Patents Examined by Anthony J Calandra
  • Patent number: 10087582
    Abstract: The present invention is in the field of paper production, more in particular it relates to the process of wood pulping. It provides useful biological methods and compounds for reducing the energy requirements of the production of wood pulp. It describes a method for reducing the energy requirement of a thermo-mechanical pulping (TMP) process wherein cellulose fibers are recovered from a biomass comprising lignocellulosic material, wherein the lignocellulosic material is treated with a CotA laccase before recovering the cellulose from the lignocellulosic material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 20, 2013
    Date of Patent: October 2, 2018
    Assignee: METGEN OY
    Inventors: Klara Birikh, Alexey Azhayev
  • Patent number: 10072380
    Abstract: The invention relates to a process of detoxifying pretreated lignocellulose-containing material comprising washing the pretreated lignocellulose-containing material in a washing solution and treating the used washing solution to remove an enzyme inhibitor and/or an inhibitor of a fermenting organism before recycling the used washing solution.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 25, 2017
    Date of Patent: September 11, 2018
    Assignees: Novozymes Als, Cofco LTD
    Inventors: Haiyu Ren, Hong Zhi Huang, Jie Zheng
  • Patent number: 10060075
    Abstract: The present disclosure relates to producing paper or paperboard having improved stiffness and strength, compared to the conventional paperboard at the same basis weight. It also discloses a method of wood pulping having a significantly increased yield and providing fiber pulps with enhanced properties such as strength and stiffness. Wood chips are chemically pulped to a high kappa number, providing a rejects component and an accepts component. The rejects component is subjected to a substantially mechanical pulping process, optionally in a presence of bleaching agent, prior to blending back into the accepts component. The resulting fiber blend is washed, optionally bleached, and subjected to a papermaking process to provide paper or paperboard with enhanced strength and stiffness at low basis weight.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 6, 2015
    Date of Patent: August 28, 2018
    Assignee: WestRock MWV, LLC
    Inventors: Peter W. Hart, Darrell M. Waite, Dale E. Nutter, Jr., Jared Bradberry
  • Patent number: 10051882
    Abstract: A measuring apparatus for performing a basis weight measuring method for sheet tobacco according to the present invention includes: a light source (28) that emits light to sheet tobacco (ST) passing through a measurement position (P) on a transport path (18); and a visual sensor (30), the visual sensor (30) having a color camera (32) disposed with the transport path (18) put between the color camera (32) and the light source (28), a processing part (40) that transforms a color image of the sheet tobacco (ST) taken by the camera (32) into a grayscale image, and a conversion part (42) that converts an average gray level of the grayscale image into a basis weight of the sheet tobacco (ST) with reference to a conversion map which indicates a relationship between the average gray level of the grayscale image and an actual basis weight of sheet tobacco (ST).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 28, 2015
    Date of Patent: August 21, 2018
    Assignee: JAPAN TOBACCO INC.
    Inventors: Seiji Nakagawa, Kazuhiro Tokuda, Kaoru Narazaki, Tsutomu Kamishiraki, Yasushige Tsuchiya
  • Patent number: 8632655
    Abstract: A method in connection with washing of pulp at a chemical pulp mill including at least an alkaline cooking process utilizing cooking liquor for producing pulp, brown stock treatment with essentially closed liquid cycles, in which the last washing device is a washing device based on pressing of pulp, a press or a washing press, a pulp bleaching plant using ECF-bleaching, wherein chloride-containing effluents are formed, a chemical recovery plant and effluent purification. The liquid flows generated at a chemical pulp mill are efficiently circulated without disturbing the main process and minimizing the emissions from the mill. Purified effluent in the amount of at least 1 m3/adt pulp is introduced into the dilution after the press or washing press, whereby the effluent is passed from the dilution into the first process stage of the bleaching.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 12, 2008
    Date of Patent: January 21, 2014
    Assignee: Andritz Oy
    Inventors: Janne Vehmaa, Olavi Pikka, Pekka Tervola
  • Patent number: 8007636
    Abstract: The present invention relates to methods of modifying cellulose fibers and of producing paper which methods include providing a pulp suspension of cellulose fibers and adding a cellulose derivative during the bleaching of the cellulose fibers in an acidic bleaching stage.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 29, 2005
    Date of Patent: August 30, 2011
    Assignee: Akzo Nobel N.V.
