Patents Examined by Brian Andrea
  • Patent number: 7095488
    Abstract: A forward looking cross-track laser altimeter comprises: a first configuration of optical elements for guiding pulsed laser beams along a first optical path; a mirror element coupled to a scanner and disposed in the first optical path, the scanner operative to oscillate the mirror element to sweep the reflected laser beams back and forth across a line at a predetermined frequency; the scanner and mirror element configurable to reflect the pulsed laser beams along paths forward and downward at a predetermined angle to the flight path of the aircraft, wherein the pulsed laser beam paths are caused to be line swept across a ground track forward the aircraft; the mirror element for receiving returns of the pulsed laser beams from the terrain and objects on the terrain forward the aircraft and reflecting the returns along a second optical path to a light detector which produces a return signal in response thereto; a first circuit governed by the return signals for measuring times-of-flight of the returns and gener
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 21, 2003
    Date of Patent: August 22, 2006
    Assignee: Rosemount Aerospace Inc.
    Inventors: James R. Jamieson, Mark D. Ray, Joseph T. Pesik
  • Patent number: 7019685
    Abstract: In order to magnetically shield the transmission line which connects the external connector mounted on the outer housing with the internal circuit and also to make it possible to freely mount the external connector without being limited by the position of the internal circuit, an outer housing 60 consists of an outer housing main body 61 and a shielding layer 62 applied to the inner-periphery surface of the outer housing 60. An transmission line 73 extends from the internal circuit through the outer-periphery side of the shielding layer 62 of the outer housing 60 along the shielding layer 62 to the desired position, where the external connector 70 is placed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 8, 2003
    Date of Patent: March 28, 2006
    Assignee: Hitachi, Ltd.
    Inventors: Mitsushige Suzuki, Kazuaki Takano, Ryuji Fukute
  • Patent number: 6934012
    Abstract: A ranging apparatus 1 comprises a laser light emitter 3 for emitting pulsed laser light, a reflected light receiver 4 for receiving reflected light, a distance computer 10 for finding the distance from the elapsed time until the reflected light is received, and a distance display 8 for displaying this distance. The distance computer 10 has a counter 11 for counting the frequency when the reflected light satisfies a specific condition, a table production component 12 for producing a frequency distribution table corresponding to distance by adding up the counts, a distance determiner 13 for determining as the distance to the object of measurement the point when the frequencies in the frequency distribution table exceed a threshold, and a distance selector 15 for selecting a specific distance when a plurality of distances are determined, and displaying this distance on the distance display 8.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 8, 2003
    Date of Patent: August 23, 2005
    Assignee: Nikon Corporation
    Inventors: Naoto Inaba, Masaya Nagasawa
  • Patent number: 6922234
    Abstract: An apparatus for generating structural data of a structure. The apparatus includes a scanning laser range finder that produces reflectance data of the structure. The apparatus includes a memory which stores the reflectance data. The apparatus includes means for determining desired spatial relationships of the structure from the reflectance data. A method for generating structural data of a structure. The method includes the steps of producing reflectance data of the structure with a scanning laser range finder. There is the step of storing the reflectance data in a memory. There is the step of determining desired spatial relationships of the structure from the reflectance data.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 23, 2002
    Date of Patent: July 26, 2005
    Assignee: Quantapoint, Inc.
    Inventors: Eric Hoffman, Fred M. Persi
  • Patent number: 6917327
    Abstract: A method for transmitting a radar signal comprises the step of transmitting a series of pulses, each of the pulses being separated in time by an interpulse period, and each of the pulses in the series being modulated in accordance with a different character of a first code
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 11, 2003
    Date of Patent: July 12, 2005
    Assignee: M/A Com, Inc.
    Inventor: Alan Jenkins
  • Patent number: 6917417
    Abstract: A vehicle service system having a vehicle service computer which is configured for communication with one or more on-board vehicle computers of a vehicle undergoing a vehicle service procedure, to retrieve or access information stored in a memory associated with the vehicle computer and/or to modify or store information in the vehicle computer associated memory.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 18, 2004
    Date of Patent: July 12, 2005
    Assignee: Hunter Engineering Company
    Inventors: Timothy A. Strege, David A. Voeller
  • Patent number: 6906793
    Abstract: Structures and methods for three-dimensional image sensing using high frequency modulation includes CMOS-implementable sensor structures using differential charge transfer, including such sensors enabling rapid horizontal and slower vertical dimension local charge collection. Wavelength response of such sensors can be altered dynamically by varying gate potentials. Methods for producing such sensor structures on conventional CMOS fabrication facilities include use of “rich” instructions to command the fabrication process to optimize image sensor rather than digital or analog ICs. One detector structure has closely spaced-apart, elongated finger-like structures that rapidly collect charge in the spaced-apart direction and then move collected charge less rapidly in the elongated direction. Detector response is substantially independent of the collection rate in the elongated direction.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 17, 2003
    Date of Patent: June 14, 2005
    Assignee: Canesta, Inc.
