimony (Sb), bismuth (Bi), and combinations thereof. The thermoelectric composition has an average figure of merit (ZT) of greater than or equal to about 1.5 at a temperature of less than or equal to about 850K (about 577° C.). Methods of making such a thermoelectric nanocomposite material by a sequential solid-state transformation of a CuSe2 precursor are also provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 19, 2019
    Date of Patent: January 12, 2021
    Assignee: THE REGENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
    Inventors: Pierre Ferdinand Poudeu-Poudeu, Alan Olvera
  • Patent number: 10886873
    Abstract: A method is provided that integrates an autonomous energy harvesting capacity in buildings in an aesthetically neutral manner. A unique set of structural features combine to implement a hidden energy harvesting system on a surface of the building to provide electrical power to the building, and/or to electrically-powered devices in the building. Color-matched, image-matched and/or texture-matched optical layers are formed over energy harvesting components, including photovoltaic energy collecting components. Optical layers are tuned to scatter selectable wavelengths of electromagnetic energy back in an incident direction while allowing remaining wavelengths of electromagnetic energy to pass through the layers to the energy collecting components below.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 26, 2017
    Date of Patent: January 5, 2021
    Assignee: Face International Corporation
    Inventors: Clark D Boyd, Bradbury R Face, Jeffrey D Shepard
  • Patent number: 10886423
    Abstract: A system is provided that integrates an autonomous energy harvesting capacity in buildings in an aesthetically neutral manner. A unique set of structural features combine to implement a hidden energy harvesting system on a surface of the building to provide electrical power to the building, and/or to electrically-powered devices in the building. Color-matched, image-matched and/or texture-matched optical layers are formed over energy harvesting components, including photovoltaic energy collecting components. Optical layers are tuned to scatter selectable wavelengths of electromagnetic energy back in an incident direction while allowing remaining wavelengths of electromagnetic energy to pass through the layers to the energy collecting components below.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 26, 2017
    Date of Patent: January 5, 2021
    Assignee: Face International Corporation
    Inventors: Clark D Boyd, Bradbury R Face, Jeffrey D Shepard
  • Patent number: 10886073
    Abstract: The flexible solar panel includes a polymer matrix and a plant extract incorporated in the polymer matrix. The plant extract can be an extract of chard (B. vulgaris subsp. cicla) including an organic dye. The plant extract can include chloroplasts. The polymer matrix may be formed from either poly(vinyl alcohol) or polystyrene. The flexible solar panel can be green.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 13, 2016
    Date of Patent: January 5, 2021
    Assignee: KING SAUD UNIVERSITY
    Inventors: Manal Ahmed Gasmelseed Awad, Awatif Ahmed Hendi, Khalid Mustafa Osman Ortashi
  • Patent number: 10879405
    Abstract: A solar cell includes a conductive area including first and second conductive areas on one surface of a semiconductor substrate, a passivation film having opening and an electrode including a first electrode connected to the first conductive area and a second electrode connected to the second conductive area, the electrode including an adhesive layer on the semiconductor substrate or the conductive area, an electrode layer on the adhesive layer and including a metal, and a barrier layer disposed on the electrode layer and including a metal that is different from the metal of the electrode layer, the electrode layer having a thickness greater than a thickness of each of the adhesive layer and the barrier layer, a width of the electrode layer being larger than a width of the opening, and the barrier layer having a higher melting point than a melting point of the electrode layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 18, 2019
    Date of Patent: December 29, 2020
    Assignee: LG ELECTRONICS INC.
    Inventors: Jeongbeom Nam, Seunghwan Shim, Jisoo Ko
  • Patent number: 10872990
    Abstract: An electronic device comprises a first encapsulating film in direct contact with a light-receiving and transmitting film and a second encapsulating film in direct contact with a back sheet. The first encapsulating film has a zero shear viscosity greater than that of the second encapsulating film. The back sheet of the electronic device contains fewer bumps than the back sheet of a comparable electronic device having a first encapsulating film with a zero shear viscosity less than or equal to that of the second encapsulating film.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 17, 2018
    Date of Patent: December 22, 2020
    Assignee: Dow Global Technologies LLC
    Inventors: Kumar Nanjundiah, John A. Naumovitz, Michael D. White
  • Patent number: 10847323
    Abstract: A photoelectric conversion element including a first electrode, an electron transport layer on the first electrode, a charge transfer layer, and a second electrode is provided. The electron transport layer includes an electron transport compound, and the electron transport compound carries a compound represented by the following formula (1) and a compound represented by the following formula (2): where each of X1 and X2 independently represents oxygen atom, sulfur atom, or selenium atom; R1 represents methine group; R2 represents an alkyl group, an aryl group, or a heterocyclic group; each of R3 independently represents an acidic group; m represents an integer of 1 or 2; and each of Z1 and Z2 independently represents a group forming a cyclic structure; R5—R4—COOH??Formula (2) where R4 represents an aryl group or a heterocyclic group; and R5 represents an alkyl group, an alkoxy group, an alkenyl group, an alkylthio group, or an aryl ether group.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 24, 2019
    Date of Patent: November 24, 2020
    Assignee: Ricoh Company, Ltd.