    Inventors: Thomas Christopher Greschik, Jan Nordin, Hans-Ake Baltsen
  • Patent number: 7988820
    Abstract: An apparatus for cleaning and cooling a liquor nozzle, the nozzle including at least a liquor tube for feeding liquor and chemicals into a furnace of a recovery boiler. The apparatus includes an outer casing tube, which defines a space whereto conduits are provided for introducing water and steam to generate an emulsion or a conduit for introducing emulsion generated by the water and steam and the surface of which is provided with openings, such as pores or holes, for discharging the emulsion formed by water and steam through the outer casing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 2, 2008
    Date of Patent: August 2, 2011
    Assignee: Andritz Oy
    Inventors: Markku Tanttu, Kari Saviharju, Sirpa Du Jardin
  • Patent number: 7988822
    Abstract: A method to chemically treat light weight, bulky cellulosic material including: introducing the material to an upper inlet of a substantially vertical treatment vessel; maintaining the material in the vessel at a pressure of at least 20 bar and at a temperature of at least 200° C.; treating the material with a cooking liquor in the vessel; moving the material past at least one anti-compression ring on an inside surface of the vessel, as the material moves downward through the vessel; agitating the material in the vessel, and discharging the treated material from a lower discharge port of the vessel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 8, 2008
    Date of Patent: August 2, 2011
    Assignee: Andritz Inc.
    Inventor: C. Bertil Stromberg
  • Patent number: 7981249
    Abstract: This invention relates to an improved smudge free sanitary sheet made of waste paper and a process of preparing the same through processing the surplus newsprint and more precisely processing used/recycled paper. The sanitary sheets are prepared by the process steps of collecting pre-consumer overprint or post consumer read newspapers; grading the collected waste newspaper; drying and sterilizing the graded newspaper by applying ultraviolet, infrared and/or gamma rays; trimming and cutting the dried sterilized sheets in appropriate sizes; applying on at least one of the sides of the waste newspaper an aqueous coating comprising of a mixture of resin such as bleached shellac, a dye, a germicide such as Benzaikonium Chloride (BC) and/or PCMX (Chloroxylenol), a safe colour, a known deodorant and optionally cosmetic chemicals such as emollient and a foaming agent such as a detergent.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 28, 2005
    Date of Patent: July 19, 2011
    Inventor: Sanjiv Agarwal
  • Patent number: 7981247
    Abstract: The present invention relates to processes for enhancing a refiner's production rate and/or reducing the specific energy consumption for a freeness target through the use of lubricant(s) or carrier(s)/frictionizer(s), respectively.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 1, 2010
    Date of Patent: July 19, 2011
    Assignee: Hercules Incorporated
    Inventors: Eric Oswaldo Fernandez, Mark Edward Laurint
  • Patent number: 7976677
    Abstract: This invention relates to an improved bleaching process for bleaching pulp comprising at least one bleaching stage which comprises treating a hardwood pulp with a bleaching agent comprising ClO2 in the presence of a weak base such as, for example, Mg(OH)2 preferably at pH from about 3.5 to about 6.5. The invention is also relates a bleaching process for bleaching pulp having two or more bleaching stages, at least one of which and preferably two of which comprises treating a hardwood pulp with a bleaching agent comprising ClO2 in the presence of a weak base such as, for example, Mg(OH)2 preferably at pH from about 3.5 to about 6.5.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 18, 2006
    Date of Patent: July 12, 2011
    Assignee: International Paper Company
    Inventors: Caifang Yin, Kent Witherspoon
  • Patent number: 7967948
    Abstract: A process for bleaching mechanical wood pulp is provided comprising subjecting the wood pulp to at least one bleaching stage with one or more bleaching agents in the presence of one or more optical brightening agent, wherein the bleaching agents are selected from the group consisting of oxidative bleaching agents other than chlorine based bleaching agents such as chlorine dioxide, elemental chlorine or a combination thereof, reductive bleaching agents or any combination of two or more thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 2, 2006
    Date of Patent: June 28, 2011
    Assignee: International Paper Company
    Inventor: Xuan Truong Nguyen
  • Patent number: 7967947
    Abstract: The first invention aims to provide a method for preparing stiffer bulky pulp at a freeness level comparable to that obtained by mechanical treatments to improve the bulkiness of product paper by searching for a method capable of adjusting freeness while suppressing damage to pulp fibers and internal fibrillation in a process for producing pulp. The second invention aims to strip contaminants deposited on pulp fibers and/or inorganic particles to reduce adhesion of the contaminants and decrease microorganisms in a treatment of process water containing long pulp fiber fractions used in a process for producing pulp and paper, thereby clarifying process water and thus preparing high-quality pulp and paper.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 9, 2006
    Date of Patent: June 28, 2011
    Assignee: Nippon Paper Industries Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Shisei Goto, Hiromichi Tsuji, Keigo Watanabe, Takeshi Iimori
  • Patent number: 7951264
