Patents Examined by Ciel P Thomas
  • Patent number: 11302932
    Abstract: A bipolar plate having side ports is described for use with an electrochemical cell. A side port having a high aspect ratio will have an effect on the partial pressure of the reactant gasses and prevent high pressure drop of the working fluid transport to the electrodes. The membrane electrode assembly may have a high aspect ratio and the port opening may be on the long side of the bipolar plate. The electrochemical cell may be configured in an enclosure that is maintained at less than atmospheric pressure which further increases the need for low pressure drop fuel deliver to the electrodes, especially in electrochemical compressor applications.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 23, 2016
    Date of Patent: April 12, 2022
    Assignee: Xergy Inc.
    Inventors: Bamdad Bahar, Kyriacos Zachary, William Parmelee, Scott Thomas Fackler
  • Patent number: 11118816
    Abstract: A high water transfer electrochemical compressor is described having a ‘n’ transfer of water through the ion conducting membrane of greater than one. This may be accomplished by reducing the equivalent weight of the ion conducting polymer, such as an ionomer to less than about 900 and/or by reinforcing the low equivalent weight ionomer with a support material, such as an expanded polytetrafluoroethylene. This may be accomplished by making components of the electrochemical cell hydrophilic including the electrodes and/or gas diffusion media. This may be accomplished by adding a flow component to a feed fluid or refrigerant, such as an alcohol, acid, or acetone, for example. A flow component may modify an electrode and/or the ion conducting media, by rendering them hydrophilic. A flow component may swell an ion conducting media enable high transport of the working fluid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 23, 2016
    Date of Patent: September 14, 2021
    Inventors: Bamdad Bahar, William Parmelee
  • Patent number: 10697074
    Abstract: This cell (1) comprises a pot shell (2) having two longitudinal sides (18) which are symmetrical in relation to a longitudinal median plane (P) of the electrolytic cell (1), an anode assembly which can only move in vertical translation with respect to the pot shell (2), the anode assembly comprising an anode block (100) and a transverse anode support (200) extending at right angles to the longitudinal sides (18) of the pot shell (2), from which support the anode block (100) is suspended. The anode support (200) comprises two connecting portions (202) from which electrolysis current is supplied to the anode support (200), and the cell (1) comprises electrical connection conductors (20) electrically connected to the two connecting portions (202) of the anode support (200), the two connecting portions (202) being located on either side of the plane (P).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 30, 2014
    Date of Patent: June 30, 2020
    Assignee: Rio Tinto Alcan International Limited
    Inventors: Steeve Renaudier, Benoit Bardet, Yves Rochet, Denis Laroche, Olivier Martin
  • Patent number: 10662539
    Abstract: Systems and methods for controlling heat loss from an electrolytic cell in a smelting process using an adjustable fluid passage to control the heat loss from a preferred area of the electrolytic cell side walls based on operating conditions in the electrolytic cell, and to direct the waste heat from the electrolytic cell side walls back into the electrolytic cell.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 29, 2017
    Date of Patent: May 26, 2020
    Assignee: Bechtel Mining and Metals, Inc.
    Inventor: Robert F. Baxter
  • Patent number: 10660736
    Abstract: An oral care device such as an oral care implement or a toothbrush. The oral care device may include a handle and a head. The head may have a plurality of cleaning elements extending therefrom. The head may comprise a channel and a plurality of electrodes may be located within the channel. The electrodes may be coupled to a power source. The electrodes may be used to generate a chemical agent via the application of an electrical potential across the electrodes when in communication with an electrolyte. The chemical agents may include ozone, hydrogen peroxide, peroxide, chlorine hypochlorite, ions, peroxides, and/or other chemical agents.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 17, 2019
    Date of Patent: May 26, 2020
    Assignee: Colgate-Palmolive Company
    Inventors: Eduardo Jimenez, Douglas Hohlbein, Heng Cai, Sharon Kennedy, Thomas Mintel, Bruce Russell
  • Patent number: 10655233
    Abstract: Electrochemical and photoelectrochemical cells for the oxidation of 5-hydroxymethylfurfural to 2,5-furandicarboxylic acid and/or 2,5-diformylfuran are provided. Also provided are methods of using the cells to carry out the electrochemical and photoelectrochemical oxidation of 5-hydroxymethylfurfural to 2,5-furandicarboxylic acid and/or 2,5-diformylfuran.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 1, 2017
    Date of Patent: May 19, 2020
    Assignee: Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation
    Inventors: Kyoung-Shin Choi, Hyun Gil Cha
  • Patent number: 10648091