    Inventors: Cyrus Bamji, Xinqiao Liu
  • Patent number: 6903674
    Abstract: The invention concerns a procedure for emission of jamming signals for jamming of laser-based measuring instruments as a result of which systems for distance or speed measurement of targets using laser reflection receive further signals (jamming signals) in addition to the laser signals emitted by the measuring system itself and then reflected at the target. The invention is applicable to affect the distance or speed measurement of targets by means of laser-based measuring instruments, where the measurement procedure of the respective laser-based measuring system is jammed or even prevented.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 8, 2000
    Date of Patent: June 7, 2005
    Inventors: Holger Hoesel, Sven Diestel
  • Patent number: 6897946
    Abstract: A range finder device, for measuring, when a plurality of projected lights having radiation patterns whose light intensity differs three-dimensional space-wise are irradiated onto an object from a light source on a time-sharing basis to image-pick up reflected light of the projected light from the object with a camera, a distance using the light intensity of an image picked up, characterized in that, with respect to each of a plurality of surfaces including the center of the light source and the center of a lens, there is obtained, in advance, relation between an angle of each projected light from the light source and light intensity ratio in each surface, characterized in that, at the time of actual distance measurement, light intensity of each pixel of the camera is measured, and on the basis of the light intensity thus measured, and relation between the angle and the light intensity ratio on a predetermined surface corresponding to a coordinate position of the pixel measured, there is obtained the angle co
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 22, 2003
    Date of Patent: May 24, 2005
    Assignee: Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Kenya Uomori, Takeo Azuma, Atsushi Morimura
  • Patent number: 6894767
    Abstract: A light wave distance-measuring system, comprising a projection optical system having an optical axis of outgoing light and for projecting a measuring light, and a photodetection optical system having an optical axis of a returning light and for receiving a reflection light, wherein the photodetection optical system comprises a light receiving lens for receiving and for converging the reflection light, a light receiving surface where the reflection light enters, and a ring-like perforated multi-focal optical member arranged between the light receiving surface and the light receiving lens and for converging the light to the light receiving surface.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 4, 2003
    Date of Patent: May 17, 2005
    Assignee: Kabushiki Kaisha TOPCON
    Inventors: Ikuo Ishinabe, Jun-ichi Kodaira
  • Patent number: 6894637
    Abstract: By means of tomograhic radar technique consisting of a coherent combination of large numbers of synthetic aperture radar images acquired by several air or space SAR systems having different look angles, a real three-dimensional imaging of volume scatterers is achieved. This allows the separation of the backscattered signal of volume scatterers in the height direction which can be further evaluated independently. The invention can be put to use in the three-dimensional analysis of vegetation layers and ground strata, but also for imaging and mapping of buildings, urban areas and mountainous terrain.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 9, 2002
    Date of Patent: May 17, 2005
    Assignee: Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt e.V.
    Inventors: Alberto Moreira, Andreas Reigber
  • Patent number: 6885335
    Abstract: An antenna base, a control circuit section, and a high-frequency circuit section are enclosed in an inner space defined by a housing and a radome. Inside this inner space, the control circuit section and the high-frequency circuit section are surrounded by the antenna base and the housing. A circuit GND common to the control circuit section and the high-frequency circuit section is electrically connected to the antenna base and the housing, and it is connected to a body GND through only capacitive impedance.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 15, 2004
    Date of Patent: April 26, 2005
    Assignees: Hitachi, Ltd., Hitachi Car Engineering Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Mitsushige Suzuki, Kazuaki Takano, Terumi Nakazawa, Shirou Oouchi, Kazuto Nakamura
  • Patent number: 6882409
    Abstract: A multi-spectral detector for use in a passive/active system and a method for use in identifying an object in a field of view are disclosed. The multi-spectral detection system comprises an optically dispersive element, a detector array, and an integrated circuit. The optically dispersive element is capable of separating received LADAR radiation and radiation received from a scene into a plurality of spectral components and distributing the separated spectral components; and a detector array. The detector array includes a plurality of detectors capable of detecting the LADAR radiation; and a plurality of detectors capable of detecting the spectral components of the scene radiation. The integrated circuit is capable of generating a plurality of electrical signals representative of predetermined characteristics of the detected LADAR radiation and the detected spectral components.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 25, 2003
    Date of Patent: April 19, 2005
    Assignee: Lockheed Martin Corporation
    Inventors: Bruno J. Evans, Pradip Mitra
  • Patent number: 6882300
