Patents Examined by Bradley M. Lewis
  • Patent number: 4756121
    Abstract: The device consists of a wall (4-7) surrounding a reservoir (9) for the water, this wall having at the top a tightly sealable (11) opening (12) for introduction of the water and at the bottom two passages (17, 18) for the discharge of water and the entrance of air. The wall areas provided with the passages (17, 18) directly adjoin the soil to be irrigated.The device can be constituted by a container (1) with a double-walled shell (2) and bottom (3). In this arrangement, two passages (17, 18) are provided in the downwardly curved inner wall (7) of the bottom (3), the spacing between these passages being dimensioned to be small.The irrigation device is simple and inexpensive. It discharges only the quantity of water required by the plants so that the water reservoir lasts for a long time and danger of bogginess of the soil is avoided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 12, 1985
    Date of Patent: July 12, 1988
    Inventor: Alexander Wild
  • Patent number: 4753036
    Abstract: An indoor multiple purpose hydroponic cultivation planter is a non-water-leaking structure including an upper opening for a plant and a side surface having a coupling opening for a rootstock of said plant. A plurality of planters are coupled to each other via the coupling openings and positioned in a desired arrange pattern, each the planter receives porosity grain fillers and water. The plant is cultivated in at least one of the planters.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 3, 1987
    Date of Patent: June 28, 1988
    Assignee: Takenaka Kohmuten Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Eizan Konno
  • Patent number: 4753034
    Abstract: A vertical-axis centrifugal fan is operated in an orchard or crop area to draw warm upper air downward, and urge it laterally outward to displace lower strata of cold air to prevent freezing. The rotor is axially open on top, and closed on the bottom to establish this flow without ducting.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 19, 1987
    Date of Patent: June 28, 1988
    Inventor: Philip Brown
  • Patent number: 4751792
    Abstract: Brackets for engaging frame members of a raised garden bed have a plurality of sockets, for example, a larger socket and a smaller socket, for engaging one end of alternative supports of different diameters. The brackets are made of substantially rigid material and the alternative supports are adapted to alternative coverings of different materials for extending the growing season of plants planted within the frame of the garden bed. Brackets may either be simple straight brackets for fastening on the outside of a straight member of the frame, corner brackets having an L-shaped angle at one end, or J-shaped brackets for engaging over the top of a frame member.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 20, 1987
    Date of Patent: June 21, 1988
    Assignee: Danform Agencies, Inc.
    Inventor: Edward N. Robinson
  • Patent number: 4748769
    Abstract: A relatively small sprayer for liquid fertilizers, weed killers, herbicides or the like is mounted on a small frame and is attachable to a three-point hitch of a tractor or may be pulled by hand. A tank is mounted on the frame and a ground engaging roller is journalled transversely across the rear of the frame. An open based enclosure encloses the roller and shields the spray nozzle boom which extends transversely adjacent the front of the enclosure. The nozzles spray the liquid downwardly and rearwardly so that it strikes the plants on the front and top side thereof. It also maintains the roller in a wet condition so that the roller engages the rear of the plants as it passes over same thus ensuring a complete treatment of the vegetation. Flexible skirts extend downwardly from the front and side edges of the enclosure to prevent any spray escaping from around the perimeter of the enclosure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 7, 1985
    Date of Patent: June 7, 1988
    Inventors: Morley M. Kolskog, Patricia J. Kolskog
  • Patent number: 4748770
    Abstract: A window box planter device (10) in combination with a window assembly (100) including a window frame (110) and a window sill (100) wherein the device (10) comprises a receptacle unit (11) and securing means (12) extending through the receptacle unit (11) and comprising cooperting cylindrical means (20) which are urged apart by spring means (40) and provided on their outboard ends with friction means (50) which operatively and releasably engage the device (10) with the window frame (110).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 7, 1987
    Date of Patent: June 7, 1988
    Inventor: Joel S. Cline
  • Patent number: 4747231
    Abstract: A landscape edging has a plurality of sections engaged adjacent to each other on a length of strip material, each length of strip material having two longitudinal edges, one of the longitudinal edges preferably having a cylindrical-shaped bead-like projection. The strip engages in a similarly shaped slot cut through one end of each section, forming a length of landscape edging. The sections are preferably log sections.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 19, 1986
    Date of Patent: May 31, 1988
    Inventors: Larry R. LeMay, Sharon M. LeMay
  • Patent number: 4745707
    Abstract: A plant pot assembly characterized by a container covered by a substantially impermeable cover such that water may be drawn upwardly through a capillary space between the covering and the container to irrigate a plant disposed within the container. The assembly also includes an outer enclosure which distills irrigation water, and which further aerates the growing medium within the container by forcing vapor saturated air into the medium. Due the combination of a capillary pumping action and an evaporation/condensation cycle, the plant pot assembly provides continuous irrigation for a plant at most ambient temperatures.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 4, 1986
    Date of Patent: May 24, 1988
    Inventor: John Newby
  • Patent number: 4744171
