Patents Examined by Audrey Chang
  • Patent number: 6809865
    Abstract: A wavelength reference (10) including at least one gas-tunable etalons (12). Each etalon (12) has first and second reflective surfaces (20,22), making a reflecting surface pair (23). Each reflecting surface pair (23) surrounds a cavity (16) which is filled with a gas-tunable medium (19) having a variable optical index of refraction. The etalons (12) produce equally-spaced spectral lines (4) which are variable in response to changes in the gas-tunable medium (19) such as varying gas pressure or composition. The spectral lines (4) are tuned to align to an external wavelength standard, preferably an ITU reference grid (2). The properties of the gas-tunable medium (19) are then fixed, preferably by sealing an enclosure (14) which surrounds the etalons (12), so that they act as a wavelength reference (10). The etalon (12) can be a reflective etalon (29) or in an alternate embodiment (60), can be a transmissive etalon (29).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 27, 2001
    Date of Patent: October 26, 2004
    Assignee: Fibera, Inc.
    Inventor: George C. K. Chen
  • Patent number: 6808277
    Abstract: The present invention provides an inner mirror with a built-in antenna in which an antenna angle remains unchanged regardless of adjustment of a mirror angle. The upper end of a stay 10 is mounted on a ceiling in a vehicle room. A pivot 14 is formed at the lower end of the stay 10. The pivot 14 is inserted into a mirror body 16 and fitted into a pivot supporting pmember 20 to support the mirror body 16 pivotally in three-dimensional directions. An antenna 34 is mounted on one side of the pivot 14 through shafts 28 and 30. Since the antenna 34 is mounted on the pivot 14, the angle of the antenna 34 remains unchanged, even though the mirror angle adjustment is performed by pivoting the mirror body 16.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 15, 2002
    Date of Patent: October 26, 2004
    Assignee: Murakami Corporation
    Inventors: Masaaki Matsuura, Hidenori Sato
  • Patent number: 6798573
    Abstract: A device for generating a 3-D image includes a tubular body with liquid filled therein and two protrusion portions extrude from one side of the body. Two stereoscopically related two-dimensional pictures are located on another side opposite to the side having the two protrusion portions. A 3-D image is seen when viewing the two pictures via the two protrusion portions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 3, 2003
    Date of Patent: September 28, 2004
    Inventor: Chih-Hao Yiu
  • Patent number: 6795247
    Abstract: An optical instrument for observation includes, in order from the object side, an objective lens system having positive refractive power, an erecting optical system, and an ocular lens system having positive refractive power. When an anti-vibration mechanism is used to maintain the erecting prism at an orientation in space that is stabilized so as to prevent image degradation due to vibrations of the optical instrument for observation, the erecting prism is constructed to satisfy specified conditions so that ghost light is not generated and so that the optical instrument for observation may be compact.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 10, 2003
    Date of Patent: September 21, 2004
    Assignee: Fuji Photo Optical Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Yukiko Nagatoshi
  • Patent number: 6785046
    Abstract: A viewing device (10) adapted to be held at eye level by an apparatus (14) comprises a housing (16) designed to fit within a tray (12) of the apparatus (14), two eyepieces (22) mounted to a proximal end (24) of the housing, a magnification mechanism (26), and a focus mechanism (28). The device (10) also includes an objective lens (18) and a video screen (19) mounted to a distal end (20) of the housing (16). The housing (16) preferably includes a substantially flat bottom (30) and two substantially flat sides (32) and is preferably secured to the tray (12) by a threaded fastener (36). The eyepieces (22) are preferably flexible and padded to provide a comfortable fit. The eyepieces (22) may be either contoured or substantially flat. The contoured eyepieces (22) fit against a user's face. The substantially flat eyepieces (22) fit against the user's eyeglasses.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 12, 2002
    Date of Patent: August 31, 2004
    Inventor: Darrel D. Newkirk
  • Patent number: 6785051
    Abstract: Stress-induced photoelastic birefringence compensates for intrinsic birefringence of cubic crystalline structures in deep ultraviolet (less than 200 nm) microlithographic imaging systems. Both the photoelastic birefringence and the intrinsic birefringence are expressed in a tensor format simplified by the symmetries of cubic crystalline structures. The stress-induced photoelastic birefringence can be sized to individually compensate for intrinsic birefringence exhibited in the same optical elements or preferably to collectively compensate for the cumulative effects of intrinsic birefringence in other optical elements in the lithography system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 15, 2002
    Date of Patent: August 31, 2004
    Assignee: Corning Incorporated
    Inventors: Douglas C. Allan, James E. Webb, John H. Bruning
  • Patent number: 6785068
    Abstract: To provide a color filter substrate and transflective type electro-optical device capable of ensuring both brightness of reflective display and saturation of transmissive display. Also, to reduce the difference in color between reflective display and transmissive display. A reflective layer 211 having openings 211a is formed on a substrate 201, and a color filter 212 having colored layers 212r, 212g, and 212b is formed thereupon. Deep color portions 212c are provided to the colored layer, above the openings 211a of the reflective layer 211.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 12, 2002
    Date of Patent: August 31, 2004
    Assignee: Seiko Epson Corporation
    Inventors: Keiji Takizawa, Yoshihiro Otagiri
  • Patent number: 6771374
    Abstract: A system and method are disclosed for monitoring characteristics of a rotating substrate. As the substrate rotates in an environment, an incident light beam is emitted onto the substrate near an axis about which the substrate rotates. The emission of the incident beam is controlled as a function of the angular orientation of the substrate, so that the incident beam selectively interrogates a central region of the substrate to facilitate measuring and/or inspecting characteristics of the substrate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 16, 2002
    Date of Patent: August 3, 2004
    Assignee: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc.