    Abstract: A method of making absorbent cellulosic sheet includes forming a web of papermaking fibers, extruding a cellulosic dope of underivatized cellulose, disposing the dope upon the web and regenerating the cellulose in-situ. Regenerated filaments may have a denier of from about 0.05 to about 20.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 9, 2008
    Date of Patent: May 31, 2011
    Assignee: Georgia-Pacific Consumer Products LP
    Inventor: Daniel W. Sumnicht
  • Patent number: 7943008
    Abstract: A method of making pulp adapted to be used in forming corrugating medium is disclosed. The method comprises cooking woodchips in a first liquor in the absence of an alkali addition. The method further comprises mechanically fiberizing the woodchips to form a pulp. The method further comprises separating hydrolyzate from the pulp. The method further comprises treating the pulp with a second liquor, the second liquor including at least one alkali. The method further comprises refining the pulp.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 12, 2010
    Date of Patent: May 17, 2011
    Assignee: Packaging Corporation of America
    Inventors: Ventzislav H. Kirov, Anil Sethy, Bryan L. Sorensen
  • Patent number: 7943009
    Abstract: A process of treating a lignocellulosic material includes a pre-extraction step in which hemicellulose is extracted from the lignocellulosic material. In one embodiment, the pre-extraction step involves contacting the lignocellulosic material with an aqueous solution under conditions that release acidic material from the lignocellulosic material into the aqueous solution, and the aqueous solution includes a basic material that at least partly neutralizes the acidic material so that the aqueous solution at the end of the pre-extraction step has a pH within a range of from 4.5 to 11. The process also includes a pulping step, after the pre-extraction step, in which the lignocellulosic material is separated into pulp. The process further includes an adsorption step, after the pulping step, in which hemicellulose is adsorbed on the pulp.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 30, 2009
    Date of Patent: May 17, 2011
    Assignees: University of Maine System Board of Trustees, International Paper Company
    Inventors: Adriaan Reinhard Pieter van Heiningen, Sung-Hoon Yoon, Haixuan Zou, Jianer Jiang, Gopal C. Goyal
  • Patent number: 7927461
    Abstract: An aramid paper made from aramid fibrid and short fiber and formed into a paper shape has two sides and a surface and includes a thermal bonding face located in at least one of the sides of the aramid paper, the thermal bonding face having such a property as to be directly thermally bondable with another sheet of aramid paper of the same material or a polyester film at a thermal bonding temperature ranging from 90° C. to 200° C. when a plasma treatment is applied to the surface of the aramid paper. The plasma treatment has an intensity ranging from 30 W·min/m2 to 1500 W·min/m2, and the thermal bonding face has a composition ratio (O/C) of the number of oxygen atoms (O) to the number of carbon atoms (C) ranging between 150% and 230% of a theoretical value of an atom number ratio.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 19, 2007
    Date of Patent: April 19, 2011
    Assignee: Kawamura Sangyo Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Miyoshi Yokura, Tetsuo Inoue
  • Patent number: 7918967
    Abstract: The invention relates to an apparatus for continuous digestion of wood chip comprising an upright generally cylindrical vessel having a top end and a bottom end. The top end of the cylindrical vessel is adapted to receive wood chips mixed with a cooking liquor to be treated therein. A first conduit is integrally attached at a first location positioned between the top and bottom ends of the vessel for selectively extracting a first quantity of cooking liquor from the vessel. The first location is positioned upstream of a second location within the vessel where the cooking liquor being at substantially full cooking temperature. A second conduit is integrally attached at a third location positioned downstream from the first and second locations of the vessel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 1, 2007
    Date of Patent: April 5, 2011
    Assignee: International Paper Company
    Inventors: Jianer Jiang, Gerald Wayne Hill
  • Patent number: 7914646
    Abstract: Oxidative compositions and processes that preserve and enhance the brightness and improve color of pulp or paper when applied during different stages of the papermaking process are identified. The oxidative composition and method maintains and/or enhances brightness, prevents yellowing, and enhances the performance of paper products. Used in combination with optical brighteners and/or chelants the oxidative agents produce a synergistic effect not previously identified in the paper process.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 21, 2006
    Date of Patent: March 29, 2011
    Assignee: Nalco Company
    Inventors: Prasad Y. Duggirala, Sergey M. Shevchenko, Katherine M. Broadus
  • Patent number: 7905987
    Abstract: A method for making an animal bedding fiber product, the method includes providing fiber from paper sludge, formulating the fiber in a mixture including a first desiccant agent including ash, so as to form a friable aggregate. Further, a fiber product including at least one short paper fiber from a secondary fiber, one or more inorganic fillers including kaolin clay; and a first desiccant agent including ash. Further still, a heatless process for making a fiber product including providing fiber from paper sludge, formulating the fiber in a non-active heat generating mixture including a first desiccant agent including ash, so as to form a waste fiber product.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 17, 2006
    Date of Patent: March 15, 2011
    Assignee: Casella Waste Systems, Inc.
    Inventor: Patrick Kennedy