Abstract: In the beam path of an Optical Cross Connect between the front face of a fiber block and a moveable mirror array are placed a telecentric lens and multi-surface optical element. The lens is placed adjacent the front face with a front focal plane coinciding with the front face. The substantially parallel beam path axes between the front face and the telecentric lens are converted by the lens into dispersing directions towards the optical element. Discrete optical surfaces of the optical element redirect the dispersing beam paths in a fashion such that the beam paths coincide in the following with corresponding moveable mirrors of a mirror array. Pitches of arrayed fiber ends and of the optical surfaces as well as the moveable mirrors are independently selectable. The telecentric lens simultaneously focuses the signal beams with improved beam separation and reduced signal loss.
Abstract: A zoom lens includes, in order from an object side to an image side, a first lens unit of positive refractive power, a second lens unit of negative refractive power arranged to move during variation of magnification, a third lens unit arranged to compensate for shift of an image plane due to the variation of magnification, and a fourth lens unit of positive refractive power, wherein the fourth lens unit has a first lens subunit of negative refractive power, and an image is displaced by moving the first lens subunit in such a way as to have a component perpendicular to an optical axis of the zoom lens.
Abstract: An optical apparatus is disclosed which comprises an optical system provided with a zoom lens for performing zooming by moving along the optical axis and a focus lens for performing correction and focusing at the time of zooming, an imaging device for imaging an optical image supplied from the optical system, a zoom actuator for driving the zoom lens, a focus actuator for driving the focus lens, a zoom position detecting device for detecting the position of the zoom lens, a focus position detecting device for detecting the position of the focus lens, an aperture stop member whose opening diameter changes so as to adjust the luminous energy passing through the optical system a filter member to be freely inserted into or extracted from the optical path of the optical system, an aperture stop state detecting device for detecting the opening state of the aperture stop member, a filter state detecting device for detecting the insertion state of the filter member, a memory storing the movement information on the re
Abstract: A viewing lens that is divided into at least three sections such that a wearer can see through a center section with both eyes, and can see through a lateral section only with the eye immediately adjacent to that section.
September 4, 2002
Date of Patent:
July 26, 2005
Kirby Morgan Dive Systems, Inc.
William B. Morgan, Connie L. Morgan, Trent M. Schultz
Abstract: A zoom lens system includes a positive first lens group, a negative second lens group. Zooming is performed by moving the first and second lens groups in the optical axis direction thereof. The most image-side lens element of the positive first lens group includes a positive lens element having at least one aspherical surface. The zoom lens system satisfies the following conditions: 4.5<fT/f1G<5.5 ??(1) 3.5<fT/fLasp<5.5 ??(2) wherein fT designates the focal length of the zoom lens system at the long focal length extremity; f1G designates the focal length of the positive first lens group; and fLasp designates the focal length of the positive lens element having the aspherical surface in the positive first lens group.
Abstract: A zoom lens system includes a negative first lens group, a positive second lens group, and a positive third lens group. Upon zooming from the short to long focal length extremities, the distance between the first and second lens groups decreases, and the distance between the second and third lens groups increases. The zoom lens system satisfies the following conditions: 0.4<(fw·ft)1/2/|f1|<0.8(f1<0)??(1) 0.7<(fw·ft)1/2/f2<1.4??(2) 0.4<(fw·ft)1/2/f3<0.9??(3) wherein fw and ft designate the focal lengths of the entire zoom lens system at the short and long focal length extremities, respectively; and fi designates the focal length of the ith lens group (i=1˜3).
Abstract: A zoom lens system includes a negative first lens group, a positive second lens group, and a positive third lens group. The negative first lens group includes a negative meniscus lens element having the convex surface facing toward the object, and the positive third lens group includes a positive biconvex lens element. Upon zooming, at least the negative first lens group and the positive second lens group are moved. A diaphragm is provided on the object side of the positive second lens group, and moves integrally therewith. The zoom lens system satisfies the following conditions: 0.25<R1/D1<0.55 . . . (1); 0.25<f2/TL<0.45 . . .
Abstract: An optical apparatus for a line scanner system comprises a main lens group, an aspherical field flattener lens and a line sensor arranged sequentially along the same optical axis. The main lens group consists of four rotationally symmetrical lenses for refracting and converging light beams into focus. The field flattener lens is rotationally symmetrical in its optical profile and shapes as a strip oriented along the direction of the line image. The field flattener lens is arranged between the main lens group and the line sensor and closer to the line sensor for refracting the light beam to the line sensor in a relatively wide field angle, and as a result, various aberrations have been corrected while the optical total track also has been reduced. And an image plane is provided in the line sensor for the linear light beam, in which the instantaneous field of view is a line.
Abstract: The object is to provide an afocal zoom lens system with the f-number of about 4 or less capable of performing vibration reduction correction. The system includes, in order from an object, a first group G1 being positive, a second group G2 being negative, a third group G3 being positive, and a fourth group G4 being positive. Zooming is performed by moving the second and third groups along the optical axis. The fourth group G4 is composed of a front group G4F being positive, a middle group G4M being negative, and a rear group G4R being positive. Vibration reduction is performed by shifting the middle group G4M perpendicular to the optical axis. The first group G1 consists of a first front group G1f being fixed, a first middle group G1m being movable, and a first rear group G1r being fixed. Focusing is performed by moving G1m along the optical axis.
Abstract: An eyepiece (2) for viewing a flat image, which eyepiece (2) has a wide field of view and which eyepiece (2) comprises a cemented doublet of reflecting and refracting optical components, the reflecting and refracting optical components being such that they are each of a different refractive index whereby chromatic aberrations and spherical aberrations are reduced.
