Patents Examined by C. A. Henderson
  • Patent number: 6420572
    Abstract: A process is disclosed for the production of polyphenol oligomers having n polyphenol monomeric units, n being an integer from 2-18. The process includes coupling of a protected polyphenol, having protected phenolic hydroxyl groups, with a C-4 functionalized polyphenol monomer. The protected polyphenol may be a protected polyphenol monomer or a protected polyphenol oligomer having 2-17 monomeric units. Advantageously, polyphenol monomeric units forming the polyphenol oligomers may be the same or different flavanoid compounds.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 9, 1998
    Date of Patent: July 16, 2002
    Assignee: Mars, Incorporated
    Inventors: Leo J. Romanczyk, Jr., Alan P. Kozikowski, Werner Tueckmantel, Marc E. Lippman
  • Patent number: 4960833
    Abstract: A rubber composition containing(A) a bismaleimide compound represented by the general formula (I) ##STR1## wherein R is a divalent acyclic aliphatic group, cyclic aliphatic group, aromatic group, or alkylaromatic group, these groups optionally containing a hetero atom selected from O, N and S in their chain or side substituent,(B) a sulfenamide compound represented by the general formula (II) ##STR2## wherein R.sub.1 and R.sub.2 denote independently from each other a hydrogen atom, an acyclic aliphatic group, or cyclic aliphatic group, or R.sub.1 and R.sub.2 together denote a chain aliphatic group which optionally contains an oxygen atom, provided that R.sub.1 and R.sub.2 cannot simultaneously denote a hydrogen atom,(C) a dithiophosphoric acid compound represented by the general formula (III) ##STR3## wherein R.sub.3 and R.sub.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 14, 1988
    Date of Patent: October 2, 1990
    Assignee: Sumitomo Chemical Company, Limited
    Inventors: Hideo Nagasaki, Yasuzi Takemoto
  • Patent number: 4622378
    Abstract: Water-soluble zwitterionic polymers having clay soil removal/anti-redeposition properties, which comprise a polymer backbone, at least 2 M groups and at least one L-X group, wherein M is a cationic group attached to or integral with the backbone and contains an N+ positively charged center; X is an anionic group or a mixture of anionic and nonionic groups; and L is a hydrophilic chain connecting groups M and X or connecting X to the polymer backbone. L also contains the polyoxyalkylene moiety --[(R'O).sub.m (CH.sub.2 CH.sub.2 O).sub.n ]--, wherein R' is C.sub.3 -C.sub.4 alkylene or hydroxyalkylene, m and n are numbers such that the moiety --(CH.sub.2 CH.sub.2 O).sub.n -- comprises at least about 50% by weight of said polyoxyalkylene moiety, and n is at least about 3. These zwitterionic polymers are useful in detergent compositions at from about 0.05 to about 95% by weight.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 15, 1985
    Date of Patent: November 11, 1986
    Assignee: The Procter & Gamble Company
    Inventor: Eugene P. Gosselink
  • Patent number: 4611027
    Abstract: Novel polymers having the structure--A).sub.x, --B).sub.y and --C).sub.z ;whereinA represents a polymerized acrylonitrile monomer;B represents a polymerized hydrophobic ethylenically unsaturated monomer;C represents a polymerized ionically charged vinyl monomer;x is from 10 to 90 weight percent;y is from 5 to 40 weight percent except that when B is a vinyl halide monomer, y is 10 to 89.9 weight percent; andz is from 0.1 to 10 weight percentThe polymers are useful in forming protective over-coats for photographic elements.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 29, 1984
    Date of Patent: September 9, 1986
    Assignee: Eastman Kodak Company
    Inventors: David J. Steklenski, Donald A. Upson, Howard M. Low
  • Patent number: 4526959
    Abstract: Rubber, hydrocarbons, i.e., resins, and other useful by-products are extracted from shrubs such as guayule and guayule-like shrubs by a procedure wherein the shrub, after being comminuted, is processed in an aqueous and/or a non-aqueous system. An optional water treatment step can be used to remove water solubles and/or facilitate processing and achieve increased yield of desired by-products.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 25, 1983
    Date of Patent: July 2, 1985
    Assignee: The Firestone Tire & Rubber Company
    Inventors: Edward L. Kay, Richard Gutierrez
  • Patent number: 4493925
    Abstract: Rubber compositions are shown comprising diene rubber and salts of hydroxymethylsulfinic acid which exhibit improved green strength and/or tack properties. Treatment of diene rubber above C. with the same salts is shown to be effective in obtaining rubber compositions of improved properties.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 20, 1982
    Date of Patent: January 15, 1985
    Assignee: Monsanto Company
    Inventor: Chester D. Trivette, Jr.