    Abstract: A wire hanger assembly includes a hook member with at least three wire members depending therefrom, which wire members are specially designed for quick attachment to and release from a compatibly designed container. Each wire includes an enlarged protuberant end portion and the rim of the hanging container includes a plurality of substantially T-shaped slots therein. Each protuberance is inserted through the cross portion of one of the T-slots, and then the wire portion above the protuberance is slipped back to a position where the protuberance is seated in a cavity from which it cannot inadvertently slip.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 24, 1986
    Date of Patent: May 17, 1988
    Inventor: William G. Hilliard
  • Patent number: 4742644
    Abstract: A shipping container for shipping rooted plantlets and specially designed for accommodating rooted plantlets having the roots and growing media of a particular shape. The container includes a supporting frame, one or more plant frames and a cover, all of which are formed with tongues and grooves to permit nesting of the members in superimposed position to provide a relatively sealed container. Each of the one or more plant frames includes support members extending longitudinally or transversely between the end or side walls of the frame, and a plurality of spaced upright members projecting upwardly from each support member. Adjacent upright members define therebetween an area or compartment in which the rooted plantlets or liners can be positioned, with the upright members defining lateral or side openings through which extend the stem and leaves of the rooted plantlets.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 27, 1987
    Date of Patent: May 10, 1988
    Assignee: Fischer Geraniums U.S.A., Inc.
    Inventors: Ernst T. Groth, Lukas T. Kruesi
  • Patent number: 4742642
    Abstract: A herbicide applicator including a plurality of swabbing devices for applying a herbicide to weeds which includes a plurality of nozzles adapted to be removably mounted on a herbicide supply pipe through branch connections. A swabbing member made of fabric material is pressed against the bottom of a respective one of the nozzles. This arrangement allows easy replacement of each swabbing member.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 12, 1986
    Date of Patent: May 10, 1988
    Assignee: Yamaho Kogyo Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Kenzo Yamamoto
  • Patent number: 4741124
    Abstract: A basket used in displaying household plants is provided. The basket is characterized by improved resistance to the deteriorating effects of water exposure and includes a woven shell of interwoven cellulose strips and a molded plastic base fastened to the shell to form the basket. The base includes a water containing reservoir and a spacer to improve the durability of the otherwise cellulose basket.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 30, 1987
    Date of Patent: May 3, 1988
    Inventor: Bruce T. Scism
  • Patent number: 4741125
    Abstract: An apparatus for the delivery of water, nutrients or other liquid materials to the growing medium of potted plants, including a refillable chamber for the storage of the liquid, and means for attachment of the chamber to the vessel in which the growing medium is maintained. The chamber is equipped with a rigidly supported wick in the shape of an inverted U, one end of which is equipped with a float support, holding the wick in the liquid storage chamber. This allows adjustment of the depth of the wick into the chamber. The other end of the wick is inserted in a rigid passageway co-located with the growing medium. The apparatus is also equipped with an adjustable moisture-sensitive brake mechanism, regulating the movement of the wick support in relation to the liquid level in the refillable chamber thereby regulating the flow of liquid from the refillable chamber to the growing medium.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 21, 1986
    Date of Patent: May 3, 1988
    Inventor: Donald Demorest
  • Patent number: 4739580
    Abstract: A portable table having a platform comprised of a light-weight material with an outer insulated surface and a removable insulating cover. The platform includes a handle, a recessed dry storage compartment and a recessed ice storage compartment separated from the dry storage compartment by a separating member. A threaded orifice is provided between one storage compartment and the side of the platform for storing and draining water from the table. The table further includes supporting members fixedly secured to the botton of the platform for setting the platform on a conventional table and also includes legs pivotably secured to the platform to support the platform above the ground or floor. The legs are provided with retractable locking rings which frictionally engage the supporting member to secure the leg into position. The table includes numerous accessories which may be readily mounted to the table including a "sneeze" guard.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 12, 1985
    Date of Patent: April 26, 1988
    Inventors: Jesse K. Simmons, Maralyne J. Simmons
  • Patent number: 4738050
    Abstract: A clamp and system which incorporates the clamp for laterally supporting the stems of plants and the trunks of small tree saplings. The clamp is attachable to horizontal and vertical support structure such as a post, wire, rod, and larger walls or the like. The clamp has an arcuate body with opposing concave and back surfaces, the concave surface shaped to receive and partially surround a plant stem or tree trunk. Disposed from the back surface or at each end of the arcuate body are a pair of opposing spaced clips adapted to lockably receive an elastic member such as a ring or length of cord. These clips may also serve as retainers for another elastic ring which cushions the plant stem or tree trunk against the concaved surface. The arcuate body includes a mounting post extending from the back surface between the clips having a longitudinal aperture therethrough for receiving a hammered or threaded fastener to be embedded into a suitable support structure so as to secure the body thereto.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 11, 1986
    Date of Patent: April 19, 1988
    Assignee: Dickinson' Nursery Products, Inc.
