Patents Examined by Clarence R. Gordon
  • Patent number: 4137890
    Abstract: The Toroid Sweep Engine with Reciprocating Jut generates power within a toroidal-shaped chamber whose walls are divided into two ring-like sections which are free to rotate relative to one another around the toroid axis. An obstacle juts from each of the wall sections into the chamber. Fresh air is pumped at high pressure and high temperature into a region of the chamber between the two obstacles, and fuel is then injected into and burned in this region. The products of combustion force the obstacles apart, turning a wall section, and when the obstacles eventually meet after circumnavigation of the toroid, one of them withdraws from the chamber allowing the obstacles to pass. More fresh air and fuel are introduced between the again separating obstacles following the rendezvous, while spent gases from the previous burning are swept and squeezed out an exhaust duct leading from that volume within the chamber which is compressed between the obstacles.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 21, 1973
    Date of Patent: February 6, 1979
    Inventor: Stephen M. Wohl
  • Patent number: 4134259
    Abstract: For improved thrust responsiveness and smooth transition of the various zones of an augmentor of an augmented jet engine powered aircraft, the time to prefill the fuel manifolds of the zones are calculated from preselected parameters so as to be on line upon light-off. The throttle lever signal is rate limited so that the preascertained manifold volume of each zone divided by the zone filling fuel flow produces a signal indicative of the time to open the normal fuel fill valve to prefill the manifold at the proper time and in the right sequence using a rate limited throttle lever signal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 20, 1977
    Date of Patent: January 16, 1979
    Assignee: United Technologies Corporation
    Inventors: William B. Gardner, John Kniat
  • Patent number: 4134258
    Abstract: A fuel control system for controlling the supply of fuel to a gas turbine engine in all the engine operating ranges including the acceleration, deceleration and part-load operations. The fuel control system comprises load control signal generating means and idling control signal generating means for detecting the operating parameters of a gas turbine engine and generating a load control signal and an idling control signal each corresponding to the proper fuel feed quantity under load conditions and idling conditions, respectively, and an upper limit selection circuit for selecting greater one of the signals from the two means and generating a fuel control signal for commanding the proper fuel feed quantity.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 11, 1977
    Date of Patent: January 16, 1979
    Assignee: Nippondenso Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Nobuhito Hobo, Takashi Hasegawa, Yoshihiko Tsuzuki, Yutaka Suzuki
  • Patent number: 4129101
    Abstract: An internal combustion engine comprising an engine frame having a drive shaft rotatably mounted therein and extending outwardly therefrom. A pair of cylinder sleeves are mounted on the engine frame and have their inner ends positioned within the interior of the frame and their outer ends positioned outwardly thereof. A cylinder head is secured to the outer end of each of the sleeves and is separated thereby by means of a heat insulative gasket. Each of the cylinder heads has a dome-shaped chamber formed therein which is in communication with a source of combustible fuel. An air inlet conduit is mounted on one end of the engine frame and is in communication with a source of air under pressure such as a blower, supercharger or the like. The air inlet conduit is in communication with an air passageway formed in the engine frame which is in communication with air inlet openings formed in the cylinder sleeves.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 2, 1977
    Date of Patent: December 12, 1978
    Assignee: Townsend Engineering Company
    Inventor: Ray T. Townsend
  • Patent number: 4129250
    Abstract: Apparatus for measuring and controlling the relative humidity of exhaust air from an industrial drier in which exhaust air is passed across a dry bulb and a wet bulb thermocouple from which a voltage is derived providing a measure of the relative humidity in the air in the sample. This voltage is used to control the amount of exhaust air from the drier to atmosphere. The wet bulb thermocouple is cyclically dipped in a bowl of water under the control of a timer system of the voltage to control the amount of exhaust air discharged until the wet bulb thermocouple is equilibrated with the exhaust air sampled after dipping.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 3, 1977
    Date of Patent: December 12, 1978
    Assignee: Unisearch Limited
    Inventors: Malcolm Chaikin, Mstislav S. Nossar
  • Patent number: 4127096
    Abstract: An internal combustion engine comprising an engine frame having a drive shaft rotatably mounted therein and extending outwardly therefrom. A pair of cylinder sleeves are mounted on the engine frame and have their inner ends positioned within the interior of the frame and their outer ends positioned outwardly thereof. A cylinder head is secured to the outer end of each of the sleeves and is separated thereby by means of a heat insulative gasket. Each of the cylinder heads has a dome-shaped chamber formed therein which is in communication with a source of combustible fuel. An air inlet conduit is mounted on one end of the engine frame and is in communication with a source of air under pressure such as a blower, supercharger or the like. The air inlet conduit is in communication with an air passageway formed in the engine frame which is in communication with air inlet openings formed in the cylinder sleeves.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 19, 1976
