Patents Examined by Brian K Andrea
  • Patent number: 6594007
    Abstract: Method and apparatus for calibration of 3-dimensional mapping systems applicable to automotive crash repair and diagnostics in which a calibration assembly provides accurate 3-dimensional optical inputs to a camera unit for calibration of the internal dimensional constants of the unit. The 3-dimensional calibration apparatus employs twin spaced mounting planes for patterns of optical emitters at known spacings and dispositions from the fixed camera unit position whereby tight tolerances in manufacture and assembly enable the apparatus to be more compact than a typical work piece to be mapped.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 7, 2001
    Date of Patent: July 15, 2003
    Assignee: Snap-on Technologies, Inc.
    Inventor: Barbara L. Jones
  • Patent number: 6587069
    Abstract: A transmitter and method for transmitting transponder or TCAS signals uses linear amplification to save on circuit component weight, cost and size while enabling precise amplification and control of the transmitted signal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 13, 2001
    Date of Patent: July 1, 2003
    Assignee: Honeywell International Inc.
    Inventors: Rand Ringwald, Ruy L. Brandao, Ruy C. Brandao, James B. Jones, Dang Pham
  • Patent number: 6583860
    Abstract: A range finder includes a light source for emitting a light beam to an object to be measured, a detector for detecting a reflected light from the object, a measuring part for calculating the distance to the object on the basis of the reflected light detected by the detector, a display capable of displaying two objects to be measured as well as the distance to the object measured by the measuring part, a finder for observing the two objects shown on the display, at least one index set on the display for indicating the positions regarding the two objects shown on the display, a field angle setting portion, equipped with a moving part for moving the index to the position of the object, for setting a field angle between the two objects on the basis of the positions indicated by the index, and a calculating part for calculating the separation between the two objects on the basis of the distance to the object measured by the measuring part and the field angle set by the field angle setting portion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 14, 2002
    Date of Patent: June 24, 2003
    Assignee: Nikon Corporation
    Inventor: Shunichi Haga
  • Patent number: 6580385
    Abstract: An object detection system, in particular for a motor vehicle, is described where the object detection system is a combination of at least three object detectors, each having a different detection zone and/or a different detection range.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 2, 2001
    Date of Patent: June 17, 2003
    Assignee: Robert Bosch GmbH
    Inventors: Hermann Winner, Werner Uhler
  • Patent number: 6580495
    Abstract: A surveying instrument includes a sighting for sighting an object; a beam-splitting optical system positioned between an objective lens and an eyepiece, and having a wavelength selection mirror which reflects light with specific wavelengths while allowing light having wavelengths other than the specific wavelengths to pass therethrough; an optical distance meter which includes a light-transmitting optical system for transmitting measuring light toward the object, and a light-receiving optical system for receiving light reflected by the object; and a phase-difference detection type focus detecting device which detects a focus state from a correlation between a pair of images respectively formed by two light bundles which are passed through two different pupil areas on the objective lens and the wavelength selection mirror. The two different pupil areas are positioned so that the two light bundles are incident on the wavelength selection mirror at the same incident angle.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 10, 2001
    Date of Patent: June 17, 2003
    Assignee: Pentax Corporation
    Inventor: Masami Shirai
  • Patent number: 6577388
    Abstract: A laser level with a housing composed of two parts for storing the laser level in a protected manner, wherein the laser level is composed of an instrument body, bubble levels in the instrument body, a laser beam generator with lens system and a fixed leg and two vertically adjustable legs. One of the housing parts is provided with receptacles for the legs, wherein the receptacles are integrally formed at an inner side of the bottom of the housing part. The other housing part has receptacles for the legs, wherein the receptacles are integrally formed in an outer side of a cover of the housing part. At least one stand thread is provided at an inner side of the outer housing part.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 19, 2001
    Date of Patent: June 10, 2003
    Assignee: Stabila-Messgeräte Gustav Ullrich GmbH
    Inventor: Gabriel Kallabis
  • Patent number: 6570646
    Abstract: A system and method of efficiently obtaining distance measurements of a target. A modulated optical beam may be used to determine the distance to the target. A first beam splitter may be used to split the optical beam and a second beam splitter may be used to recombine a reference beam with a return ranging beam. An optical mixing detector may be used in a receiver to efficiently detect distance measurement information.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 6, 2001
    Date of Patent: May 27, 2003
    Assignee: The Regents of the University of California
    Inventor: Mark W. Bowers
  • Patent number: 6548807
    Abstract: Radiation receiver with a photodetector and a sensor, wherein the sensor receives the radiation intensity, and a shutter arranged before the photodetector is driven in dependence on the detected incident radiation intensity. The incident radiation is supplied to the photodetector via a delay device arranged before the shutter, so that no radiation destroying the photodetector can reach the photodetector, due to the shutter having been driven, and can if necessary be kept away or absorbed by the shutter.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 22, 2001
    Date of Patent: April 15, 2003
    Assignee: Zeiss Optronik GmbH
    Inventor: Hubert Becht
  • Patent number: 6542114
    Abstract: An apparatus (10, 240, 300) includes a signpost (11, 241-256, 322, 612, 623, 626-628, 652, 661, 682, 686, 703) which transmits relatively low frequency signpost signals that are fundamentally magnetic in character, a beacon tag (12, 271-275, 301-316, 395-397, 616-618, 641-643, 653, 656-657, 662-664, 679, 708, 711) which receives the signpost signals and transmits radio frequency signals containing a signpost code (42, 93) from a received signpost signal, and a reader (13, 261, 319, 521-530) which receives the radio frequency signals. One of the signpost and tag is stationarily supported, and the other is mounted on a moveable item. Based on the signals received by the reader, the location of the item can determined with a high degree of accuracy.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 24, 2001
    Date of Patent: April 1, 2003
    Assignee: Savi Technology, Inc.