    Abstract: A guide marker includes a substrate and a radio-wave reflecting unit for reflecting radio waves at certain intensity in all directions in a virtual plane, including the incident direction of the radio waves, the radio-wave reflecting unit being provided in the surface of the substrate. The radio-wave reflecting unit includes a concave and convex portions provided in the substrate or radio-wave reflectors which resonate at the frequency of incident radio waves and which reflect the radio waves in the incident direction. The radio-wave reflectors are mounted on the substrate. A visual guide marker device includes one of a light-reflecting component having a reflection characteristic and a light-generating component which self-generates light, and a guide marker including a dielectric material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 25, 2003
    Date of Patent: April 19, 2005
    Assignee: Murata Manufacturing Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Fuminori Nakamura, Toru Tanizaki, Yohei Ishikawa, Taiyo Nishiyama
  • Patent number: 6879384
    Abstract: A process and an apparatus for measuring an object space using an opto-electronic range finder which operates according to a method of determining the time-of-flight of a signal comprise a first measuring step including transmitting optical transmitter signals in form of a beam of a predetermined first divergence angle, receiving optical signals reflected from an object and evaluating a distance value, while scanning the object space. After or before this first take-up step follows a second one wherein reference marks in the object space are taken up with a using an enlarged divergence angle so as to detect reliably the reference marks. The apparatus comprises, accordingly, appropriate devices for varying the divergence angle.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 19, 2002
    Date of Patent: April 12, 2005
    Assignee: Riegl Laser Measurement Systems, GmbH
    Inventors: Johannes Riegl, Rainer Reichert, Nikolaus Studnicka, Andreas Ullrich
  • Patent number: 6876322
    Abstract: Disclosed are systems, methods, devices, and apparatus to interrogate a clothed individual with electromagnetic radiation to determine if a concealed weapon is being carried. This determination includes establishing data corresponding to an image of the individual and processing data sets corresponding to a number of spatial frequency representations of different image portions to evaluate if the concealed weapon is present.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 26, 2003
    Date of Patent: April 5, 2005
    Assignee: Battelle Memorial Institute
    Inventor: Paul E. Keller
  • Patent number: 6873406
    Abstract: The present invention is a laser ranging device that incorporates an internal tilt sensor, an internal temperature sensor, and an internal pressure sensor. The tilt sensor is used to measure the target's vertical angle relative to the horizontal reference plane. Digital signal processing circuitry controls the firing of the laser pulse, calculation of time-of-flight range, measurement of the vertical angle of the tilt sensor, measurement of ambient temperature and storage of tilt sensor and temperature sensor calibration data. The digital signal processing circuitry then provides the user temperature corrected ballistic ranging information, including horizontal range. Additionally, an automatic gain control system minimizes the effects of target to target variance in reflectivity and its associated errors. It is also an object of this invention to electronically minimize errors in the measurement of a vertical angle caused by housing vibration and by temperature variance errors.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 13, 2003
    Date of Patent: March 29, 2005
    Assignee: Opti-Logic Corporation
    Inventors: Robin H. Hines, Patrick J. Murphy, William L Goodman, Matthew A. Johnson
  • Patent number: 6870498
    Abstract: A system for generating electromagnetic radiation comprising a flux generator for generating a high intensity current and conversion means in the form of a reflex triode or a plasma focus device for converting said current into a high energy radiation beam.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 6, 1989
    Date of Patent: March 22, 2005
    Assignee: MBDA UK Limited
    Inventors: David Morgan, Lee Miller, David E T F Ashby, John G. Morgan
  • Patent number: 6870501
    Abstract: A digital RF tag (10) for providing an automatic reply to an electromagnetic signal. The system includes a radar receiver (11, 20); signal and data processors (50, 64) for analyzing the electromagnetic signal to extract data with respect thereto and for synthesizing a second electromagnetic signal; and a radar transmitter (11, 20). The radar receiver (11, 20) is a narrow band radar receiver. The use of a narrow band receiver minimizes power consumption and extends battery life. The inventive RF tag (10) tracks the received radar signal. The data processor (50) includes a microprocessor adapted to execute software designed to implement the tracking function. While the received radar signal is being tracked, type and timing data are extracted and used to synthesize a reply signal. The use of a synthesized reply signal, as opposed to a recorded and modified transmit signal as a reply signal, allows for the transmission of the cleaner (noise free) reply signal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 26, 2001
    Date of Patent: March 22, 2005
    Assignee: Raytheon Company
    Inventor: James K. Beard
  • Patent number: 6870499
    Abstract: A synthetic aperture radar (SAR) system includes a transmitter capable of transmitting a pair of signals that each have a predetermined frequency in the optical band of the electromagnetic spectrum. The predetermined frequency can be selected, for example, to provide a level of resistance to at least one of movement of the target, target vibration and optical path length variations, and can further be selected based upon a predefined range and azimuth resolution. The SAR system also includes a receiver capable of receiving at least a portion of the pair of signals that has been reflected off of a target. In this regard, the receiver is capable of processing the reflected portion of the pair of signals based upon a difference frequency between the transmitted pair of signals.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 30, 2003
    Date of Patent: March 22, 2005
    Assignee: The Boeing Company
    Inventor: Richard H. Burns