  • Patent number: 4471097
    Abstract: Auxiliary agents for chemical flooding of petroleum deposits and auxiliary agents used in well drilling fluids are water-soluble copolymers containing a statistical distribution of(a) 5 to 95% by weight of structural units of formula I ##STR1## (b) 0 to 30% by weight of structural units of formula II ##STR2## (c) 0 to 80% by weight of structural units of formula III ##STR3## (d) 5 to 60% by weight of structural units of formula IV ##STR4## wherein R.sup.1 and R.sup.2 are the same or different and represent hydrogen, methyl, or ethyl or together are trimethylene to cyclic pentamethylene;R.sup.3 represents hydrogen or methyl;R.sup.4 represent a imidazolyl-(1) or imidazolyl-(2) moiety;Y is a single covalent bond or the formula --CO--NH--C(CH.sub.3).sub.2 --CH.sub.2 --; andX.sup.+ is a cation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 11, 1982
    Date of Patent: September 11, 1984
    Inventors: Klaus Uhl, James K. Bannerman, Friedrich J. Engelhardt, Arvind Patel
  • Patent number: 4469839
    Abstract: An emulsifier useful for preparing an aqueous emulsion having a high viscosity which comprises a copolymer of (1) at least one monomer selected from a vinyl ester, vinyl alcohol, an alkyl acrylate and an alkyl methacrylate and (2) at least one monomer selected from an acrylic acid derivative of the general formula:CH.sub.2 .dbd.CR.sup.1 --CO--A--R.sup.2 --SO.sub.3 Mand a maleic acid derivative of the general formula: ##STR1## wherein R.sup.1 is hydrogen or methyl group, R.sup.2 is an alkylene group, R.sup.3 is hydrogen, an alkyl group or an alkali metal, M is hydrogen or an alkali metal, and A is --O-- or --NR-- in which R is hydrogen, an alkyl group or --R.sup.2 SO.sub.3 M. Emulsions prepared by employing the above copolymer as emulsifier have very high viscosities and moreover excellent storage, freeze-thaw and dilution stabilities.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 17, 1983
    Date of Patent: September 4, 1984
    Assignee: Nippon Gohsei Kagaku Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Motokazu Maruhashi, Sumio Nakagawa
  • Patent number: 4464519
    Abstract: Vinyl chloride-propylene copolymer resin having improved porosity as shown by an increased irreversible plasticizer take-up is produced by the suspension polymerization of vinyl chloride and propylene in the presence of a binary suspension system of a hydroxypropylmethyl cellulose having 19-30% methoxyl and 4-12% hydroxypropoxyl substitution and a 30-50 mole % hydrolyzed polyvinyl alcohol.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 7, 1982
    Date of Patent: August 7, 1984
    Assignee: Air Products and Chemicals, Inc.
    Inventor: Phillip A. Mango
  • Patent number: 4464517
    Abstract: A batch suspension of vinyl chloride is processed in a reaction zone with external cooling zone wherein the volume ratio of total monomer charge to water is more than 0.8 and dispersing agent is 0.03 to 0.1% based on monomers. Circulation of reaction mixture to cooling zone is initiated after conversion of monomer is at least 20%.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 31, 1981
    Date of Patent: August 7, 1984
    Assignee: Ryo-Nichi Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Tetsuya Makino, Masakatsu Itazawa, Kenzi Ogura
  • Patent number: 4463144
    Abstract: A propylene-tetrafluoroethylene copolymer is produced by copolymerizing propylene and tetrafluoroethylene in a molar ratio ranging from 95/5 to 40/60 in an aqueous medium containing tertiary butanol ranging from 5 to 30 wt.%, an emulsifier ranging from 0.01 to 10 wt.% and a redox catalyst of a combination of (1) a water soluble persulfate, (2) a water soluble iron salt, (3) a hydroxymethanesulfinate and (4) ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid or a salt thereof at pH of 8 to 10.5 and at a temperature of to C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 15, 1982
    Date of Patent: July 31, 1984
    Assignee: Asahi Glass Company Ltd.