    Date of Patent: November 28, 1978
    Assignee: Townsend Engineering Company
    Inventor: Ray T. Townsend
  • Patent number: 4126269
    Abstract: A ventilated enclosure is formed by an air duct, one end of which is closed ff by a partition pierced with ventilation apertures and the other end of which is closed off by a wall to which is attached at least two fans and which is provided with openings through which air drawn into the interior of the enclosure from its exterior is passed. Each fan is provided with a detection device for detecting inadequate ventilation. The detection device is positioned in the area which is swept by the stream of air which is produced by the associate fan when in operation and generates a signal when the output of air from this fan falls below a predetermined limiting value. Each detection device consists of a thermal detection element designed to emit a signal when its temperature becomes equal to a predetermined temperature threshold and an air non-return casing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 9, 1977
    Date of Patent: November 21, 1978
    Assignee: Compagnie Internationale pour l'Informatique Cii-Honeywell Bull
    Inventor: Jean-Claude Bruges
  • Patent number: 4117670
    Abstract: The inlet air temperature and the exhaust gas temperature of a gas turbine power plant are monitored and are utilized as a determining characteristic in a power output stabilization control circuit. The control circuit is designed to change its response upon the attainment of a particular inlet air temperature threshold to conform to differing high and low temperature operating characteristics of the gas turbine power plant.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 23, 1976
    Date of Patent: October 3, 1978
    Assignee: Bell Telephone Laboratories Incorporated
    Inventors: Walter Stephen Dombkowsi, Erwin August Rosin
  • Patent number: 4115998
    Abstract: An apparatus for monitoring whether the combustion system of a gas turbine is working properly includes an annular array of temperature sensors disposed in the gas turbine to monitor the temperature of the hot gas stream at a plurality of spaced positions and a temperature sensor disposed in the gas turbine to monitor the temperature of the compressor discharge flow, a digital computer, a circuit to input signals indicative of the sensed temperatures of a selected sensor to the digital computer, and a circuit for selecting the temperature sensor to be sampled. The digital computer is programmed to sequentially sample the hot gas stream sensors and to determine the median temperature thereof, compute allowable temperture limits as a function of the median temperature and the compressor discharge temperature, and to output a shutdown or alarm signal when a predetermined number of hot gas stream temperature sensors exceed the allowable limits in a predetermined pattern.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 27, 1976
    Date of Patent: September 26, 1978
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Kendall E. Gilbert, Daniel Johnson, Robert Raymond Macier
  • Patent number: 4116000
    Abstract: Apparatus for controlling the position of a parameter setting device of a gas turbine engine is disclosed. Techniques for improving the accuracy of the control system by incorporating an optical circuit for sensing physical parameters, such as linear position, pressure and temperature are developed. A fiber optic cable linking a remote intelligence processing unit with a sensing unit at the controlled device is employed in the preferred embodiment.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 1, 1976
    Date of Patent: September 26, 1978
    Assignee: United Technologies Corporation
    Inventors: Anthony Newman Martin, Carl James Buczek, Robert Joseph Mongeon
  • Patent number: 4114806
    Abstract: The invention relates to an integrated thermostatic control system for cooling and heating. The control system includes cooling and heating valves and fluid pressure controlled operating elements for the valves. The system has a common sensor and a common variable chamber temperature setting unit. A capillary tube system connects the operating elements to the sensor and the temperature setting unit. An adjustable spring associated with either of the operating units biases the associated valve in the closing direction to provide an operationally dormant dead zone.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 27, 1977
    Date of Patent: September 19, 1978
    Assignee: Danfoss A/S
    Inventor: Niels Peter Grand Graversen
  • Patent number: 4112675
    Abstract: Apparatus and method for starting a gas turbine engine is shown wherein the combustion chamber has a fixed geometry providing a high throughput velocity to prevent flashback during normal operation of the engine. Thus, there is provided a flame holding zone out of the main flow path through the chamber that exhausts into the chamber upstream of a catalytic reactor element to preheat the catalyst to a sufficiently high temperature for continuous auto-combustion therein prior to the rotor of the engine attaining running speed. After running speed the combustion in the flame holding zone is extinguished and the velocity of the fuel/air mixture in the main flow path through the chamber is sufficient to maintain the combustion within the catalytic element for the continuous running of the engine without any flashback.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 30, 1976
    Date of Patent: September 12, 1978
    Assignee: Westinghouse Electric Corp.
