Abstract: A gas delivery arrangement for respirators and anesthesia apparatus includes a radial flow compressor (10) with bent-backwards blades. The compressor impeller (11) is arranged in a stationary housing (14). The gas inlet (12) is located in the area of the axis of rotation of the compressor impeller (11) and the blades (13) extend from the gas inlet (12) in the area of the axis of rotation to the circular outer edge of the compressor impeller (11) and end there nearly tangentially. The free gas flow path between the outer edge of the compressor impeller (11) and the inner wall of the housing (14) passes over into the gas outlet (15) of the gas delivery arrangement in the direction of gas flow. The compressor impeller is driven by an electric motor and has a radius of up to 40 mm and a mass moment of inertia of up to about 4.times.10.sup.-6 kg.times.m.sup.2.
Abstract: A telescopically extendable holder is removably attached to the tobacco pipe and supports the tobacco pipe a desired distance from a pipe smoker. The telescopically extendable holder includes a telescoping shaft having saleable members and connection elements adapted to removably attach the distal end of the telescoping shaft to the tobacco pipe in parallel to the stem of the pipe. The telescopically extendable holder is also adapted to support a cigar or a cigarette. A pocket clip is provided for clipping the holder to the apparel of the smoker. When disassembled, the connecting elements may be kept in the handle attached to a proximal end of the telescopic shaft.
Abstract: An apparatus for receiving harmful substances from a cigarette includes a heating chamber provided with a heating element heating a treating solution consisting of 75% alcohol and 25% of hydrogen peroxide so that the latter evaporates and by transversing the cigarette, carries away the harmful substances from the chamber.
Abstract: This invention relates to a process of exploding tobacco stems to improve smoke quality, and more particularly to a process of exploding the cells of tobacco stems with high pressure saturated steam, followed by rapid depressurization and quenching, in order to reduce negative contributors to smoke quality and to form favorable flavor compounds.
May 12, 1997
Date of Patent:
February 23, 1999
Brown & Williamson Tobacco Corporation
Rufus H. Honeycutt, Elliott S. Sadle, Elmer F. Litzinger, Dennis M. Boyle
Abstract: A plastic device that temporarily holds a cigar or cigarette for a golfer. The device attaches to a golf bag by a clip (13) (14) that the golfer easily slides on to his or her golf bag FIG. 5. Once attached the golfer simply puts his or her cigar into the cigar clamp (10) pushing down until the cigar fits snugly FIG. 2. If using the cigar holder for a cigarette the golfer would place the cigarette in the v-shaped cigarette slot (11) and push down until it is held in place FIG. 3. The holes in the top of the cigar holder (15) may be used to store golf tee's. The hole behind the cigar clamp (16) may be used to hang a towel.
Abstract: This invention relates to an apparatus for inducing a pediatric patient breathing gas through a face mask to inhale a fluid pharmacological agent. The apparatus comprises a fluid conduit through which fluid pharmacological agent may be inhaled, and a sensory patient stimulator coupled to said conduit and accuatable by inspiratory or expiratory flow through said conduit.
April 8, 1997
Date of Patent:
February 2, 1999
The Board of Regents of the University of Texas System
Abstract: A snorkel having improved inlet cap comprising a hose and an inlet cap disposed onto the upper end of the hose. The inlet cap includes a vertical tube having a ventilating hole at a sidewall. The vertical tube further includes a projection that encloses the ventilating hole of the vertical tube. The projection has a hollow configuration and defines an upper and a lower opening, respectively. A covering lid is pivotally disposed onto the upper opening of the vertical tube while the upper opening of the vertical tube is still free to communicate with the outside. The covering lid further includes an extension that partially covers the upper opening of the projection such that the opening of the projection is partially enclosed. As a result, fresh air can be readily sucked into the hose from both the ventilating holes of the vertical tube as well as the opening of the vertical tube. As a result, the diver can be supplied with a great deal of fresh air.
Abstract: A simulated cigarette is provided that includes an elongated deformable cylindrical body that is open at both ends thereof. At least two capsules, at least one of which being rupturable, are included in the cylindrical body. Each capsule contains a potentially chemically reactive substance which, when admixed together, react chemically to produce an exothermic chemical reaction, the heat of which is used to elevate the temperature of a vapor within the simulated cigarette. The heated vapor is inhaled by a user and in the process passes through a substance from which it absorbs either a flavoring, medicine, or a quantity of nicotine. A one-way valve is provided which permits the vapor to travel in only one direction through the simulated cigarette.
Abstract: A tobacco expansion apparatus and method comprising a source of tower gas, an obloid transport duct (20), in communication with the gas source, a tobacco feeder (18) at a location along the obloid transport duct (20) and a separator (22) for recovering tobacco from the expansion apparatus. The tobacco feeder (18) is adapted to introduce tobacco uniformly across the width of the obloid transport duct (20). The apparatus improves the filling power of the processed tobacco and can be operated at higher production rates with less tobacco breakage, thereby improving tobacco yield.
Abstract: A sealer for the adhesive-containing seam of a tubular wrapper surrounding a running filler of tobacco or filter material for tobacco smoke has an at least partially ceramic heating device which contacts the moving seam and contains an electric conductor of ceramic material. The temperature of the heating device can be regulated to decrease, either stepwise or gradually, in the direction of movement of the seam. The heating device can consist of or contain silicon nitride and can be doped with titanium nitride to enhance its heat conductivity.
