Abstract: A pneumatic tire comprising an annular body of an elastomeric material having a central tread portion, a belt under the tread, bead rings connected by sidewalls to the tread, a carcass extending toroidally between bead rings, and an inner liner to contain compressed air, characterized in that said carcass is a one-piece cordless carcass of a thermoplastic copolyetherester elastomer or a polyurethane elastomer having a multiplicity of closely placed slits extending through said carcass from about bead ring to about bead ring, said slits being in a direction approximately perpendicular to the median plane of the tire.
Abstract: There is disclosed a clamp coupling wherein the coupling of the suspension gear of a cable car to the haulage-and-support cable is effected and sustained as a result of the net weight of the suspension gear. The coupling includes a fixed clamp jaw affixed to a rack, a movable clamp jaw mounted on the rack, and a toggle lever mechanism supported on the rack. The mechanism is connected to a suspension gear support bar and a control car. Levers of the toggle lever mechanism are mounted by means of universal joints on the part of the rack that is distant from the clamp jaws and on the movable clamp jaw. The levers are rotatingly hinged to one another about an axis which extends at right angles to the axis of the support bar and also at right angles to imaginary connecting lines between the centers of the universal joints.
March 9, 1977
Date of Patent:
October 17, 1978
Von Roll AG, Departement Bahn- und Stahlbau
Abstract: A pneumatic radial tire having a ratio of the radius of curvature of inner surface of crown portion to the maximum width of the tire of 1.2/1 to 2.5/1, and provided at the sidewall portion with an annular protection rib projecting over the entire circumference of the tire and having a specifically limited cross-sectional shape is excellent in the puncture resistance at both of the crown portion and the sidewall portion.
Abstract: A highway-railway crossing is provided wherein a pair of gage section units is disposed between the rails of a track and secured to the ties subtending and supporting the rails. A pair of side section units is also provided between which the rails and gage section units are disposed. Each side section unit has a peripheral portion thereof resiliently engaging the web section of a rail. Each gage section unit includes a resilient, moisture-proof upper lamina, and a plurality of elongated reinforcing elements arranged in laterally spaced substantially parallel relation and secured to the underside of the lamina. The gage section units are disposed in abutting side-by-side relation and span the distance between the rails. The gage section units have abutting inner faces provided with interfitting male and female segments forming an elongated moisture-proof joint.
Abstract: A foldable pneumatic tire including an annular tread and sidewalls each extending from both ends of the tread and terminating in bead portions, the sidewalls adapted to be folded axially inwardly toward each other to be collapsed within the tread. The foldable tire located in a mold for vulcanization comprises the bead portions each extending perpendicular to a rotating axis of the tire and having a height 1.2 to 2.0 times of that of a flange of a rim, and each the sidewall consisting of first and second sidewalls making an angle with each other between 140.degree. and 160.degree., and an outer surface of the second sidewall radially inwardly sloping at an angle of 0.degree. to 5.degree. to the rotating axis. The tire according to the invention is superior in foldability and can be attached to the rim with ease and is greatly useful for a spare tire for automobiles.
Abstract: An electrical connection device for a toy vehicle track constructed of a track base to which conductor rails are mounted. The connection device comprises a contact base, two or more contacts resilently mounted in or on the base, each contact being arranged and extending through a hole in the track base to engage electrically with the conductor rail of the track, and bias elements holding each contact in engagement with the track.
Abstract: An overhead suspended monorail type material handling system or apparatus comprising a rail having a web and a transversely extending flange on each side along its upper edge and a wider flange on each side along its lower edge, a plate-like member or cleat for attachment to an overhead structure and provided wth a through aperture enlarged at one end, a bolt-like load supporting stud shaft or hanger member having a head at one end and a nut at the other end with the nut located in the enlarged part of the aperture through the cleat and the shank of the bolt-like hanger member extending to the other side of the cleat member, and a pair of clamp plates bolted together, the clamp plates providing an inverted T-like aperture therebetween enclosing the head of the bolt-like hanger member and the narrower flanges on a part of the rail. As an alternative construction the headed stud or hanger member may be incorporated into the cleat.
Abstract: A conveyer system including a power line with a running rail and a running chain, a horizontal free line with a running rail, a running belt and a stopper, and trolleys wherein the trolleys are brought into contact with the belt which runs along the running rail of the free line and are transferred along the free line by frictional force with the running belt. The stopper provided on the free line running rail may halt the trolleys against the frictional force of the belt.
Abstract: The present invention relates to an apparatus for retaining the rails of a railroad on the cross ties. Also disclosed herein is a novel railroad cross tie which has superior life expectancy as well as damping capability and is highly resistant to the elements of nature.A hollow metallic tie element has disposed therein a plurality of support blocks which are constrained within the tie member. An overlying rail member is secured to the tie through the block members by bolt means which run between the rail, tie dampers, and support collars.
Abstract: Conveyor apparatus for checking the interior of a pipeline. The apparatus includes two chassis sections, one of which is adapted to drive the apparatus, and the other of which is driven. A pair of endless belts connects both of the chassis sections and are maintained in contact with the interior wall of the pipeline. The spacing between the portions of the belts in contact with the wall may be adjusted to the width of the pipeline. A swivel plate is provided to adjust the spacing between rollers which urge the belts into contact with the wall. The swivel plates and chassis sections are spring-biased to adjust the slight variations in pipeline diameter and are adjustable for different pipeline diameters.