    Inventors: Paul W. Pillsbury, Serafino M. DeCorso
  • Patent number: 4106285
    Abstract: A method for controlling the driving power of an expansion engine and an expansion device for carrying out said method, said expansion device being driven by the combustion gases of a separate combustion device to which fuel and air are supplied, said air being supplied to said combustion device by a supercharger via a cooling installation and after compression in said expansion engine the temperature of said compressed air being modified by its cooling in said cooling installation in such a way that the power control takes place by setting the compression temperature of said compressed air at a chosen constant combustion temperature of the combustion gases in said combustion device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 12, 1975
    Date of Patent: August 15, 1978
    Inventor: Cornelis Hubers
  • Patent number: 4106444
    Abstract: A liquid-cooled individual cylinder head for piston internal combustion engines with two inlet valves and two outlet valves arranged respectively adjacent one another, which consists of a cast upper part and of a double-walled bottom between the upper part and the combustion space, which is provided with apertures for the valves and for an injection nozzle or a pre-chamber; the bottom extends over the entire surface of the cylinder head upper part up to the outer boundary thereof while the lower surface of the upper part and both surfaces of the bottom are constructed planar; the two parts of the bottom are supported with respect to one another by wall portions or ribs within an annular zone in the area of the support of the bottom on the cylinder head seal while several cooling medium inlet openings are distributed in the lower wall of the double-walled bottom between the annular zone and an outer boundary.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 31, 1976
    Date of Patent: August 15, 1978
    Assignee: Motoren-und Turbinen-Union Friedrichshafen GmbH
    Inventors: Herbert Deutschmann, Karl Schier
  • Patent number: 4106443
    Abstract: A rotary internal combustion engine is described and shown having two piston and cylinder assemblies rotating about a single axis. The pistons reciprocate in rotating cylinders having a four cycle internal combustion engine process to receive air and fuel, to compress the air and fuel, to combust the mixture and to exhaust the gases therefrom. The pistons move in a set relation to each other, being connected by a common rod. The center of rotation of the pistons is dynamic relative to the center of rotation of the cylinders and cylinder blocks. Intake and exhaust valves are positioned about the periphery of the rotor assembly, and have staggered opening and closing schedules in order that air and fuel may be admitted and gases scavenged in accordance with the four cycle internal combustion engine principle.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 12, 1976
    Date of Patent: August 15, 1978
    Inventor: Joseph P. Triulzi
  • Patent number: 4104873
    Abstract: A fuel delivery system is presented wherein first and second heat exchanger means are each adapted to provide the transfer of heat between the fuel and a second fluid such as lubricating oil associated with the gas turbine engine. Valve means are included which are operative in a first mode to provide for flow of the second fluid through both first and second heat exchanger means and further operative in a second mode for bypassing the second fluid around the second heat exchanger means.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 29, 1976
    Date of Patent: August 8, 1978
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Administrator of the United States National Aeronautics and Space Administration
    Inventor: George A. Coffinberry
  • Patent number: 4103560
    Abstract: Remote control, day-night, outside rearview mirror control apparatus. The control structure includes a plurality of interconnection cables linking an orthogonally pivotable, double sided vehicle mirror and multi-axial actuation, operator control mechanism. Mirror movement in the form of yaw about the vertical axis thereof is facilitated via swivel motion of a control bat resulting in axial movement of cables terminating outwardly of the reference axis of the mirror. Mirror movement about the horizontal axis thereof, including 180.degree. flipping and control pitch adjustment, is facilitated through a single cable, double action mechanical servo which is responsive to axial and rotational control bat movement. The servo may be positioned adjacent the mirror or control bat and utilizes a spring loaded cam biased within a rotable casing to independently differentiate mirror pitch adjustment signals from day-night flip signals in a fashion which permits 180.degree.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 17, 1977
    Date of Patent: August 1, 1978
    Inventors: Robert W. Stoffel, Robert A. Berntsen
  • Patent number: 4102599
    Abstract: A central assembly includes a shaft, a generator and a water turbine which are axially spaced apart and non-rotatably connected to said shaft, and bearing means for said shaft. A housing assembly is mounted or adapted to be mounted in a duct structure, which defines a flow passage.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 22, 1977
    Date of Patent: July 25, 1978
    Assignee: Verinigte Osterreichische Eisen- und Stahlwerke-Alpine Montan Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventor: Gerhard Ziegler
  • Patent number: 4100911
    Abstract: A rotary piston internal combustion engine of trochoidal construction with spark ignition and fuel injection, comprises a housing made up of a peripheral wall portion with a two-lobed inner surface having first and second nodes on its minor axis, and two parallel side portions. A three-cornered piston in the housing is rotatably mounted on the eccentric of an eccentric-carrying shaft, the piston having a recess in each flank and defining together with the inner peripheral surface of the housing working chambers of variable volume. Provisions are made in the housing near the first minor-axis node, an inlet port with a fuel metering device and an exhaust port for the escape of the burnt gases, and in which at least one sparking plug and an injection nozzle are arranged in the zone of the inner peripheral surface in which compression takes place.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 3, 1976
    Date of Patent: July 18, 1978
    Assignee: Audi Nsu Auto Union Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventor: Gunter Kromer
  • Patent number: 4099425
    Abstract: A pushpull cable conduit is made by continuously moving a tubular mandrel through a crosshead extruding die, forming a tape of micro-porous polytetrafluoroethylene resin into cylindrical form covering the mandrel as it enters the extruding die, extruding an outer layer of fluid polymeric material over the cylindrical covering in the presence of heat, helically wrapping contiguous wires over said outer layer to form a wire layer, extruding an outer covering of thermoplastic material over the wire layer, and removing the tubular mandrel. The porosity of the polytetrafluoroethylene covering insures a good heat bond with the outer layer of fluid polymeric material and also provides a lubricant reservoir in its inner surface, thereby minimizing friction with the cable core and greatly reducing sound transmission.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 1, 1976
    Date of Patent: July 11, 1978
    Assignee: Samuel Moore and Company
    Inventor: Bruce H. Moore