    Inventors: Gen Kojima, Michio Hisasue
  • Patent number: 4461889
    Abstract: Method and apparatus for the separation of solid polymer and liquid diluent comprising the use of a filter vessel from which a major portion of the diluent can be recovered directly as liquid for recycle to the polymerization process.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 17, 1980
    Date of Patent: July 24, 1984
    Assignee: Phillips Petroleum Company
    Inventor: Donald O. Hanson
  • Patent number: 4461883
    Abstract: A process for producing a conjugated diene polymer, characterized by polymerizing at least one conjugated diene with a catalyst consisting of (A) a reaction product of a Lewis base and a carboxylate of a rare earth element of the lanthanum series represented by Ln(R.sup.1 CO.sub.2).sub.3 wherein Ln is a rare earth element of the lanthanum series having an atomic number of 57 to 71 and R.sup.1 is a hydrocarbon substituent having 1 to 20 carbon atoms, (B) an organic aluminum compound represented by AlR.sup.2 R.sup.3 R.sup.4 wherein R.sup.2, R.sup.3 and R.sup.4, which may be identical or different, represent hydrogen atoms or hydrocarbon substituents having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, excluding the case where all of R.sup.2, R.sup.3 and R.sup.4 are hydrogen atoms at the same time, and (C) an (alkyl)aluminum halide represented by AlX.sub.n R.sup.5.sub.3-n wherein X is Cl, Br, F or I; R.sup.5 is a hydrocarbon substituent having 1 to 8 carbon atoms; and n has a value of 1, 1.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 14, 1982
    Date of Patent: July 24, 1984
    Assignee: Japan Synthetic Rubber Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Yasumasa Takeuchi, Mitsuhiko Sakakibara, Tooru Shibata
  • Patent number: 4461881
    Abstract: In a process for producing a homopolymer or a copolymer of propylene comprising polymerizing propylene or copolymerizing propylene and at least one other unsaturated hydrocarbon monomer in liquid propylene using a catalyst system containing activated titanium trichloride (a) and an organoaluminum compound (b), the activated titanium trichloride (a) being prepared by reducing titanium tetrachloride with an organoaluminum compound followed by activation, to produce a polymer slurry; introducing the polymer slurry produced into the top of a counter-current washing tower; and washing the polymer slurry by counter-currently contacting the polymer slurry with liquid propylene introduced into the bottom of the washing tower, the improvement which comprises purifying the homopolymer or copolymer of propylene by feeding an epoxide in a molar amount of about 1 to about 15 times the molar amount of the total of activated titanium trichloride (a) and organoaluminum compound (b), to a part of said washing tower, thereby d
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 23, 1981
    Date of Patent: July 24, 1984
    Assignee: Sumitomo Chemical Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Akinobu Shiga, Kiyoshi Matsuyama, Masahiro Kakugo, Yukio Naito, Takatoshi Suzuki
  • Patent number: 4461875
    Abstract: A composition comprising 100 parts of an elastomer selected from the group consisting of EPDM, butyl rubber and a EPDM-butyl rubber mixture; 0.1 to 3.0 parts of a compound having the structural formula [(CH.sub.2).sub.n NCS].sub.2 S.sub.6, where n is 4 or 5; and 0 to 5.0 parts of a sulfur donor curative is disclosed. The composition has particular application as roof sheeting or flashing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 24, 1982
    Date of Patent: July 24, 1984
    Assignee: Uniroyal, Inc.
    Inventor: Allen E. Crepeau
  • Patent number: 4460754
    Abstract: A process is described for the two-stage mass polymerization of vinyl chloride, in which 0.1 to 3% by weight, relative to the monomer employed, of one or more of the following compounds which are known as heat stabilizers for polyvinyl chloride: monoalkyltin-IV or dialkyltin-IV compounds in which the residual valencies of the tin are attached to organic radicals via sulfur atoms, and/or aminocrotonic acid esters, are added to the polymerization mixture when a conversion of 65 to 85% has been reached. After thorough removal of the unreacted vinyl chloride from the resulting polymer, preferably at temperatures above the glass transition point of the polymer, products are obtained which have an improved color in comparison with polyvinyl chloride produced by conventional mass polymerization.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 1, 1982
    Date of Patent: July 17, 1984
    Assignee: Hoechst Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Robert Redinger, Walter Berngruber
  • Patent number: 4460753
    Abstract: A process for producing a vinyl chloride polymer which comprises polymerizing vinyl chloride monomer or a mixture of it with another monomer copolymerizable therewith in an aqueous medium or in bulk, characterized in that the inside of the polymerization reactor is coated beforehand with the product of reaction of an oily or waxy cyclopentadiene polymer and a phenolic compound with or without an aldehyde compound.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 28, 1982
    Date of Patent: July 17, 1984
    Assignee: Nippon Zeon Co. Ltd.
    Inventors: Makoto Yamamoto, Akira Nakayama, Riso Iwata
  • Patent number: 4456735
    Abstract: The process is described for the continuous suspension polymerization of vinyl chloride in aqueous phase, in which the polymerization mixture is subjected, in 2 zones, to treatment employing different process parameters in respect of final conversion, dwell time, number of theoretical cascade stages and stirrer power applied. This procedure gives, at good space-time yields, very uniform products which have a narrow particle size distribution, a high bulk density, good flow and a low speck count. In spite of using standard kettle material, only a very low formation of deposit on the kettle walls is observed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 9, 1982
    Date of Patent: June 26, 1984
    Assignee: Hoechst Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Manfred Engelmann, Heinz Klippert, Eberhard Tzschoppe
  • Patent number: 4455235
    Abstract: Water-soluble (meth)acrylic acid/methallysulfonate copolymers, containing less than 20% by weight of the methallylsulfonate comonomer, are well suited as scale inhibitors for aqueous environments, especially those comprising essentially equal amounts by weight of both acrylic and methacrylic acids.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 11, 1983
    Date of Patent: June 19, 1984
    Assignee: Rhone-Poulenc Industries
    Inventors: Jean Boutin, Jean Neel
  • Patent number: 4455409
    Abstract: A method is provided for making sulfonated aromatic organic polymers having aminoorganomercaptan groups attached to backbone sulfonyl radicals by covalent nitrogen-sulfur linkages. These sulfonated aromatic organic polymers can be used as an ion-exchange resin for making bisphenols.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 2, 1982
    Date of Patent: June 19, 1984
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Gary R. Faler, John R. Campbell