April 16, 2003
Date of Patent:
March 29, 2005
Nicholas Richard Coates, Roger Brian Huxford
Abstract: The invention concerns a microlithographic reduction projection catadioptric objective having an even number greater than two of curved mirrors, being devoid of planar folding mirrors and featuring an unobscured aperture. The objective has a plurality of optical elements, and no more than two optical elements deviate substantially from disk form. The objective has an object side and an image side, and has in sequence from the object side to the image side a catadioptric group providing a real intermediate image, a catoptric or catadioptric group providing a virtual image, and a dioptric group providing a real image.
Abstract: A zoom lens to form an image of an object with variable magnification between a shortest focal length and a longest focal length, is provided with a first lens group having a positive refracting power; a second lens group positioned closer to the image than the first lens group and having a negative refracting power; and a third lens group positioned closer to the image than the second lens group and having a positive refracting power. When the magnification is changed from the shortest focal length to the longest focal length, the third lens group is shifted toward the object and the first lens group and the second lens group are shifted in such a manner that a distance between the first lens group and the second lens group is increased and a distance between the second group and the third group is decreased. The third lens group comprises at least a single positive lens and at least a single negative lens. A variable magnification ratio of the zoom lens is four times or more.
Abstract: Disclosed is a transparent polymeric film having a top and bottom surface comprising a plurality of complex lenses on at least one surface thereof and containing as its primary ingredient a polymer sufficient to impart to the film a light transmission of at least 92% based on a film thickness of 125 micrometers.
March 11, 2002
Date of Patent:
March 15, 2005
Eastman Kodak Company
Robert P. Bourdelais, Cheryl J. Kaminsky, Jehuda Greener
Abstract: An objective has lens units, each of which is constructed with single lenses, and a numerical aperture of 0.7 or more, comprising, in order from the image side, a first lens unit including a positive meniscus lens with a convex surface facing the image side, at least two negative lenses, and at least two positive lenses, and having negative power as a whole; a second lens unit including a negative lens and a positive lens so that the radius of curvature of the surface of the negative lens, adjacent to the positive lens, is smaller than that of the opposite surface thereof; a third lens unit including biconvex positive lenses and biconcave negative lenses which have different media, so that two of the biconvex positive lenses are arranged on the object side and the image side, and having positive power as a whole; and a fourth lens unit including a negative meniscus lens and at least one positive meniscus lens, and having positive power as a whole.
Abstract: A series of optical elements is used to produce multiple simultaneous adjoining images on a single image plane. A first, intermediate, image is produced using the first telecentric imaging lens. This intermediate image is produced at a plane coincident with an adjustable-size rectangular field stop. The rectangular field stop is mounted in a sub-housing that allows its free rotation. A second telecentric lens collimates the light from the intermediate image. This collimated light is next passed through an optical splitting means, which uses the principal of refraction to separate the light into multiple components. The optical splitting means is mounted in a sub-housing that allows its free rotation. From here, the light next passes through a third and final lens, which produces a second, final, image on a single, planar detection device. The final image consists of a plurality of identical copies of the intermediate image.
Abstract: A high performance objective having very small central obscuration, an external pupil for apertureing and Fourier filtering, loose manufacturing tolerances, large numerical aperture, long working distance, and a large field of view is presented. The objective is preferably telecentric. The design is ideally suited for both broad-band bright-field and laser dark field imaging and inspection at wavelengths in the UV to VUV spectral range.
Abstract: The present invention provides a zoom lens system suitable for an image gathering system using a solid-state imaging device, having a zoom ratio of about three, a small total lens length, and superb optical performance. According to one aspect, in order from the object side, a first lens group having negative refractive power, a second lens group having positive refractive power, and a third lens group having positive refractive power. Zooming is carried out by varying distances between adjacent lens groups. The first lens group includes two negative lens elements and a positive lens element. The second lens group includes three lens elements consisting of a first positive lens element, a second positive lens element, and a negative lens element. The third lens group includes at least one positive lens element. Predetermined conditional expressions are satisfied.
Abstract: The reference objective lens includes an objective lens and an index member provided with an index that indicates a reference position. The index member is disposed on the front-side focal position of the objective lens or in its vicinity. Upon the reference objective lens thus configured being mounted on an apparatus having an image sensor, an image of the index that indicates a reference position is captured with the image sensor, and a position of the index in the captured image is calculated out and stored. Then, upon a predetermined optical system being mounted on the apparatus having the image sensor in place of the reference objective lens, aberrations of the optical system are measured, and the optical system is adjusted so that aberrations at a position that corresponds to the stored position satisfy a predetermined condition.
Abstract: The difference in optical performance, such as astigmatism, the radius of curvature of a first surface, etc., of left and right lenses is kept at or below a specific level, and the difference in optical performance and the radius of curvature of the first surfaces between new and old lenses when the wearer changes lenses is also kept at or below a specific level, the result being lenses that are more comfortable to wear and are more attractive.
Abstract: The optical system has a first optical element (11,17, 19, 26) and a second optical element (12, 18, 20, 27) having respective plane surfaces and cubic crystal structures, which are arranged next to each other along an optic axis (10) so that one of the crystal axes of each optical element is parallel to the optic axis and the plane surfaces are resting against each other. The first and second optical elements have first and second orientations in relation to the optic axis, which are preferably rotated by a rotation about the optic axis (10) with respect to each other according to the rotational symmetry of the material. At least one of the first optical element and second optical element is pre-stressed by applying a compressive stress (&sgr;,&sgr;,1,&sgr;2) thereto. The compressive stress is applied radially symmetrically in a plane perpendicular to the optic axis (10) and compensates for spatial dispersion.