    Inventors: Bharath Rangarajan, Bhanwar Singh, Michael K. Templeton, Ramkumar Subramanian
  • Patent number: 6768586
    Abstract: A polarizer construction is disclosed that includes a reflective polarizer disposed on a first side of the construction to transmit light having one polarization and reflect light having an orthogonal polarization, and one or more colored dichroic polarizers disposed on a second side of the construction. The one or more colored dichroic polarizers are arranged so that when the construction is illuminated from the first side, an observer viewing the construction from the second side will observe a first spectral distribution of visible light, and when the construction is illuminated from the second side, an observer viewing the construction from the second side will observe a second spectral distribution of visible light different from the first spectral distribution. Various display constructions using colored polarizers to achieve color changing and image reversal effects are also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 26, 2003
    Date of Patent: July 27, 2004
    Assignee: 3M Innovative Properties Company
    Inventors: Hassan Sahouani, Kim Marie Vogel, Keith M. Kotchick, Mark B. O'Neill, William A. Hibbard, Robert S. Moshrefzadeh
  • Patent number: 6768581
    Abstract: A coated optical lens includes a lens element and a coating on the surface of the lens element. The coating exhibits a substantially balanced reflectance from the center to a radius proximate the edge of the lens element. The term “substantially balanced reflectance” means that where the thickness of the coating varies across the surface of the lens, the lightness, hue and chroma of the reflectance vary in a balanced manner such that variations in visual appearance are either imperceptible or generally acceptable to an observer. For example, variations in chromatic attributes, such as hue, from the center to the edge of the lens may be balanced by a reduction in lightness from the center to the edge. Preferably, the lens element includes a surface of high curvature upon which the balanced reflectance coating is deposited.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 14, 2001
    Date of Patent: July 27, 2004
    Assignee: Sola International Holdings Ltd.
    Inventors: Brandon Yip, Brian Douglas Adams, Paraic Begley
  • Patent number: 6768584
    Abstract: A viewing device (10) adapted to be held at eye level by an apparatus (14) comprises a housing (16) designed to fit within a tray (12) of the apparatus (14), two eyepieces (22) mounted to a proximal end (24) of the housing, a magnification mechanism (26), and a focus mechanism (28). The device (10) also includes either two objective lenses (18) or a video screen (118) mounted to a distal end (20) of the housing (16). The housing (16) preferably includes a substantially flat bottom (30) and two substantially flat sides (32) and is preferably secured to the tray (12) by a threaded fastener (36). The eyepieces (22) are preferably flexible and padded to provide a comfortable fit. The eyepieces (22) may be either contoured or substantially flat. The contoured eyepieces (22) fit against a user's face. The substantially flat eyepieces (22) fit against the user's eyeglasses.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 12, 2002
    Date of Patent: July 27, 2004
    Inventor: Darrel Newkirk
  • Patent number: 6765722
    Abstract: Two optical input channels carry two input optical signals in orthogonal polarization states while located at different radial distances relative to a GRIN lens, so that the two input signals exit the lens at different angles. The two signals exiting the lens pass through an optical member having transverse optical axes where the member has different indices of refraction along the two axes. The member passes and combines the two input optical signals into one signal plus a single output optical channel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 15, 2000
    Date of Patent: July 20, 2004
    Assignee: DiCon Fiberoptics, Inc.