    Inventors: Tamotsu Horiuchi, Yuuji Tanaka, Tsuyoshi Matsuyama, Takahiro Ide, Tokushige Kino, Shigeyo Suzuki, Naomichi Kanei
  • Patent number: 10840426
    Abstract: In one aspect, thermoelectric apparatus and articles and various applications of thermoelectric apparatus and articles are described herein. In some embodiments, a thermoelectric apparatus described herein comprises at least one p-type layer coupled to at least one n-type layer to provide a pn junction, and an insulating layer at least partially disposed between the p-type layer and the n-type layer, the p-type layer comprising carbon nanoparticles and the n-type layer comprising n-doped carbon nanoparticles. In some embodiments, the nanoparticles of the p-type layer and/or the nanoparticles of the n-type layer are disposed in a polymeric matrix comprising electrically poled polymer. In some embodiments, a thermoelectric article comprises a thermally insulating support and thermoelectric modules formed of a structure passing around or through the thermally insulating support to provide faces of the thermoelectric modules on opposing sides of the thermally insulating support.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 14, 2014
    Date of Patent: November 17, 2020
    Assignee: WAKE FOREST UNIVERSITY
    Inventors: David L. Carroll, Robert Summers
  • Patent number: 10840852
    Abstract: A portable multiple configuration solar photovoltaic assembly is disclosed. The assembly contains a plurality of photovoltaic modules that collect solar energy and convert the solar energy into electricity.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 13, 2019
    Date of Patent: November 17, 2020
    Assignee: New Age Solar
    Inventor: Jerry Sorgento
  • Patent number: 10830726
    Abstract: An electrochemical pH sensor for measuring pH in a low buffer and/or low ionic strength analyte where the electrochemical pH sensor comprises an electrode coupled with a phenolic redox species and the chemistry of the redox species provides for hydrogen bonding to one or more sulphur atoms of the redox species.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 1, 2017
    Date of Patent: November 10, 2020
    Assignee: ANB SENSORS LIMITED
    Inventor: Nathan Lawrence
  • Patent number: 10825943
    Abstract: A concentrator photovoltaic module including: a concentrating portion formed by arranging a plurality of lens elements each configured to concentrate sunlight; and a housing configured to accommodate a plurality of power generating elements disposed at positions respectively corresponding to the lens elements, wherein the housing includes: a frame body formed from resin; and a bottom plate formed from metal, the bottom plate being mounted to the frame body and having the power generating elements mounted thereto, and the frame body includes: a frame body portion forming an outer frame; and a liner portion extending along an upper surface of the bottom plate at an inner side of the frame body portion, the liner portion having both end portions thereof formed integrally with the frame body portion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 10, 2017
    Date of Patent: November 3, 2020
    Assignee: Sumitomo Electric Industries, Ltd.
    Inventors: Kenji Saito, Youichi Nagai, Rui Mikami, Akihiko Kojima
  • Patent number: 10826426
    Abstract: An earth mount enabled utility scale solar photovoltaic array has plural rows of solar panels supported on the ground so as to establish an earth orientation of the solar panels. Edge portions of the panels rest on a ground support area and provide mechanical support, and an end curb member abuts at least one edge of the arrangement. The panels are interconnected in at least one series-connected string extending in at least two rows so that the string has a distance between terminal ends of the series connection less than a lengthwise dimension of the solar panels constituting the string, routed to reduce “home run” connections at the end of the string.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 13, 2019
    Date of Patent: November 3, 2020
    Assignee: ERTHOS INC.
    Inventors: James Scott Tyler, Willie Hammack, Michael Gladkin
  • Patent number: 10818810
    Abstract: A concentrator photovoltaic module according to one embodiment of the present disclosure includes: a case; a substrate disposed on a bottom surface of the case and having a plurality of stacked wiring layers; and concentrator photovoltaic elements disposed on the substrate and connected to the wiring layers. The concentrator photovoltaic elements connected to different wiring layers are connected to each other in parallel. According to the concentrator photovoltaic module according to the one embodiment of the present disclosure, output voltage can be decreased.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 7, 2017
    Date of Patent: October 27, 2020
    Assignee: Sumitomo Electric Industries, Ltd.
