Patents Examined by Dennis L. Albrecht
  • Patent number: 5281352
    Abstract: The present invention is based upon the discovery that a low-phosphate automatic dishwashing composition comprising from about 2.0 to 50.0 percent by weight of alkali metal carbonate salts such that it contains a weight ratio of about 1:1 to 20:1 carbonate to bicarbonate, from about 2.0 to 60.0 percent by weight of a water-soluble organic complexing agent comprising one or more hydroxycarboxylic acids or the salts thereof, a sufficient amount of an alkaline condensed phosphate salt to provide from about 0.1 to 1.7 percent by weight of (P.sub.2 O.sub.5) ion, from about 0.5 to 8.0 percent by weight of about a 2:1 to a 6:1 blend of an acrylic polymer comprising a salt or ester of acrylic or methacrylic acid having a molecular weight of between about 1,000 to 25,000, with a copolymer of a substituted or unsubstituted maleic anhydride and lower olefin having a molecular weight of from about 1,000 to 50,000, and from about 0.5 to 8.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 27, 1992
    Date of Patent: January 25, 1994
    Assignee: Church & Dwight Co., Inc.
    Inventors: Lenore E. Savio, Raymond S. Brown
  • Patent number: 4713193
    Abstract: A stable, free-flowing particulate adjunct suitable for use in particulate detergent compositions consists essentially of a liquid, viscous liquid, oily or waxy adjunct absorbed into a granular zeolite material of a particle size distribution of between 50 to 500 .mu.m and having a bulk density of about 450 to 600 g/l. Suitable adjuncts are nonionic surfactants, silicones, waxes and hydrocarbons, fabric softening compounds and perfumes.Use of said particulate free-flowing adjuncts in particulate detergent compositions is also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 15, 1986
    Date of Patent: December 15, 1987
    Assignee: Lever Brothers Company
    Inventor: Ho T. Tai
  • Patent number: 4710385
    Abstract: A fish bait composition for luring fish which can also be used as a hand soap to remove human scent. The fish bait composition is manufactured in a way to entrap the luring qualities within the composition, thereby reducing any odoriferous aromas. As such, the composition is comprised of a soap carrier blended with an essence from the group including poultry fat, fish solubles, fish oils, fish meat and poultry liver. One or more of the essences may be included in the final composition and percentage of any one essence may be from 0-10%. To give the bait composition a more solid base and attract fish like catfish, a vegetable meal and a fish meal is added. The combined percentage of vegetable meal and fish meal is about 40%.The essences entrapped in the fish bait composition are slowly released from the soap carrier either as particles or as aromas trapped in soap bubbles.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 5, 1986
    Date of Patent: December 1, 1987
    Inventor: Ken M. Vickers
  • Patent number: 4708813
    Abstract: A mild skin-cleansing, nonlathering mousse-forming emulsion which leaves the skin, after washing, feeling moisturized, soft and smooth, and which does not require rinsing. The emulsion comprises:A. from about 95% to about 99.5% of a concentrate containing by weight of the concentrate:1. from 1.5% to 15% nonionic surfactant;2. from about 0.2% to about 5% of a C.sub.12 -C.sub.22 saturated, straight chain fatty alcohol;3. from about 5% to about 35% of an emollient other than a C.sub.12 -C.sub.22 fatty alcohol;4. from about 5% to about 20% of a skin moisturizer;5. the balance water; the weight ratio of surfactant:emollient plus fatty alcohol being from about 0.1:1 to about 0.5:1; andB. from 0.5% to 5% of a moderately water-soluble propellant (e.g., nitrous oxide).The mousse emulsion is packaged in a pressurized aerosol container.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 2, 1986
    Date of Patent: November 24, 1987
    Assignee: The Procter & Gamble Company
    Inventor: William E. Snyder
  • Patent number: 4707287
    Abstract: This invention relates to an improved granulate enzyme composition comprising a core of enzyme material and a protective coating comprising alkaline buffer salt. The improved granulate enzyme composition has improved stability when mixed with a dry peroxyacid bleach granulate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 28, 1985
    Date of Patent: November 17, 1987
    Assignee: The Procter & Gamble Company
    Inventor: Robert W. Herdeman
  • Patent number: 4705665
    Abstract: Glycosides and polyglycosides are described having the formulaR(OG).sub.xwhereinR is an aliphatic hydrocarbon radical having from 1 to 25 carbon atoms or is a radical with the formula R.sub.1 (OR.sub.2).sub.n which does not have more than 25 carbon atoms and wherein n=0 to 24 and R.sub.1 and R.sub.2 are aliphatic hydrocarbon radicals,G is selected from the group consisting of fructose, glucose, mannose, galactose, talose, gulose, allose, altrose, idose, arabinose, xylose, lyxose, ribose or mixtures thereof, and x is 1 to 30which glycosides and polyglycosides inhibit oxidation and acid attack of ferrous metals.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 13, 1985
    Date of Patent: November 10, 1987
    Assignee: A. E. Staley Manufacturing Company
    Inventor: Arshad H. Malik
  • Patent number: 4704223
    Abstract: Toilet soap bars superfatted with branched chain fatty acids having from about 8 to 12 carbon atoms and where the branching occurs at the carbon position alpha to the carboxyl group.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 1, 1986
    Date of Patent: November 3, 1987
    Assignee: Armour-Dial, Inc.