Abstract: A device-coupled golf club 80 includes a club head 64 which is assembled with a shaft 22 by use of a coupling device 40. Club head 64 is formed with a hosel 68 which is formed with a bore 70 having threads 76 formed in an upper portion thereof and a floor 74 at the base thereof. Coupling device 40 is formed with a body 41 having a bore 42 formed axially therethrough. A flange 44 is formed radially outwardly from one end of the body 41 and is formed with threads 50 from the flange toward the opposite axial end of the body. A ferrule 56 is located on shaft 22 and a tip end 30 of the shaft is inserted into bore 42 of body 41 and secured there by an epoxy glue 82. An exterior surface of body 41 is formed with threads 50 which engage threads 76 formed within bore 70 of hosel 68 to removably secure device 40 with head 64 whereby shaft 22 is assembled with the head 64 to form club 80.
June 11, 1997
Date of Patent:
January 26, 1999
Joseph H. Butler, Jr., Michael W. Hedrick, Michael R. McCaskey
Abstract: An apparatus for cutting a plug from the end of a cigar comprises a housing having a hollow body portion with opposite first and second ends. The first end of the hollow body portion has a cutting edge for cutting a portion of a cigar wrapper at the end of a cigar prior to smoking. A spring-biased plunger is movable within the hollow body portion first end along a longitudinal axis thereof toward and away from the cutting edge. An elongated piercing member is attached to, and movable with, the plunger. A handle is accessible from the exterior of the housing for moving the plunger within the hollow body portion first end. The cutting edge is adaptable to cut a portion of a cigar wrapper at the end of a cigar to create a plug of the cut portion of the cigar, which plug remains at least in part within the hollow body portion first end, and the handle is operable to move the plunger toward the cutting edge to eject the plug from the housing.
Abstract: A portable cigar holder for rapidly extinguishing a lighted cigar and for saving the extinguished cigar for later consumption is provided. The cigar holder comprises a hollow cylindrical tube having a closed end portion and an open end opposed to said closed end portion and a removable cap sized to close the open end of the tube for forming a substantially air tight container so as to promote rapid extinguishing of the lighted cigar. The cigar holder includes a specially configured snuffer which snuffer is in the shape of a bowl with the open end of the bowl facing the open end of the cigar holder and which snuffer is readily slideable within the cigar holder. The cigar holder of the invention accommodates cigars of different lengths while minimizing the overall length of the cigar holder so that the holder may be comfortably carried by the cigar smoker.
Abstract: The invention relates to an inhaler for products such as medicaments, and particularly to an inhaler for transferring to a patient a metered dose of product contained in a pressurized dispensing container. The inhaler includes a housing adapted to receive a pressurized dispensing container, a mouthpiece, duct means for connecting an outlet of the container with the mouthpiece and air inlet means for allowing air into the inhaler for when a user applies suction to the mouthpiece. The housing also comprises a mechanical break-up component located in the duct means. The component breaks up the product as it passes along the duct means, before mixing with the air flow to effect atomization of the product. The duct means includes a chamber for receiving the mechanical break-up component, the chamber having an end wall providing a barrier between the chamber and the mouthpiece to prevent the mechanical break-up component from entering the mouthpiece.
Abstract: A unit for forming groups of cigarettes, wherein a transfer device transfers the cigarettes from a fixed withdrawal station, defined by an open bottom end of a hopper for cigarettes, on to a release surface traveling continuously along a given first path; the transfer device having an extracting device associated with the bottom end of the hopper to successively extract layers of cigarettes from the bottom end and feed the layers along a second path extending crosswise to the first path, and a rotary-platform device in turn having a number of suction type gripping heads movable between the first and second paths to feed the layers of cigarettes on to the release surface.
Abstract: A multiple channel sample port for an airway adaptor, which includes a substantially spherical projection with a plurality of inlet tubes and an outlet, which is designed to be placed substantially within the main channel of the airway adaptor through an opening in the side wall of main channel of the airway adaptor. The outlet is connected to, or integrally formed with, one end of a substantially cylindrical chamber. The opposite end of the substantially cylindrical chamber is adapted to be connected to a gas analyzer. When a pressure reduced below atmospheric pressure is applied at the gas analyzer, gas flows from the main channel of the airway adaptor into the inlets of the substantially spherical projection, through the spherical projection into the substantially cylindrical projection, and from thence to the gas analyzer.
Abstract: A respirator circuit comprises a breathing tube, such as an endotracheal tube, having a proximal end, a distal end, and a lumen extending between the proximal and distal ends. The lumen defines at least a portion of the respirator circuit. A ventilator tube is in fluid communication with the proximal end of the breathing tube end and defines a portion of the respirator circuit. One or more light sources capable of emitting ultraviolet radiation irradiates at least a portion of the respirator circuit, thereby sterilizing the respiratory circuit.
Abstract: A smoking pipe includes a rotatable coupling between a base including a bowl and mouthpiece. The mouthpiece rotates to a first position covering the bowl and to a second position distant from the bowl for use of the smoking pipe. The collapsed form of the smoking pipe may be more easily carried in one's pocket without loss of debris from the bowl.
Abstract: A complete smoking assembly including a housing that defines a first chamber for storing smoking material and a aperture, a top cover associated with the housing, and a lighter contained substantially within the housing for emitting through the aperture a flame for igniting outside of the housing a portion of the smoking material removed from the housing. The aperture is defined along a side of the housing. The assembly includes a smoking pipe for removing the portion of the smoking material from the first chamber, and the housing defines an elongated channel for removably receiving the smoking pipe. The top cover is slidingly engaged with the housing and is adapted to open and close the first chamber and open and close the channel. The lighter is configured to be substantially received within the housing in a neat and compact manner.
Abstract: A filter which will be attached to the end of a smoking product such as a cigarette. It would have a normal filter connected to the tube of tobacco, with a dual chamber which holds fine tobacco dust particles in one chamber. The other chamber would contain a plurality of loose fibers and would be connected to another normal cigarette filter.