    Abstract: A platform technology that uses a novel membrane electrode assembly including a cathode layer comprising a reduction catalyst and a first anion-and-cation-conducting polymer, an anode layer comprising an oxidation catalyst and a cation-conducting polymer, a membrane layer comprising a cation-conducting polymer, the membrane layer arranged between the cathode layer and the anode layer and conductively connecting the cathode layer and the anode layer, in a COx reduction reactor has been developed. The reactor can be used to synthesize a broad range of carbon-based compounds from carbon dioxide.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 3, 2017
    Date of Patent: May 12, 2020
    Assignees: Opus 12 Inc., The Regents of the University of California
    Inventors: Kendra P. Kuhl, Etosha R. Cave, George Leonard
  • Patent number: 10651494
    Abstract: Disclosed is a stack module for a fuel cell and high temperature electrolysis including an individually changeable cell battery module during operation, the stack module being designed to be able to individually separate, couple, or replace a plurality of cell battery modules by a one-touch manner during operation so that maintenance costs are low, and, even when one or more cell battery modules are separated from a fuel transfer panel, other cell battery modules can operate normally such that superior power generation efficiency can be achieved.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 12, 2017
    Date of Patent: May 12, 2020
    Assignee: KOREA INSTITUTE OF CERAMIC ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY
    Inventor: Tae-Ho Shin
  • Patent number: 10615404
    Abstract: To provide a fabricating method and a fabricating apparatus for a lithium-ion secondary battery having stable charge characteristics and lifetime characteristics. A positive electrode is subjected to an electrochemical reaction in a large amount of electrolytic solution in advance before a secondary battery is completed. In this manner, the positive electrode can have stability. The use of the positive electrode enables fabrication of a highly reliable secondary battery. Similarly, a negative electrode is subjected to an electrochemical reaction in a large amount of electrolytic solution in advance. The use of the negative electrode enables fabrication of a highly reliable secondary battery.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 8, 2019
    Date of Patent: April 7, 2020
    Assignee: Semiconductor Energy Laboratory Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Yohei Momma, Junpei Momo, Minoru Takahashi, Takahiro Kawakami
  • Patent number: 10612146
    Abstract: An electrochemical reaction device, includes: an electrolytic solution tank including a first storage part to store a first electrolytic solution containing carbon dioxide, and a second storage part to store a second electrolytic solution containing Water: a reduction electrode disposed in the first storing part; an oxidation electrode disposed in the second storing part; a porous both disposed in the first storing part; and a flow path connecting the porous body and an outside of the electrolytic solution tank to supply gas containing carbon dioxide to the porous body.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 24, 2018
    Date of Patent: April 7, 2020
    Assignee: Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba
    Inventors: Akihiko Ono, Satoshi Mikoshiba, Ryota Kitagawa, Jun Tamura, Yoshitsune Sugano, Arisa Yamada, Yuki Kudo
  • Patent number: 10604861
    Abstract: Device for vertical galvanic metal deposition on a substrate comprising a first and a second device, arranged vertically parallel to each other; the first device comprising a first anode having a plurality of through-going conduits and a first carrier having a plurality of through-going conduits; wherein said first anode and said first carrier are connected to each other; wherein the second device comprises a first substrate holder adapted to receive a first substrate to be treated, wherein said first substrate holder at least partially surrounds the first substrate along its outer frame, wherein the first device further comprises a plurality of plugs, each plug comprising a through-going channel, each plug arranged such that it runs from the backside of the first carrier through a through-going conduit of the first carrier and further through the conduit of the first anode element, and the plugs are detachably connected to the first device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 18, 2017
    Date of Patent: March 31, 2020
    Assignee: Atotech Deutschland GmbH
    Inventor: Ray Weinhold
  • Patent number: 10597789
    Abstract: An oxyhydrogen gas supply equipment includes a gas supply unit, an allocating unit and a mixing unit. The gas supply unit includes an electrolysis device, and an oxygen gas delivery pipeline and a hydrogen gas delivery pipeline that are connected to the electrolysis device. The allocating unit includes a buffer tank connected to the oxygen gas delivery pipeline, and a throttle valve connected to the buffer tank and operable to regulate oxygen gas output therefrom. The mixing unit includes a mixing tank connected to the hydrogen gas delivery pipeline and throttle valve, an output pipeline connected to the mixing tank, and a detector for detecting oxygen gas content inside the mixing tank to regulate the oxygen gas output from the throttle valve.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 12, 2018
    Date of Patent: March 24, 2020
    Assignee: EPOCH ENERGY TECHNOLOGY CORP.