Abstract: A resilient pneumatic tire which is reinforced by a radially stabilized compression element such that the vehicle on which the tire is mounted can be operated safely in an essentially normal manner regardless of the state of pressurization of the tire. The compression element can be a solid flexible band of high-strength metal or plastic, or can comprise a layered construction having at least a pair of concentric metal bands which have a resilient material sandwiched therebetween. The compression element is stabilized by radial means such as plies comprising radial cords or wires. The radial elements have freedom in shear with respect to one another and they share radial loads imposed on the compression element and tire such that they reinforce and stabilize the compression element and tire. Alternately, the radial stabilizing means can be radial rib-like elements cast or formed integrally in the sidewall of the tire.
Abstract: A tire for off-the-road vehicles, the tire is designed for a removable tread, or a lugged metal traction band. A pair of detachable resilient shields are maintained adjacent the sidewalls of the tire to protect this critical area of the tire from damage. The radially outer edges of the shields are secured adjacent the tread and the radially inner edges have circumferentially continuous inextensible reinforcements for interlocking engagement of the inner edges with the flanges of the wheel rim.
Abstract: The present invention relates to a method of an apparatus for tamping the ballast of a railroad track in which a vibration imparting tamping means is inserted into the ballast adjacent a tie to be tamped and the vibration of the tamping means is increased in frequency until it imparts a vibratory excitation to the ballast of between 55 and 75 Hz producing a resultant force directed at an angle towards the underside of the tie to be tamped, whereby to consolidate the ballast beneath and adjacent the tie during the excitation period and thereafter reducing the vibration to below 55 Hz. and withdrawing the tamping head from the ballast.
Abstract: A method of repairing a small puncture, such as a nail hole in a pneumatic tire, and a patch used in such method. A conventional, plugless-type, circular rubber patch is provided for covering the puncture adjacent the inner peripheral surface of the tire. Unvulcanized rubbery material is disposed in a recess provided adjacent the puncture. The patch is then heated and placed under pressure to collapse the recess and force the unvulcanized rubbery material into the puncture and vulcanize it therein. In one aspect of the invention, a conventional rubber O-ring is utilized to form the recess and restrict movement of the unvulcanized rubbery material into the puncture.
Abstract: An assembly for securing a rail to a railway track sleeper of the type in which the rail is clamped on the sleeper by a resilient clip placed under stress by means of a nut screwed on a bolt associated with the sleeper. A bolt is provided with a shoulder which serves as an abutment to prevent undesired deformation of the resilient clip and/or the appearance of excessive extraction forces on the bolt when the nut is screwed down on the bolt. The bolt provided with a shoulder may be used with a variety of resilient clips.
March 22, 1976
Date of Patent:
August 29, 1978
Societe Anonyme de Traverses en Beton Arme - Systeme Vagneux
Abstract: A railroad tie and an assembly thereof with at least one tie plate wherein the wooden tie has rabbetted recesses formed in the top face thereof to receive the tie plates and these recesses are characterized by each having precut or machined grooves for receiving ridges projecting from the bottom of the tie plate. The assembly includes a wooden tie having a rabbetted recess formed in the top face and adjacent each end thereof, each recess has a flat intermediate face having a pair of grooves machined or precut therein and laterally spaced from each other lengthwise of the tie, and a tie plate seating in each recess and having a pair of ridges projecting from the bottom thereof and engaging into the corresponding grooves.
Abstract: A releasable stop for releasably stopping a vehicle moving through a conduit. A stop gate is supported for pivotal movement into and out of the path of movement of the vehicle. First and second arms are pivotally connected together between the gate and a support and a pneumatic piston and cylinder assembly actuates one arm for moving the gate between a closed and opened position. The pivoting arms are moved into or slightly past a dead center position when the gate is in the closed position whereby the impact of a vehicle engaging the gate will be transmitted to the support instead of to the piston and cylinder assembly. When the gate is closed, the dead center position of the arm maintains the stop gate in a locked position. The stop gate may be sized and shaped to entirely block the conduit to provide a dead end air cushion stop assist.
Abstract: A reinforced railroad crosstie formed by molding and bonding comminuted lignocellulosic material into a monolithic beam around a plurality of wooden reinforcing members which have relatively clear and straight grain, a high modulus of rupture and a high modulus of elasticity and are able to withstand a high amount of compression without crushing. The reinforcing members are positioned within the crosstie proximate lines of maximum tensile stresses expected to be induced in the tie by different bending influences caused by passing trains and varying conditions of the underlying ballast. The members are also positioned within the crosstie so as to avoid interference with the spikes employed to fasten the rail to the tie.
Abstract: A rail vehicle including means for converting energy released during braking of the vehicle to a stored potential energy which may be subsequently used to impart acceleration to the vehicle. Pressure accumulators are utilized where the accumulators include a gas which is compressed by braking forces and where the heat of the compressed gas is stored in latent heat storage elements contained within the accumulators. The track upon which the vehicle rides comprises a hermetically closed tubular chamber enclosing the vehicle and which is filled with water vapor to reduce drag on the vehicle.A method of propelling a rail vehicle including the steps of recovering the brake energy produced during braking to a stop, storing this energy and then using the energy to accelerate the vehicle from the stop.
Abstract: An elastic, fluid impervious annular shield having transversely extending folds for sealing the openings in a U-shaped well formed in a wheel rim from which spokes extend in a radial direction toward a hub used in mounting the wheel rim on an axle of a sports-type vehicle, such as a motorcycle or sports car.