    Inventors: Kazumasa Toya, Makoto Inagaki, Youichi Nagai, Takashi Iwasaki, Kenji Saito, Rui Mikami
  • Patent number: 10812013
    Abstract: A photovoltaic device can include a module and a rail. The module can have an edge formed around a perimeter of the module. The rail can include a coupling surface at a top side of the rail, and a recessed surface offset from the coupling surface and towards a bottom side of the rail.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 16, 2018
    Date of Patent: October 20, 2020
    Assignee: First Solar, Inc.
    Inventors: Joshua Conley, Benjamin DeFresart, Peter Hruby, Matthew Kuzila, Daniel Smith, Thomas Truman
  • Patent number: 10812010
    Abstract: A mounting structure for a photovoltaic module, the photovoltaic module including: a plurality of power generating elements; and a housing having a metal bottom plate on which the plurality of power generating elements are arrayed, and a resin side wall frame standing along an outer edge of the bottom plate, the mounting structure including: a support plate having a support face configured to be in contact with an outer face of the bottom plate to support the photovoltaic module; a washer to be disposed on one face which is an inner face of the bottom plate or a face, of the support plate, at a side opposite to the support face; and a rivet having a shank portion and a head, the shank portion being configured to be passed through the support plate and the bottom plate to be inserted into the washer, the head formed at one end portion of the shank portion, the rivet being configured to sandwich and fasten the support plate and the bottom plate between the washer and the head by an other end portion of the shan
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 10, 2017
    Date of Patent: October 20, 2020
    Assignee: Sumitomo Electric Industries, Ltd.
    Inventors: Kenji Saito, Kazumasa Toya, Koji Mori, Masao Moriguchi, Hiroyuki Konaka
  • Patent number: 10797635
    Abstract: A solar module mounting bracket assembly includes a rail configured to support a solar module thereon, and a pair of braces. The braces each have a first end portion movably coupled to the rail. The braces are movable relative to the rail between a collapsed configuration and an expanded configuration. In the expanded configuration, the braces cooperatively define a channel dimensioned for receipt of a frame member.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 29, 2018
    Date of Patent: October 6, 2020
    Assignee: NEXTRACKER INC.
    Inventors: Tyler Joseph Watson, Ricardo Delgado-Nanez
  • Patent number: 10790402
    Abstract: A degradation-resistant photovoltaic device is provided. The device includes an active area and at least one photovoltaic cell located in the active area. The photovoltaic cell has an elongated shape with a characteristic width and a characteristic length. The characteristic length is greater than the characteristic width and an average distance from the photovoltaic cell to any edge of the active area is greater than the characteristic width.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 22, 2018
    Date of Patent: September 29, 2020
    Assignee: SUNLIGHT AEROSPACE INC.
    Inventors: Sergey Frolov, Allan James Bruce, Michael Cyrus
  • Patent number: 10784390
    Abstract: A solar cell module having curvature in a vehicle front-rear direction which varies from a vehicle front side towards a vehicle rear side, the solar cell module includes: a sealing layer formed from resin and in which power generating elements are sealed; a front surface layer formed from resin and joined to a light-receiving surface side of the power generating elements in the sealing layer; and a rear surface layer formed from resin and joined to an opposite side from the light-receiving surface side of the power generating elements in the sealing layer, wherein a plate thickness of portions where the front surface layer, the sealing layer, and the rear surface layer are laminated together is formed so as to become proportionately thinner as the curvature in the vehicle front-rear direction increases.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 8, 2018
    Date of Patent: September 22, 2020
    Assignees: TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI KAISHA, KABUSHIKI KAISHA TOYOTA JIDOSHOKKI
    Inventors: Motoya Sakabe, Kazuyoshi Ogata, Hirotaka Inaba
  • Patent number: 10749047
    Abstract: The solar cell element includes a semiconductor substrate with first and second surfaces, a passivation layer located on the second surface, a protective layer located on the passivation layer, and a back-surface electrode located on the protective layer. The back-surface electrode is electrically connected to the semiconductor substrate via one or more hole portions penetrating the protective layer and the passivation layer. The protective layer includes a first region showing a tendency to increase in thickness as a distance from an inner edge portion of the hole portion and a second region surrounding the first region. A distance between a position of the first region farthest from the inner edge portion and the inner edge portion is larger than a thickness in the second region. The back-surface electrode shows a tendency to decrease in thickness on the first region as a distance from the inner edge portion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 26, 2019
    Date of Patent: August 18, 2020
    Assignee: KYOCERA CORPORATION
    Inventors: Norihiko Matsushima, Akihiro Mizumoto, Akira Murao, Junji Aranami