    Inventors: Shyam K. Gupta, Julian R. Story
  • Patent number: 4704234
    Abstract: A method of removing undesirable organic matter, such as food soil, paint, or the like, comprises contacting the organic matter with imidazole, pyrazole, an alkyl or aryl substituted imidazole, an alkyl or aryl substituted pyrazole, or a mixture of two or more thereof. Compositions containing these compounds as the active ingredient are also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 17, 1985
    Date of Patent: November 3, 1987
    Assignee: American Cyanamid Company
    Inventors: Arthur W. Petersen, Dennis T. Smialowicz
  • Patent number: 4701278
    Abstract: 4-Cyclohexyl-2-methyl-2-butanol of formula ##STR1## possesses useful fragrance properties and consequently it can be used advantageously for the preparation of perfumes and perfumed consumable materials. It develops especially flowery type odor notes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 30, 1985
    Date of Patent: October 20, 1987
    Assignee: Firmenich SA
    Inventor: Charles Fehr
  • Patent number: 4699730
    Abstract: The paint denaturant composition of this invention includes mixing magnesium sulfate with complex silicate minerals. The complex silicate minerals disclosed include bentonite clay, kaolin clay, and diatomite preferably a mixture thereof. The paint denaturant composition as disclosed is preferably a slurry but may be a dry powder composition. Additives incorporating magnesium sulfate, or a combination of magnesium sulfate, a polyelectrolyte and water, are also disclosed for use with paint denaturant compositions including silicate minerals. The addition of a polyelectrolyte solution to the magnesium sulfate and complex silicate mineral paint denaturant composition is also disclosed for improving floculation prior to filtration or mechanical separation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 24, 1985
    Date of Patent: October 13, 1987
    Assignee: Chemfil Corporation
    Inventors: Donald L. Miles, Harry R. Charles
  • Patent number: 4695284
    Abstract: A method for washing fabrics at cold water temperatures is provided wherein fabrics are contacted below C. with built detergent particles comprising from 5 to 50% by weight of nonionic detergent active compound, from 15 to 90% by weight of a saturated fatty acid builder salt and from 5 to 80% carrier material chosen from water-insoluble inorganic materials, water-soluble inorganic materials, water-soluble organic materials, or mixtures thereof. The particles are prepared by distributing the aforementioned components in water, mixing the combination, and evaporating water therefrom to obtain the built particles. These built detergent particles are adapted to promote rapid dissolution or dispersion of the particle on contact with water.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 4, 1985
    Date of Patent: September 22, 1987
    Assignee: Lever Brothers Company
    Inventor: Andrew T. Hight
  • Patent number: 4686061
    Abstract: This disclosure relates to novel compounds of the class of the p-sulphophenyl carbonates, viz. mono-p-sulphophenyl carbonates derived from ethoxylated alcohols and bis-p-sulphophenyl dicarbonates derived from alkane diols and poly(ethylene glycols). The novel compounds are efficient bleaching activators. The disclosure also relates to detergent additives and detergent compositions wherein the novel compounds are contained.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 3, 1986
    Date of Patent: August 11, 1987
    Assignee: Akzo NV
    Inventors: Andreas J. H. Nollet, John Meijer, Johannes W. A. Overkamp
  • Patent number: 4685931
    Abstract: An aqueous dispersion of a copolymer offrom about 50 to 60% by weight ethyl acrylatefrom about 30 to 40% by weight methacrylic acidfrom about 5 to 15% by weight acrylic acid andfrom about 0.02 to 0.04% by weight of a polyethylenically copolymerizable monomer, for example ethylene glycol dimethacrylate. The dispersion is suitable as an additive for aqueous, mildly acidic preparations of hydrogen peroxide to impart an increased viscosity to them after neutralization. The hydrogen peroxide preparations in question are particularly suitable for use as a developer composition for oxidative hair dyes and hair bleaches.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 13, 1985
    Date of Patent: August 11, 1987
    Assignee: Henkel Kommanditgesellschaft auf Aktien
    Inventors: Ludwig Schieferstein, Detlef Hollenberg, Norbert Maak
  • Patent number: 4686065
    Abstract: Disclosed is a cleaning composition for removing baked on soils from hard surfaces. The composition comprises an alkali metal hydroxide, and a solvent system made up of tetrahydrofurfuryl alcohol together with a propoxylated alcohol or phenol and a thickener to provide a composition having a suitable viscosity for its intended use.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 23, 1986
    Date of Patent: August 11, 1987
    Assignee: Miles Laboratories, Inc.