    Inventor: Ronald I. Dickinson
  • Patent number: 4735014
    Abstract: (a) The invention relates to a method of and an apparatus for industrially growing particularly mushrooms and also to a substrate used for such cultivation.(b) A method characterized in that a substrate is used which consists of a mixture based on hemp stalks, the substrate being prepared by impregnation in water, whereupon the substrate is fixed on supports constituting vertical walls, whereupon the apparatus (1) carrying the substrate is placed in an incubation room and then in a growing room.(c) The present invention has its main application in the mushrooms growing industry.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 19, 1986
    Date of Patent: April 5, 1988
    Assignee: Weber Development Engineering SA
    Inventor: Ernst Weber
  • Patent number: 4733497
    Abstract: An applicator for weedicide or other agricultural or horticultural treating liquid consists mainly of a swabbing brush having a multiplicity of pliant filaments, preferably of cruciform cross-section, trailing from a supply conduit to which the treating liquid is fed from a tank, the supply conduit which may be tractor-mounted being advanced over an area to be treated, so that the brush filaments with treating liquid running down them, are tailed over the area so that the liquid is applied directly to the area being treated. The swabbing brush, when tractor-mounted, is pivoted to swing back if encountering a tree or other obstacle, to be returned by a spring when the obstacle is passed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 18, 1986
    Date of Patent: March 29, 1988
    Inventor: George Frikton
  • Patent number: 4729188
    Abstract: An automatic sprouts culture bag having a plurality of longitudinal culture unit bags for storing sprout seeds, connected in series and may be hung on a lateral rod or wall for nursing sprouts in the air in conjunction with a water-dropping device arranged above said longitudinal culture unit bags for feeding water in drops from either a water bucket of a water faucet to said longitudinal culture unit bags, a plurality of siphons arranged in offset between two adjoining longitudinal culture unit bags for siphoning water from the upper longitudinal culture unit bag into the lower one for submerging the sprout seeds stored in an inner perforated bag received in said longitudinal culture unit bag, and an outer dark bag enclosing said longitudinal culture unit bags to prevent the sprouts from being exposed to the sunlight in order to form a dark environment for better growth of the sprouts.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 9, 1986
    Date of Patent: March 8, 1988
    Inventor: Ming-Kwei Cheng
  • Patent number: 4729189
    Abstract: A subirrigation mat has a substrate covering an area across which several potted plants are to be irrigated. Connected along the substrate are a plurality of channel members upon which the plant containers sit. A main conduit connected at respective open ends of the channel members provides irrigating fluid concurrently to each channel member. This fluid flows through outlet holes in the channel members and into the containers placed above the holes. A valve can be associated with each outlet hole to close it when a container is not placed above the hole. A cup can be associated with each outlet hole or valve to facilitate communication between the hole in the channel member and the hole in the bottom of the container.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 2, 1986
    Date of Patent: March 8, 1988
    Assignee: Lacebark Publications
    Inventor: Carl E. Whitcomb
  • Patent number: 4727678
    Abstract: An elongated tubular handle is provided and closed at one end. The other end of the tubular handle has a tubular applicator body supported therefrom at generally 45.degree. relative thereto by a tubular ell and the tubular body includes circumferentially and longitudinally spaced aperatures formed therethrough and an outer absorbent covering. Liquid herbicide may be carried in the handle and flow therefrom through the ell and into the tubular body through a flow restrictive orifice or aperature and tubular shield is snugly telescoped over the absorbent covering and frictional engagement therewith and is angularly displacable about the tubular body and includes a laterally opening window formed therein for exposing only a selected side of the absorbent covering carried by the tubular body.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 19, 1986
    Date of Patent: March 1, 1988
    Inventors: Steve L. Struve, deceased, by Seva W. Struve, executrix