    Inventor: Feng Ye
  • Patent number: 6764187
    Abstract: A universally oriented liquid mirror. A liquid and a penetrable unit are operatively connected to provide a mirror that can be universally oriented.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 19, 2001
    Date of Patent: July 20, 2004
    Assignee: The Regents of the University of California
    Inventors: Dmitri D. Ryutov, Arthur Toor
  • Patent number: 6765721
    Abstract: A method for manufacturing a polarization element which has a high reliability and is easy to manufacture. The manufacturing method includes the steps of forming a fine metal particle dispersed product including a plurality of dispersed fine metal particles on a surface of the transparent substrate using a sol-gel method, drawing the fine metal particle dispersed product together with the transparent substrate while heating both, and cutting the drawn fine metal particle dispersed product and transparent substrate. The forming step includes the steps of coating a sol coating liquid on the surface of the transparent substrate, heat-treating the coated sol coating liquid, and sintering the heat-treated sol coating liquid. The sol coating liquid includes a disperse liquid containing an organic silicon compound as a main component and a metal salt dispersed in the disperse liquid for forming the fine metal particles.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 11, 2002
    Date of Patent: July 20, 2004
    Assignee: Nippon Sheet Glass Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Mitsuhiro Kawazu, Hiroaki Yamamoto
  • Patent number: 6762879
    Abstract: In another aspect, the invention provides a closed loop optical circulator including a first crystal for splitting an input light signal into two components, a second crystal for deflecting the two components received from the first crystal in a direction if the two components have a first polarization, a third crystal for deflecting the two components received from the second crystal in an opposite direction if the two components have the first polarization, and a fourth crystal for joining the two components received from the third crystal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 28, 2001
    Date of Patent: July 13, 2004
    Assignee: Oplink Communications, Inc.
    Inventor: Wei-Zhong Li
  • Patent number: 6760159
    Abstract: In a diffractive optical element, which is formed by laminating at least three layers of diffraction gratings made of at least three kinds of materials which differ in dispersion, at least three design wavelengths are set.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 10, 2000
    Date of Patent: July 6, 2004
    Assignee: Canon Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventor: Takehiko Nakai
  • Patent number: 6760156
    Abstract: A polarizer provide that has a high polarization degree and a high transmittance, which is made of a polyvinyl alcohol film, may be produced by a process of producing, comprising the steps of: subjecting a non-stretched polyvinyl alcohol film to uniaxial dry stretching treatment to give a stretch ratio of 4 times or less, dyeing the film, and then subjecting the film to uniaxial stretching treatment to give a stretch ratio of less than 1.5 times under the condition containing a boron compound.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 19, 2002
    Date of Patent: July 6, 2004
    Assignee: Nitto Denko Corporation
    Inventors: Kazuki Tsuchimoto, Seiji Kondo, Akihiro Nishida
  • Patent number: 6760158
    Abstract: The present invention provides a multi-functional separator which may be used as a demultiplexer or as a multiplexer in wavelength division multiplexed optical communication systems. The preferred embodiment of the multi-functional separator includes a first polarization beam splitter, a non-reciprocal rotator; a reciprocal rotator, a second polarization beam splitter, and a non-linear interferometer. Each of the polarizing input and polarizing output ports includes an optical fiber, a collimator, a birefringent walk-off plate and a non-reciprocal optical rotator. The multi-functional separator is easily aligned by adjusting the positions of each of the polarizing input and output port. Further embodiments of the present invention provide additional optical isolation, optical circulation, optical comb filtering and/or two-stage channel separation capabilities.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 2, 2000
    Date of Patent: July 6, 2004
    Assignee: Avanex Corporation
    Inventor: Simon X. F. Cao
  • Patent number: 6760157
    Abstract: An optical film is provided which comprises a disperse phase of polymeric particles disposed within a continuous birefringent matrix in combination with light directing materials to enable control of light emitted from a lighting fixture or display. The film is oriented, typically by stretching, in one or more directions. The size and shape of the disperse phase particles, the volume fraction of the disperse phase, the film thickness, and the amount of orientation are chosen to attain a desired degree of diffuse reflection and total transmission of electromagnetic radiation of a desired wavelength in the resulting film, and the light directing materials are chosen to control the direction of polarized light reflected from or transmitted by the optical film.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 25, 2000
    Date of Patent: July 6, 2004
    Assignee: 3M Innovative Properties Company
    Inventors: Richard C. Allen, Lockwood W. Carlson, Andrew J. Ouderkirk, Michael F. Weber, Arthur L. Kotz, Timothy J. Nevitt, Carl A. Stover, Biswaroop Majumdar
  • Patent number: 6758570
    Abstract: The invention provides a reflective optical element which has three or more reflecting surfaces by which a light flux from an object is successively reflected. In an area enclosed by each of the reflecting surfaces, the reference axis intersects at least two times and the light flux forms an intermediate image. The reference axis is a path of the light beam which passes through the center of an object surface, is then reflected by the reflecting surfaces, and passes through a center of a pupil. The reflective optical element satisfies the following condition: 4·f·tan&thgr;<ea wherein &thgr; is a maximum field angle that passes through the pupil in a plane that includes the reference axis, f is a focal length of an optical part between the pupil and an intermediate-image forming surface, and ea is a maximum optical effective diameter of the reflective optical element.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 21, 2002
    Date of Patent: July 6, 2004
    Assignee: Canon Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Toshihiro Sunaga, Yumiko Kato