    Inventors: James G. Eagleson, Arthur E. Anderson, III, Timothy K. Brand, Nikola Cargonja, Ravindra U. Rajapakse
  • Patent number: 6542111
    Abstract: A motor vehicular collision warning system including a scanned beam sensor, a signal processor, and a vehicle interface system that initiates warnings to the driver or adaptively controls the vehicle. Scene data is used to predict the path of the roadway in front of a subject vehicle. Reflections from manmade and natural scene objects are extracted from the scene data to define a linear feature edge. Once the feature edge is determined, the predicted path of the subject vehicle can be determined using information regarding the vehicle trajectory and the feature edge.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 13, 2001
    Date of Patent: April 1, 2003
    Assignee: Yazaki North America, Inc.
    Inventor: Terry B. Wilson
  • Patent number: 6535282
    Abstract: An improved three-dimensional position detector and measurement system includes one or more transmitters that each transmit planar light beams and a strobe pulse and a receiver that responds to illumination from the beams and the strobe. The receiver in the system includes calibration logic for executing a quadratic mathematical algorithm to uniquely characterize said planar beams of each of said optical transmitters active in said measurement field. In one embodiment, the quadratic mathematical algorithm uses cones to represent the scan path of the planar beams.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 30, 2001
    Date of Patent: March 18, 2003
    Assignee: Arc Second, Inc.
    Inventors: Thomas M. Hedges, Hiro Takagi, Timothy Pratt, Michael J. Sobel
  • Patent number: 6531977
    Abstract: The pulse center detector (PCD) produces an amplitude-independent center-triggered range output for precision radar rangefinders and TDR systems. Pulse center triggering is accomplished by triggering leading-edge and trailing-edge detectors and summing the outputs to produce a computed center-triggered result. Since the occurrence time of a pulse center does not vary with amplitude, the PCD is amplitude-independent. The PCD overcomes limitations of prior automatic pulse detectors, such as the inherent latency of a constant fraction discriminator (CFD) and the uncertainty of a time-of-peak (TOP) detector. The PCD can be implemented with a single analog component—a comparator—and thus requires appreciably fewer analog components than prior automatic detectors while providing lower jitter. Applications include radar and TDR tank gauges, and radar rangefinders for robotics and automotive applications.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 3, 2001
    Date of Patent: March 11, 2003
    Assignee: McEwan Technologies, LLC
    Inventor: Thomas E. McEwan
  • Patent number: 6504605
    Abstract: A method and apparatus is described for determining the coordinates on the surface of an object which is illuminated by a beam having pixels which have been modulated according to predetermined mathematical relationships with pixel position within the modulator. The reflected illumination is registered by an image sensor at a known location which registers the intensity of the pixels as received. Computations on the intensity, which relate the pixel intensities received to the pixel intensities transmitted at the modulator, yield the proportional loss of intensity and planar position of the originating pixels. The proportional loss and position information can then be utilized within triangulation equations to resolve the coordinates of associated surface locations on the object.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 24, 2000
    Date of Patent: January 7, 2003
    Assignee: The Regents of the University of California
    Inventors: Paul S Pedersen, Robert Sebring
  • Patent number: 6501414
    Abstract: Apparatus and methods are disclosed for detecting anomalies in microwave penetrable material that may be used for locating plastic mines or pipes underneath the ground. A transmitter is positioned at a plurality of different positions above the ground. A microwave signal is transmitted that is stepped over a plurality of frequencies. At each position, a plurality of reflections are received corresponding to each of the plurality of frequencies that were transmitted. A complex target vector may be produced at each position that contains complex values corresponding to magnitude, phase, and time delay for each of the plurality of reflections received at that location. A complex reference data vector may be produced, either based on predetermined values or based on data from the received plurality of reflections. A comparison is made between the complex target vector and the complex reference data vector to produce a channel vector.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 2, 2001
    Date of Patent: December 31, 2002
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States National Aeronautics and Space Administration
    Inventors: G. Dickey Arndt, James R. Carl, Kent A. Byerly, Phong H. Ngo, Larry G. Stolarczyk
  • Patent number: 6496139
    Abstract: A method for simulating echo signals for Doppler radar systems having a radar signal transmitted by a first Doppler radar system and received by a second Doppler radar system wherein the signal is subjected to the action of a Doppler frequency shift based upon switching of either an antennae changeover switch or a transmitting and receiving changeover switch at a frequency equivalent to the Doppler frequency shift to be generated and sent back as a simulated echo signal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 22, 2001