    Inventor: Wen-Chang Lin
  • Patent number: 10597788
    Abstract: The invention relates to the production or a heat-transfer gas circuit for the heat management/regulation of the stack of an HTE reactor or an SOFC fuel cell by removing certain cells in certain areas of the stack in order to replace them with electrical contact elements that allow the heat transfer gas to pass through.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 8, 2016
    Date of Patent: March 24, 2020
    Assignee: COMMISSARIAT A L'ENERGIE ATOMIQUE ET AUX ENERGIES ALTERNATIVES
    Inventors: Magali Reytier, Philippe Szynal
  • Patent number: 10597787
    Abstract: An electrochemical reaction device includes: an electrolytic solution tank to store an electrolytic solution; an oxidation electrode disposed in the electrolytic solution tank; a reduction electrode disposed in the electrolytic solution tank; and a generator connected to the oxidation electrode and the reduction electrode. At least one of the oxidation electrode or the reduction electrode has a porous structure containing fine pores.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 9, 2016
    Date of Patent: March 24, 2020
    Assignee: Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba
    Inventors: Akihiko Ono, Satoshi Mikoshiba, Yuki Kudo, Ryota Kitagawa, Jun Tamura, Eishi Tsutsumi, Yoshitsune Sugano, Masakazu Yamagiwa
  • Patent number: 10597681
    Abstract: Systems and methods for fixing carbon using bacteria are described. In one embodiment, a system includes a reactor chamber with a solution contained therein. The solution may include hydrogen (H2), carbon dioxide (C02), bioavailable nitrogen, and a chemolithoautotrophic bacteria. The system may also include a pair of electrodes that split water contained within the solution to form the hydrogen. Additionally, the system may be operated so that a concentration of the bioavailable nitrogen in the solution is below a threshold nitrogen concentration to cause the chemolithoautotrophic bacteria to produce a product.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 14, 2016
    Date of Patent: March 24, 2020
    Assignee: President and Fellows of Harvard College
    Inventors: Brendan Cruz Colón, Chong Liu, Marika Ziesack, Pamela Ann Silver, Daniel G. Nocera
  • Patent number: 10589224
    Abstract: A capture device for capturing a target gas from a gas flow is disclosed that can be continuously used without requiring consumption of target gas binding salts. To this end, the device is arranged to generate separate acidic and alkaline streams of fluid by electrolyzing water, binding the target gas to the hydroxide ions in the alkaline fluid stream or the hydronium ions in the acidic stream, and recombining the generated streams to release the bound target gas and regenerating part of the electrolyzed water for further electrolysis. Such a capture device may for instance be used in a gas purification system, e.g. an air purification system for controlling target gas levels in a confined space such as a vehicle cabin, domestic dwelling or office space, a target gas generation system or a target gas enrichment system, e.g. for creating target gas-rich air for horticultural purposes. A method for capturing target gas from a gas flow and optionally utilizing the captured target gas is also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 10, 2015
    Date of Patent: March 17, 2020
    Assignee: KONINKLIJKE PHILIPS N.V.
    Inventors: Frank Verbakel, Rene Stallenberg, Cornelis Reinder Ronda, Jan Frederik Suijver
  • Patent number: 10590553
    Abstract: A method of producing metallic tantalum comprises the steps of providing a precursor comprising a tantalate of a first metal, arranging the precursor material in contact with a molten salt in an electrolytic cell, the electrolysis cell further comprising an anode and a cathode arranged in contact with the molten salt, and applying a potential between the anode and the cathode such that the precursor material is reduced to tantalum. The first metal is an alkali metal or an alkaline earth metal. The anode does not comprise a carbon material, which prevents contamination of the tantalum and improves current efficiency of the process.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 25, 2015
    Date of Patent: March 17, 2020
    Assignee: METALYSIS LIMITED
    Inventors: Ian Mellor, Greg Doughty
  • Patent number: 10590550
    Abstract: An electrochemical reaction device includes a first unit group having a plurality of first electrochemical reaction units and a second unit group having a plurality of second electrochemical reaction units. Respective electrolytic tanks of the plurality of first electrochemical reaction units are serially connected with each other. Respective electrolytic tanks of the plurality of second electrochemical reaction units are serially connected with each other. The electrolytic tanks of the plurality of second electrochemical reaction units are parallelly connected to the electrolytic tanks of the plurality of first electrochemical reaction units.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 30, 2016
    Date of Patent: March 17, 2020
    Assignee: KABUSHIKI KAISHA TOSHIBA
    Inventors: Akihiko Ono, Satoshi Mikoshiba, Yuki Kudo, Ryota Kitagawa, Jun Tamura, Yoshitsune Sugano, Eishi Tsutsumi, Masakazu Yamagiwa
  • Patent number: 10593929
    Abstract: To provide a fabricating method and a fabricating apparatus for a lithium-ion secondary battery having stable charge characteristics and lifetime characteristics. A positive electrode is subjected to an electrochemical reaction in a large amount of electrolytic solution in advance before a secondary battery is completed. In this manner, the positive electrode can have stability. The use of the positive electrode enables fabrication of a highly reliable secondary battery. Similarly, a negative electrode is subjected to an electrochemical reaction in a large amount of electrolytic solution in advance. The use of the negative electrode enables fabrication of a highly reliable secondary battery.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 1, 2015
    Date of Patent: March 17, 2020
    Assignee: Semiconductor Energy Laboratory Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Yohei Momma, Junpei Momo, Minoru Takahashi, Takahiro Kawakami
  • Patent number: 10586658
    Abstract: Provided is a photoelectrochemical electrode for carbon dioxide conversion. The photoelectrochemical electrode includes a conducting substrate and CuFeO2/CuO as a p-type copper-iron composite oxide electrodeposited on the conducting substrate. Upon irradiation, the photoelectrochemical electrode generates electrons and converts carbon dioxide to formate with a selectivity of 90 to 99%. Also disclosed is a photoelectrochemical device including the photoelectrochemical electrode.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 10, 2016
    Date of Patent: March 10, 2020
    Assignee: Kyungpook National University Industry-Academic Cooperation Foundation
    Inventors: Hyunwoong Park, Unseock Kang