    Inventors: Kenneth E. Bliznik, Gilles M. L. Verboom
  • Patent number: 4685930
    Abstract: A method is disclosed for cleaning textiles using cyclic dimethylsiloxanes as a cleaning fluid for removing soil spots. The useful siloxanes include octamethylcyclotetrasiloxane, decamethylcyclopentasiloxane, and dodecamethylcyclohexasiloxane.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 27, 1986
    Date of Patent: August 11, 1987
    Assignee: Dow Corning Corporation
    Inventor: Kenneth A. Kasprzak
  • Patent number: 4683074
    Abstract: The glycoside surfactants are employed in combination with strong acids to provide cleaning and acidizing compositions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 26, 1985
    Date of Patent: July 28, 1987
    Assignee: A. E. Staley Manufacturing Company
    Inventors: Arshad H. Malik, Allen D. Urfer
  • Patent number: 4681914
    Abstract: An active-halogen bleach such as dichloroisocyanurate encapsulated in a coating of dihydratea synthetic detergent such as sodium octyl sulfonate. The capsule may further comprise an initial coating of a soluble inorganic detergent builder or filler such as an alkali metal phosphate or sulfate. The capsule is stable in highly alkaline environments such as detergent compositions.Solid cast detergent-bleach composition having minimal bleach degradation comprising an alkaline hydratable chemical such as sodium hydroxide, a hardness sequestrant such as sodium tripolyphosphate, water of hydration and encapsulated active-halogen bleach formed in accordance with this invention. Optionally the detergent-bleach composition may contain a polyelectrolyte such as polyacrylate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 8, 1986
    Date of Patent: July 21, 1987
    Assignee: Ecolab Inc.
    Inventors: Keith E. Olson, Kent R. Brittain
  • Patent number: 4681704
    Abstract: A detergent composition containing a semi-polar nonionic detergent, an alkaline earth metal salt of an anionic detergent, and an amidoalkylbetaine. The composition is especially useful for the removal of greasy soils and has good suds mileage.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 8, 1986
    Date of Patent: July 21, 1987
    Assignee: The Procter & Gamble Company
    Inventors: Lowell W. Bernardino, Edward W. Kuhl, Mark H. K. Mao, Eugene J. Pancheri
  • Patent number: 4680132
    Abstract: Grittiness in soap-containing formulations, one source of which is the reworking of previously processed soap, is reduced in an efficient manner by passing the formulation through a cavity transfer mixer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 21, 1985
    Date of Patent: July 14, 1987
    Assignee: Lever Brothers Company
    Inventors: Terence A. Clarke, Richard B. Edwards, Graeme N. Irving
  • Patent number: 4680133
    Abstract: Stripping compositions for removing paints, varnishes, enamels and the like, from substrates comprising compositions of (a) an amide compound of the formula: ##STR1## and mixtures thereof, wherein R is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, methyl, ethyl, propyl and phenyl; R.sub.1 and R.sub.2 are selected from the group consisting of hydrogen and methyl; and mixtures of said amide compounds; and (b) a carbonate compound of the formula: ##STR2## and mixtures thereof, wherein R.sub.3 and R.sub.4 are selected from the group consisting of methyl, ethyl or R.sub.3 and R.sub.4 together form a divalent ethylene, propylene or butylene group of a cyclic carbonate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 26, 1986
    Date of Patent: July 14, 1987
    Assignee: Environmental Management Associates, Inc.
    Inventor: Irl E. Ward