    Date of Patent: December 17, 2002
    Assignee: Dornier GmbH
    Inventors: Joachim Flacke, Bruno Kaiser
  • Patent number: 6483595
    Abstract: A scanner for scanning three-dimensional objects, wherein the distance between the scanner and the object for each measured location is derived by determining the phase difference between a generated light beam, and light received off of the object being scanned. The phase difference is determined by mixing the modulation signal for the generated light with a second modulation signal, and also mixing the received light signal with the second modulation signal. Additionally, an approximation of the amplitude of the mixed received light signal and the second modulation signal is used in conjunction with the received light signal to generate a correction for delay inherent in a photoreceiver used in the scanner. The approximation and raw receiver signal may also be used to obtain texture information from a surface being scanned. The distance between two points may also determined by the apparatus and method of this invention.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 22, 2000
    Date of Patent: November 19, 2002
    Assignee: Basis Software, Inc.
    Inventors: Yurii Olegovich Yakovlev, Vladimir Ivanovich Grigorievsky, Astrelin Andrey Vitalievich, Alex Veniaminovitch Sherstuk, Petr M. Petrov
  • Patent number: 6469660
    Abstract: A method is provided for determining the integrity of incoming target data and for assigning and displaying a target icon correlated to the target data integrity. Target data integrity depends on the both accuracy and the timeliness of the position data being broadcast about the target. Target data integrity is monitored continuously to display a target icon correlated to the current integrity level. Changes in the target icon alert the flight crew or other user to changes in target data integrity. The icon attributes used to communicate a change in integrity do not interfere with other icon attributes used to communicate other characteristics of a target.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 13, 2001
    Date of Patent: October 22, 2002
    Inventors: Steve Horvath, Robert M. Grove, John T. Pratt
  • Patent number: 6466158
    Abstract: Individual objects are located according to a coordinate system in time-successive patterns and correlated between patterns. The objects are correlated by assigning identifiers to each in both patterns. The locations are transformed by reorientation to their centroid. The average of the transformed coordinate differences is used to adjust the centroid of the objects in a subsequent pattern and the transformed coordinate differences adjusted for the centroid displacement. A figure of merit is taken as the root-mean-square of the adjusted differences and used to determine which possible combination of correlated objects between two patterns is most likely.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 8, 2000
    Date of Patent: October 15, 2002
    Assignee: Lockheed Martin Corp.
    Inventor: Marcus Lowell Munger
  • Patent number: 6462810
    Abstract: The present invention provides a surveying system, which comprises a survey instrument main unit for receiving and detecting a guide light projected from a collimation target, a horizontal rotating mechanism 38 for rotating the survey instrument main unit in a horizontal direction, a control unit 37 for controlling the horizontal rotating mechanism, a rough direction detecting unit 24 capable to detect the guide light from all horizontal directions, and a precise direction detecting unit 25 arranged in a direction to collimate the survey instrument main unit from a telescope and detects said guide light only in a range of a predetermined angle, wherein said control unit controls the horizontal rotating mechanism so that a direction of the survey instrument main unit is aligned to the collimation target based on a result of a detection from said rough direction detecting unit, and collimates the survey instrument main unit is collimated to the collimation target based on a result of a detection from the precis
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 14, 2000
    Date of Patent: October 8, 2002
    Assignee: Kabushiki Kaisha TOPCON
    Inventors: Yoshiaki Muraoka, Ikuo Ishinabe, Sho-ujiro Takahashi
  • Patent number: 6441895
    Abstract: A method for achieving three-dimensional alignment of a pair of optical components, and apparatus for supporting such method, is initiated by fixing one of the optical components at a selected location on a semiconductor substrate. Subsequently, the other optical component and its associated submount are attached to a pair of coupled motion stages. A reference signal, to which the first optical component has been aligned, is transmitted to the other component and to a detector. That detector is positioned to measure changes in a selected characteristic of the reference signal, such as changes in optical power, as the position of the second optical component and its submount are manipulated. Through the use of a feedback loop, the second component and submount are moved in a pattern until an optimal alignment is converged upon.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 20, 2001
    Date of Patent: August 27, 2002
    Assignee: Nortel Networks Limited
    Inventors: Yakov Kogan, Daryoosh Vakhshoori